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H.Con.Res. 74 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...


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                                                  House Calendar No. 14
107th CONGRESS
  1st Session
H. CON. RES. 73

                          [Report No. 107-40]

Expressing the sense of Congress that the 2008 Olympic Games should not 
 be held in Beijing unless the Government of the People's Republic of 
  China releases all political prisoners, ratifies the International 
 Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and observes internationally 
                        recognized human rights.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 21, 2001

 Mr. Lantos (for himself, Mr. Cox, Mr. Sherman, Mr. Capuano, Mr. Brown 
of Ohio, Mr. Blagojevich, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Horn, Mr. DeFazio, 
    Ms. Woolsey, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Hoyer, Mr. Evans, Mr. Frank, Mr. 
 Abercrombie, Mr. Payne, Mr. Wynn, Mr. Hoeffel, Ms. Kaptur, Mr. Wamp, 
Mr. Rohrabacher, Mr. DeLay, Mr. Faleomavaega, Mr. Smith of New Jersey, 
 Mr. Brady of Pennsylvania, Mr. George Miller of California, Mr. Diaz-
Balart, Mr. Pallone, Mr. Bonior, Ms. Berkley, Ms. Lee, Mr. Strickland, 
 Mr. Jones of North Carolina, Mr. Stark, Mr. Kirk, Mr. Gutierrez, Ms. 
 Slaughter, Mr. Engel, Mr. Gephardt, Mr. Lewis of Georgia, Mr. Goode, 
 Mr. Souder, Mr. Tancredo, Mr. DeMint, Mr. Hoekstra, Mr. Schaffer, Mr. 
 Hostettler, Mr. Sam Johnson of Texas, Mr. Doolittle, Mr. Shadegg, and 
  Mr. Pence) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was 
          referred to the Committee on International Relations

                             April 4, 2001

   Additional sponsors: Ms. Ros-Lehtinen, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. King, Mr. 
Blumenauer, Mr. Barr of Georgia, Mr. Platts, Mrs. Northup, Mr. Gilman, 
                            and Mr. Lipinski

                             April 4, 2001

 Reported with amendments, referred to the House Calendar, and ordered 
                             to be printed
    [Strike out the preamble and insert the part printed in italic]
[Strike out all after the resolving clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                         CONCURRENT RESOLUTION


 
Expressing the sense of Congress that the 2008 Olympic Games should not 
 be held in Beijing unless the Government of the People's Republic of 
  China releases all political prisoners, ratifies the International 
 Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and observes internationally 
                        recognized human rights.

<DELETED>Whereas the International Olympic Committee is in the process of 
        determining the venue of the Olympic Games in the year 2008 and is 
        scheduled to make that decision at the IOC meeting scheduled for Moscow 
        in July 2001;
Whereas the city of Beijing has made a proposal to the International Olympic 
        Committee that the summer Olympic Games in the year 2008 be held in 
        Beijing;
Whereas the Olympic Charter states that Olympism and the Olympic ideal seek to 
        foster ``respect for universal fundamental ethical principles'';
Whereas the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 48/11 (October 25, 1993) 
        recognized ``that the Olympic goal of the Olympic Movement is to build a 
        peaceful and better world by educating the youth of the world through 
        sport, practiced without discrimination of any kind and the Olympic 
        spirit, which requires mutual understanding, promoted by friendship, 
        solidarity and fair play'';
Whereas United National General Assembly Resolution 50/13 (November 7, 1995) 
        stressed ``the importance of the principles of the Olympic charter, 
        according to which any form of discrimination with regard to a country 
        or a person on grounds of race, religion, politics, sex or otherwise is 
        incompatible with the Olympic Movement'';
Whereas the Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 
        2000 reports the following:

</DELETED>    (1) ``The [Chinese] government continued to commit widespread 
and well-documented human rights abuses, in violation of internationally 
accepted norms.''.

</DELETED>    (2) ``Abuses included instances of extra judicial killings, 
the use of torture, forced confessions, arbitrary arrest and detention, the 
mistreatment of prisoners, lengthy incommunicado detention, and denial of 
due process.''.

</DELETED>    (3) ``The Government infringed on citizens' privacy 
rights.''.

</DELETED>    (4) ``The Government maintained tight restrictions on freedom 
of speech and of the press, and increased its efforts to control the 
Internet; self-censorship by journalists continued.''.

