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H.Doc.104-178 REQUEST FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ...
104th Congress, 2nd Session / House Document 104-177 National Debate Topic for Colleges, 1995-1996 RESOLVED: That the United States government should substantially increase its security assistance to one or more of the following: ====================================================================== ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian National Authority, Syria. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ====================================================================== Pursuant to 44 U.S. Code, section 1333 Compiled by the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, DC 1996 Printed on recycled paper 44 U.S. CODE SECTION 1333 (a) The Librarian of Congress shall prepare compilations of pertinent excerpts, bibliographical references, and other appropriate materials relating to: (1) the subject selected annually by the National University Extension Association as the national high school debate topics and (2) the subject selected annually by the American Speech Association as the national college debate topic. In preparing the compilations the Librarian shall include materials which in his judgment are representative of, and give equal emphasis to, the opposing points of view on the respective topics. (b) The compilations on the high school debate topics shall be printed as Senate documents and the compilations on the college debate topics shall be printed as House of Representative documents, the cost of which shall be charged to the congressional allotment for printing and binding. Additional copies of such documents may be printed in the quantities and distributed in the manner as the Joint Committee on Printing directs. (Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1270.) CONTENTS FOREWORD.......................................................... v INTRODUCTION...................................................... vii RESOLVED: That the United States government should substantially increase its security assistance to one or more of the following: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian National Authority, Syria............................................... 1 A Guide to Information Sources on the 1995-1996 Intercollegiate Debate Topic................................................... 35 AVAILABLE GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS ON THE 1995-1996 INTERCOLLEGIATE DEBATE TOPIC................................................... 47 FOREWORD The 1995-1996 intercollegiate debate topic is ``Resolved: That the United States government should substantially increase its security assistance to one or more of the following: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian National Authority, Syria.'' In compliance with 44 U.S. Code 1333, the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress prepared this compilation of bibliographic references to assist college debaters in researching the topic. In selecting items for this manual, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) has sampled the wide spectrum of opinions reflected in current literature on these questions. No preference for any policy is indicated by the selection or positioning of articles cited, nor is CRS disapproval of any policy or article to be inferred from its omission. The annotated bibliography covers such topics as the peace process, the role of the U.S. in the region, and relations among the nations in the region. A research guide is included at the end of this volume; it is intended to help debaters identify further references and organizational resources on their own. Also included is a list of relevant publications that are available for purchase from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office. Some of the U.S. Government documents listed in the manual may be found in U.S. Government depository libraries, which can be identified by local public libraries. The Library of Congress cannot distribute copies of these or other materials to debaters. The bibliography and research guide were prepared by Sherry B. Shapiro, Bibliographic Specialist in the Library Services Division. Lee Burwasser produced the bibliography and the research guide. Thanks are extended to Kristin M. Vajs, Head, Subject Specialization Section; William G. Kaye of the CRS Review Office; and Alfred B Prados, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division for their review of this product. Good luck to each debater in researching, preparing, and presenting arguments on this year's topic. Daniel P. Mulhollan, Director Congressional Research Service INTRODUCTION This bibliography provides citations to assist college debaters with research on the 1995-96 intercollegiate debate topic concerning U.S. security assistance in the MIddle East. The bibliography includes such topics as the peace process relations among nations in the region and the role of the U.S. Monographs, journal and magazine articles, congressional publications, and conference reports are included. The majority of the citations in this annotated bibliography were obtained from the computerized bibliogreaphic database created and maintained by the Congressional Research Service's Library Services Division. Other materials were selected from the collections of the Library of Congress and the Congressional Research Service. This bibliography is not intended to serve as a comprehensive list