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H.Doc.104-178 REQUEST FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ...


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     104th Congress, 2nd Session / House Document 104-177
 
     National Debate Topic for Colleges, 1995-1996

     RESOLVED: That the 
     United States government should 
     substantially increase its security 
     assistance to one or more of the following: 

======================================================================
----------------------------------------------------------------------

     Egypt, Israel, Jordan, 
     Palestinian National 
     Authority, Syria.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
======================================================================

     Pursuant to 44 U.S. Code, section 1333



     Compiled by the 
     Congressional Research Service, 
     Library of Congress




     U.S. Government Printing Office
     Washington, DC 1996

     Printed on recycled paper




                      44 U.S. CODE SECTION 1333


      (a)  The Librarian of Congress shall prepare compilations of 
pertinent excerpts, bibliographical references, and other appropriate 
materials relating to:
      (1) the subject selected annually by the National University 
Extension Association as the national high school debate topics and 
      (2) the subject selected annually by the American Speech 
Association as the national college debate topic.  

      In preparing the compilations the Librarian shall include 
materials which in his judgment are representative of, and give equal 
emphasis to, the opposing points of view on the respective topics.
      (b)  The compilations on the high school debate topics shall be 
printed as Senate documents and the compilations on the college debate 
topics shall be printed as House of Representative documents, the cost 
of which shall be charged to the congressional allotment for printing 
and binding.  Additional copies of such documents may be printed in 
the quantities and distributed in the manner as the Joint Committee on 
Printing directs.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1270.)



                          CONTENTS

FOREWORD..........................................................   v

INTRODUCTION...................................................... vii

RESOLVED: That the United States government should substantially 
   increase its security assistance to one or more of the 
   following: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian National 
   Authority, Syria...............................................   1

A Guide to Information Sources on the 1995-1996 Intercollegiate
   Debate Topic...................................................  35

AVAILABLE GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS ON THE 1995-1996 INTERCOLLEGIATE
   DEBATE TOPIC...................................................  47


                          FOREWORD


   The 1995-1996 intercollegiate debate topic is ``Resolved: That the 
United States government should substantially increase its security 
assistance to one or more of the following: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, 
Palestinian National Authority, Syria.''

   In compliance with 44 U.S. Code 1333, the Congressional Research 
Service of the Library of Congress prepared this compilation of 
bibliographic references to assist college debaters in researching the 
topic.  In selecting items for this manual, the Congressional Research 
Service (CRS) has sampled the wide spectrum of opinions reflected in 
current literature on these questions.  No preference for any policy 
is indicated by the selection or positioning of articles cited, nor is 
CRS disapproval of any policy or article to be inferred from its 
omission.

   The annotated bibliography covers such topics as the peace process, 
the role of the U.S. in the region, and relations among the nations in 
the region.

   A research guide is included at the end of this volume; it is 
intended to help debaters identify further references and 
organizational resources on their own.  Also included is a list of 
relevant publications that are available for purchase from the 
Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office.  Some of the 
U.S. Government documents listed in the manual may be found in U.S. 
Government depository libraries, which can be identified by local 
public libraries.  The Library of Congress cannot distribute copies of 
these or other materials to debaters.

   The bibliography and research guide were prepared by Sherry B. 
Shapiro, Bibliographic Specialist in the Library Services Division.  
Lee Burwasser produced the bibliography and the research guide.  
Thanks are extended to Kristin M. Vajs, Head, Subject Specialization 
Section; William G. Kaye of the CRS Review Office; and Alfred B 
Prados, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division for their review 
of this product.

   Good luck to each debater in researching, preparing, and presenting 
arguments on this year's topic.




                                         Daniel P. Mulhollan, Director
                                        Congressional Research Service





                             INTRODUCTION


   This bibliography provides citations to assist college debaters 
with research on the 1995-96 intercollegiate debate topic concerning 
U.S. security assistance in the MIddle East.  The bibliography 
includes such topics as the peace process relations among nations in 
the region and the role of the U.S.

   Monographs, journal and magazine articles, congressional 
publications, and conference reports are included.  The majority of 
the citations in this annotated bibliography were obtained from the 
computerized bibliogreaphic database created and maintained by the 
Congressional Research Service's Library Services Division.  Other 
materials were selected from the collections of the Library of 
Congress and the Congressional Research Service.

   This bibliography is not intended to serve as a comprehensive list 
of all resources in the field of U.S. security assistance in the 
Middle East.  It is merely an introductory guide to materials 
available on the debate topic.  Many of the items included in this 
bibliography contain footnotes or their own bibliographies; these can 
be effective tools for finding supplementary material.  More 
information on all of these subjects can be obtained trhough library 
research: a CRS prepared research guide follows the bibliography, with 
basic information for finding additional material.  The World Wide Web 
(WWW) is also an excellent source for additional searching.  Search 
terms and strategies for research are provided in that guide, as are 
descriptions of basic resources for information retrieval.  In 
addition, the research guide includes citation to reference sources 
for information  retrieval.  In addition, the research guide includes 
citations to reference sources in the area of U.S. foreign policy and 
U.S. policy toward the Middle East.




