Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 1553 (rh) To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2000 and fiscal year 2001 [Reported in House] ...

H.R. 1553 (rh) To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2000 and fiscal year 2001 [Reported in House] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1553


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              May 20, 1999

    Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, 
                      Science, and Transportation

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
 To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2000 and fiscal year 2001 
 for the National Weather Service, Atmospheric Research, and National 
Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service activities of the 
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Weather Service and Related 
Agencies Authorization Act of 1999''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this Act, the term--
            (1) ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of the 
        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
            (2) ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Commerce.

SEC. 3. NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.

    (a) Operations, Research, and Facilities.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration to carry out the Operations, Research, and 
Facilities activities of the National Weather Service $617,897,000 for 
fiscal year 2000 and $617,897,000 for fiscal year 2001, to remain 
available until expended. Of such amounts--
            (1) $449,441,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $450,411,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Local Warnings and Forecasts;
            (2) $2,200,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $2,200,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Advanced Hydrological Prediction 
        System;
            (3) $619,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $619,000 for fiscal 
        year 2001 shall be for Susquehanna River Basin Flood Systems;
            (4) $35,596,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $35,596,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Aviation Forecasts;
            (5) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $4,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Weather Forecast Offices (WFO) 
        Facilities Maintenance;
            (6) $37,081,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $37,081,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Central Forecast Guidance;
            (7) $3,090,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $3,090,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Atmospheric and Hydrological 
        Research;
            (8) $39,325,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $39,325,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Next Generation Weather Radar 
        (NEXRAD);
            (9) $7,573,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $7,573,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Automated Surface Observing 
        System (ASOS);
            (10) $38,002,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $38,002,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Advanced Weather Interactive 
        Processing System (AWIPS); and
            (11) $970,000 for fiscal year 2000 shall be for two 1,000-
        watt National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather 
        Radio transmitters, to be located in Jasper and Marion 
        Counties, Illinois, and nine 300-watt National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration Weather Radio transmitters, to be 
        installed in appropriate locations throughout the State of 
        Illinois, and for maintenance costs related thereto.
    (b) Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the Procurement, 
Acquisition, and Construction activities of the National Weather 
Service $69,632,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $70,120,000 for fiscal 
year 2001, to remain available until expended. Of such amounts--
            (1) $9,560,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $9,060,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Next Generation Weather Radar 
        (NEXRAD);
            (2) $4,180,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $6,125,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Automated Surface Observing 
        System (ASOS);
            (3) $22,575,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $21,525,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Advanced Weather Interactive 
        Processing System (AWIPS);
            (4) $11,100,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $12,835,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Computer Facilities Upgrades;
            (5) $8,350,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $8,350,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Radiosonde Replacement;
            (6) $500,000 for fiscal year 2000 shall be for National 
        Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Operations Center 
        Rehabilitation; and
            (7) $13,367,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $12,225,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for Weather Forecast Office (WFO) 
        Construction.
    (c) Duties of the National Weather Service.--
            (1) In general.--To protect life and property (in all 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the Territories), the 
        Secretary, through the National Weather Service, except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), shall be responsible for--
                    (A) forecasts and shall serve as the sole official 
                source of weather and flood warnings;
                    (B) the issuance of storm warnings;
                    (C) the collection, exchange, and distribution of 
                meteorological, hydrological, climatic, and 
                oceanographic data and information;
                    (D) the preparation of hydrometeorological guidance 
                and core forecast information; and
                    (E) the issuance of marine and aviation forecasts 
                and warnings.
            (2) Competition with private sector.--The National Weather 
        Service shall not provide, or assist other entities to provide, 
        a service if that service is currently provided or can be 
        provided by commercial enterprise, unless--
                    (A) the service provides vital weather warnings and 
                forecasts for the protection of life and property of 
                the general public; or
                    (B) the United States Government is obligated to 
                provide such service under international aviation 
                agreements to provide meteorological services and 
                exchange meteorological information.
            (3) Amendments.--The Act of October 1, 1890 (26 Stat. 653) 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking section 3 (15 U.S.C. 313); and
                    (B) in section 9 (15 U.S.C. 317), by striking ``, 
                and it shall be'' and all that follows, and inserting a 
                period.
            (4) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Science of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report detailing all National Weather Service 
        activities which do not conform to the requirements of this 
        subsection and outlining a timetable for their termination.
    (d) Closing of Local Weather Service Offices.--It is the sense of 
the Congress that the National Weather Service must fully take into 
account the dangerous and life threatening nature of weather patterns 
in Wind Zone IV, otherwise known as tornado alley, before making any 
determination on the closure of any of its local weather service 
offices.

SEC. 4. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH.

