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H.R. 1246 (ih) To prescribe alternative payment mechanisms for the payment of annual enrollment fees for the TRICARE program of the military health care system. ...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1245 To amend the Clean Air Act to establish an inventory, registry, and information system of United States greenhouse gas emissions to inform the public and private sectors concerning, and encourage voluntary reductions in, greenhouse gas emissions. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES March 12, 2003 Mr. Olver (for himself, Mr. Gilchrest, Mrs. Johnson of Connecticut, Mr. Udall of Colorado, Mr. Shays, Ms. Woolsey, Mr. Markey, Mr. Waxman, Mr. Inslee, Mr. Hinchey, Mr. Delahunt, Mr. Farr, Mr. Frank of Massachusetts, Mr. Honda, Mr. Moran of Virginia, Mr. Wexler, Mr. George Miller of California, Ms. Schakowsky, Mrs. Davis of California, Mr. Stark, Ms. Solis, Mr. Sanders, Ms. McCollum, Mr. McDermott, Mr. Blumenauer, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. Kucinich, Ms. Norton, Ms. DeLauro, Mr. Abercrombie, Ms. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Texas, Ms. Bordallo, Mr. Allen, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Neal of Massachusetts, Mr. Berman, Mrs. Capps, Mr. Van Hollen, and Mr. Cardin) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To amend the Clean Air Act to establish an inventory, registry, and information system of United States greenhouse gas emissions to inform the public and private sectors concerning, and encourage voluntary reductions in, greenhouse gas emissions. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Act of 2003''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE. (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following: (1) Human activities have caused rapid increases in atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the last century. (2) According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the National Research Council-- (A) the Earth has warmed in the last century; and (B) the majority of the observed warming is attributable to human activities, including fossil fuel-generated carbon dioxide emissions. (3) Despite the fact that many uncertainties in climate science remain, the potential impacts from human-induced climate change pose a substantial risk that should be managed in a responsible manner. (4) To begin to manage climate change risks, public and private entities will need a comprehensive, accurate inventory, registry, and information system of the sources and quantities of United States greenhouse gas emissions. (5) Assurances that early action to reduce greenhouse gases will not be penalized in any future emission reduction program would encourage more companies and other entities to make investments to reduce those emissions. (6) The United States has ratified the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), which states, in part, ``the Parties to the Convention are to implement policies with the aim of returning to their 1990 levels anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. (7) According to the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration, United States anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions increased by 13.6 percent between 1990 and 2000. (8) Global climate change poses a significant threat to national security, the American economy, public health and welfare, and the global environment. (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this Act is to establish a mandatory greenhouse gas inventory, registry, and information system that-- (1) is complete, consistent, transparent, and accurate; (2) will create accurate data that can be used by public and private entities to design efficient and effective greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies; (3) will encourage greenhouse gas emission reductions; and (4) will avoid penalizing early action to reduce emissions by providing assurances that any future emission reduction program-- (A) will not assign emissions control responsibility by reference to an entity's emissions during a baseline period; or (B) if a baseline period is used will not use a period ending later than the first year for which emissions reporting is required under this Act. SEC. 3. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS. The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``TITLE VII--GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ``SEC. 701. DEFINITIONS. ``In this title: ``(1) Carbon dioxide equivalent.--The term `carbon dioxide equivalent' means, for each greenhouse gas, the amount of each such greenhouse gas that makes the same contribution to global warming as one metric ton of carbon dioxide. ``(2) Direct emissions.--The term `direct emissions' means greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the reporting entity ``(3) DOE listed product.--The term `DOE listed product' means a product for which the Secretary of Energy has published a final rule establishing a standard for energy conservation, energy efficiency, maximum energy use, thermal efficiency, fuel utilization efficiency, or energy consumption, or any similar standard, including standards authorized under section 325 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6295). ``(4) Emissions.--The term `emissions' includes any of the following: ``(A) Stationary combustion source emissions, which are emitted as a result of combustion of fuels in stationary equipment such as boilers, furnaces, burners, turbines, heaters, incinerators, engines, flares, and other similar sources. ``(B) Process emissions, which consist of emissions from chemical or physical processes other than combustion. ``(C) Fugitive emissions, which consist of intentional and unintentional emissions from equipment leaks such as joints, seals, packing, and gaskets, or from piles, pits, cooling towers, and other similar sources. ``(D) Mobile source emissions, which are emitted as a result of combustion of fuels in transportation equipment such as automobiles, trucks, trains, airplanes, and vessels. ``(5) Entity.--The term `entity' means a person (including a firm, a corporation, an association, a partnership, a Federal, state, or local governmental agency or any other public or private entity) located in or operating in the United States. ``(6) Facility.--The term `facility' means all sources located on any one or more of contiguous or adjacent property or properties under common ownership or control of the same entity. ``(7) Greenhouse gas.