Home > 104th Congressional Bills > H.R. 1617 (rh) To consolidate and reform workforce development and literacy programs, [Reported in House] ...

H.R. 1617 (rh) To consolidate and reform workforce development and literacy programs, [Reported in House] ...


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104th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1617


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

           September 21 (legislative day, September 5), 1995

 Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Labor and Human 
                               Resources

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
To consolidate and reform workforce development and literacy programs, 
                        and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the--
            (1) ``Consolidated and Reformed Education, Employment, and 
        Rehabilitation Systems Act''; or
            (2) ``CAREERS Act''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. Purpose.
Sec. 4. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5. Definitions.
Sec. 6. Transition.
             TITLE I--WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE

Sec. 101. Purpose of title.
              Subtitle A--State and Local Responsibilities

Sec. 102. State requirements.
Sec. 103. Collaborative process regarding State system.
Sec. 104. Consolidated State workforce development and literacy plan.
Sec. 105. Establishment of workforce development areas.
Sec. 106. Provisions regarding local workforce development boards.
Sec. 107. Establishment of integrated career center systems.
Sec. 108. Identification of eligible education, training, and 
                            vocational rehabilitation service 
                            providers.
Sec. 109. Management information systems.
Sec. 110. Performance accountability system.
Sec. 111. Limitation on Federal regulations.
Sec. 112. General provision.
Sec. 113. Liability.
              Subtitle B--Amendments to Wagner-Peyser Act

Sec. 131. General program requirements.
Sec. 132. Labor market information.
                     Subtitle C--General Provisions

Sec. 141. Worker rights.
Sec. 142. Transferability.
 TITLE II--YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AND CAREER PREPARATION CONSOLIDATION GRANT

Sec. 201. Purposes.
Sec. 202. Definitions.
                       Subtitle A--State Funding

Sec. 211. National and State funding.
Sec. 212. Within State allocation.
       Subtitle B--State Organizational, Planning, and Reporting 
                            Responsibilities

Sec. 221. State plan.
Sec. 222. State programs and State activities.
Sec. 223. Incentive awards.
         Subtitle C--Subgrants for In-School and At-Risk Youth

Sec. 231. Partnership agreements.
Sec. 232. Distribution of funds.
                       Chapter 1--In-School Youth

Sec. 241. Uses of funds for in-school youth.
                        Chapter 2--At-Risk Youth

Sec. 245. Uses of funds for at-risk youth.
Sec. 246. At-risk youth providers.
                     Subtitle D--National Programs

Sec. 251. Research activities.
Sec. 252. Assessment and data collection of youth development and 
                            career preparation programs.
Sec. 253. National center or centers for research.
Sec. 254. Purchase of American-made equipment and products.
      TITLE III--ADULT EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING CONSOLIDATION GRANT

Sec. 301. Purpose.
     Subtitle A--Adult Employment and Training Consolidation Grant

Sec. 311. Authorization.
Sec. 312. Allotment among States.
Sec. 313. Allocation within States.
Sec. 314. Additional State plan requirements.
Sec. 315. Use of amounts.
                      Subtitle B--Federal Programs

Sec. 321. National discretionary grants.
Sec. 322. Disaster relief employment assistance.
Sec. 323. Research, demonstration, evaluation, and capacity building.
Sec. 324. Workforce skills and development loans.
Sec. 325. Employment, training, and education assistance for Native 
                            Americans.
Sec. 326. Employment, training, and education assistance for migrant 
                            and seasonal farmworkers.
 TITLE IV--ADULT EDUCATION AND FAMILY LITERACY CONSOLIDATION GRANT AND 
          LIBRARY SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGY CONSOLIDATION GRANT

Sec. 401. Findings.
Sec. 402. Definitions.
  Subtitle A--Adult Education and Family Literacy Consolidation Grant

Sec. 411. Purposes.
                           Chapter 1--Funding

Sec. 421. Reservations from amounts appropriated.
Sec. 422. Allotment.
                      Chapter 2--Grants to States

Sec. 431. Requirement to make grants.
Sec. 432. Uses of funds.
Sec. 433. Additional grant requirements.
                      Chapter 3--National Programs

Sec. 441. National Institute for Literacy.
Sec. 442. National leadership activities.
    Subtitle B--Library Services and Technology Consolidation Grant

Sec. 451. Purposes.
Sec. 452. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 453. Allotments.
Sec. 454. Grants to States.
Sec. 455. Uses of funds.
Sec. 456. Annual applications.
                   TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 501. Effect on Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
                TITLE VI--HIGHER EDUCATION PRIVATIZATION

Sec. 601. Reorganization of the Student Loan Marketing Association 
                            through the formation of a holding company.
Sec. 602. Privatization of College Construction Loan Insurance 
                            Association.
               TITLE VII--REPEALERS AND OTHER AMENDMENTS

Sec. 701. Higher education provisions.
Sec. 702. Eligible institution.
Sec. 703. Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education 
                            Act. 
Sec. 704. Smith-Hughes Act.
Sec. 705. School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994.
Sec. 706. School Dropout Assistance Act.
Sec. 707. Adult Education Act.
Sec. 708. National Literacy Act.
Sec. 709. Library Services and Construction Act.
Sec. 710. Technology for Education Act of 1994.
Sec. 711. Job Training Partnership Act.
Sec. 712. Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act.
Sec. 713. Effective date.

