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H.Doc.107-29 CONTINUATION OF EMERGENCY REGARDING TERRORISTS WHO THREATEN TO DISRUPT ...


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107th Congress, 1st Session - - - - - - - - - - - House Document 107-28 


 
 PERIODIC REPORT ON THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO TERRORISTS 
         WHO THREATEN TO DISRUPT THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS

                               __________

                             COMMUNICATION

                                  from

                   THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

                              transmitting

A REPORT ON DEVELOPMENTS CONCERNING THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT 
  TO TERRORISTS WHO THREATEN TO DISRUPT THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS 
  THAT WAS DECLARED IN EXECUTIVE ORDER 12947 OF JANUARY 23, 1995, 
  PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C. 1641(c)

<GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT>


January 30, 2001.--Referred to the Committee on International Relations 
                       and ordered to be printed
                               __________

                    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
89-011                     WASHINGTON : 2001

                                           The White House,
                                      Washington, January 19, 2001.
Hon. J. Dennis Hastert,
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Speaker: As required by section 401(c) of the 
National Emergencies Act, 50 U.S.C. 1641(c), and section 204(c) 
of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (``IEEPA''), 
50 U.S.C. 1703(c), I transmit herewith a 6-month periodic 
report on the national emergency with respect to terrorists who 
threaten to disrupt the Middle East peace process that was 
declared in Executive Order 12947 of January 23, 1995.
            Sincerely,
                                                William J. Clinton.
 President's Periodic Report on the National Emergency With Respect to 
    Terrorists Who Threaten To Disrupt the Middle East Peace Process