--The term `greenhouse gas' means-- ``(A) carbon dioxide; ``(B) methane; ``(C) nitrous oxide; ``(D) hydrofluorocarbons; ``(E) perfluorocarbons; ``(F) sulfur hexafluoride; and ``(G) any other chemical or physical substance not controlled under title VI of this Act which is emitted into the air and which the Administrator determines, by rule, may reasonably be anticipated to cause or contribute to global warming. ``(8) Greenhouse gas emissions.--The term `greenhouse gas emissions' means emissions of a greenhouse gas from any source located in the United States. ``(9) Greenhouse gas emissions record.--The term `greenhouse gas emissions record' means all of the greenhouse gas reports submitted by an entity under this title, including any adjustments to such data under section 703(c). ``(10) Greenhouse gas report.--The term `greenhouse gas report' means an annual list of-- ``(A) the direct greenhouse gas emissions of a reporting entity, ``(B) the indirect greenhouse gas emissions of a reporting entity, ``(C) greenhouse gas emissions from products manufactured or imported by the reporting entity. ``(D) emissions of greenhouse gases manufactured or imported by the reporting entity, and ``(E) greenhouse gas emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels distributed by the reporting entity and the sources of those emissions. ``(11) Indirect emissions.--The term `indirect emissions' means greenhouse gas emissions-- ``(A) associated with the production of electricity, heat, or steam acquired or purchased by the reporting entity, and ``(B) that are the consequence of activities of reporting entity but are emitted by sources owned or controlled by an entity other than the reporting entity. ``(12) National greenhouse gas emissions information system.--The term `national greenhouse gas emissions information system' means the information system established under section 702(a). ``(13) National greenhouse gas emissions inventory.--The term `national greenhouse gas emissions inventory' means the national inventory of greenhouse gas emissions established under section 704. ``(14) Project reduction.--The term `project reduction' means-- ``(A) a greenhouse gas emission reduction achieved by carrying out a greenhouse gas emission reduction project in the United States, provided that the emissions reduction did not occur at a source included in the greenhouse gas report of any reporting entity; and ``(B) sequestration achieved by carrying out a sequestration project in the United States, provided that the sequestration did not occur at a site included in the greenhouse gas report of any reporting entity. ``(15) Reporting entity.--The term `reporting entity' means an entity that reports to the Administrator under section 703. ``(16) Sequestration.--The term `sequestration' means the capture, long-term separation, isolation, or removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, including through a biological or geologic method such as reforestation or an underground reservoir. ``(17) Source.--The term `source' means any building, structure, installation, unit, point, operation, vehicle, land area, or other item that emits or may emit a greenhouse gas. ``(18) Verification.--The term `verification' means the objective and independent assessment of whether a greenhouse gas report submitted by a reporting entity accurately reflects the greenhouse gas impact of the reporting entity. ``SEC. 702. NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INFORMATION SYSTEM. ``(a) Establishment.--In consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Energy, States, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations concerned with establishing standards for reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, the Administrator shall establish and administer a national greenhouse gas emissions information system to collect information reported under section 703(a), including a national greenhouse gas reduction registry to collect information reported under section 703(a)(7). ``(b) Submission to Congress of Draft Design.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this title, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a draft design of the national greenhouse gas emissions information system. ``(c) Availability of Data to the Public.--The Administrator shall publish all information in the national greenhouse gas emissions information system through the website of the Environmental Protection Agency, except in any case in which publishing the information would disclose information vital to national security. Emission data, including data relating to project reductions, shall have the same meaning as in section 114 of title I of this Act and regulations promulgated thereunder prior to the date of enactment of this title. ``(d) Relationship to Other Greenhouse Gas Databases.--To the extent practicable, the Administrator shall ensure coordination between the national greenhouse gas emissions information system and existing and developing Federal and State greenhouse gas databases and registries. Nothing in this title shall alter any existing requirements for reporting of greenhouse gas emissions data or other data relevant to calculating such emissions. ``(e) Integration With Other Environmental Information.--To the extent practicable, the Administrator shall integrate information in the national greenhouse gas emissions information system with other environmental information managed by the Administrator. ``SEC. 703. REPORTING. ``(a) Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.-- ``(1) In general.--Not later than April 30 of each year after the date of enactment of this title, in accordance with this paragraph and the regulations promulgated under section 705, each entity that exceeds the threshold for reporting in paragraph (2) shall submit to the Administrator, for inclusion in the national greenhouse gas emissions information system, the greenhouse gas report of the entity with respect to the preceding calendar year. Once an entity has exceeded the threshold for reporting, it shall continue to submit reports for subsequent years. ``(2) Threshold for reporting.--(A) An entity shall submit a report under paragraph (1) for greenhouse gas emissions if in the relevant calendar year-- ``(i) one of the following exceeds 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent: ``(I) The total direct emissions of the entity. ``(II) The total indirect emissions of the reporting entity. ``(III) The total emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels distributed by the entity. ``(IV) The total quantity of greenhouse gases manufactured or imported by the reporting entity, or
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