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H.R. 1803 (ih) To preserve and protect the surpluses of the Social Security trust [Introduced in House] ...


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                                                 Union Calendar No. 113

106th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 1802

                      [Report No. 106-182, Part I]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

   To amend part E of title IV of the Social Security Act to provide 
   States with more funding and greater flexibility in carrying out 
programs designed to help children make the transition from foster care 
              to self-sufficiency, and for other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             June 25, 1999

  Committee on Commerce discharged; committed to the Committee of the 
    Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed





                                                 Union Calendar No. 113
106th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1802

                      [Report No. 106-182, Part I]

   To amend part E of title IV of the Social Security Act to provide 
   States with more funding and greater flexibility in carrying out 
programs designed to help children make the transition from foster care 
              to self-sufficiency, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              May 13, 1999

Mrs. Johnson of Connecticut (for herself and Mr. Cardin) introduced the 
following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, 
   and in addition to the Committee on Commerce, for a period to be 
subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration 
  of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee 
                               concerned

                             June 10, 1999

    Reported from the Committee on Ways and Means with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

                             June 10, 1999

Referral to the Committee on Commerce extended for a period ending not 
                        later than June 25, 1999

                             June 25, 1999

  Committee on Commerce discharged; committed to the Committee of the 
    Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed
[For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on May 13, 
                                 1999]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
   To amend part E of title IV of the Social Security Act to provide 
   States with more funding and greater flexibility in carrying out 
programs designed to help children make the transition from foster care 
              to self-sufficiency, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Foster Care 
Independence Act of 1999''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

              TITLE I--IMPROVED INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAM

            Subtitle A--Improved Independent Living Program

Sec. 101. Improved independent living program.

               Subtitle B--Related Foster Care Provision

Sec. 111. Increase in amount of assets allowable for children in foster 
                            care.

                    Subtitle C--Medicaid Amendments

Sec. 121. State option of medicaid coverage for adolescents leaving 
                            foster care.

                     TITLE II--SSI FRAUD PREVENTION

          Subtitle A--Fraud Prevention and Related Provisions

Sec. 201. Liability of representative payees for overpayments to 
                            deceased recipients.
Sec. 202. Recovery of overpayments of SSI benefits from lump sum SSI 
                            benefit payments.
Sec. 203. Additional debt collection practices.
Sec. 204. Requirement to provide State prisoner information to Federal 
                            and federally assisted benefit programs.
Sec. 205. Rules relating to collection of overpayments from individuals 
                            convicted of crimes.
Sec. 206. Treatment of assets held in trust under the SSI program.
Sec. 207. Disposal of resources for less than fair market value under 
                            the SSI program.
Sec. 208. Administrative procedure for imposing penalties for false or 
                            misleading statements.
Sec. 209. Exclusion of representatives and health care providers 
                            convicted of violations from participation 
                            in social security programs.
Sec. 210. State data exchanges.
Sec. 211. Study on possible measures to improve fraud prevention and 
                            administrative processing.
Sec. 212. Annual report on amounts necessary to combat fraud.
Sec. 213. Computer matches with medicare and medicaid 
                            institutionalization data.
Sec. 214. Access to information held by financial institutions.

       Subtitle B--Benefits for Filipino Veterans of World War II

Sec. 251. Provision of reduced SSI benefit to certain individuals who 
                            provided service to the Armed Forces of the 
                            United States in the Philippines during 
                            World War II after they move back to the 
                            Philippines.

                        TITLE III--CHILD SUPPORT

Sec. 301. Elimination of hold harmless provision for State share of 
                            distribution of collected child support.

                    TITLE IV--TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS

Sec. 401. Technical corrections relating to amendments made by the 
                            Personal Responsibility and Work 
                            Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.

