Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.J.Res. 23 (ih) Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the electoral college and to provide for the direct popular election of the President and Vice President of the United States. [Introduced in House] ...

H.J.Res. 23 (ih) Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the electoral college and to provide for the direct popular election of the President and Vice President of the United States. [Introduced in House] ...

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  1st Session
H. J. RES. 22

Proposing a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution of the United 



                           February 13, 2003

 Mr. Istook (for himself, Mr. Stenholm, Mr. Sensenbrenner, Mr. Chabot, 
    Mr. Aderholt, Mr. Akin, Mr. Bachus, Mr. Baker, Mr. Bartlett of 
Maryland, Mr. Barton of Texas, Mr. Beauprez, Mr. Bilirakis, Mr. Bishop 
of Utah, Mrs. Blackburn, Mr. Boehner, Mr. Boozman, Mr. Brady of Texas, 
 Ms. Ginny Brown-Waite of Florida, Mr. Burgess, Mr. Burton of Indiana, 
Mr. Calvert, Mr. Cannon, Mr. Chocola, Mr. Coble, Mr. Cole, Mr. Combest, 
 Mr. Crane, Mr. Culberson, Mr. Cunningham, Mr. DeMint, Mr. Mario Diaz-
Balart of Florida, Mr. Doolittle, Mr. Duncan, Mr. Edwards, Mr. Feeney, 
     Mr. Flake, Mr. Foley, Mr. Franks of Arizona, Mr. Gibbons, Mr. 
Gilchrest, Mr. Gingrey, Mr. Goode, Mr. Goodlatte, Mr. Graves, Mr. Hall, 
 Mr. Hayworth, Mr. Hefley, Mr. Herger, Mr. Hoekstra, Mr. Isakson, Mr. 
  Jenkins, Mr. Johnson of Illinois, Mr. Jones of North Carolina, Mr. 
 Kennedy of Minnesota, Mr. King of Iowa, Mr. Kingston, Mr. LaHood, Mr. 
 LaTourette, Mr. Lewis of Kentucky, Mr. Linder, Mr. Lucas of Oklahoma, 
 Mr. Manzullo, Mr. Marshall, Mr. McCotter, Mr. McKeon, Mr. Meehan, Mr. 
Mica, Mr. Miller of Florida, Mrs. Musgrave, Mrs. Myrick, Mrs. Northup, 
Mr. Norwood, Mr. Ose, Mr. Otter, Mr. Pearce, Mr. Pitts, Mr. Radanovich, 
Mr. Rehberg, Mr. Ross, Mr. Royce, Mr. Ryun of Kansas, Mr. Sessions, Mr. 
   Shimkus, Mr. Simmons, Mr. Simpson, Mr. Stearns, Mr. Sweeney, Mr. 
 Tanner, Mr. Taylor of North Carolina, Mr. Taylor of Mississippi, Mr. 
  Terry, Mr. Tiahrt, Mr. Vitter, Mr. Walden of Oregon, Mr. Wamp, Mr. 
Weller, and Mr. Buyer) introduced the following joint resolution; which 
             was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


                            JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution of the United 

    Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House 
concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an 
amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be 
valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when 
ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States 
within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:


    ``Section 1. Total outlays for any fiscal year shall not exceed 
total receipts for that fiscal year, unless three-fifths of the whole 
number of each House of Congress shall provide by law for a specific 
excess of outlays over receipts by a rollcall vote.
    ``Section 2. The limit on the debt of the United States held by the 
public shall not be increased, unless three-fifths of the whole number 
of each House shall provide by law for such an increase by a rollcall 
    ``Section 3. Prior to each fiscal year, the President shall 
transmit to the Congress a proposed budget for the United States 
Government for that fiscal year in which total outlays do not exceed 
total receipts.
    ``Section 4. No bill to increase revenue shall become law unless 
approved by a majority of the whole number of each House by a rollcall 
    ``Section 5. The Congress may waive the provisions of this article 
for any fiscal year in which a declaration of war is in effect. The 
provisions of this article may be waived for any fiscal year in which 
the United States is engaged in military conflict which causes an 
imminent and serious military threat to national security and is so 
declared by a joint resolution, adopted by a majority of the whole 
number of each House, which becomes law.
    ``Section 6. The Congress shall enforce and implement this article 
by appropriate legislation, which may rely on estimates of outlays and 
    ``Section 7. Total receipts shall include all receipts of the 
United States Government except those derived from borrowing. Total 
outlays shall include all outlays of the United States Government 
except for those for repayment of debt principal.
    ``Section 8. This article shall take effect beginning with the 
later of the second fiscal year beginning after its ratification or the 
first fiscal year beginning after December 31, 2008.''.

Pages: 1

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