| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 1072 (ih) To require the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to require applicants for or holders of operating licenses for nuclear power reactors to have in effect an emergency response plan for an area within a 50-mile radius of the reactor. [Introduced...
H.R. 1072 (ih) To require the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to require applicants for or holders of operating licenses for nuclear power reactors to have in effect an emergency response plan for an area within a 50-mile radius of the reactor. [Introduced...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1071 To establish the Southwest Regional Border Authority. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES March 4, 2003 Mr. Reyes (for himself, Mr. Rodriguez, Mr. Filner, Mr. Pastor, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Udall of New Mexico, Mr. Ortiz, and Mr. Hinojosa) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, and in addition to the Committee on Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To establish the Southwest Regional Border Authority. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Southwest Regional Border Authority Act''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Findings and purposes. Sec. 3. Definitions. TITLE I--SOUTHWEST REGIONAL BORDER AUTHORITY Sec. 101. Membership and voting. Sec. 102. Duties and powers. Sec. 103. Authority personnel matters. TITLE II--GRANTS AND DEVELOPMENT PLANNING Sec. 201. Infrastructure development and improvement. Sec. 202. Technology development. Sec. 203. Community development and entrepreneurship. Sec. 204. Education and workforce development. Sec. 205. Funding. Sec. 206. Supplements to Federal grant programs. Sec. 207. Demonstration projects. Sec. 208. Local development districts; certification and administrative expenses. Sec. 209. Distressed counties and areas and economically strong counties. Sec. 210. Development planning process. TITLE III--ADMINISTRATION Sec. 301. Program development criteria. Sec. 302. Approval of development plans and projects. Sec. 303. Consent of States. Sec. 304. Records. Sec. 305. Annual report. Sec. 306. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 307. Termination of authority. SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) Findings.--Congress finds that-- (1) a rapid increase in population in the Southwest border region is placing a significant strain on the infrastructure of the region, including transportation, water and wastewater, public health, and telecommunications; (2) 20 percent of the residents of the region have incomes below the poverty level; (3) unemployment rates in counties in the region are up to 5 times the national unemployment rate; (4) per capita personal income in the region is significantly below the national average and much of the income in the region is distributed through welfare programs, retirement programs, and unemployment payments; (5) a lack of adequate access to capital in the region-- (A) has created economic disparities between communities in the region and communities outside the region; and (B) has made it difficult for businesses to start up in the region; (6) it has been difficult for displaced workers in the region to find employment because many workers-- (A) have limited English language proficiency; and (B) lack adequate English language and job training; (7) many residents of the region live in communities referred to as ``colonias'' that lack basic necessities, including running water, sewers, storm drainage, and electricity; (8) many of the problems that exist in the region could be solved or ameliorated by technology that would contribute to economic development in the region; (9) while numerous Federal, State, and local programs target financial resources to the region, those programs are often uncoordinated, duplicative, and, in some cases, unavailable to eligible border communities because those communities cannot afford the required funding match; (10) Congress has established several regional economic development commissions, including the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Delta Regional Authority, and the Denali Commission, to improve the economies of those areas of the United States that experience the greatest economic distress; and (11) many of the counties in the region are among the most economically distressed in the United States and would benefit from a regional economic development commission. (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are-- (1) to establish a regional economic development authority for the Southwest Border region to address critical issues relating to the economic health and well-being of the residents of the region; (2) to provide funding to communities in the region to stimulate and foster infrastructure development, technology development, community development and entrepreneurship, and education and workforce development in the region; (3) to increase the total amount of Federal funding available for border economic development projects by coordinating with and reducing duplication of other Federal, State, and local programs; and (4) to empower the people of the region through the use of local development districts and State and regional development plans that reflect State and local priorities. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. In this Act, the following definitions apply: (1) Attainment county.--The term ``attainment county'' means an economically strong county that is not a distressed county or a competitive county. (2) Authority.--The term ``Authority'' means the Southwest Regional Border Authority established by section 101(a)(1). (3) Binational region.--The term ``binational region'' means the area in the United States and Mexico that is within 150 miles of the international border between the United States and Mexico. (4) Business incubator service.