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H.R. 10 (rh) To provide for pension reform, and for other purposes. [Reported in House] ...


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                                                        Calendar No. 69
107th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 H. R. 10


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              May 3, 2001

                                Received

                              June 6, 2001

                          Read the first time

                              June 7, 2001

            Read the second time and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
         To provide for pension reform, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Comprehensive 
Retirement Security and Pension Reform Act of 2001''.
    (b) Amendment of 1986 Code.--Except as otherwise expressly 
provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in 
terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, 
the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other 
provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
    (c) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; references; table of contents.
           TITLE I--INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT PROVISIONS

Sec. 101. Modification of IRA contribution limits.
                      TITLE II--EXPANDING COVERAGE

Sec. 201. Increase in benefit and contribution limits.
Sec. 202. Plan loans for subchapter S owners, partners, and sole 
                            proprietors.
Sec. 203. Modification of top-heavy rules.
Sec. 204. Elective deferrals not taken into account for purposes of 
                            deduction limits.
Sec. 205. Repeal of coordination requirements for deferred compensation 
                            plans of State and local governments and 
                            tax-exempt organizations.
Sec. 206. Elimination of user fee for requests to IRS regarding pension 
                            plans.
Sec. 207. Deduction limits.
Sec. 208. Option to treat elective deferrals as after-tax 
                            contributions.
Sec. 209. Availability of qualified plans to self-employed individuals 
                            who are exempt from the self-employment tax 
                            by reason of their religious beliefs.
Sec. 210. Certain nonresident aliens excluded in applying minimum 
                            coverage requirements.
                TITLE III--ENHANCING FAIRNESS FOR WOMEN

Sec. 301. Catch-up contributions for individuals age 50 or over.
Sec. 302. Equitable treatment for contributions of employees to defined 
                            contribution plans.
Sec. 303. Faster vesting of certain employer matching contributions.
Sec. 304. Modifications to minimum distribution rules.
Sec. 305. Clarification of tax treatment of division of section 457 
                            plan benefits upon divorce.
Sec. 306. Provisions relating to hardship distributions.
Sec. 307. Waiver of tax on nondeductible contributions for domestic or 
                            similar workers.
           TITLE IV--INCREASING PORTABILITY FOR PARTICIPANTS

Sec. 401. Rollovers allowed among various types of plans.
Sec. 402. Rollovers of IRAs into workplace retirement plans.
Sec. 403. Rollovers of after-tax contributions.
Sec. 404. Hardship exception to 60-day rule.
Sec. 405. Treatment of forms of distribution.
Sec. 406. Rationalization of restrictions on distributions.
Sec. 407. Purchase of service credit in governmental defined benefit 
                            plans.
Sec. 408. Employers may disregard rollovers for purposes of cash-out 
                            amounts.
Sec. 409. Minimum distribution and inclusion requirements for section 
                            457 plans.
        TITLE V--STRENGTHENING PENSION SECURITY AND ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 501. Repeal of percent of current liability funding limit.
Sec. 502. Maximum contribution deduction rules modified and applied to 
                            all defined benefit plans.
Sec. 503. Excise tax relief for sound pension funding.
Sec. 504. Excise tax on failure to provide notice by defined benefit 
                            plans significantly reducing future benefit 
                            accruals.
Sec. 505. Treatment of multiemployer plans under section 415.
Sec. 506. Protection of investment of employee contributions to 401(k) 
                            plans.
Sec. 507. Periodic pension benefits statements.
Sec. 508. Prohibited allocations of stock in S corporation ESOP.
                 TITLE VI--REDUCING REGULATORY BURDENS

Sec. 601. Modification of timing of plan valuations.
Sec. 602. ESOP dividends may be reinvested without loss of dividend 
                            deduction.
Sec. 603. Repeal of transition rule relating to certain highly 
                            compensated employees.
Sec. 604. Employees of tax-exempt entities.
Sec. 605. Clarification of treatment of employer-provided retirement 
                            advice.
Sec. 606. Reporting simplification.
Sec. 607. Improvement of employee plans compliance resolution system.
Sec. 608. Repeal of the multiple use test.
Sec. 609. Flexibility in nondiscrimination, coverage, and line of 
                            business rules.
Sec. 610. Extension to all governmental plans of moratorium on 
                            application of certain nondiscrimination 
                            rules applicable to State and local plans.
Sec. 611. Notice and consent period regarding distributions.
Sec. 612. Annual report dissemination.
Sec. 613. Technical corrections to SAVER Act.
                   TITLE VII--OTHER ERISA PROVISIONS

Sec. 701. Missing participants.
Sec. 702. Reduced PBGC premium for new plans of small employers.
Sec. 703. Reduction of additional PBGC premium for new and small plans.
Sec. 704. Authorization for PBGC to pay interest on premium overpayment 
                            refunds.
Sec. 705. Substantial owner benefits in terminated plans.
Sec. 706. Civil penalties for breach of fiduciary responsibility.
Sec. 707. Benefit suspension notice.
Sec. 708. Studies.
                      TITLE VIII--PLAN AMENDMENTS

Sec. 801. Provisions relating to plan amendments.

                TITLE I--INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS

SEC. 101. MODIFICATION OF IRA CONTRIBUTION LIMITS.

