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H.R. 1776 (rh) To expand homeownership in the United States. [Reported in House] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 1776


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             April 7, 2000

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, 
                           and Urban Affairs

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
             To expand homeownership in the United States.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``American 
Homeownership and Economic Opportunity Act of 2000''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purpose.
         TITLE I--REMOVAL OF BARRIERS TO HOUSING AFFORDABILITY

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Housing impact analysis.
Sec. 103. Grants for regulatory barrier removal strategies.
Sec. 104. Eligibility for community development block grants.
Sec. 105. Regulatory barriers clearinghouse.
 TITLE II--HOMEOWNERSHIP THROUGH MORTGAGE INSURANCE AND LOAN GUARANTEES

Sec. 201. Extension of loan term for manufactured home lots.
Sec. 202. Downpayment simplification.
Sec. 203. Reduced downpayment requirements for loans for teachers and 
                            uniformed municipal employees.
Sec. 204. Preventing fraud in rehabilitation loan program.
Sec. 205. Community partners next door program.
Sec. 206. Risk-sharing demonstration.
Sec. 207. Hybrid ARMs.
Sec. 208. Home equity conversion mortgages.
Sec. 209. Law enforcement officer homeownership pilot program.
Sec. 210. Study of mandatory inspection requirement under single family 
                            housing mortgage insurance program.
Sec. 211. Report on title I home improvement loan program.
Sec. 212. Sense of the Congress regarding making properties available 
                            for homeownership programs.
Sec. 213. Property improvement loan limit for single-family homes.
               TITLE III--SECTION 8 HOMEOWNERSHIP OPTION

Sec. 301. Downpayment assistance.
Sec. 302. Pilot program for homeownership assistance for disabled 
                            families.
Sec. 303. Funding for pilot programs.
              TITLE IV--COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS

Sec. 401. Reauthorization.
Sec. 402. Prohibition of set-asides.
Sec. 403. Public services cap.
Sec. 404. Homeownership for municipal employees.
Sec. 405. Technical amendment relating to brownfields.
Sec. 406. Income eligibility.
Sec. 407. Housing opportunities for persons with AIDS.
Sec. 408. Prohibition on use of amounts to acquire church property.
Sec. 409. CDBG special purpose grants.
             TITLE V--HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM

Sec. 501. Reauthorization.
Sec. 502. Eligibility of limited equity cooperatives and mutual housing 
                            associations.
Sec. 503. Administrative costs.
Sec. 504. Leveraging affordable housing investment through local loan 
                            pools.
Sec. 505. Homeownership for municipal employees.
Sec. 506. Use of section 8 assistance by ``grand-families'' to rent 
                            dwelling units in assisted projects.
Sec. 507. Loan guarantees.
Sec. 508. Downpayment assistance for 2- and 3-family residences.
               TITLE VI--LOCAL HOMEOWNERSHIP INITIATIVES

Sec. 601. Reauthorization of Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation.
Sec. 602. Homeownership zones.
Sec. 603. Lease-to-own.
Sec. 604. Local capacity building.
Sec. 605. Consolidated application and planning requirement and super-
                            NOFA.
Sec. 606. Assistance for self-help housing providers.
Sec. 607. Housing counseling organizations.
Sec. 608. Community lead information centers and lead-safe housing.
Sec. 609. Grant eligibility of community organizations.
                TITLE VII--NATIVE AMERICAN HOMEOWNERSHIP

                  Subtitle A--Native American Housing

Sec. 701. Lands title report commission.
Sec. 702. Loan guarantees.
Sec. 703. Native American housing assistance.
                  Subtitle B--Native Hawaiian Housing

Sec. 721. Short title.
Sec. 722. Findings.
Sec. 723. Housing assistance.
Sec. 724. Loan guarantees.
   TITLE VIII--TRANSFER OF HUD-HELD HOUSING TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND 
                        NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 801. Transfer of unoccupied and substandard HUD-held housing to 
                            local governments and community development 
                            corporations.
Sec. 802. Transfer of HUD assets in revitalization areas.
   TITLE IX--PRIVATE MORTGAGE INSURANCE CANCELLATION AND TERMINATION

Sec. 901. Short title.
Sec. 902. Changes in amortization schedule.
Sec. 903. Deletion of ambiguous references to residential mortgages.
Sec. 904. Cancellation rights after cancellation date.
Sec. 905. Clarification of cancellation and termination issues and 
                            lender paid mortgage insurance disclosure 
                            requirements.
Sec. 906. Definitions.
                  TITLE X--RURAL HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP

Sec. 1001. Promissory note requirement under housing repair loan 
                            program.
Sec. 1002. Limited partnership eligibility for farm labor housing 
                            loans.
Sec. 1003. Project accounting records and practices.
Sec. 1004. Definition of rural area.
Sec. 1005. Operating assistance for migrant farmworkers projects.
Sec. 1006. Multifamily rental housing loan guarantee program.
Sec. 1007. Enforcement provisions.
Sec. 1008. Amendments to title 18 of United States Code.
               TITLE XI--MANUFACTURED HOUSING IMPROVEMENT

Sec. 1101. Short title and references.
Sec. 1102. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 1103. Definitions.
Sec. 1104. Federal manufactured home construction and safety standards.
Sec. 1105. Abolishment of National Manufactured Home Advisory Council; 
                            manufactured home installation.
Sec. 1106. Public information.
Sec. 1107. Research, testing, development, and training.
Sec. 1108. Prohibited acts.
Sec. 1109. Dispute resolution.
Sec. 1110. Elimination of annual report requirement.
Sec. 1111. Effective date.
Sec. 1112. Savings provision.
    TITLE XII--PUBLIC AND ASSISTED HOUSING DRUG ELIMINATION PROGRAM

