| Home > 104th Congressional Documents > H.Doc.104-198 VETO OF H.R. 1833 ...
H.Doc.104-198 VETO OF H.R. 1833 ...
104th Congress, 2d Session - - - - - - - - House Document 104-197 VETO OF H.R. 1561 __________ MESSAGE from THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES transmitting HIS VETO OF H.R. 1561, A BILL ENTITLED ``FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 1996 AND 1997'' <GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT> April 15, 1996.--Message and accompanying bill ordered to be printed To the House of Representatives: I am returning herewith without my approval H.R. 1561, the ``Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1996 and 1997.'' This legislation contains many unacceptable provisions that would undercut U.S. leadership abroad and damage our ability to assure the future security and prosperity of the American people. It would unacceptably restrict the President's ability to address the complex international challenges and opportunities of the post-Cold War era. It would also restrict Presidential authority needed to conduct foreign affairs and to control state secrets, thereby raising serious constitutional concerns. First, the bill contains foreign policy provisions, particularly those involving East Asia, that are of serious concern. It would amend the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) to state that the TRA supersedes the provisions of the 1982 Joint Communique between the United States and China. The 1982 Communique has been one of the cornerstones of our bipartisan policy toward China for over 13 years. The ongoing management of our relations with China is one of the central challenges of United States foreign policy, but this bill would complicate, not facilitate that task. The bill would also sharply restrict the use of funds to further normalize relations with Vietnam, hampering the President's ability to pursue our national interests there and potentially jeopardizing further progress on POW/MIA issues. If read literally, this restriction would also raise constitutional concerns. Second, the bill would seriously impeded the President's authority to organize and administer foreign affairs agencies to best serve the Nation's interests and the Administration's foreign policy priorities. I am a strong supporter of appropriate reform and, building on bipartisan support, my Administration has already implemented significant steps to reinvent our international operations in a way that has allowed us to reduce funding significantly, eliminate positions, and close embassies, consulates, and other posts overseas. But this bill proceeds in an improvident fashion, mandating the abolition of at least one of three important foreign affairs agencies, even though each agency has a distinct and important mission that warrants a separate existence. Moreover, the inflexible, detailed mandates and artificial deadlines included in this section of the bill should not be imposed on any President. Third, the appropriations authorizations included in the bill, for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, fall unacceptably below the levels necessary to conduct the Nation's foreign policy and to protect U.S. interests abroad. These inadequate levels would adversely affect the operation of overseas posts of the foreign affairs agencies and weaken critical U.S. efforts to promote arms control and nonproliferation, reform international organizations and peacekeeping, streamline public diplomacy, and implement sustainable development activities. These levels would cause undue reductions in force of highly skilled personnel at several foreign affairs agencies at a time when they face increasingly complex challenges. Fourth, this bill contains a series of objectionable provisions that limit U.S. participation in international organizations, particularly the United Nations (U.N.). For example, a provision on intelligence sharing with the U.N. would unconstitutionally infringe on the President's power to conduct diplomatic relations and limit Presidential control over the use of state secrets. Other provisions contain problematic notification, withholding, and certification requirements. These limits on participation in international organizations, particularly when combined with the low appropriation authorization levels, would undermine current U.S. diplomatic efforts--which enjoy bipartisan support--to reform the U.N. and to reduce the assessed U.S. share of the U.N. budget. The provisions included in the bill are also at odds with ongoing discussions between the Administration and the Congress aimed at achieving consensus on these issues. Fifth, the bill fails to remedy the severe limitations placed on U.S. population assistance programs by the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1996 (Public Law 104-107). That law imposes unacceptable spending restrictions pending authorization for U.S. bilateral and multilateral population assistance programs. But H.R. 1561 does not authorize these programs. Consequently, these restrictions will remain in place and will have a significant, adverse impact on women and families in the developing world. It is estimated that nearly 7 million couples in developing countries will have no access to safe, voluntary family planning services. The result will be millions of unwanted pregnancies and an increase in the number of abortions. Finally, the bill contains a number of other objectionable provisions. Some of the most problematic would: (1) abruptly terminate the Agency for International Development's housing guaranty (HG) program, as well as abrogate existing HG agreements, except for South Africa, and prohibit foreign assistance to any country that fails to make timely payments or reimbursements on HG loans; (2) hinder negotiations aimed at resolving the plight of Vietnamese boat people; (3) unduly restrict the ability of the United States to participate in the United Nations Human Rights Committee; and (4) extend provisions of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act that I have objected to in the past. I am also concerned that the bill, by restricting the time period during