    I hereby report to the Congress on the developments 
concerning the national emergency with respect to terrorists 
who threaten to disrupt the Middle East peace process that was 
declared in Executive Order 12947 of January 23, 1995. This 
report is submitted pursuant to section 401(c) of the National 
Emergencies Act, 50 U.S.C. 1641(c) (the ``NEA''), and section 
204(c) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, 50 
U.S.C. 1703(c) (``IEEPA'').
    1. On January 23, 1995, I signed Executive Order 12947, 
``Prohibiting Transactions with Terrorists Who Threaten To 
Disrupt the Middle East Peace Process'' (the Order'') (60 Fed. 
Reg. 5079, January 25, 1995). The Order blocks all property 
subject to U.S. jurisdiction in which there is any interest of 
12 terrorist organizations that threaten the Middle East peace 
process as identified in an Annex to the Order. The Order also 
blocks the property and interests in property subject to U.S. 
jurisdiction of persons designated by the Secretary of State, 
in coordination with the Secretary of the Treasury and the 
Attorney General, who are found (1) to have committed, or to 
pose a significant risk of committing, acts of violence that 
have the purpose or effect of disrupting the Middle East peace 
process, or (2) to assist in, sponsor, or provide financial, 
material, or technological support for, or services in support 
of, such acts of violence. In addition, the Order blocks all 
property and interests in property subject to U.S. jurisdiction 
in which there is any interest of persons determined by the 
Secretary of the Treasury, in coordination with the Secretary 
of State and the Attorney General, to be owned or controlled 
by, or to act for or on behalf of, any other person designated 
pursuant to the Order (collectively ``Specially Designated 
Terrorists'' or ``SDTs'').
    The Order further prohibits any transaction or dealing by a 
United States person or within the United States in property or 
interests in property of SDTs, including the making or 
receiving of any contribution of funds, goods, or services to 
or for the benefit of such persons. This prohibition includes 
donations that are intended to relieve human suffering.
    Designations of persons blocked pursuant to the Order are 
effective upon the date of determination by the Secretary of 
State or her delegate, or the Director of the Office of Foreign 
Assets Control (``OFAC'') acting under authority delegated by 
the Secretary of the Treasury. Public notice of blocking is 
effective upon the date of filing with the Federal Register, or 
upon prior actual notice.
    Because terrorists' activities continue to threaten the 
Middle East peace process and vital interests of the United 
States in the Middle East, on January   , 2001, I continued for 
another year the national emergency declared on January 23, 
1995, and the measures that took effect on January 24, 1995, to 
deal with that emergency. This action was taken in accordance 
with section 202(d) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)).
    2. On January 25, 1995, the Department of the Treasury 
issued a Notice listing persons blocked pursuant to Executive 
Order 12947 who have been designated by the President as 
terrorist organizations threatening the Middle East peace 
process or who have been found to be owned or controlled by, or 
to be acting for or on behalf of, these terrorist organizations 
(60 Fed. Reg. 5084, January 25, 1995). The notice identified 31 
name variations or pseudonyms used by the 12 Middle East 
terrorist organizations listed in the Annex to Executive Order 
12947, as well as 18 individuals who are leaders or 
representatives of these groups. In addition, the notice 
provided nine (9) name variations or pseudonyms used by the 18 
individuals identified. The list identifies blocked persons who 
have been found to have committed, or to pose a significant 
risk of committing, acts of violence that have the purpose of 
effect of disrupting the Middle East peace process or to have 
assisted in, sponsored, or provided financial, material or 
technological support for, or services in support of, such acts 
of violence, or are owned or controlled by, or act for or on 
behalf of other blocked persons. The Department of the Treasury 
issued three additional Notices adding the names of three 
individuals, as well as their pseudonyms, to the List of SDTs 
(60 Fed. Reg. 41152, August 11, 1995; 60 Fed. Reg. 44932, 
August 29, 1995; and 60 Fed. Reg. 58435, November 27, 1995).
    On August 20, 1998, I signed Executive Order 13099, 
``Prohibiting Transactions with Terrorists Who Threaten to 
Disrupt the Middle East Peace Process'' (63 Fed. Reg. 45167, 
August 25, 1998), amending Executive Order 12947 by adding 
Usama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Ladin (a.k.a. Usama bin Ladin) 
and two of his associates, Abu Hafs al-Masri and Rifa'i Ahmad 
Taha Musa, and the Islamic Army (a.k.a. Al-Qaida, Islamic 
Salvation Foundation, The Islamic Army for the Liberation of 
the Holy Places, The World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews 
and Crusaders, and The Group for the Preservation of the Holy 
Sites) to the Annex of Executive Order 12947 as terrorists who 
threaten to disrupt the Middle East peace process. The Order 
furtherprovides Executive Order 13099 does not limit or 
otherwise affect the other provisions of Executive Order 12947.
    3. On February 2, 1996, OFAC issued the Terrorism Sanctions 
Regulations (the ``Regulations'') (61 Fed. Reg. 3805, February 
2, 1996). The Regulations implement the President's declaration 
of a national emergency and imposition of sanctions against 
certain persons whose acts of violence have the purpose or 
effect of disrupting the Middle East peace process. Pursuant to 
Executive Order 13099 and the Regulations, on June 28, 1999, 
OFAC amended appendix A to 31 C.F.R. chapter V by adding three 
individuals and one organization as persons who have been 
designated in the Executive order as terrorists who threaten to 
disrupt the Middle East peace process or SDTs (64 Fed. Reg. 
35575, 31 C.F.R. Chapter V, July 1, 1999). Any property subject 
to the jurisdiction of the United States in which an SDT has an 
interest is blocked and U.S. persons are prohibited from 
engaging in any transactions or in dealing in any property in 
which an SDT has an interest.
    On January 19, 2000, I renewed for another year the 
national emergency with respect to terrorists who threaten to 
disrupt the Middle East peace process pursuant to IEEPA. This 
renewal extended the current financial and trade sanctions 
against SDTs in effect since 1995.
    4. One hundred four thousand dollars are currently reported 
to OFAC as being blocked. The blocking of these funds prevents 
their conversion or other disposal for the benefit of the SDTs. 
In June 1998, a large portion of the assets previously blocked 
in one case were seized by the Department of Justice as assets 
subject to civil forfeiture action based on criminal money 
laundering statutes.
    Federal agencies will continue to work closely to identify 
and block assets in which SDTs have an interest and will 
vigorously enforce Executive Orders 12947 and 13099 against 
Usama bin Ladin and other terrorists who threaten the Middle 
East peace process.
    5. Since January 25, 1995, OFAC has issued nine licenses 
pursuant to the Regulations. These licenses authorized payment 
of legal expenses of individuals and the disbursement of funds 
for normal expenditures for the maintenance of family members, 
the employment, receipt of salary and payment of educational 
expenses for an SDT, secure storage of tangible assets of SDTs, 
the release of assets blocked pending investigation, and 
certain administrative transactions of individuals designated 
pursuant to Executive Order 12947.
    6. The expenses incurred by the Federal Government in the 
six-month period from July 23, 2000 through January 22, 2001, 
that are directly attributable to the exercise of powers and 
authorities conferred by the declaration of the national 
emergency with respect to organizations that disrupt the Middle 
East peace process are estimated at approximately $265,000. 
These data do not reflect certain costs of operations by the 
intelligence and law enforcement communities.
    7. Executive Orders 12947 and 13099 provide this 
Administration with a tool for combating fundraising in this 
country on behalf of organizations that use terror to undermine 
the Middle East peace process. The orders make it harder for 
such groups to finance these criminal activities by impeding 
their access to sources of support in the United States and to 
U.S. financial facilities. They are also intended to reach 
charitable contributions to designated organizations and 
individuals to preclude diversion of such donations to 
terrorist activities.
    The Executive orders demonstrate the United States' 
determination to confront and combat those who would seek to 
destroy the Middle East peace process, and our commitment to 
the global fight against terrorism. I shall continue to 
exercise the powers at my disposal to apply economic sanctions 
against extremists seeking to destroy the hopes of peaceful 
coexistence between Arabs and Israelis as long as these 
measures are appropriate, and will continue to report 
periodically to the Congress on significant developments 
pursuant to 50 U.S.C. 1703(c).

                                  <all>


Pages: 1

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