--The term ``business incubator service'' means-- (A) a legal service, including aid in preparing a corporate charter, partnership agreement, or contract; (B) a service in support of the protection of intellectual property through a patent, a trademark, or any other means; (C) a service in support of the acquisition or use of advanced technology, including the use of Internet services and Web-based services; and (D) consultation on strategic planning, marketing, or advertising. (5) Competitive county.--The term ``competitive county'' means an economically strong county that meets at least 1, but not all, of the criteria for a distressed county specified in paragraph (5). (6) Distressed county.--The term ``distressed county'' means a county in the region that-- (A)(i) has a poverty rate that is at least 150 percent of the poverty rate of the United States; (ii) has a per capita market income that is not more than 67 percent of the per capita market income of the United States; and (iii) has a 3-year unemployment rate that is at least 150 percent of the unemployment rate of the United States; or (B)(i) has a poverty rate that is at least 200 percent of the poverty rate of the United States; and (ii)(I) has a per capita market income that is not more than 67 percent of the per capita market income of the United States; or (II) has a 3-year unemployment rate that is at least 150 percent of the unemployment rate of the United States. (7) Economically strong county.--The term ``economically strong county'' means a county in the region that is not a distressed county. (8) Federal grant program.--The term ``Federal grant program'' means a Federal grant program to provide assistance in-- (A) acquiring or developing land; (B) constructing or equipping a highway, road, bridge, or facility; or (C) carrying out other economic development activities. (9) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self- Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b). (10) Isolated area of distress.--The term ``isolated area of distress'' means an area located in an economically strong county that has a high rate of poverty, unemployment, or outmigration, as determined by the Authority. (11) Local development district.--The term ``local development district'' means an entity that-- (A)(i) is an economic development district that is-- (I) in existence on the date of enactment of this Act; and (II) recognized by the Economic Development Administration; and (III) located in the region; or (ii) if an entity described in clause (i) does not exist-- (I) is organized and operated in a manner that ensures broad-based community participation and an effective opportunity for local officials, community leaders, and the public to contribute to the development and implementation of programs in the region; (II) is governed by a policy board with at least a simple majority of members consisting of designees or employees of a general purpose unit of local government that have been appointed to represent the unit of local government or elected officials; and (III) is certified by the Governor or appropriate State officer as having a charter or authority that includes the economic development of counties, portions of counties, or other political subdivisions within the region; and (B) has not, as certified by the Federal cochairperson-- (i) inappropriately used Federal grant funds from any Federal source; or (ii) appointed an officer who, during the period in which another entity inappropriately used Federal grant funds from any Federal source, was an officer of the other entity. (12) Region.--The term ``region'' means-- (A) the counties of Cochise, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, La Paz, Maricopa, Pima, Pinal, Santa Cruz, and Yuma in the State of Arizona; (B) the counties of Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura in the State of California; (C) the counties of Catron, Chaves, Dona Ana, Eddy, Grant, Hidalgo, Lincoln, Luna, Otero, Sierra, and Socorro in the State of New Mexico; and (D) the counties of Atascosa, Bandera, Bee, Bexar, Brewster, Brooks, Cameron, Coke, Concho, Crane, Crockett, Culberson, Dimmit, Duval, Ector, Edwards, El Paso, Frio, Gillespie, Glasscock, Hidalgo, Hudspeth, Irion, Jeff Davis, Jim Hogg, Jim Wells, Karnes, Kendall, Kenedy, Kerr, Kimble, Kinney, Kleberg, La Salle, Live Oak, Loving, Mason, Maverick, McMullen, Medina, Menard, Midland, Nueces, Pecos, Presidio, Reagan, Real, Reeves, San Patricio, Shleicher, Sutton, Starr, Sterling, Terrell, Tom Green, Upton, Uvalde, Val Verde, Ward, Webb, Willacy, Wilson, Winkler, Zapata, and Zavala in the State of Texas. (13) Small business.--The term ``small business'' has the meaning given the term ``small business concern'' in section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)). TITLE I--SOUTHWEST REGIONAL BORDER AUTHORITY SEC. 101. MEMBERSHIP AND VOTING. (a) Establishment.-- (1) In general.--There is established the Southwest Regional Border Authority. (2) Composition.--The Authority shall be composed of-- (A) a Federal member, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and (B) State members, who shall consist of the Governor (or a designee of the Governor) of each State in the region that elects to participate in the Authority. (3) Cochairpersons.--The Authority shall be headed by-- (A) the Federal member, who shall serve-- (i) as the Federal cochairperson; and (ii) as a liaison between the Federal Government and the Authority; and (B) a State cochairperson, who shall-- (i) be a Governor of a State described in paragraph (2)(B); (ii) be elected by the State members for a term of not more than 2 years; and (iii) serve only 1 term during any 4 year period. (b) Alternate Members.-- (1) State alternates.--The State member of a State described in paragraph (2)(B) may have a single alternate, who
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