Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 1197 (enr) To amend title 35, United States Code, to protect patent owners against the unauthorized sale of plant parts taken from plants illegally reproduced, and for other purposes. ...

H.R. 1197 (enr) To amend title 35, United States Code, to protect patent owners against the unauthorized sale of plant parts taken from plants illegally reproduced, and for other purposes. ...

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  2d Session

                               H. R. 1197


                                 AN ACT

To amend title 35, United States Code, to protect patent owners against 
   the unauthorized sale of plant parts taken from plants illegally 
                  reproduced, and for other purposes.
  2d Session
                                H. R. 1197


                                 AN ACT

To amend title 35, United States Code, to protect patent owners against 
   the unauthorized sale of plant parts taken from plants illegally 
                  reproduced, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ``Plant Patent Amendments Act of 


    (a) Findings.--The Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The protection provided by plant patents under title 
        35, United States Code, dating back to 1930, has historically 
        benefited American agriculture and horticulture and the public 
        by providing an incentive for breeders to develop new plant 
            (2) Domestic and foreign agricultural trade is rapidly 
        expanding and is very different from the trade of the past. An 
        unforeseen ambiguity in the provisions of title 35, United 
        States Code, is undermining the orderly collection of royalties 
        due breeders holding United States plant patents.
            (3) Plant parts produced from plants protected by United 
        States plant patents are being taken from illegally reproduced 
        plants and traded in United States markets to the detriment of 
        plant patent holders.
            (4) Resulting lost royalty income inhibits investment in 
        domestic research and breeding activities associated with a 
        wide variety of crops--an area where the United States has 
        historically enjoyed a strong international position. Such 
        research is the foundation of a strong horticultural industry.
            (5) Infringers producing such plant parts from unauthorized 
        plants enjoy an unfair competitive advantage over producers who 
        pay royalties on varieties protected by United States plant 
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to clearly and explicitly provide that title 35, United 
        States Code, protects the owner of a plant patent against the 
        unauthorized sale of plant parts taken from plants illegally 
            (2) to make the protections provided under such title more 
        consistent with those provided breeders of sexually reproduced 
        plants under the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321 
        and following), as amended by the Plant Variety Protection Act 
        Amendments of 1994 (Public Law 103-349); and
            (3) to strengthen the ability of United States plant patent 
        holders to enforce their patent rights with regard to 
        importation of plant parts produced from plants protected by 
        United States plant patents, which are propagated without the 
        authorization of the patent holder.


    (a) Rights in Plant Patents.--Section 163 of title 35, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 163. Grant
    ``In the case of a plant patent, the grant shall include the right 
to exclude others from asexually reproducing the plant, and from using, 
offering for sale, or selling the plant so reproduced, or any of its 
parts, throughout the United States, or from importing the plant so 
reproduced, or any parts thereof, into the United States.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply to any plant patent issued on or after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.

            Passed the House of Representatives October 9, 1998.



Pages: 1

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