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H.R. 1617 (rh) To consolidate and reform workforce development and literacy programs, [Reported in House] ...
104th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1617 _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES September 21 (legislative day, September 5), 1995 Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Labor and Human Resources _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To consolidate and reform workforce development and literacy programs, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the-- (1) ``Consolidated and Reformed Education, Employment, and Rehabilitation Systems Act''; or (2) ``CAREERS Act''. SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS. The table of contents for this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title. Sec. 2. Table of contents. Sec. 3. Purpose. Sec. 4. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 5. Definitions. Sec. 6. Transition. TITLE I--WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE Sec. 101. Purpose of title. Subtitle A--State and Local Responsibilities Sec. 102. State requirements. Sec. 103. Collaborative process regarding State system. Sec. 104. Consolidated State workforce development and literacy plan. Sec. 105. Establishment of workforce development areas. Sec. 106. Provisions regarding local workforce development boards. Sec. 107. Establishment of integrated career center systems. Sec. 108. Identification of eligible education, training, and vocational rehabilitation service providers. Sec. 109. Management information systems. Sec. 110. Performance accountability system. Sec. 111. Limitation on Federal regulations. Sec. 112. General provision. Sec. 113. Liability. Subtitle B--Amendments to Wagner-Peyser Act Sec. 131. General program requirements. Sec. 132. Labor market information. Subtitle C--General Provisions Sec. 141. Worker rights. Sec. 142. Transferability. TITLE II--YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AND CAREER PREPARATION CONSOLIDATION GRANT Sec. 201. Purposes. Sec. 202. Definitions. Subtitle A--State Funding Sec. 211. National and State funding. Sec. 212. Within State allocation. Subtitle B--State Organizational, Planning, and Reporting Responsibilities Sec. 221. State plan. Sec. 222. State programs and State activities. Sec. 223. Incentive awards. Subtitle C--Subgrants for In-School and At-Risk Youth Sec. 231. Partnership agreements. Sec. 232. Distribution of funds. Chapter 1--In-School Youth Sec. 241. Uses of funds for in-school youth. Chapter 2--At-Risk Youth Sec. 245. Uses of funds for at-risk youth. Sec. 246. At-risk youth providers. Subtitle D--National Programs Sec. 251. Research activities. Sec. 252. Assessment and data collection of youth development and career preparation programs. Sec. 253. National center or centers for research. Sec. 254. Purchase of American-made equipment and products. TITLE III--ADULT EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING CONSOLIDATION GRANT Sec. 301. Purpose. Subtitle A--Adult Employment and Training Consolidation Grant Sec. 311. Authorization. Sec. 312. Allotment among States. Sec. 313. Allocation within States. Sec. 314. Additional State plan requirements. Sec. 315. Use of amounts. Subtitle B--Federal Programs Sec. 321. National discretionary grants. Sec. 322. Disaster relief employment assistance. Sec. 323. Research, demonstration, evaluation, and capacity building. Sec. 324. Workforce skills and development loans. Sec. 325. Employment, training, and education assistance for Native Americans. Sec. 326. Employment, training, and education assistance for migrant and seasonal farmworkers. TITLE IV--ADULT EDUCATION AND FAMILY LITERACY CONSOLIDATION GRANT AND LIBRARY SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGY CONSOLIDATION GRANT Sec. 401. Findings. Sec. 402. Definitions. Subtitle A--Adult Education and Family Literacy Consolidation Grant Sec. 411. Purposes. Chapter 1--Funding Sec. 421. Reservations from amounts appropriated. Sec. 422. Allotment. Chapter 2--Grants to States Sec. 431. Requirement to make grants. Sec. 432. Uses of funds. Sec. 433. Additional grant requirements. Chapter 3--National Programs Sec. 441. National Institute for Literacy. Sec. 442. National leadership activities. Subtitle B--Library Services and Technology Consolidation Grant Sec. 451. Purposes. Sec. 452. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 453. Allotments. Sec. 454. Grants to States. Sec. 455. Uses of funds. Sec. 456. Annual applications. TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Sec. 501. Effect on Rehabilitation Act of 1973. TITLE VI--HIGHER EDUCATION PRIVATIZATION Sec. 601. Reorganization of the Student Loan Marketing Association through the formation of a holding company. Sec. 602. Privatization of College Construction Loan Insurance Association. TITLE VII--REPEALERS AND OTHER AMENDMENTS Sec. 701. Higher education provisions. Sec. 702. Eligible institution. Sec. 703. Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act. Sec. 704. Smith-Hughes Act. Sec. 705. School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994. Sec. 706. School Dropout Assistance Act. Sec. 707. Adult Education Act. Sec. 708. National Literacy Act. Sec. 709. Library Services and Construction Act. Sec. 710. Technology for Education Act of 1994. Sec. 711. Job Training Partnership Act. Sec. 712. Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. Sec. 713. Effective date. SEC. 3. PURPOSE. The purpose of this Act is to transform the vast array of Federal workforce development and literacy programs from a collection of fragmented and duplicative categorical programs into a streamlined, comprehensive, coherent, high-quality, cost-effective, market-based, and accountable workforce development and literacy system that is designed to meet the education, economic, employment, and training needs of the workforce and the competitiveness needs of employers of the United States, both today and in the future. SEC. 4. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated-- (1) for title II, $2,324,600,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2002 to carry out the programs under such title; (2) for title III, $2,183,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2002 to carry out the programs under such title; and (3) for subtitle A of title IV, $280,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2002 to carry out the programs under such subtitle. (b) Program Year.-- (1) In general.--Beginning in fiscal year 1997, and each year thereafter, appropriations for any fiscal year for programs and activities under titles II, III, and IV of this Act shall be available for obligation only on the basis of a program year. The program year shall begin on July 1 in the fiscal year for which the appropriation is made. (2) Obligation.--Funds obligated for any program year under titles II, III, and IV, may be expended by each recipient during that program year and the two succeeding program years, except that the Secretary shall, in accordance with paragraph (3), reallot to eligible States the funds allotted to States from funds appropriated for reallotments. (3) Amounts available for reallotment.--The amount available for reallotment is equal to-- (A) the amount by which the unobligated balance of the State allotment at the end of the program year prior to the program year for which the determination under this section is made exceeds 20 percent of such allotment for the prior program year; plus (B) the unexpended balance of the State allotment from any program year prior to the program year in which there is such excess. SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Act, except as otherwise provided: (1) Adult.--The term ``adult'' means an individual who is 16 years of age, or beyond the age of compulsory school attendance under State law (whichever age is higher), and who is not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school. (2) Adult education.--The term ``adult education'' means services or instruction below the postsecondary level for adults-- (A) who are not enrolled in secondary school; (B) who lack sufficient mastery of basic educational skills to enable them to function effectively in society or who do not have a certificate of graduation from a school providing secondary education and who have not achieved an equivalent level of education; (C) who are not currently required to be enrolled in school; and (D) whose lack of mastery of basic skills results in an inability to speak, read, or write the English language which constitutes a substantial impairment of their ability to get or retain employment commensurate with their real ability, and thus are in need of programs to help eliminate such inability and raise the level of education of such individuals with a view to making them less likely to become dependent on others. (3) Area vocational education school.--The term ``area vocational education school'' means-- (A) a specialized high school used exclusively or principally for the provision of vocational education to individuals who are available for study in preparation for entering the labor market; (B) the department of a high school exclusively or principally used for providing vocational education in not less than 5 different occupational fields to individuals who are available for study in preparation for entering the labor market; (C) a technical institute or vocational school used exclusively or principally for the provision of vocational education to individuals who have completed or left high school and who are available for study in preparation for entering the labor market; or (D) the department or division of a junior college, community college or university operating under the policies of the State board and which provides vocational education in not less than 5 different occupational fields leading to immediate employment but not necessarily leading to a baccalaureate degree, if, in the case of a school, department, or division described in subparagraph (C) or this subparagraph, it admits as regular students both individuals who have completed high school and individuals who have left high school. (4) At-risk youth.--The term ``at-risk youth'' means-- (A) an out-of-school, at-risk youth who is an individual age 24 or younger and who is not enrolled in a secondary or postsecondary education program, has not received a high school diploma or its equivalent and must overcome barriers to employment such as lack of sufficient education or vocational skills, economic disadvantages, disability, or limited English proficiency; or (B) an in-school, at-risk youth who is an individual age 24 or younger who is enrolled in an accredited secondary or postsecondary education program but is at risk of dropping out of school or must overcome barriers to complete an education program, such as economic disadvantages, disability, or limited English proficiency. (5) Comprehensive career guidance and counseling.--The term ``comprehensive career guidance and counseling'' means a program--
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