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H.R. 1661 (ih) To implement the provisions of the Trademark Law Treaty. ...


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105th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 1661

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

        To implement the provisions of the Trademark Law Treaty.
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
105th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1661

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
        To implement the provisions of the Trademark Law Treaty.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Trademark Law Treaty Implementation 
Act''.

SEC. 2. REFERENCE TO THE TRADEMARK ACT OF 1946.

    For purposes of this Act, the Act entitled ``An Act to provide for 
the registration and protection of trademarks used in commerce, to 
carry out the provisions of certain international conventions, and for 
other purposes'', approved July 5, 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.), shall 
be referred to as the ``Trademark Act of 1946''.

SEC. 3. APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION; VERIFICATION.

    (a) Application for Use of Trademark.--Section 1(a) of the 
Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1051(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``Section 1. (a)(1) The owner of a trademark used in commerce may 
request registration of its trademark on the principal register hereby 
established by paying the prescribed fee and filing in the Patent and 
Trademark Office an application and a verified statement, in such form 
as may be prescribed by the Commissioner, and such number of specimens 
or facsimiles of the mark as used as may be required by the 
Commissioner.
    ``(2) The application shall include specification of the 
applicant's domicile and citizenship, the date of the applicant's first 
use of the mark, the date of the applicant's first use of the mark in 
commerce, the goods in connection with which the mark is used, and a 
drawing of the mark.
    ``(3) The statement shall be verified by the applicant and specify 
that--
            ``(A) the person making the verification believes that he 
        or she, or the juristic person in whose behalf he or she makes 
        the verification, to be the owner of the mark sought to be 
        registered;
            ``(B) to the best of the verifier's knowledge and belief, 
        the facts recited in the application are accurate;
            ``(C) the mark is in use in commerce; and
            ``(D) to the best of the verifier's knowledge and belief, 
        no other person has the right to use such mark in commerce 
        either in the identical form thereof or in such near 
        resemblance thereto as to be likely, when used on or in 
        connection with the goods of such other person, to cause 
        confusion, or to cause mistake, or to deceive, except that, in 
        the case of every application claiming concurrent use, the 
        applicant shall--
                    ``(i) state exceptions to the claim of exclusive 
                use; and
                    ``(ii) shall specify, to the extent of the 
                verifier's knowledge--
                            ``(I) any concurrent use by others;
                            ``(II) the goods on or in connection with 
                        which and the areas in which each concurrent 
                        use exists;
                            ``(III) the periods of each use; and
                            ``(IV) the goods and area for which the 
                        applicant desires registration.
    ``(4) The applicant shall comply with such rules or regulations as 
may be prescribed by the Commissioner. The Commissioner shall 
promulgate rules prescribing the requirements for the application and 
for obtaining a filing date herein.''.
    (b) Application for Bona Fide Intention To Use Trademark.--
Subsection (b) of section 1 of the Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 
1051(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b)(1) A person who has a bona fide intention, under 
circumstances showing the good faith of such person, to use a trademark 
in commerce may request registration of its trademark on the principal 
register hereby established by paying the prescribed fee and filing in 
the Patent and Trademark Office an application and a verified 
statement, in such form as may be prescribed by the Commissioner.
    ``(2) The application shall include specification of the 
applicant's domicile and citizenship, the goods in connection with 
which the applicant has a bona fide intention to use the mark, and a 
drawing of the mark.
    ``(3) The statement shall be verified by the applicant and 
specify--
            ``(A) that the person making the verification believes that 
        he or she, or the juristic person in whose behalf he or she 
        makes the verification, to be entitled to use the mark in 
        commerce;
            ``(B) the applicant's bona fide intention to use the mark 
        in commerce;
            ``(C) that, to the best of the verifier's knowledge and 
        belief, the facts recited in the application are accurate; and
            ``(D) that, to the best of the verifier's knowledge and 
        belief, no other person has the right to use such mark in 
        commerce either in the identical form thereof or in such near 
        resemblance thereto as to be likely, when used on or in 
        connection with the goods of such other person, to cause 
        confusion, or to cause mistake, or to deceive.
Except for applications filed pursuant to section 44, no mark shall be 
registered until the applicant has met the requirements of subsections 
(c) and (d) of this section.
    ``(4) The applicant shall comply with such rules or regulations as 
may be prescribed by the Commissioner. The Commissioner shall 
promulgate rules prescribing the requirements for the application and 
for obtaining a filing date herein.''.
    (c) Consequence of Delays.--Paragraph (4) of section 1(d) of the 
Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1051(d)(4)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(4) The failure to timely file a verified statement of use under 
paragraph (1) or an extension request under paragraph (2) shall result 
in abandonment of the application, unless it can be shown to the 
satisfaction of the Commissioner that the delay in responding was 
unintentional, in which case the time for filing may be extended, but 
for a period not to exceed the period specified in paragraphs (1) and 
(2) for filing a statement of use.''.

SEC. 4. REVIVAL OF ABANDONED APPLICATION.

    Section 12(b) of the Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1062(b)) is 
amended in the last sentence by striking ``unavoidable'' and by 
inserting ``unintentional''.

SEC. 5. DURATION OF REGISTRATION; CANCELLATION; AFFIDAVIT OF CONTINUED 
              USE; NOTICE OF COMMISSIONER'S ACTION.

