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H.R. 171 (eh) To authorize appropriations for the Coastal Heritage Trail Route in New Jersey, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1719

  To promote enhanced nonproliferation cooperation between the United 
States and the Russian Federation and foster various other actions that 
will increase the national security of the United States, and for other 
                               purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             April 10, 2003

 Mr. Weldon of Pennsylvania (for himself, Mr. Edwards, Mr. McHugh, Mr. 
Spratt, Mr. Souder, Mrs. Tauscher, Mr. Shays, Mr. Ortiz, Mr. Leach, Ms. 
Corrine Brown of Florida, Mr. Hastings of Florida, Mr. Wilson of South 
  Carolina, Mr. Bereuter, Mr. Reyes, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Abercrombie, Mr. 
   Taylor of North Carolina, Mr. Smith of Michigan, Mr. Bartlett of 
Maryland, Mr. Stearns, Mr. Hoyer, Mr. Sherwood, Mr. Cox, and Mr. Farr) 
 introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
                        International Relations

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To promote enhanced nonproliferation cooperation between the United 
States and the Russian Federation and foster various other actions that 
will increase the national security of the United States, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Nuclear Security 
Initiative Act of 2003''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
             TITLE I--NONPROLIFERATION PROGRAM ENHANCEMENTS

Sec. 101. Acceleration and expansion of International Nuclear Materials 
                            Protection and Cooperation program.
Sec. 102. Funding for efforts to close nuclear weapons production 
                            facilities in Russia.
Sec. 103. Funding to improve security at facilities in the former 
                            Soviet Union containing nuclear materials 
                            that could be used in radiological 
                            dispersal devices.
Sec. 104. Enhanced funding for accelerated disposition for highly 
                            enriched uranium.
Sec. 105. Improving measures to track and intercept illicit transfers 
                            of weapons of mass destruction and the 
                            materials and technologies for developing 
                            and producing such weapons.
Sec. 106. Enhanced funding for Russian Transition Initiative.
Sec. 107. Silk Road Initiative.
Sec. 108. NATO Science for Peace program.
    TITLE II--ADMINISTRATION AND OVERSIGHT OF THREAT REDUCTION AND 
                       NONPROLIFERATION PROGRAMS

Sec. 201. Analysis of effect on threat reduction and nonproliferation 
                            programs of congressional oversight 
                            measures with respect to such programs.
Sec. 202. Annual report on the use of funds appropriated for threat 
                            reduction and nonproliferation in states of 
                            the former Soviet Union.
Sec. 203. Plan for and coordination of chemical and biological weapons 
                            nonproliferation programs with states of 
                            the former Soviet Union.
               TITLE III--UNITED STATES-RUSSIA RELATIONS

Sec. 301. Comprehensive inventories and data exchanges on nuclear 
                            weapons-grade material and nuclear weapons.
Sec. 302. Establishment of Duma-Congress nuclear threat reduction 
                            working group.
Sec. 303. Joint United States/North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
                            cooperation with Russia on theater-level 
                            ballistic missile defenses.
Sec. 304. Encouragement of enhanced collaboration to achieve more 
                            reliable Russian early warning systems.
Sec. 305. Teller-Kurchatov Alliance for Peace.
Sec. 306. Nonproliferation fellowships.
                            TITLE IV--OTHER

Sec. 401. Promotion of discussions on nuclear and radiological security 
                            and safety between the International Atomic 
                            Energy Agency and the Organization for 
                            Economic Cooperation and Development.

