Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2015 (rds) To provide for reconciliation pursuant to subsections (b)(1) and (c) of section 105 of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1998. ...

H.R. 2015 (rds) To provide for reconciliation pursuant to subsections (b)(1) and (c) of section 105 of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1998. ...


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                              June 26, 1997

                    Ordered to be printed as passed

  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

                  In the Senate of the United States,

                                                         June 25, 1997.
      Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representatives (H.R. 
2015) entitled ``An Act to provide for reconciliation pursuant to 
subsections (b)(1) and (c) of section 105 of the concurrent resolution 
on the budget for fiscal year 1998.'', do pass with the following

                               AMENDMENT:

            Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Balanced Budget Act of 1997''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF TITLES.

    The table of titles for this Act is as follows:

Title I. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry.
Title II. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.
Title III. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.
Title IV. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.
Title V. Committee on Finance.
Title VI. Committee on Governmental Affairs.
Title VII. Committee on Labor and Human Resources.
Title VIII. Committee on Veterans' Affairs.

       TITLE I--COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION, AND FORESTRY

SEC. 1001. HARDSHIP EXEMPTION.

    Section 6(o) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2015(o)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(D), by striking ``or (5)'' and 
        inserting ``(5), or (6)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) 15-percent hardship exemption.--
                    ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) Caseload.--The term `caseload' means 
                        the average monthly number of individuals 
                        receiving food stamps during the 12-month 
                        period ending the preceding June 30.
                            ``(ii) Covered individual.--The term 
                        `covered individual' means a food stamp 
                        recipient, or an individual denied eligibility 
                        for food stamp benefits solely due to paragraph 
                        (2), who--
                                    ``(I) is not eligible for an 
                                exception under paragraph (3);
                                    ``(II) does not reside in an area 
                                covered by a waiver granted under 
                                paragraph (4);
                                    ``(III) is not complying with 
                                subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
                                paragraph (2);
                                    ``(IV) is not receiving food stamp 
                                benefits during the 3 months of 
                                eligibility provided under paragraph 
                                (2); and
                                    ``(V) is not receiving food stamp 
                                benefits under paragraph (5).
                    ``(B) General rule.--Subject to subparagraphs (C) 
                through (F), a State agency may provide a hardship 
                exemption from the requirements of paragraph (2) for 
                covered individuals.
                    ``(C) Fiscal year 1998.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (E), for fiscal year 1998, a State agency may provide a 
                number of hardship exemptions such that the average 
                monthly number of the exemptions in effect during the 
                fiscal year does not exceed 15 percent of the number of 
                covered individuals in the State in fiscal year 1998, 
                as estimated by the Secretary, based on the survey 
                conducted to carry out section 16(c) for fiscal year 
                1996 and such other factors as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate due to the timing and limitations of the 
                survey.
                    ``(D) Subsequent fiscal years.--Subject to 
                subparagraphs (E) and (F), for fiscal year 1999 and 
                each subsequent fiscal year, a State agency may provide 
                a number of hardship exemptions such that the average 
                monthly number of the exemptions in effect during the 
                fiscal year does not exceed 15 percent of the number of 
                covered individuals in the State, as estimated by the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (C), adjusted by the 
                Secretary to reflect changes in the State's caseload 
                and the Secretary's estimate of changes in the 
                proportion of food stamp recipients covered by waivers 
                granted under paragraph (4).
                    ``(E) Caseload adjustments.--The Secretary shall 
                adjust the number of individuals estimated for a State 
                under subparagraph (C) or (D) during a fiscal year if 
                the number of food stamp recipients in the State varies 
                from the caseload by more than 10 percent, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(F) Exemption adjustments.--For fiscal year 1999 
                and each subsequent fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
                increase or decrease the number of individuals who may 
                be granted a hardship exemption by a State agency to 
                the extent that the average monthly number of hardship 
                exemptions in effect in the State for the preceding 
                fiscal year is greater or less than the average monthly 
                number of hardship exemptions estimated for the State 
                agency for such preceding fiscal year.
                    ``(G) Reporting requirement.--A State agency shall 
                submit such reports to the Secretary as the Secretary 
                determines are necessary to ensure compliance with this 
                paragraph.''.

SEC. 1002. ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING.