    Section 8 of the Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1058) is amended 
to read as follows:

                               ``duration

    ``Sec. 8. (a) Each registration shall remain in force for 10 years, 
except that the registration of any mark shall be canceled by the 
Commissioner for failure to comply with the provisions of subsection 
(b) of this section, upon the expiration of the following time periods, 
as applicable:
            ``(1) For registrations issued pursuant to the provisions 
        of this Act, at the end of 6 years following the date of 
        registration.
            ``(2) For registrations published under the provisions of 
        section 12(c), at the end of 6 years following the date of 
        publication under such section.
            ``(3) For all registrations, at the end of each successive 
        10-year period following the date of registration.
    ``(b) During the 1-year period immediately preceding the end of the 
applicable time period set forth in subsection (a), the owner of the 
registration shall pay the prescribed fee and file in the Patent and 
Trademark Office--
            ``(1) an affidavit setting forth those goods or services 
        recited in the registration on or in connection with which the 
        mark is in use in commerce and such number of specimens or 
        facsimiles showing current use of the mark as may be required 
        by the Commissioner; or
            ``(2) an affidavit setting forth those goods or services 
        recited in the registration on or in connection with which the 
        mark is not in use in commerce and showing that any such nonuse 
        is due to special circumstances which excuse such nonuse and is 
        not due to any intention to abandon the mark.
    ``(c) The owner of the registration may make the submissions 
required by this section, or correct any deficiency in a timely filed 
submission, within a grace period of 6 months after the end of the 
applicable time period set forth in subsection (a). Such submission 
must be accompanied by a surcharge prescribed therefor. If any 
submission required by this section filed during the grace period is 
deficient, the deficiency may be corrected within the time prescribed 
after notification of the deficiency. Such submission must be 
accompanied by a surcharge prescribed therefor.
    ``(d) Special notice of the requirement for affidavits under this 
section shall be attached to each certificate of registration and 
notice of publication under section 12(c).
    ``(e) The Commissioner shall notify any owner who files 1 of the 
affidavits required by this section of the Commissioner's acceptance or 
refusal thereof and, in the case of a refusal, the reasons therefor.
    ``(f) If the registrant is not domiciled in the United States, the 
registrant shall designate by a written document filed in the Patent 
and Trademark Office the name and address of some person resident in 
the United States on whom may be served notices or process in 
proceedings affecting the mark. Such notices or process may be served 
upon the person so designated by leaving with that person or mailing to 
that person a copy thereof at the address specified in the last 
designation so filed. If the person so designated cannot be found at 
the address given in the last designation, such notice or process may 
be served upon the Commissioner.''.

SEC. 6. RENEWAL OF REGISTRATION.

    Section 9 of the Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1059) is amended 
to read as follows:

                       ``renewal of registration

    ``Sec. 9. (a) Subject to the provisions of section 8, each 
registration may be renewed for periods of 10 years at the end of each 
successive 10-year period following the date of registration upon 
payment of the prescribed fee and the filing of a written application, 
in such form as may be prescribed by the Commissioner. Such application 
may be made at any time within 1 year before the end of each successive 
10-year period for which the registration was issued or renewed, or it 
may be made within a grace period of 6 months after the end of each 
successive 10-year period, upon payment of a fee and surcharge 
prescribed therefor. If any application filed during the grace period 
is deficient, the deficiency may be corrected within the time 
prescribed after notification of the deficiency, upon payment of a 
surcharge prescribed therefor.
    ``(b) If the Commissioner refuses to renew the registration, the 
Commissioner shall notify the registrant of the Commissioner's refusal 
and the reasons therefor.
    ``(c) If the registrant is not domiciled in the United States, the 
registrant shall designate by a written document filed in the Patent 
and Trademark Office the name and address of some person resident in 
the United States on whom may be served notices or process in 
proceedings affecting the mark. Such notices or process may be served 
upon the person so designated by leaving with that person or mailing to 
that person a copy thereof at the address specified in the last 
designation so filed. If the person so designated cannot be found at 
the address given in the last designation, such notice or process may 
be served upon the Commissioner.''.

SEC. 7. RECORDING ASSIGNMENT OF MARK.

    Section 10 of the Trademark Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1060) is amended 
to read as follows:

                              ``assignment

    ``Sec. 10. (a) A registered mark or a mark for which an application 
to register has been filed shall be assignable with the good will of 
the business in which the mark is used, or with that part of the good 
will of the business connected with the use of and symbolized by the 
mark. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, no application to 
register a mark under section 1(b) shall be assignable prior to the 
filing of an amendment under section 1(c) to bring the application into 
conformity with section 1(a) or the filing of the verified statement of 
use under section 1(d), except for an assignment to a successor to the 
business of the applicant, or portion thereof, to which the mark 
pertains, if that business is ongoing and existing. In any assignment 
authorized by this section, it shall not be necessary to include the 
good will of the business connected with the use of and symbolized by 
any other mark used in the business or by the name or style under which 
the business is conducted. Assignments shall be by instruments in 
writing duly executed. Acknowledgment shall be prima facie evidence of 
the execution of an assignment, and when the prescribed information 
reporting the assignment is recorded in the Patent and Trademark 
Office, the record shall be prima facie evidence of execution. An 
assignment shall be void against any subsequent purchaser for valuable 
consideration without notice, unless the prescribed information 
reporting the assignment is recorded in the Patent and Trademark Office 
within 3 months after the date of the subsequent purchase or prior to 
the subsequent purchase. The Patent and Trademark Office shall maintain 
a record of information on assignments, in such form as may be 
prescribed by the Commissioner.
    ``(b) An assignee not domiciled in the United States shall 
designate by a written document filed in the Patent and Trademark 

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