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H.Con.Res. 102 (enr) [Enrolled bill] ...
106th CONGRESS 1st Session H. CON. RES. 102 _______________________________________________________________________ CONCURRENT RESOLUTION Celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and recognizing the humanitarian safeguards these treaties provide in times of armed conflict. 106th CONGRESS 1st Session H. CON. RES. 102 _______________________________________________________________________ CONCURRENT RESOLUTION Whereas the Geneva Conventions of 1949 set basic humane standards of behavior during armed conflict, and are the major written source of international humanitarian law; Whereas these Conventions prescribe humane treatment for civilian populations, wounded, sick and shipwrecked military personnel, and prisoners of war during armed conflict; Whereas these Conventions recognize the International Committee of the Red Cross as an independent and neutral organization whose humanitarian mission is to protect and assist civilians, prisoners of war, and other victims of armed conflict; Whereas ``the red cross in a field of white'' is not an ordinary organizational symbol, but one to which the international community has granted the ability to impose restraint during war and to protect human life; Whereas the American Red Cross and its sister national societies are members of a world-wide organization rooted in the provisions of international humanitarian law and dedicated to the promulgation of its principles, among which are the Geneva Conventions of 1949; Whereas the international programs of the American Red Cross bring relief from natural and manmade disasters abroad, contribute to the development of nonprofit relief organizations abroad, and include the teaching of international humanitarian law throughout the United States; Whereas many domestic programs of the Red Cross in health and safety, disaster, blood, youth, and service to the members of the Armed Forces of the United States grew out of a response to armed conflict; Whereas, thanks to the efforts of Clara Barton and Frederick Douglass, the United States ratified in 1882 the first convention for the amelioration of the condition of wounded and sick members of the armed forces in the field; Whereas in 1955 the United States ratified the Geneva Conventions of 1949; and Whereas the Geneva Conventions of 1949 are among the most universally ratified treaties in the world: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), SECTION 1. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS. The Congress-- (1) recognizes the historic and humanitarian significance of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and celebrates the 50th anniversary of the signing of these treaties; (2) exhorts combatants everywhere to respect the red cross emblem in order to protect innocent and vulnerable populations on every side of conflicts; (3) commends the International Committee of the Red Cross and the more than 175 national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, including the American Red Cross, on their continuing work in providing relief and assistance to the victims of war as prescribed by these Conventions; (4) applauds the Promise of Humanity gathering organized by the American Red Cross in 1999 in Washington, D.C., as an important reminder of our responsibilities to educate future generations about the principles of international humanitarian law; (5) commends the efforts of the International Committee of the Red Cross and the more than 175 national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, including the American Red Cross, for their work in educating the world's citizens about the humanitarian principles of international humanitarian law as embodied in the Geneva Conventions of 1949; (6) invites the American Red Cross during this anniversary year to assist Congress in educating its Members and staff about the Geneva Conventions of 1949; (7) supports the anniversary theme of the International Committee of the Red Cross that ``Even War Has Limits''; and (8) calls upon the President to issue a proclamation recognizing the anniversary of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and recognizing the Conventions themselves as critically important instruments for protecting human dignity in times of armed conflict and limiting the savagery of war. SEC. 2. GENEVA CONVENTIONS OF 1949 DEFINED. In this concurrent resolution, the term ``Geneva Conventions of 1949'' means the following conventions, done at Geneva in 1949: (1) Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field (6 UST 3114). (2) Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of the Armed Forces at Sea (6 UST 3217). (3) Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (6 UST 3316). (4) Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (6 UST 3516). Passed the House of Representatives October 26, 1999. Attest: Clerk.
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