| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 100 (ih) To establish designations for United States Postal Service buildings in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [Introduced in House] ...
H.R. 100 (ih) To establish designations for United States Postal Service buildings in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [Introduced in House] ...
H.R.100 One Hundred Eighth Congress of the United States of America AT THE FIRST SESSION Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the seventh day of January, two thousand and three An Act To restate, clarify, and revise the Soliders' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. RESTATEMENT OF ACT. The Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940 (50 U.S.C. App. 501 et seq.) is amended to read as follows: ``SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. ``(a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the `Servicemembers Civil Relief Act'. ``(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: ``Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. ``Sec. 2. Purpose. ``TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS ``Sec. 101. Definitions. ``Sec. 102. Jurisdiction and applicability of Act. ``Sec. 103. Protection of persons secondarily liable. ``Sec. 104. Extension of protections to citizens serving with allied forces. ``Sec. 105. Notification of benefits. ``Sec. 106. Extension of rights and protections to Reserves ordered to report for military service and to persons ordered to report for induction. ``Sec. 107. Waiver of rights pursuant to written agreement. ``Sec. 108. Exercise of rights under Act not to affect certain future financial transactions. ``Sec. 109. Legal representatives. ``TITLE II--GENERAL RELIEF ``Sec. 201. Protection of servicemembers against default judgments. ``Sec. 202. Stay of proceedings when servicemember has notice. ``Sec. 203. Fines and penalties under contracts. ``Sec. 204. Stay or vacation of execution of judgments, attachments, and garnishments. ``Sec. 205. Duration and term of stays; codefendants not in service. ``Sec. 206. Statute of limitations. ``Sec. 207. Maximum rate of interest on debts incurred before military service. ``TITLE III--RENT, INSTALLMENT CONTRACTS, MORTGAGES, LIENS, ASSIGNMENT, LEASES ``Sec. 301. Evictions and distress. ``Sec. 302. Protection under installment contracts for purchase or lease. ``Sec. 303. Mortgages and trust deeds. ``Sec. 304. Settlement of stayed cases relating to personal property. ``Sec. 305. Termination of residential or motor vehicle leases. ``Sec. 306. Protection of life insurance policy. ``Sec. 307. Enforcement of storage liens. ``Sec. 308. Extension of protections to dependents. ``TITLE IV--LIFE INSURANCE ``Sec. 401. Definitions. ``Sec. 402. Insurance rights and protections. ``Sec. 403. Application for insurance protection. ``Sec. 404. Policies entitled to protection and lapse of policies. ``Sec. 405. Policy restrictions. ``Sec. 406. Deduction of unpaid premiums. ``Sec. 407. Premiums and interest guaranteed by United States. ``Sec. 408. Regulations. ``Sec. 409. Review of findings of fact and conclusions of law. ``TITLE V--TAXES AND PUBLIC LANDS ``Sec. 501. Taxes respecting personal property, money, credits, and real property. ``Sec. 502. Rights in public lands. ``Sec. 503. Desert-land entries. ``Sec. 504. Mining claims. ``Sec. 505. Mineral permits and leases. ``Sec. 506. Perfection or defense of rights. ``Sec. 507. Distribution of information concerning benefits of title. ``Sec. 508. Land rights of servicemembers. ``Sec. 509. Regulations. ``Sec. 510. Income taxes. ``Sec. 511. Residence for tax purposes. ``TITLE VI--ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES ``Sec. 601. Inappropriate use of Act. ``Sec. 602. Certificates of service; persons reported missing. ``Sec. 603. Interlocutory orders. ``TITLE VII--FURTHER RELIEF ``Sec. 701. Anticipatory relief. ``Sec. 702. Power of attorney. ``Sec. 703. Professional liability protection. ``Sec. 704. Health insurance reinstatement. ``Sec. 705. Guarantee of residency for military personnel. ``Sec. 706. Business or trade obligations. ``SEC. 2. PURPOSE. ``The purposes of this Act are-- ``(1) to provide for, strengthen, and expedite the national defense through protection extended by this Act to servicemembers of the United States to enable such persons to devote their entire energy to the defense needs of the Nation; and ``(2) to provide for the temporary suspension of judicial and administrative proceedings and transactions that may adversely affect the civil rights of servicemembers during their military service. ``TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS ``SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS. ``For the purposes of this Act: ``(1) Servicemember.--The term `servicemember' means a member of the uniformed services, as that term is defined in section 101(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code. ``(2) Military service.--The term `military service' means-- ``(A) in the case of a servicemember who is a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard-- ``(i) active duty, as defined in section 101(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, and ``(ii) in the case of a member of the National Guard, includes service under a call to active service authorized by the President or the Secretary of Defense for a period of more than 30 consecutive days under section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code, for purposes of responding to a national emergency declared by the President and supported by Federal funds; ``(B) in the case of a servicemember who is a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, active service; and ``(C) any period during which a servicemember is absent from duty on account of sickness, wounds, leave, or other lawful cause. ``(3) Period of military service.--The term `period of military service' means the period beginning on the date on which a servicemember enters military service and ending on the date on which the servicemember is released from military service or dies while in military service. ``(4) Dependent.--The term `dependent', with respect to a servicemember, means-- ``(A) the servicemember's spouse; ``(B) the servicemember's child (as defined in section 101(4) of title 38, United States Code); or ``(C) an individual for whom the servicemember provided more than one-half of the individual's support for 180 days immediately preceding an application for relief under this Act. ``(5) Court.