which economic assistance funds can be expended for longer-term development projects, would diminish the effectiveness of U.S. assistance programs. In returning H.R. 1561, I recognize that the bill contains a number of important authorities for the Department of State and the United States Information Agency. In its current form, however, the bill is inconsistent with the decades-long tradition of bipartisanship in U.S. foreign policy. It unduly interferes with the constitutional prerogatives of the President and would seriously impair the conduct of U.S. foreign affairs. For all these reasons, I am compelled to return H.R. 1561 without my approval. William J. Clinton. The White House, April 12, 1996. One Hundred Fourth Congress, of the United States of America, at the Second Session, Begun and Held at the City of Washington on Wednesday, the Third Day of January, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Ninety-six An Act To consolidate the foreign affairs agencies of the United States; to authorize appropriations for the Department of State and related agencies for fiscal years 1996 and 1997; to responsibly reduce the authorizations of appropriations for United States foreign assistance programs for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1996 and 1997''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: DIVISION A--CONSOLIDATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AGENCIES TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 101. Short title. Sec. 102. Congressional findings. Sec. 103. Purposes. Sec. 104. Definitions. TITLE II--UNITED STATES ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY Chapter 1--General Provisions Sec. 201. Effective date. Chapter 2--Abolition of United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and Transfer of Functions Sec. 211. Abolition of United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Sec. 212. Transfer of functions to Secretary of State. Sec. 213. Coordinator for Arms Control and Disarmament. Chapter 3--Conforming Amendments Sec. 221. References. Sec. 222. Repeal of establishment of ACDA. Sec. 223. Repeal of positions and offices. Sec. 224. Authorities of Secretary of State. Sec. 225. Conforming amendments. TITLE III--UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY Chapter 1--General Provisions Sec. 301. Effective date. Chapter 2--Abolition of United States Information Agency and Transfer of Functions Sec. 311. Abolition of United States Information Agency. Sec. 312. Transfer of functions. Sec. 313. Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy. Chapter 3--Conforming Amendments Sec. 321. References in law. Sec. 322. Amendments to title 5, United States Code. Sec. 323. Amendments to United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948. Sec. 324. Amendments to Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (Fulbright-Hays Act). Sec. 325. International broadcasting activities. Sec. 326. Television broadcasting to Cuba. Sec. 327. Radio broadcasting to Cuba. Sec. 328. National Endowment for Democracy. Sec. 329. United States scholarship program for developing countries. Sec. 330. Fascell Fellowship Board. Sec. 331. National Security Education Board. Sec. 332. Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between North and South. Sec. 333. Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West. Sec. 334. Mission of Department of State. Sec. 335. Consolidation of administrative services. Sec. 336. Grants. Sec. 337. Ban on domestic activities. Sec. 338. Conforming repeal to Arms Control and Disarmament Act. Sec. 339. Repeal relating to procurement of legal services. Sec. 340. Repeal relating to payment of subsistence expenses. Sec. 341. Conforming amendment to SEED Act. Sec. 342. International Cultural and Trade Center Commission. Sec. 343. Other laws referenced in Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1977. Sec. 344. Exchange program with countries in transition from totalitarianism to democracy. Sec. 345. Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program. Sec. 346. Implementation of Convention on Cultural Property. Sec. 347. Mike Mansfield Fellowships. Sec. 348. United States Advisory Committee for Public Diplomacy. TITLE IV--AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Chapter 1--General Provisions Sec. 401. Effective date. Chapter 2--Abolition of Agency for International Development and Transfer of Functions Sec. 411. Abolition of Agency for International Development and United States International Development Cooperation Agency. Sec. 412. Transfer of functions. Sec. 413. Under Secretary of State for Development and for Economic and Commercial Affairs. Sec. 414. Abolition of Office of Inspector General of Agency for International Development and transfer of functions. Sec. 415. Abolition of Office of Chief Financial Officer of Agency for International Development and transfer of functions. Chapter 3--Conforming Amendments Sec. 421. References. Sec. 422. Exercise of functions by Secretary of State. Sec. 423. Repeal of positions; employment and contracting authorities. Sec. 424. Development Loan Committee. Sec. 425. Development Coordination Committee. Sec. 426. Public Law 83-480 program. Sec. 427. Conforming amendments to title 5, United States Code. Sec. 428. Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee. Sec. 429. Additional conforming amendments. TITLE V--OFFICES OF INSPECTORS GENERAL Sec. 501. Repeal relating to Inspector General for United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Sec. 502. Abolition of Office of Inspector General of United States Information Agency and transfer of functions. TITLE VI--TRANSITION Chapter 1--Reorganization Plan and Waiver Sec. 601. Reorganization plan. Sec. 602. Waiver. Chapter 2--Reorganization Authority Sec. 611. Reorganization authority. Sec. 612. Transfer and allocation of appropriations and personnel. Sec. 613. Incidental transfers. Sec. 614. Effect on personnel.
Other Popular 104th Congressional Documents Documents:
|GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.|
Supreme Court Decisions
104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents
1994 Presidential Documents