             TITLE I--NONPROLIFERATION PROGRAM ENHANCEMENTS

SEC. 101. ACCELERATION AND EXPANSION OF INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS 
              PROTECTION AND COOPERATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Policy With Respect to Former Soviet Union.--It is the policy 
of the United States to seek to cooperate with the Russian Federation 
and each other independent state of the former Soviet Union to effect 
as quickly as is reasonably practical basic security measures (such as 
the replacement of doors, the bricking of or placement of bars in 
windows, the clearing of underbrush from facility perimeters, and the 
erection of fences) at each facility in the Russian Federation and each 
such state that is used for storing nuclear weapons or nuclear 
materials and is not yet protected by such measures.
    (b) Policy Worldwide.--It is the policy of the United States to 
seek to cooperate with all appropriate nations--
            (1) to attempt to ensure that all nuclear weapons and 
        nuclear materials worldwide are secure and accounted for 
        according to stringent standards; and
            (2) to minimize the number of facilities worldwide at which 
        separated plutonium and highly enriched uranium are present, so 
        as to achieve the highest and most sustainable levels of 
security for such facilities in the most cost-effective manner.
    (c) Expansion of Program to Additional Countries Authorized.--(1) 
The Secretary of Energy may expand the International Nuclear Materials 
Protection and Cooperation program of the Department of Energy to 
encompass countries other than the Russian Federation and the other 
independent states of the former Soviet Union.
    (2) In carrying out such program with respect to countries other 
than the Russian Federation and the other independent states of the 
former Soviet Union, the Secretary of Energy may provide such funds as 
are needed to remove nuclear materials from potentially vulnerable 
facilities, including funds to cover the costs of--
            (A) transporting such materials from those facilities to 
        secure facilities;
            (B) purchasing such materials;
            (C) converting those facilities to a use that no longer 
        requires nuclear materials; and
            (D) providing incentives to facilitate the removal of such 
        materials from such facilities.
    (3)(A) In carrying out such program with respect to countries other 
than the Russian Federation and the other independent states of the 
former Soviet Union, the Secretary of Energy may provide technical 
assistance to the Secretary of State in the efforts of the Secretary of 
State to assist such countries to review and improve their security 
programs with respect to nuclear weapons and nuclear materials.
    (B) The technical assistance provided under subparagraph (A) may, 
where consistent with the treaty obligations of the United States, 
include the sharing of technology or methodologies to the countries 
referred to in that subparagraph. Any such sharing shall take into 
account the sovereignty of the country concerned and the nuclear 
weapons programs of such country, as well as the sensitivity of any 
information involved regarding United States nuclear weapons or nuclear 
weapons systems.
    (C) The Secretary of Energy may include the Russian Federation in 
activities under this paragraph if the Secretary determines that the 
experience of the Russian Federation under the International Nuclear 
Materials Protection and Cooperation program would make the 
participation of the Russian Federation in those activities useful in 
providing technical assistance under subparagraph (A).
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal years 2004 and 2005, in addition to any sums 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated, to the Department of Energy 
for the International Nuclear Materials Protection and Cooperation 
program a total of $40,000,000 for the purpose of carrying out the 
policies specified in subsections (a) and (b) and the expansion of the 
program authorized by subsection (c).

SEC. 102. FUNDING FOR EFFORTS TO CLOSE NUCLEAR WEAPONS PRODUCTION 
              FACILITIES IN RUSSIA.

    (a) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to seek to 
cooperate with the Russian Federation to accelerate, to the maximum 
extent feasible, the closure of facilities in the Russian Federation 
used for the production of nuclear weapons.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal years 2004 and 2005, in addition to any sums 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated, to the Department of Energy 
for the Russian Transition Initiatives program a total of $35,000,000 
for the purpose of carrying out the policy specified in subsection (a).

SEC. 103. FUNDING TO IMPROVE SECURITY AT FACILITIES IN THE FORMER 
              SOVIET UNION CONTAINING NUCLEAR MATERIALS THAT COULD BE 
              USED IN RADIOLOGICAL DISPERSAL DEVICES.

    (a) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to seek to 
cooperate with the Russian Federation and each other independent state 
of the former Soviet Union to improve the security at facilities, in 
the Russian Federation and each such state, that contain radioactive 
materials that could be used in radiological dispersal devices.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal years 2004 and 2005, in addition to any sums 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated, to the Department of Energy 
for the National Nuclear Security Administration a total of $60,000,000 
for the purpose of carrying out the policy specified in subsection (a).

SEC. 104. ENHANCED FUNDING FOR ACCELERATED DISPOSITION FOR HIGHLY 
              ENRICHED URANIUM.