--The term `court' means a court or an administrative agency of the United States or of any State (including any political subdivision of a State), whether or not a court or administrative agency of record. ``(6) State.--The term `State' includes-- ``(A) a commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States; and ``(B) the District of Columbia. ``(7) Secretary concerned.--The term `Secretary concerned'-- ``(A) with respect to a member of the armed forces, has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code; ``(B) with respect to a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service, means the Secretary of Health and Human Services; and ``(C) with respect to a commissioned officer of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, means the Secretary of Commerce. ``(8) Motor vehicle.--The term `motor vehicle' has the meaning given that term in section 30102(a)(6) of title 49, United States Code. ``SEC. 102. JURISDICTION AND APPLICABILITY OF ACT. ``(a) Jurisdiction.--This Act applies to-- ``(1) the United States; ``(2) each of the States, including the political subdivisions thereof; and ``(3) all territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. ``(b) Applicability to Proceedings.--This Act applies to any judicial or administrative proceeding commenced in any court or agency in any jurisdiction subject to this Act. This Act does not apply to criminal proceedings. ``(c) Court in Which Application May Be Made.--When under this Act any application is required to be made to a court in which no proceeding has already been commenced with respect to the matter, such application may be made to any court which would otherwise have jurisdiction over the matter. ``SEC. 103. PROTECTION OF PERSONS SECONDARILY LIABLE. ``(a) Extension of Protection When Actions Stayed, Postponed, or Suspended.--Whenever pursuant to this Act a court stays, postpones, or suspends (1) the enforcement of an obligation or liability, (2) the prosecution of a suit or proceeding, (3) the entry or enforcement of an order, writ, judgment, or decree, or (4) the performance of any other act, the court may likewise grant such a stay, postponement, or suspension to a surety, guarantor, endorser, accommodation maker, comaker, or other person who is or may be primarily or secondarily subject to the obligation or liability the performance or enforcement of which is stayed, postponed, or suspended. ``(b) Vacation or Set-Aside of Judgments.--When a judgment or decree is vacated or set aside, in whole or in part, pursuant to this Act, the court may also set aside or vacate, as the case may be, the judgment or decree as to a surety, guarantor, endorser, accommodation maker, comaker, or other person who is or may be primarily or secondarily liable on the contract or liability for the enforcement of the judgment or decree. ``(c) Bail Bond Not To Be Enforced During Period of Military Service.--A court may not enforce a bail bond during the period of military service of the principal on the bond when military service prevents the surety from obtaining the attendance of the principal. The court may discharge the surety and exonerate the bail, in accordance with principles of equity and justice, during or after the period of military service of the principal. ``(d) Waiver of Rights.-- ``(1) Waivers not precluded.--This Act does not prevent a waiver in writing by a surety, guarantor, endorser, accommodation maker, comaker, or other person (whether primarily or secondarily liable on an obligation or liability) of the protections provided under subsections (a) and (b). Any such waiver is effective only if it is executed as an instrument separate from the obligation or liability with respect to which it applies. ``(2) Waiver invalidated upon entrance to military service.--If a waiver under paragraph (1) is executed by an individual who after the execution of the waiver enters military service, or by a dependent of an individual who after the execution of the waiver enters military service, the waiver is not valid after the beginning of the period of such military service unless the waiver was executed by such individual or dependent during the period specified in section 106. ``SEC. 104. EXTENSION OF PROTECTIONS TO CITIZENS SERVING WITH ALLIED FORCES. ``A citizen of the United States who is serving with the forces of a nation with which the United States is allied in the prosecution of a war or military action is entitled to the relief and protections provided under this Act if that service with the allied force is similar to military service as defined in this Act. The relief and protections provided to such citizen shall terminate on the date of discharge or release from such service. ``SEC. 105. NOTIFICATION OF BENEFITS. ``The Secretary concerned shall ensure that notice of the benefits accorded by this Act is provided in writing to persons in military service and to persons entering military service. ``SEC. 106. EXTENSION OF RIGHTS AND PROTECTIONS TO RESERVES ORDERED TO REPORT FOR MILITARY SERVICE AND TO PERSONS ORDERED TO REPORT FOR INDUCTION. ``(a) Reserves Ordered To Report for Military Service.--A member of a reserve component who is ordered to report for military service is entitled to the rights and protections of this title and titles II and III during the period beginning on the date of the member's receipt of the order and ending on the date on which the member reports for military service (or, if the order is revoked before the member so reports, or the date on which the order is revoked). ``(b) Persons Ordered To Report for Induction.--A person who has been ordered to report for induction under the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) is entitled to the rights and protections provided a servicemember under this title and titles II and III during the period beginning on the date of receipt of the order for induction and ending on the date on which the person reports for induction (or, if the order to report for induction is revoked before the date on which the person reports for induction, on the date on which the order is revoked). ``SEC. 107. WAIVER OF RIGHTS PURSUANT TO WRITTEN AGREEMENT. ``(a) In General.--A servicemember may waive any of the rights and protections provided by this Act. In the case of a waiver that permits
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