SEC. 3. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this Act is to transform the vast array of Federal 
workforce development and literacy programs from a collection of 
fragmented and duplicative categorical programs into a streamlined, 
comprehensive, coherent, high-quality, cost-effective, market-based, 
and accountable workforce development and literacy system that is 
designed to meet the education, economic, employment, and training 
needs of the workforce and the competitiveness needs of employers of 
the United States, both today and in the future.

SEC. 4. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated--
            (1) for title II, $2,324,600,000 for fiscal year 1997 and 
        such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 
        through 2002 to carry out the programs under such title;
            (2) for title III, $2,183,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and 
        such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 
        through 2002 to carry out the programs under such title; and
            (3) for subtitle A of title IV, $280,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 1997 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
        fiscal years 1998 through 2002 to carry out the programs under 
        such subtitle.
    (b) Program Year.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning in fiscal year 1997, and each 
        year thereafter, appropriations for any fiscal year for 
        programs and activities under titles II, III, and IV of this 
        Act shall be available for obligation only on the basis of a 
        program year. The program year shall begin on July 1 in the 
        fiscal year for which the appropriation is made.
            (2) Obligation.--Funds obligated for any program year under 
        titles II, III, and IV, may be expended by each recipient 
        during that program year and the two succeeding program years, 
        except that the Secretary shall, in accordance with paragraph 
        (3), reallot to eligible States the funds allotted to States 
        from funds appropriated for reallotments.
            (3) Amounts available for reallotment.--The amount 
        available for reallotment is equal to--
                    (A) the amount by which the unobligated balance of 
                the State allotment at the end of the program year 
                prior to the program year for which the determination 
                under this section is made exceeds 20 percent of such 
                allotment for the prior program year; plus
                    (B) the unexpended balance of the State allotment 
                from any program year prior to the program year in 
                which there is such excess.

SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this Act, except as otherwise provided:
            (1) Adult.--The term ``adult'' means an individual who is 
        16 years of age, or beyond the age of compulsory school 
        attendance under State law (whichever age is higher), and who 
        is not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school.
            (2) Adult education.--The term ``adult education'' means 
        services or instruction below the postsecondary level for 
        adults--
                    (A) who are not enrolled in secondary school;
                    (B) who lack sufficient mastery of basic 
                educational skills to enable them to function 
                effectively in society or who do not have a certificate 
                of graduation from a school providing secondary 
                education and who have not achieved an equivalent level 
                of education;
                    (C) who are not currently required to be enrolled 
                in school; and
                    (D) whose lack of mastery of basic skills results 
                in an inability to speak, read, or write the English 
                language which constitutes a substantial impairment of 
                their ability to get or retain employment commensurate 
                with their real ability, and thus are in need of 
                programs to help eliminate such inability and raise the 
                level of education of such individuals with a view to 
                making them less likely to become dependent on others.
            (3) Area vocational education school.--The term ``area 
        vocational education school'' means--
                    (A) a specialized high school used exclusively or 
                principally for the provision of vocational education 
                to individuals who are available for study in 
                preparation for entering the labor market;
                    (B) the department of a high school exclusively or 
                principally used for providing vocational education in 
                not less than 5 different occupational fields to 
                individuals who are available for study in preparation 
                for entering the labor market;
                    (C) a technical institute or vocational school used 
                exclusively or principally for the provision of 
                vocational education to individuals who have completed 
                or left high school and who are available for study in 
                preparation for entering the labor market; or
                    (D) the department or division of a junior college, 
                community college or university operating under the 
                policies of the State board and which provides 
                vocational education in not less than 5 different 
                occupational fields leading to immediate employment but 
                not necessarily leading to a baccalaureate degree, if, 
                in the case of a school, department, or division 
                described in subparagraph (C) or this subparagraph, it 
                admits as regular students both individuals who have 
                completed high school and individuals who have left 
                high school.
            (4) At-risk youth.--The term ``at-risk youth'' means--
                    (A) an out-of-school, at-risk youth who is an 
                individual age 24 or younger and who is not enrolled in 
                a secondary or postsecondary education program, has not 
                received a high school diploma or its equivalent and 
                must overcome barriers to employment such as lack of 
                sufficient education or vocational skills, economic 
                disadvantages, disability, or limited English 
                proficiency; or
                    (B) an in-school, at-risk youth who is an 
                individual age 24 or younger who is enrolled in an 
                accredited secondary or postsecondary education program 
                but is at risk of dropping out of school or must 
                overcome barriers to complete an education program, 
                such as economic disadvantages, disability, or limited 
                English proficiency.
            (5) Comprehensive career guidance and counseling.--The term 
        ``comprehensive career guidance and counseling'' means a 
        program--

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