    There is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 2004 and 
2005, in addition to any sums otherwise authorized to be appropriated, 
to the Department of Energy for the National Nuclear Security 
Administration a total of $40,000,000 for the purpose of carrying out 
section 3157 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 22 U.S.C. 5952 note), to remain 
available until expended.

SEC. 105. IMPROVING MEASURES TO TRACK AND INTERCEPT ILLICIT TRANSFERS 
              OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THE MATERIALS AND 
              TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING AND PRODUCING SUCH WEAPONS.

    (a) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to seek to--
            (1) cooperate with the Russian Federation and each other 
        independent state of the former Soviet Union to improve border 
        controls and other measures to track and intercept illicit 
        transfers of weapons of mass destruction and the materials and 
        technologies for developing and producing such weapons; and
            (2) work with international partners to install, at 
        critical international ports, appropriate devices to detect and 
        intercept illicit transfers of weapons of mass destruction that 
        are nuclear or radiological in nature and the materials and 
        technologies for developing and producing such weapons.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal years 2004 and 2005, in addition to any sums 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated, to the Department of Energy 
for the International Nuclear Materials Protection and Cooperation 
program a total of $60,000,000 for the purpose of carrying out the 
policy specified in subsection (a) with respect to weapons of mass 
destruction that are nuclear or radiological in nature.

SEC. 106. ENHANCED FUNDING FOR RUSSIAN TRANSITION INITIATIVE.

    (a) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to prevent the 
proliferation, from the Russian Federation and the other independent 
states of the former Soviet Union to countries of proliferation 
concern, of scientists, engineers, and technicians possessing the 
expertise to develop and produce weapons of mass destruction.
    (b) Findings Regarding the Former IPP Program and Nuclear Cities 
Initiative Program.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program 
        (hereinafter in this section referred to as ``IPP'') has been a 
        very successful nonproliferation program.
            (2) Through cost-sharing partnerships between companies in 
        the United States and scientists employed at nuclear, 
        biological, and chemical weapons facilities in the independent 
        states of the former Soviet Union, IPP has supported the 
        creation of sustainable commercial jobs that reduce incentives 
        for the proliferation, to countries of proliferation concern, 
        of expertise to develop and produce weapons of mass 
        destruction.
            (3) More than 125 companies, actively engaged in the part 
        of the Russian Transition Initiative program that derives from 
        IPP, are developing high-technology commercial products and 
        creating new jobs in the United States and the independent 
        states of the former Soviet Union.
            (4) The Nuclear Cities Initiative has also been successful 
        in helping to prevent the proliferation of scientists and 
        others with weapons expertise from the Russian Federation and 
        other independent states of the former Soviet Union.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal years 2004 and 2005, in addition to any sums 
otherwise appropriated, to the Department of Energy for the Russian 
Transition Initiative program a total of $60,000,000 for the purpose of 
carrying out the policy specified in subsection (a) in a manner 
consistent with the practices described in subsection (b).

SEC. 107. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) a number of independent states of the former Soviet 
        Union have been helpful to the United States in the war on 
        terrorism; and
            (2) these states are new and struggling democracies and 
        would benefit considerably from assistance to create 
        sustainable jobs for their underemployed or unemployed 
        scientists, engineers, and technicians who were formerly 
        engaged in activities to develop and produce weapons of mass 
        destruction for the Russian Federation or another independent 
        state of the former Soviet Union.
    (b) Policies.--(1) It is the policy of the United States to seek to 
establish and promote programs to prevent the proliferation, from 
scientists, engineers, and technicians of the Russian Federation and 
other independent states of the former Soviet Union to countries of 
proliferation concern, of expertise to develop and produce weapons of 
mass destruction.
    (2) It is also the policy of the United States to seek to assist 
independent states of the former Soviet Union that have been helpful to 
the United States in the war on terrorism so as to promote the creation 
of jobs that foster economic stability and democracy.
    (c) Program Required.--(1) The Secretary of Energy shall carry out 
a program, to be known as the Silk Road Initiative, to develop 
sustainable employment opportunities in the United States and in Silk 
Road nations for scientists, engineers, and technicians formerly 
engaged in activities to develop and produce weapons of mass 

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