                  RESOLVED: That the United States
               government should substantially increase
               its security assistance to one or more of
                 the following: Egypt, Israel, Jordan,
                 Palstinian National Authority, Syria.


                   An Annotated Bibliography on the
                1995-1996 Intercollegiate Debate Topic




                        Sherry B. Shapiro
                       Senior Bibliographer
                     Library Services Division



                      with the assistance of
               Lee Burwasser, Bibliographic Assistant










                         October 1995


Abed, George T.
  The Palestinians in the peace process: the risks and the 
  opportunities. Journal of Palestine studies, v. 33, autumn 1992: 
  5-17.

Abou-Zaki, Raouf.
  For fewer bricks in the wall. Military technology, v. 17, Nov.
  1993: 7.
   ``The signature of the Gaza-Jericho agreement between the
  Palestinians and the Israelis on 13 September established the
  cornerstone for peace, and can certainly be described as a
  historic and vital event to sustain the momentum towards full
  settlement in the Middle East. However, despite the political
  importance of any conceivable Palestinian-Israeli Peace Treaty,
  bringing the two major conflicting parties together, by no 
  means is it possible to believe that the Arab-Israeli conflict
  is over.''

Abu-Amr, Ziad.
  Hamas: a historical and political background. Journal of
  Palestine studies, v. 22, summer 1993: 5-19. 
   Discusses Hamas, its origins and relationship to the PLO.

Aftandilian, Gregory L.
  Egypt's bid for Arab leadership: implications for U.S. policy.
  New York, Council on Foreign Relations Press, c1993. 106p.
                           DS63.2.E3A35 1993

After the Gulf War. International journal, v. 49, spring 1994: whole
  issue (183-407 p.)
   Partial contents.--The prospects of Islamic fundamentalism in
  the post-Gulf War period, by Mahmud A. Faksh.--Security in the
  Persian Gulf after Desert Storm, by Anwar-ul-Haq Ahady.--The impact
  of the Gulf crisis on world oil and OPEC, by Robert Mabro.--Pax
  Americana in the Gulf: decisions and consequences, by Alvin Z.
  Rubinstein.--Postwar demands for political participation in the
  Arab Gulf states, by Fred H. Lawson.

An Age-old dispute. Middle East, no. 235, June 1994: 13.
   Examines roots of the tensions between Jews and Muslims in
   the city of Hebron.

An Agenda for Palestine. Middle East-economic digest, v. 37, 
  Sept. 24, 1993: 26-27.
   ``The declaration of principles signed by Israel and the PLO
  on 13 September has 17 articles and four annexes that call for
  a wide range of measures, including elections by the summer of
  1993, the formation of a Palestinian police force and new
  institutions to promote local and regional economic development.''

Agha, Husayn. Khalidi, Ahmad Samih.
  Syria and Iran: rivalry and cooperation. New York, Published in
  North America by the Council on Foreign Relations Press for the 
  Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1995. p. 
                           DS95.6.I7A44 1995
   This work will be available later this year. Originally
  published: London, Pinter Publishers, 1995.

Agid, Hemda Yehuda. Auerbach, Yehudit.
  Attitudes to an existence conflict: Allon and Peres on the
  Palestinian issue, 1967-1987. Journal of conflict resolution,
  v. 35, Sept. 1991: 519-546.
   Examines the attitudes of Allon and Peres on the Palestinian
  issue. Finds that although differences did exist, ``Allon and Peres
  maintained common views regarding core issues in the conflict such
  as the rejection of the PLO and its demand for a Palestinian state,
  the preservation of the Jewish character of Israel, and support for
  a territorial compromise based on defensible borders.''

Ahady, Anwar-Ul-Haq.
  Security in the Persian Gulf after Desert Storm. International
  journal, v. 49, spring 1994: 219-240.
   ``During the Gulf crisis and immediately after the defeat of
  Iraq, four different security systems for the Persian Gulf region
  were proposed: an Arab system based on co-operation between Egypt,
  Syria, and members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) (Saudi
  Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and
  Oman); a system based on the Gulf littoral states and led by
  Iran; a GCC-based system; and a system dominated by the United
  States . . . . This paper examines these four potential systems.''

Ajami, Fouad.
  The sorrows of Egypt. Foreign affairs, v. 74, Sept.-Oct. 
  1995: 72-88.
   ``Egyptians are nostalgic for their bourgeois past, still wanting
  to believe that their country is not just a state but an idea and a
  historical movement. But in their odyssey through liberalism,
  pan-Arabism, nationalism, and Islamicism, their dreams of greatness
  have been continually disappointed. Today President Mubarak leads
  a country with an exploding population, a fraying infrastructure,

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