    (a) Operations, Research, and Facilities.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Secretary to enable the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration to carry out the Atmospheric Research 
        Operations, Research, and Facilities environmental research and 
        development activities of the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Research $173,250,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $173,250,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001, to remain available until expended.
            (2) Climate and air quality research.--Of the amounts 
        authorized under paragraph (1), $126,200,000 for fiscal year 
        2000 and $126,200,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Climate 
        and Air Quality Research, of which--
                    (A) $16,900,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $16,900,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for 
                Interannual and Seasonal Climate Research;
                    (B) $34,600,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $34,600,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Long-Term 
                Climate and Air Quality Research;
                    (C) $69,700,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $69,700,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Climate 
                and Global Change; and
                    (D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $5,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Global Learning and 
                Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE).
            (3) Atmospheric programs.--Of the amounts authorized under 
        paragraph (1), $47,050,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $47,050,000 
        for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Atmospheric Programs, of 
        which--
                    (A) $36,600,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $36,600,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Weather 
                Research;
                    (B) $4,350,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $4,350,000 
                for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Wind Profiler; and
                    (C) $6,100,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $6,100,000 
                for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Solar-Terrestrial 
                Services and Research.
    (b) Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the Atmospheric 
Research Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction environmental 
research and development activities of the Office of Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Research $10,040,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $14,160,000 
for fiscal year 2001, to remain available until expended. Of such 
amounts--
            (1) $5,700,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $8,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 
        Laboratory Supercomputer; and
            (2) $4,340,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $6,160,000 for 
        fiscal year 2001 shall be for the Advanced Composition Explorer 
        (ACE) Follow-On Satellite/GEOSTORM.

SEC. 5. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE.

    (a) Operations, Research, and Facilities.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Secretary to enable the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration to carry out the Operations, Research, and 
        Facilities environmental research and development and related 
        activities of the National Environmental Satellite, Data and 
        Information Service $103,092,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
        $103,092,000 for fiscal year 2001, to remain available until 
        expended.
            (2) Satellite observing systems.--Of the amounts authorized 
        under paragraph (1), $59,236,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
        $59,236,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Satellite 
        Observing Systems, of which--
                    (A) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $2,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Global Disaster 
                Information Network (GDIN);
                    (B) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $4,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Ocean Remote Sensing; 
                and
                    (C) $53,236,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $53,236,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for 
                Environmental Observing Services.
            (3) Environmental data management systems.--Of the amounts 
        authorized under paragraph (1), $43,856,000 for fiscal year 
        2000 and $43,856,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for 
        Environmental Data Management Systems, of which--
                    (A) $31,521,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $31,521,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Data and 
                Information Services; and
                    (B) $12,335,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $12,335,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for 
                Environmental Data Systems Modernization.
    (b) Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Secretary to enable the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration to carry out the Procurement, Acquisition, and 
        Construction environmental research and development and related 
        activities of the National Environmental Satellite, Data and 
        Information Service $413,657,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
        $476,183,000 for fiscal year 2001, to remain available until 
        expended.
            (2) Systems acquisition.--Of the amounts authorized under 
        paragraph (1), $410,612,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
        $473,803,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for Systems 
        Acquisition, of which--
                    (A) $140,979,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $114,594,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for the 
                procurement and launch of, and supporting ground 
                systems for, Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites 
                (POES), K, L, M, N, and N';
                    (B) $80,100,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $113,600,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for the 
                procurement and launch of, and supporting ground 
                systems for, the National Polar-Orbiting Operational 
                Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS); and
                    (C) $189,533,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
                $245,609,000 for fiscal year 2001 shall be for the 
                procurement and launch of, and supporting ground 
                systems for, Geostationary Operational Environmental 
                NEXT follow-on Satellites (GOES N-Q).
            (3) Construction.--Of the amounts authorized under 
        paragraph (1), $3,045,000 for fiscal year 2000 and $2,380,000 
        for fiscal year 2001 shall be for National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration Operations Center Rehabilitation 
        Construction.

SEC. 6. FACILITIES.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the 
Operations, Research, and Facilities environmental research and 
development and related activities required to meet recurring 
facilities operations costs associated with the David Skaggs Research 
Center in Boulder, Colorado, $3,850,000 for fiscal year 2000 and 
$3,850,000 for fiscal year 2001.

SEC. 7. ELIGIBILITY FOR AWARDS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall exclude from consideration 
for grant agreements made after fiscal year 1999 by the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, under the activities for which 
funds are authorized under this Act, any person who received funds, 
other than those described in subsection (b), appropriated for a fiscal 
year after fiscal year 1999, under a grant agreement from any Federal 
funding source for a project that was not subjected to a competitive, 
merit-based award process, except as specifically authorized by this 
Act. Any exclusion from consideration pursuant to this section shall be 
effective for a period of 5 years after the person receives such 
Federal funds.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to the receipt of 

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