| Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 103 (ih) To expedite State reviews of criminal records of applicants for private security officer employment, and for other purposes. ...
H.R. 103 (ih) To expedite State reviews of criminal records of applicants for private security officer employment, and for other purposes. ...
105th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 103 _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To expedite State reviews of criminal records of applicants for private security officer employment, and for other purposes. 105th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 103 _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To expedite State reviews of criminal records of applicants for private security officer employment, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Private Security Officer Quality Assurance Act of 1997''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress finds that-- (1) employment of private security officers in the United States is growing rapidly; (2) the private security industry provides numerous opportunities for entry-level job applicants, including individuals suffering from unemployment due to economic conditions or dislocations; (3) sworn law enforcement officers provide significant services to the citizens of the United States in its public areas, and are only supplemented by private security officers who provide prevention and reporting services in support of, but not in place of, regular sworn police; (4) given the growth of large private shopping malls, and the consequent reduction in the number of public shopping streets, the American public is more likely to have contact with private security personnel in the course of a day than with sworn law enforcement officers; (5) regardless of the differences in their duties, skill, and responsibilities, the public has difficulty in discerning the difference between sworn law enforcement officers and private security personnel; and (6) the American public demands the employment of qualified, well-trained private security personnel as an adjunct, but not a replacement for sworn law enforcement officers. SEC. 3. BACKGROUND CHECKS. (a) In General.--An association of employers of private security officers, designated for the purpose of this section by the Attorney General, may submit fingerprints or other methods of positive identification approved by the Attorney General, to the Attorney General on behalf of any applicant for a State license or certificate of registration as a private security officer or employer of private security officers. In response to such a submission, the Attorney General may, to the extent provided by State law conforming to the requirements of the second paragraph under the heading ``Federal Bureau of Investigation'' and the subheading ``Salaries and Expenses'' in title II of Public Law 92-544 (86 Stat. 1115), exchange, for licensing and employment purposes, identification and criminal history records with the State governmental agencies to which such applicant has applied. (b) Regulations.--The Attorney General may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section, including measures relating to the security, confidentiality, accuracy, use, and dissemination of information and audits and recordkeeping and the imposition of fees necessary for the recovery of costs. (c) Report.--The Attorney General shall report to the Senate and House Committees on the Judiciary 2 years after the date of enactment of this bill on the number of inquiries made by the association of employers under this section and their disposition. SEC. 4. SENSE OF CONGRESS. It is the sense of Congress that States should participate in the background check system established under section 3. SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS. As used in this Act-- (1) the term ``employee'' includes an applicant for employment; (2) the term ``employer'' means any person that-- (A) employs one or more private security officers; or (B) provides, as an independent contractor, for consideration, the services of one or more private security officers (possibly including oneself); (3) the term ``private security officer''-- (A) means-- (i) an individual who performs security services, full or part time, for consideration as an independent contractor or an employee, whether armed or unarmed and in uniform or plain clothes whose primary duty is to perform security services, or (ii) an individual who is an employee of an electronic security system company who is engaged in one or more of the following activities in the State: burglar alarm technician, fire alarm technician, closed circuit television technician, access control technician, or security system monitor; but (B) does not include-- (i) sworn police officers who have law enforcement powers in the State, (ii) attorneys, accountants, and other professionals who are otherwise licensed in the State, (iii) employees whose duties are primarily internal audit or credit functions, (iv) persons whose duties may incidentally include the reporting or apprehension of shoplifters or trespassers, or (v) an individual on active duty in the military service; (4) the term ``certificate of registration'' means a license, permit, certificate, registration card, or other formal written permission from the State for the person to engage in providing security services; (5) the term ``security services'' means the performance of one or more of the following: (A) the observation or reporting of intrusion, larceny, vandalism, fire or trespass; (B) the deterrence of theft or misappropriation of any goods, money, or other item of value; (C) the observation or reporting of any unlawful activity; (D) the protection of individuals or property, including proprietary information, from harm or misappropriation; (E) the control of access to premises being protected; (F) the secure movement of prisoners; (G) the maintenance of order and safety at athletic, entertainment, or other public activities; (H) the provision of canine services for protecting premises or for the detection of any unlawful device or substance; and (I) the transportation of money or other valuables by armored vehicle; and (6) the term ``State'' means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Passed the House of Representatives July 28, 1997. Attest: Clerk.
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