| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.Con.Res. 46 (ih) Urging an end of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia and calling on the United Nations Human Rights Commission and other human rights organizations to investigate human rights abuses in connection with the Eritrean and Ethiopian confli...
H.Con.Res. 46 (ih) Urging an end of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia and calling on the United Nations Human Rights Commission and other human rights organizations to investigate human rights abuses in connection with the Eritrean and Ethiopian confli...
106th CONGRESS 1st Session H. CON. RES. 46 _______________________________________________________________________ CONCURRENT RESOLUTION Urging an end of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia and calling on the United Nations Human Rights Commission and other human rights organizations to investigate human rights abuses in connection with the Eritrean and Ethiopian conflict. 106th CONGRESS 1st Session H. CON. RES. 46 _______________________________________________________________________ CONCURRENT RESOLUTION Whereas peace and stability existed between Eritrea and Ethiopia following the 1991 ouster of the Mengistu dictatorship and the independence of Eritrea in 1993; Whereas on May 6, 1998, a military confrontation erupted between Eritrea and Ethiopia, resulting in the deaths of thousands of civilians and the reported forced detention or deportation of over 60,000 people; Whereas hundreds of thousands of Eritreans and Ethiopians have been displaced from their homes as a result of this conflict; Whereas the governments of the United States and Rwanda, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), as well as countries in the region, immediately put forth proposals for resolving the conflict; Whereas on September 9, 1998, Congress passed H. Con. Res. 292 commending efforts by the United States facilitation team to resolve the crisis, including its success in brokering a moratorium on air raids, and calling on Eritrea and Ethiopia to end the conflict peacefully before it escalated into a full-scale war; Whereas on December 17, 1998, the Central Organ Summit of the OAU approved a Framework Agreement in furtherance of its efforts to mediate the dispute between the two parties and provide an avenue for peace; Whereas on January 29, 1999, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1226 expressing its strong support for the OAU Framework Agreement, and calling on both parties to work for a reduction in tensions by adopting policies leading to the restoration of confidence between the governments and peoples of Eritrea and Ethiopia, including urgent measures to improve the humanitarian situation and respect for human rights; Whereas the Government of the United States, the OAU, and countries in the region have been engaged in an intensive effort to identify a peaceful solution to the conflict; Whereas on February 6, 1999, while sustained diplomatic efforts by the international community were ongoing, the moratorium on air strikes was violated and war once again erupted between Eritrea and Ethiopia; Whereas on February 10, 1999, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1227 condemning the use of force by Eritrea and Ethiopia, stressing that the OAU Framework Agreement remains a viable and sound basis for peaceful resolution of the conflict, and calling once again on both countries to ensure the safety of the civilian population and respect for human rights and international humanitarian law; Whereas the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia have enjoyed warm relations with the United States and have stated their commitment to a peaceful resolution of the conflict based on the OAU Framework Agreement; and Whereas the peoples of Eritrea and Ethiopia have suffered for decades due to war and manmade famines and do not deserve once again to suffer due to armed conflict, which could destabilize the entire subregion of Africa: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That the Congress-- (1) deplores the escalation of the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia which has resulted in the massive and senseless loss of life, as well as substantial economic hardship to the peoples of Eritrea and Ethiopia; (2) strongly urges both Eritrea and Ethiopia immediately to bring an end to the violence between the two countries; (3) commends the efforts of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and former United States National Security Adviser Anthony Lake to mediate peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia; (4) strongly affirms United States support for the OAU Framework Agreement; and (5) calls on the United Nations Human Rights Commission and all human rights organizations to investigate human rights abuses in connection with the forced detentions, deportations, and displacements of populations caused by this conflict. Passed the House of Representatives October 26, 1999. Attest: Clerk.
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