Sec. 1201. Eligible public housing agencies.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
            (1) the priorities of our Nation should include expanding 
        homeownership opportunities by providing access to affordable 
        housing that is safe, clean, and healthy;
            (2) our Nation has an abundance of conventional capital 
        sources available for homeownership financing;
            (3) experience with local homeownership programs has shown 
        that if flexible capital sources are available, communities 
        possess ample will and creativity to provide opportunities 
        uniquely designed to assist their citizens in realizing the 
        American dream of homeownership; and
            (4) each consumer should be afforded every reasonable 
        opportunity to access mortgage credit, to obtain the lowest 
        cost mortgages for which the consumer can qualify, to know the 
        true cost of the mortgage, to be free of regulatory burdens, 
        and to know what factors underlie a lender's decision regarding 
        the consumer's mortgage.
    (b) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this Act--
            (1) to encourage and facilitate homeownership by families 
        in the United States who are not otherwise able to afford 
        homeownership; and
            (2) to expand homeownership through policies that--
                    (A) promote the ability of the private sector to 
                produce affordable housing without excessive government 
                regulation;
                    (B) encourage tax incentives, such as the mortgage 
                interest deduction, at all levels of government; and
                    (C) facilitate the availability of flexible capital 
                for homeownership opportunities and provide local 
                governments with increased flexibility under existing 
                Federal programs to facilitate homeownership.

         TITLE I--REMOVAL OF BARRIERS TO HOUSING AFFORDABILITY

SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Housing Affordability Barrier 
Removal Act of 2000''.

SEC. 102. HOUSING IMPACT ANALYSIS.

    (a) Applicability.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
requirements of this section shall apply with respect to--
            (1) any proposed rule, unless the agency promulgating the 
        rule--
                    (A) has certified that the proposed rule will not, 
                if given force or effect as a final rule, have a 
                significant deleterious impact on housing 
                affordability; and
                    (B) has caused such certification to be published 
                in the Federal Register at the time of publication of 
                general notice of proposed rulemaking for the rule, 
                together with a statement providing the factual basis 
                for the certification; and
            (2) any final rule, unless the agency promulgating the 
        rule--
                    (A) has certified that the rule will not, if given 
                force or effect, have a significant deleterious impact 
                on housing affordability; and
                    (B) has caused such certification to be published 
                in the Federal Register at the time of publication of 
                the final rule, together with a statement providing the 
                factual basis for the certification.
Any agency making a certification under this subsection shall provide a 
copy of such certification and the statement providing the factual 
basis for the certification to the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
Development.
    (b) Exception for Certain Banking Rules.--The requirements of this 
section shall not apply to any proposed or final rule relating to--
            (1) the operations, safety, or soundness of--
                    (A) federally insured depository institutions or 
                any affiliate of such an institution (as such term is 
                defined in section 2(k) of the Bank Holding Company Act 
                of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 1841(k));
                    (B) credit unions;
                    (C) the Federal home loan banks;
                    (D) the enterprises (as such term is defined in 
                section 1303 of the Housing and Community Development 
                Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 4502);
                    (E) a Farm Credit System institution; or
                    (F) foreign banks or their branches, agencies, 
                commercial lending companies, or representative offices 
                that operate in the United States, or any affiliate of 
                a foreign bank (as such terms are defined in section 1 
                of the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 
                3101); or
            (2) the payments system or the protection of deposit 
        insurance funds or the Farm Credit Insurance Fund.
    (c) Statement of Proposed Rulemaking.--Whenever an agency publishes 
general notice of proposed rulemaking for any proposed rule, unless the 
agency has made a certification under subsection (a), the agency 
shall--
            (1) in the notice of proposed rulemaking--
                    (A) state with particularity the text of the 
                proposed rule; and
                    (B) request any interested persons to submit to the 
                agency any written analyses, data, views, and 
                arguments, and any specific alternatives to the 
                proposed rule that--
                            (i) accomplish the stated objectives of the 
                        applicable statutes, in a manner comparable to 
                        the proposed rule;
                            (ii) result in costs to the Federal 
                        Government equal to or less than the costs 
                        resulting from the proposed rule; and
                            (iii) result in housing affordability 
                        greater than the housing affordability 
                        resulting from the proposed rule;
            (2) provide an opportunity for interested persons to take 
        the actions specified under paragraph (1)(B) before 
        promulgation of the final rule; and
            (3) prepare and make available for public comment an 
        initial housing impact analysis in accordance with the 
        requirements of subsection (d).
    (d) Initial Housing Impact Analysis.--
            (1) Requirements.--Each initial housing impact analysis 
        shall describe the impact of the proposed rule on housing 
        affordability. The initial housing impact analysis or a summary 
        shall be published in the Federal Register at the same time as, 
        and together with, the publication of general notice of 
        proposed rulemaking for the rule. The agency shall transmit a 
        copy of the initial housing impact analysis to the Secretary of 
        Housing and Urban Development.
            (2) Monthly hud listing.--On a monthly basis, the Secretary 
        of Housing and Urban Development shall cause to be published in 
        the Federal Register, and shall make available through a World 
        Wide Web site of the Department, a listing of all proposed 
        rules for which an initial housing impact analysis was prepared 
        during the preceding month.
            (3) Contents.--Each initial housing impact analysis 
        required under this subsection shall contain--
                    (A) a description of the reasons why action by the 
                agency is being considered;
                    (B) a succinct statement of the objectives of, and 
                legal basis for, the proposed rule;

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