of all resources in the field of U.S. security assistance in the Middle East. It is merely an introductory guide to materials available on the debate topic. Many of the items included in this bibliography contain footnotes or their own bibliographies; these can be effective tools for finding supplementary material. More information on all of these subjects can be obtained trhough library research: a CRS prepared research guide follows the bibliography, with basic information for finding additional material. The World Wide Web (WWW) is also an excellent source for additional searching. Search terms and strategies for research are provided in that guide, as are descriptions of basic resources for information retrieval. In addition, the research guide includes citation to reference sources for information retrieval. In addition, the research guide includes citations to reference sources in the area of U.S. foreign policy and U.S. policy toward the Middle East. RESOLVED: That the United States government should substantially increase its security assistance to one or more of the following: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palstinian National Authority, Syria. An Annotated Bibliography on the 1995-1996 Intercollegiate Debate Topic Sherry B. Shapiro Senior Bibliographer Library Services Division with the assistance of Lee Burwasser, Bibliographic Assistant October 1995 Abed, George T. The Palestinians in the peace process: the risks and the opportunities. Journal of Palestine studies, v. 33, autumn 1992: 5-17. Abou-Zaki, Raouf. For fewer bricks in the wall. Military technology, v. 17, Nov. 1993: 7. ``The signature of the Gaza-Jericho agreement between the Palestinians and the Israelis on 13 September established the cornerstone for peace, and can certainly be described as a historic and vital event to sustain the momentum towards full settlement in the Middle East. However, despite the political importance of any conceivable Palestinian-Israeli Peace Treaty, bringing the two major conflicting parties together, by no means is it possible to believe that the Arab-Israeli conflict is over.'' Abu-Amr, Ziad. Hamas: a historical and political background. Journal of Palestine studies, v. 22, summer 1993: 5-19. Discusses Hamas, its origins and relationship to the PLO. Aftandilian, Gregory L. Egypt's bid for Arab leadership: implications for U.S. policy. New York, Council on Foreign Relations Press, c1993. 106p. DS63.2.E3A35 1993 After the Gulf War. International journal, v. 49, spring 1994: whole issue (183-407 p.) Partial contents.--The prospects of Islamic fundamentalism in the post-Gulf War period, by Mahmud A. Faksh.--Security in the Persian Gulf after Desert Storm, by Anwar-ul-Haq Ahady.--The impact of the Gulf crisis on world oil and OPEC, by Robert Mabro.--Pax Americana in the Gulf: decisions and consequences, by Alvin Z. Rubinstein.--Postwar demands for political participation in the Arab Gulf states, by Fred H. Lawson. An Age-old dispute. Middle East, no. 235, June 1994: 13. Examines roots of the tensions between Jews and Muslims in the city of Hebron. An Agenda for Palestine. Middle East-economic digest, v. 37, Sept. 24, 1993: 26-27. ``The declaration of principles signed by Israel and the PLO on 13 September has 17 articles and four annexes that call for a wide range of measures, including elections by the summer of 1993, the formation of a Palestinian police force and new institutions to promote local and regional economic development.'' Agha, Husayn. Khalidi, Ahmad Samih. Syria and Iran: rivalry and cooperation. New York, Published in North America by the Council on Foreign Relations Press for the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1995. p. DS95.6.I7A44 1995 This work will be available later this year. Originally published: London, Pinter Publishers, 1995. Agid, Hemda Yehuda. Auerbach, Yehudit. Attitudes to an existence conflict: Allon and Peres on the Palestinian issue, 1967-1987. Journal of conflict resolution, v. 35, Sept. 1991: 519-546. Examines the attitudes of Allon and Peres on the Palestinian issue. Finds that although differences did exist, ``Allon and Peres maintained common views regarding core issues in the conflict such as the rejection of the PLO and its demand for a Palestinian state, the preservation of the Jewish character of Israel, and support for a territorial compromise based on defensible borders.'' Ahady, Anwar-Ul-Haq. Security in the Persian Gulf after Desert Storm. International journal, v. 49, spring 1994: 219-240. ``During the Gulf crisis and immediately after the defeat of Iraq, four different security systems for the Persian Gulf region were proposed: an Arab system based on co-operation between Egypt, Syria, and members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman); a system based on the Gulf littoral states and led by Iran; a GCC-based system; and a system dominated by the United States . . . . This paper examines these four potential systems.'' Ajami, Fouad. The sorrows of Egypt. Foreign affairs, v. 74, Sept.-Oct. 1995: 72-88. ``Egyptians are nostalgic for their bourgeois past, still wanting to believe that their country is not just a state but an idea and a historical movement. But in their odyssey through liberalism, pan-Arabism, nationalism, and Islamicism, their dreams of greatness have been continually disappointed. Today President Mubarak leads a country with an exploding population, a fraying infrastructure,
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