</DELETED>    (5) ``The Government severely restricted freedom of assembly 
and continued to restrict freedom of association.''.

</DELETED>    (6) ``The Government continued to restrict freedom of 
religion and intensified controls on some unregistered churches.''.

</DELETED>    (7) ``The Government continued to restrict freedom of 
movement.''.

</DELETED>    (8) ``The Government does not permit independent domestic 
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to monitor publicly human rights 
conditions.''.

</DELETED>    (9) ``[The Government has not stopped] violence against women 
(including coercive family planning practices--which sometimes include 
forced abortion and forced sterilization).''.

</DELETED>    (10) ``The Government continued to restrict tightly worker 
rights, and forced labor in prison facilities remains a serious problem. 
Child labor exists and appears to be a growing problem in rural areas as 
adult workers leave for better employment opportunities in urban areas.''.

</DELETED>    (11) ``Some minority groups, particularly Tibetan Buddhists 
and Muslim Uighurs, came under increasing pressure as the Government 
clamped down on dissent and `separatist' activities.'';

Whereas the egregious human rights abuses committed by the Government of the 
        People's Republic of China are inconsistent with the Olympic ideal;
Whereas 119 Chinese dissidents and relatives of imprisoned political prisoners, 
        from 22 provinces and cities, issued an open letter on January 16, 2001, 
        signed at enormous political risk which expresses the ``grief and 
        indignation for each of China's political prisoners and their 
        families'', asks the Chinese Government to release all of China's 
        political prisoners, and asserts that the release of China's political 
        prisoners will improve ``Beijing's stature in its bid for the 2008 
        Olympics''; and
Whereas, although the Government of the People's Republic of China signed the 
        International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 1998, but has 
        failed to ratify the treaty, and has indicated that it will not fully 
        implement the recently ratified International Covenant on Economic, 
        Social and Cultural Rights: Now, therefore, be it
</DELETED>Whereas the International Olympic Committee is in the process of 
        determining the venue of the Olympic Games in the year 2008 and is 
        scheduled to make that decision at the IOC meeting scheduled for Moscow 
        in July 2001;
Whereas the city of Beijing has made a proposal to the International Olympic 
        Committee that the summer Olympic Games in the year 2008 be held in 
        Beijing;
Whereas the Olympic Charter states that Olympism and the Olympic ideal seek to 
        foster ``respect for universal fundamental ethical principles'';
Whereas the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 48/11 (October 25, 1993) 
        recognized ``that the Olympic goal of the Olympic Movement is to build a 
        peaceful and better world by educating the youth of the world through 
        sport, practiced without discrimination of any kind and the Olympic 
        spirit, which requires mutual understanding, promoted by friendship, 
        solidarity and fair play'';
Whereas United National General Assembly Resolution 50/13 (November 7, 1995) 
        stressed ``the importance of the principles of the Olympic charter, 
        according to which any form of discrimination with regard to a country 
        or a person on grounds of race, religion, politics, sex or otherwise is 
        incompatible with the Olympic Movement'';
Whereas the Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 
        2000 reports the following:

    (1) ``The [Chinese] government continued to commit widespread and well-
documented human rights abuses, in violation of internationally accepted 
norms.''.

    (2) ``Abuses included instances of extra judicial killings, the use of 
torture, forced confessions, arbitrary arrest and detention, the 
mistreatment of prisoners, lengthy incommunicado detention, and denial of 
due process.''.

    (3) ``The Government infringed on citizens' privacy rights.''.

    (4) ``The Government maintained tight restrictions on freedom of speech 
and of the press, and increased its efforts to control the Internet; self-
censorship by journalists continued.''.

    (5) ``The Government severely restricted freedom of assembly and 
continued to restrict freedom of association.''.

    (6) ``The Government continued to restrict freedom of religion and 
intensified controls on some unregistered churches.''.

    (7) ``During the year, there were numerous credible reports of abuse of 
Falun Gong practitioners by the police and other security personnel, 
including police involvement in beatings, detention under extremely harsh 
conditions, and torture (including by electric shock and by having hands 
and feet shackled and linked with crossed steel chains).''.

    (8) ``The Government continued to restrict freedom of movement.''.

    (9) ``The Government does not permit independent domestic 
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to monitor publicly human rights 
conditions.''.

    (10) ``[The Government has not stopped] violence against women 
(including coercive family planning practices--which sometimes include 
forced abortion and forced sterilization).''.