    (a) Increase in Contribution Limit.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (1)(A) of section 219(b) 
        (relating to maximum amount of deduction) is amended by 
        striking ``$2,000'' and inserting ``the deductible amount''.
            (2) Deductible amount.--Section 219(b) is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Deductible amount.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1)(A)--
                    ``(A) In general.--The deductible amount shall be 
                determined in accordance with the following table:

                ``For taxable years
                                                         The deductible
                  beginning in:
                                                           amount is:  
                    2002...................................     $3,000 
                    2003...................................     $4,000 
                    2004 and thereafter....................     $5,000.
                    ``(B) Catch-up contributions for individuals 50 or 
                older.--In the case of an individual who has attained 
                the age of 50 before the close of the taxable year, the 
                deductible amount for taxable years beginning in 2002 
                or 2003 shall be $5,000.
                    ``(C) Cost-of-living adjustment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of any 
                        taxable year beginning in a calendar year after 
                        2004, the $5,000 amount under subparagraph (A) 
                        shall be increased by an amount equal to--
                                    ``(I) such dollar amount, 
                                multiplied by
                                    ``(II) the cost-of-living 
                                adjustment determined under section 
                                1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which 
                                the taxable year begins, determined by 
                                substituting `calendar year 2003' for 
                                `calendar year 1992' in subparagraph 
                                (B) thereof.
                            ``(ii) Rounding rules.--If any amount after 
                        adjustment under clause (i) is not a multiple 
                        of $500, such amount shall be rounded to the 
                        next lower multiple of $500.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 408(a)(1) is amended by striking ``in excess of 
        $2,000 on behalf of any individual'' and inserting ``on behalf 
        of any individual in excess of the amount in effect for such 
        taxable year under section 219(b)(1)(A)''.
            (2) Section 408(b)(2)(B) is amended by striking ``$2,000'' 
        and inserting ``the dollar amount in effect under section 
        219(b)(1)(A)''.
            (3) Section 408(b) is amended by striking ``$2,000'' in the 
        matter following paragraph (4) and inserting ``the dollar 
        amount in effect under section 219(b)(1)(A)''.
            (4) Section 408(j) is amended by striking ``$2,000''.
            (5) Section 408(p)(8) is amended by striking ``$2,000'' and 
        inserting ``the dollar amount in effect under section 
        219(b)(1)(A)''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2001.

                      TITLE II--EXPANDING COVERAGE

SEC. 201. INCREASE IN BENEFIT AND CONTRIBUTION LIMITS.

    (a) Defined Benefit Plans.--
            (1) Dollar limit.--
                    (A) Subparagraph (A) of section 415(b)(1) (relating 
                to limitation for defined benefit plans) is amended by 
                striking ``$90,000'' and inserting ``$160,000''.
                    (B) Subparagraphs (C) and (D) of section 415(b)(2) 
                are each amended by striking ``$90,000'' each place it 
                appears in the headings and the text and inserting 
                ``$160,000''.
                    (C) Paragraph (7) of section 415(b) (relating to 
                benefits under certain collectively bargained plans) is 
                amended by striking ``the greater of $68,212 or one-
                half the amount otherwise applicable for such year 
                under paragraph (1)(A) for `$90,000''' and inserting 
                ``one-half the amount otherwise applicable for such 
                year under paragraph (1)(A) for `$160,000'''.
            (2) Limit reduced when benefit begins before age 62.--
        Subparagraph (C) of section 415(b)(2) is amended by striking 
        ``the social security retirement age'' each place it appears in 
        the heading and text and inserting ``age 62'' and by striking 
        the second sentence.
            (3) Limit increased when benefit begins after age 65.--
        Subparagraph (D) of section 415(b)(2) is amended by striking 
        ``the social security retirement age'' each place it appears in 
        the heading and text and inserting ``age 65''.
            (4) Cost-of-living adjustments.--Subsection (d) of section 
        415 (related to cost-of-living adjustments) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``$90,000'' in paragraph (1)(A) and 
                inserting ``$160,000''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                            (i) by striking ``$90,000'' in the heading 
                        and inserting ``$160,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``October 1, 1986'' and 
                        inserting ``July 1, 2001''.
            (5) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 415(b)(2) is amended by striking 
                subparagraph (F).
                    (B) Section 415(b)(9) is amended to read as 
                follows:
            ``(9) Special rule for commercial airline pilots.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), in the case of any participant who is 
                a commercial airline pilot, if, as of the time of the 
                participant's retirement, regulations prescribed by the 
                Federal Aviation Administration require an individual 
                to separate from service as a commercial airline pilot 
                after attaining any age occurring on or after age 60 
                and before age 62, paragraph (2)(C) shall be applied by 
                substituting such age for age 62.
                    ``(B) Individuals who separate from service before 
                age 60.--If a participant described in subparagraph (A) 
                separates from service before age 60, the rules of 
                paragraph (2)(C) shall apply.''.
                    (C) Section 415(b)(10)(C)(i) is amended by striking 
                ``applied without regard to paragraph (2)(F)''.
    (b) Defined Contribution Plans.--
            (1) Dollar limit.--Subparagraph (A) of section 415(c)(1) 
        (relating to limitation for defined contribution plans) is 
        amended by striking ``$30,000'' and inserting ``$40,000''.
            (2) Cost-of-living adjustments.--Subsection (d) of section 
        415 (related to cost-of-living adjustments) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``$30,000'' in paragraph (1)(C) and 
                inserting ``$40,000''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(D)--
                            (i) by striking ``$30,000'' in the heading 
                        and inserting ``$40,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``October 1, 1993'' and 
                        inserting ``July 1, 2001''.
    (c) Qualified Trusts.--
            (1) Compensation limit.--Sections 401(a)(17), 404(l), 
        408(k), and 505(b)(7) are each amended by striking ``$150,000'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``$200,000''.
            (2) Base period and rounding of cost-of-living 
        adjustment.--Subparagraph (B) of section 401(a)(17) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``October 1, 1993'' and inserting 
                ``July 1, 2001''; and
                    (B) by striking ``$10,000'' both places it appears 
                and inserting ``$5,000''.
    (d) Elective Deferrals.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (1) of section 402(g) (relating 
        to limitation on exclusion for elective deferrals) is amended 
        to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--Notwithstanding subsections 

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