    Section 16(h) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is 
amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Amounts.--To carry out employment and 
                training programs, the Secretary shall reserve for 
                allocation to State agencies, to remain available until 
                expended, from funds made available for each fiscal 
                year under section 18(a)(1) the amount of--
                            ``(i) for fiscal year 1996, $75,000,000;
                            ``(ii) for fiscal year 1997, $79,000,000;
                            ``(iii) for fiscal year 1998, $221,000,000;
                            ``(iv) for fiscal year 1999, $224,000,000;
                            ``(v) for fiscal year 2000, $226,000,000;
                            ``(vi) for fiscal year 2001, $228,000,000; 
                        and
                            ``(vii) for fiscal year 2002, $170,000,000.
                    ``(B) Allocation.--The Secretary shall allocate the 
                amounts reserved under subparagraph (A) among the State 
                agencies using a reasonable formula (as determined by 
                the Secretary) that reflects the proportion of food 
                stamp recipients who are not eligible for an exception 
                under section 6(o)(3) that reside in each State, as 
                estimated by the Secretary based on the survey 
                conducted to carry out subsection (c) for fiscal year 
                1996 and such other factors as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate due to the timing and limitations of the 
                survey (as adjusted by the Secretary each fiscal year 
                to reflect changes in each State's caseload (as defined 
                in section 6(o)(5)(A))).
                    ``(C) Reallocation.--If a State agency will not 
                expend all of the funds allocated to the State agency 
                for a fiscal year under subparagraph (B), the Secretary 
                shall reallocate the unexpended funds to other States 
                (during the fiscal year or the subsequent fiscal year) 
                as the Secretary considers appropriate and equitable.
                    ``(D) Minimum allocation.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall ensure that each 
                State agency operating an employment and training 
                program shall receive not less than $50,000 for each 
                fiscal year.
                    ``(E) Placements.--Of the amount of funds reserved 
                for a State agency for a fiscal year under 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D), the State agency shall 
                be eligible to receive for the fiscal year not more 
                than an amount equal to the sum of--
                            ``(i) the product obtained by multiplying--
                                    ``(I) the average monthly number of 
                                food stamp recipients who during the 
                                fiscal year--
                                            ``(aa) are not eligible for 
                                        an exception under section 
                                        6(o)(3); and
                                            ``(bb) are placed in and 
                                        comply with a program described 
                                        in subparagraph (B) or (C) of 
                                        section 6(o)(2), other than a 
                                        program described in 
                                        subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
                                        section 6(o)(1); by
                                    ``(II) an amount determined by the 
                                Secretary to reflect the reasonable 
                                cost of efficiently and economically 
                                providing services that meet the 
                                requirements of subparagraph (B) or (C) 
                                of section 6(o)(2) to food stamp 
                                recipients described in subclause (I) 
                                for the fiscal year, as periodically 
                                adjusted by the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) the product obtained by 
                        multiplying--
                                    ``(I) the average monthly number of 
                                food stamp recipients in activities not 
                                described in clause (i)(I)(bb) who 
                                during the fiscal year are placed in 
                                and comply with an employment and 
                                training program; by
                                    ``(II) an amount determined by the 
                                Secretary to reflect the reasonable 
                                cost of efficiently and economically 
                                providing employment and training 
                                services to food stamp recipients 
                                described in subclause (I) for the 
                                fiscal year that is less than the 
                                amount determined under clause (i)(II), 
                                as periodically adjusted by the 
                                Secretary.
                    ``(F) Use of funds.--Of the amount of funds a State 
                agency receives under subparagraphs (A) through (E) for 
                a fiscal year, not less than 75 percent shall be used 
                by the State agency in the fiscal year to serve food 
                stamp recipients described in subparagraph 
                (E)(i)(I)(aa) who are placed in and comply with a 
                program described in subparagraph (E)(i)(I)(bb).
                    ``(G) Maintenance of effort.--To receive an amount 
                reserved under subparagraph (A), a State agency shall 
                maintain the expenditures of the State agency for 
                employment and training programs and workfare programs 
                for any fiscal year under paragraph (2), and 
                administrative expenses under section 20(g)(1), at a 
                level that is not less than 75 percent of the level of 
                the expenditures by the State agency to carry out the 
                programs for fiscal year 1996.
            ``(2) Additional payments to states.--If a State agency--
                    ``(A) incurs costs to place individuals in 
                employment and training programs, including the costs 
                for case management and casework to facilitate the 
                transition from economic dependency to self-sufficiency 
                through work; and
                    ``(B) does not use the funds provided under 
                paragraph (1)(A) to defray the costs incurred;
        the Secretary shall pay the State agency an amount equal to 50 
        percent of the costs incurred, subject to paragraph (3).''.

SEC. 1003. DENIAL OF FOOD STAMPS FOR PRISONERS.

    (a) State Plans.--
            (1) In General.--Section 11(e) of the Food Stamp Act of 
        1977 (7 U.S.C. 2020(e)) is amended by striking paragraph (20) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(20) that the State agency shall establish a system and 
        take action on a periodic basis--
                    ``(A) to verify and otherwise ensure that an 
                individual does not receive coupons in more than 1 
                jurisdiction within the State; and
                    ``(B) to verify and otherwise ensure that an 
                individual who is placed under detention in a Federal, 
                State, or local penal, correctional, or other detention 
                facility for more than 30 days shall not be eligible to 
                participate in the food stamp program as a member of 
                any household, except that--
                            ``(i) the Secretary may determine that 
                        extraordinary circumstances make it 
                        impracticable for the State agency to obtain 
                        information necessary to discontinue inclusion 
                        of the individual; and
                            ``(ii) a State agency that obtains 
                        information collected under section 
                        1611(e)(1)(I)(i)(I) of the Social Security Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1382(e)(1)(I)(i)(I)) through an 
                        agreement under section 1611(e)(1)(I)(ii)(II) 
                        of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1382(e)(1)(I)(ii)(II)), 
                        or under another program determined by the 
                        Secretary to be comparable to the program 
                        carried out under that section, shall be 
                        considered in compliance with this 
                        subparagraph.''.
            (2) Limits on disclosure and use of information.--Section 
        11(e)(8)(E) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
        2020(e)(8)(E)) is amended by striking ``paragraph (16)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (16) or (20)(B)''.
            (3) Effective Date.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the amendments made by this subsection shall take 
                effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this Act.
                    (B) Extension.--The Secretary of Agriculture may 
                grant a State an extension of time to comply with the 
                amendments made by this subsection, not to exceed 
                beyond the date that is 2 years after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, if the chief executive officer 
                of the State submits a request for the extension to the 
                Secretary--
                            (i) stating the reasons why the State is 
                        not able to comply with the amendments made by 
                        this subsection by the date that is 1 year 
                        after the date of enactment of this Act;
                            (ii) providing evidence that the State is 
                        making a good faith effort to comply with the 
                        amendments made by this subsection as soon as 
                        practicable; and
                            (iii) detailing a plan to bring the State 
                        into compliance with the amendments made by 
                        this subsection as soon as practicable and not 

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