              TITLE I--IMPROVED INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAM

            Subtitle A--Improved Independent Living Program

SEC. 101. IMPROVED INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
            (1) States are required to make reasonable efforts to find 
        adoptive families for all children, including older children, 
        for whom reunification with their biological family is not in 
        the best interests of the child. However, some older children 
        will continue to live in foster care. These children should be 
        enrolled in an Independent Living program designed and 
        conducted by State and local government to help prepare them 
        for employment, postsecondary education, and successful 
        management of adult responsibilities.
            (2) About 20,000 adolescents leave the Nation's foster care 
        system each year because they have reached 18 years of age and 
        are expected to support themselves.
            (3) Congress has received extensive information that 
        adolescents leaving foster care have significant difficulty 
        making a successful transition to adulthood; this information 
        shows that children aging out of foster care show high rates of 
        homelessness, non-marital childbearing, poverty, and delinquent 
        or criminal behavior; they are also frequently the target of 
        crime and physical assaults.
            (4) The Nation's State and local governments, with 
        financial support from the Federal Government, should offer an 
        extensive program of education, training, employment, and 
        financial support for young adults leaving foster care, with 
        participation in such program beginning several years before 
        high school graduation and continuing, as needed, until the 
        young adults emancipated from foster care establish 
        independence or reach 21 years of age.
    (b) Improved Independent Living Program.--Section 477 of the Social 
Security Act (42 U.S.C. 677) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 477. INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide States 
with flexible funding that will enable programs to be designed and 
conducted--
            ``(1) to identify children who are likely to remain in 
        foster care until 18 years of age and to design programs that 
        help these children make the transition to self-sufficiency by 
        providing services such as assistance in obtaining a high 
        school diploma, career exploration, vocational training, job 
        placement and retention, training in daily living skills, 
        training in budgeting and financial management skills, 
        substance abuse prevention, and preventive health activities 
        (including smoking avoidance, nutrition education, and 
        pregnancy prevention);
            ``(2) to help children who are likely to remain in foster 
        care until 18 years of age receive the education, training, and 
        services necessary to obtain employment;
            ``(3) to help children who are likely to remain in foster 
        care until 18 years of age prepare for and enter postsecondary 
        training and education institutions;
            ``(4) to provide personal and emotional support to children 
        aging out of foster care, through mentors and the promotion of 
        interactions with dedicated adults; and
            ``(5) to provide financial, housing, counseling, 
        employment, education, and other appropriate support and 
        services to former foster care recipients between 18 and 21 
        years of age to complement their own efforts to achieve self-
        sufficiency and to assure that program participants recognize 
        and accept their personal responsibility for preparing for and 
        then making the transition from adolescence to adulthood.
    ``(b) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State may apply for funds from its 
        allotment under subsection (c) for a period of 5 consecutive 
        fiscal years by submitting to the Secretary, in writing, a plan 
        that meets the requirements of paragraph (2) and the 
        certifications required by paragraph (3) with respect to the 
        plan.
            ``(2) State plan.--A plan meets the requirements of this 
        paragraph if the plan specifies which State agency or agencies 
        will administer, supervise, or oversee the programs carried out 
        under the plan, and describes how the State intends to do the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Design and deliver programs to achieve the 
                purposes of this section.
                    ``(B) Ensure that all political subdivisions in the 
                State are served by the program, though not necessarily 
                in a uniform manner.
                    ``(C) Ensure that the programs serve children of 
                various ages and at various stages of achieving 
                independence.
                    ``(D) Involve the public and private sectors in 
                helping adolescents in foster care achieve 
                independence.
                    ``(E) Use objective criteria for determining 
                eligibility for benefits and services under the 
                programs, and for ensuring fair and equitable treatment 
                of benefit recipients.
                    ``(F) Cooperate in national evaluations of the 
                effects of the programs in achieving the purposes of 
                this section.
            ``(3) Certifications.--The certifications required by this 
        paragraph with respect to a plan are the following:
                    ``(A) A certification by the chief executive 
                officer of the State that the State will provide 
                assistance and services to children who have left 
                foster care but have not attained 21 years of age.
                    ``(B) A certification by the chief executive 
                officer of the State that not more than 30 percent of 
                the amounts paid to the State from its allotment under 
                subsection (c) for a fiscal year will be expended for 
                room or board for children who have left foster care 
                and have attained 18 years of age but not 21 years of 
                age.
                    ``(C) A certification by the chief executive 
                officer of the State that none of the amounts paid to 
                the State from its allotment under subsection (c) will 
                be expended for room or board for any child who has not 
                attained 18 years of age.
                    ``(D) A certification by the chief executive 
                officer of the State that the State will use training 
                funds provided under the program of Federal payments 
                for foster care and adoption assistance to provide 
                training to help foster parents, workers in group 
                homes, and case managers understand and address the 
                issues confronting adolescents preparing for 
                independent living, and will, to the extent possible, 
                coordinate such training with the independent living 
                program conducted for adolescents.
                    ``(E) A certification by the chief executive 
                officer of the State that the State has consulted 
                widely with public and private organizations in 
                developing the plan and that the State has given all 
                interested members of the public at least 30 days to 
                submit comments on the plan.
                    ``(F) A certification by the chief executive 

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