    (11) ``The Government continued to restrict tightly worker rights, and 
forced labor in prison facilities remains a serious problem. Child labor 
exists and appears to be a growing problem in rural areas as adult workers 
leave for better employment opportunities in urban areas.''.

    (12) ``Some minority groups, particularly Tibetan Buddhists and Muslim 
Uighurs, came under increasing pressure as the Government clamped down on 
dissent and `separatist' activities.'';

Whereas the egregious human rights abuses committed by the Government of the 
        People's Republic of China are inconsistent with the Olympic ideal;
Whereas 119 Chinese dissidents and relatives of imprisoned political prisoners, 
        from 22 provinces and cities, issued an open letter on January 16, 2001, 
        signed at enormous political risk which expresses the ``grief and 
        indignation for each of China's political prisoners and their 
        families'', asks the Chinese Government to release all of China's 
        political prisoners, and asserts that the release of China's political 
        prisoners will improve ``Beijing's stature in its bid for the 2008 
        Olympics''; and
Whereas, although the Government of the People's Republic of China signed the 
        International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 1998, but has 
        failed to ratify the treaty, and has indicated that it will not fully 
        implement the recently ratified International Covenant on Economic, 
        Social and Cultural Rights: Now, therefore, be it
    Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), 
<DELETED>That the Congress--
        <DELETED>    (1) acknowledges and supports the January 16, 
        2001, open letter released by Chinese dissidents and the 
        families of imprisoned Chinese political prisoners stating that 
        the release of China's political prisoners would improve 
        Beijing's stature in its bid to host the 2008 Olympic 
        Games;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) expresses the view that, consistent with its 
        stated principles, the International Olympic Committee should 
        not award the 2008 Olympics to Beijing unless the Government of 
        the People's Republic of China releases all of China's 
        political prisoners, ratifies the International Covenant on 
        Civil and Political Rights without major reservations, fully 
        implements the International Covenant on Economic, Social and 
        Cultural Rights, and observes internationally recognized human 
        rights;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) calls for the creation of an international 
        Beijing Olympic Games Human Rights Campaign in the event that 
        Beijing receives the Olympics to focus international pressure 
        on the Government of the People's Republic of China to grant a 
        general amnesty for all political prisoners prior to the 
        commencement of the 2008 Olympics as well as to ratify the 
        International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (4) calls on the Secretary of State to endorse 
        publicly the creation of the Beijing Olympic Games Human Rights 
        Campaign in the event that Beijing receives the Olympics, and 
        to utilize all necessary diplomatic resources to encourage 
        other nations to endorse and support the campaign as well, 
        focusing particular attention on member states of the European 
        Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 
        Japan, Canada, Australia, the Nordic countries, and all other 
        countries engaged in human rights dialogue with 
        China;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (5) requests that the President, during his 
        expected participation in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 
        (APEC) Leaders Summit in Shanghai in October 2001, call for the 
        release of all Chinese political prisoners and Chinese 
        ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and 
        Political Rights;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (6) recommends that the Congressional-Executive 
        Commission on the People's Republic of China, established under 
        title III of the U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 (Public Law 
        106-286), devote significant resources to monitoring any 
        violations of the rights of political dissidents and political 
        prisoners, or other increased abuses of internationally-
        recognized human rights, in the preparation to the 2008 Olympic 
        Games and during the Olympic Games themselves; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (7) directs the Clerk of the House of 
        Representatives to transmit a copy of this resolution to the 
        senior International Olympic Committee representative in the 
        United States with the request that it be circulated to all 
        members of the Committee.</DELETED>
That the Congress--
            (1) acknowledges and supports the January 16, 2001, open 
        letter released by Chinese dissidents and the families of 
        imprisoned Chinese political prisoners stating that the release 
        of China's political prisoners would improve Beijing's stature 
        in its bid to host the 2008 Olympic Games;
            (2) expresses the view that, consistent with its stated 
        principles, the International Olympic Committee should not 
        award the 2008 Olympics to Beijing unless the Government of the 
        People's Republic of China releases all of China's political 
        prisoners, ratifies the International Covenant on Civil and 
        Political Rights without major reservations, fully implements 
        the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural 
        Rights, and observes internationally recognized human rights;
            (3) calls for the creation of an international Beijing 
        Olympic Games Human Rights Campaign in the event that Beijing 

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