| Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 1275 (ih) To authorize appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other purposes. ...
H.R. 1275 (ih) To authorize appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other purposes. ...
105th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1275 _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To authorize appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other purposes. 105th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1275 _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To authorize appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Civilian Space Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999''. (b) Table of Contents.-- Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Findings. Sec. 3. Definitions. TITLE I--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS Subtitle A--Authorizations Sec. 101. Human space flight. Sec. 102. Science, aeronautics, and technology. Sec. 103. Mission support. Sec. 104. Inspector General. Sec. 105. Total authorization. Sec. 106. Office of Commercial Space Transportation authorization. Sec. 107. Office of Space Commerce. Sec. 108. United States-Mexico Foundation for Science. Subtitle B--Restructuring the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Sec. 111. Findings. Sec. 112. Restructuring reports. Subtitle C--Limitations and Special Authority Sec. 121. Use of funds for construction. Sec. 122. Availability of appropriated amounts. Sec. 123. Reprogramming for construction of facilities. Sec. 124. Consideration by committees. Sec. 125. Limitation on obligation of unauthorized appropriations. Sec. 126. Use of funds for scientific consultations or extraordinary expenses. Sec. 127. Mission to Planet Earth limitation. Sec. 128. Space operations. Sec. 129. International Space University Limitation. TITLE II--INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION Sec. 201. Findings. Sec. 202. Commercialization of Space Station. Sec. 203. Space Station accounting reports. Sec. 204. Report on international hardware agreements. Sec. 205. International Space Station limitations. TITLE III--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Sec. 301. Commercial space launch amendments. Sec. 302. Requirement for independent cost analysis. Sec. 303. Office of Space Commerce. Sec. 304. National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 amendments. Sec. 305. Procurement. Sec. 306. Acquisition of space science data. Sec. 307. Commercial space goods and services. Sec. 308. Acquisition of earth science data. Sec. 309. EOSDIS report. Sec. 310. Shuttle privatization. Sec. 311. Launch voucher demonstration program amendments. Sec. 312. Use of abandoned and underutilized buildings, grounds, and facilities. Sec. 313. Cost effectiveness calculations. Sec. 314. Foreign contract limitation. Sec. 315. Authority to reduce or suspend contract payments based on substantial evidence of fraud. Sec. 316. Next Generation Internet. Sec. 317. Limitations. Sec. 318. Notice. Sec. 319. Sense of Congress on the Year 2000 problem. Sec. 320. National Oceanographic Partnership Program. Sec. 321. National Science Foundation Antarctic Program. Sec. 322. Buy American. Sec. 323. Unitary Wind Tunnel Plan Act of 1949 amendments. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress makes the following findings: (1) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration should aggressively pursue actions and reforms directed at reducing institutional costs, including management restructuring, facility consolidation, procurement reform, personnel base downsizing, and convergence with other defense and commercial sector systems. (2) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration must reverse its current trend toward becoming an operational agency, and return to its proud history as the Nation's leader in basic scientific, air, and space research. (3) The United States is on the verge of creating and using new technologies in microsatellites, information processing, and space launches that could radically alter the manner in which the Federal Government approaches its space mission. (4) The overwhelming preponderance of the Federal Government's requirements for routine, nonemergency manned and unmanned space transportation can be met most effectively, efficiently, and economically by a free and competitive market in privately developed and operated space transportation services. (5) In formulating a national space transportation service policy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration should aggressively promote the pursuit by commercial providers of development of advanced space transportation technologies including reusable space vehicles, single-stage-to-orbit vehicles, and human space systems. (6) The Federal Government should invest in the types of research and innovative technology in which United States commercial providers do not invest, while avoiding competition with the activities in which United States commercial providers do invest. (7) International cooperation in space exploration and science activities serves the United States national interest-- (A) when it-- (i) reduces the cost of undertaking missions the United States Government would pursue unilaterally; (ii) enables the United States to pursue missions that it could not otherwise afford to pursue unilaterally; or (iii) enhances United States capabilities to use and develop space for the benefit of United States citizens; and (B) when it does not-- (i) otherwise harm or interfere with the ability of United States commercial providers to develop or explore space commercially; (ii) interfere with the ability of Federal agencies to use space to complete their missions; (iii) undermine the ability of United States commercial providers to compete favorably with foreign entities in the commercial space arena; or (iv) transfer sensitive or commercially advantageous technologies or knowledge from the United States to other countries or foreign entities except as required by those countries or entities to make their contribution to a multilateral space project in partnership with the United States, or on a quid pro quo basis. (8) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Defense can cooperate more effectively in leveraging their mutual capabilities to conduct joint space missions that improve United States space capabilities and reduce the cost of conducting space missions. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Act-- (1) the term ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; (2) the term ``commercial provider'' means any person providing space transportation services or other space-related activities, primary control of which is held by persons other than Federal, State, local, and foreign governments; (3) the term ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given such term in section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)); (4) the term ``State'' means each of the several States of the Union, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States; and (5) the term ``United States commercial provider'' means a commercial provider, organized under the laws of the United States or of a State, which is-- (A) more than 50 percent owned by United States nationals; or (B) a subsidiary of a foreign company and the Secretary of Transportation finds that-- (i) such subsidiary has in the past evidenced a substantial commitment to the United States market through-- (I) investments in the United States in long-term research, development, and manufacturing (including the manufacture of major components and subassemblies); and (II) significant contributions to employment in the United States; and (ii) the country or countries in which such foreign company is incorporated or organized, and, if appropriate, in which it principally conducts its business, affords reciprocal treatment to companies described in subparagraph (A) comparable to that afforded to such foreign company's subsidiary in the United States, as evidenced by-- (I) providing comparable opportunities for companies described in subparagraph (A) to participate in Government sponsored research and development similar to that authorized under this Act; (II) providing no barriers to companies described in subparagraph (A) with respect to local investment opportunities that are not provided to foreign companies in the United States; and (III) providing adequate and effective protection for the intellectual property rights of companies described in subparagraph (A). TITLE I--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS Subtitle A--Authorizations SEC. 101. HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT. There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Human Space Flight the following amounts: (1) For the Space Station-- (A) for fiscal year 1998, $2,121,300,000, of which $400,500,000, notwithstanding section 121(a)-- (i) shall only be for Space Station research or for the purposes described in section 102(2); and (ii) shall be administered by the Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications; and (B) for fiscal year 1999, $2,109,200,000, of which $496,200,000, notwithstanding section 121(a)-- (i) shall only be for Space Station research or for the purposes described in section 102(2); and (ii) shall be administered by the Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications. (2) For Space Shuttle Operations-- (A) for fiscal year 1998, $2,494,400,000; and (B) for fiscal year 1999, $2,625,600,000. (3) For Space Shuttle Safety and Performance Upgrades-- (A) for fiscal year 1998, $483,400,000, including related Construction of Facilities for-- (i) Repair of Payload Changeout Room Wall in Ceiling, Pad A, Kennedy Space Center, $2,200,000; (ii) Restoration of Pad Surface and Slope, Kennedy Space Center, $1,800,000; and (iii) Rehabilitation of 480V Electrical Distribution System, Kennedy Space Center, $2,800,000; and
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