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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2210

 To reauthorize the Head Start Act to improve the school readiness of 
            disadvantaged children, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              May 22, 2003

 Mr. Castle (for himself, Mr. Boehner, Mr. Regula, Mr. Wilson of South 
Carolina, Mr. Cunningham, Mr. Murphy, Mr. Isakson, Mr. McKeon, and Mr. 
   Brown of South Carolina) introduced the following bill; which was 
        referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To reauthorize the Head Start Act to improve the school readiness of 
            disadvantaged children, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``School Readiness Act of 2003''.

      TITLE I--HEAD START REAUTHORIZATION AND PROGRAM IMPROVEMENTS

SEC. 101. PURPOSE.

    Section 636 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 636. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote school readiness 
by enhancing the development of low-income children, including through 
educational instruction in prereading skills, premathematics skills, 
and language, and through the provision to low-income children and 
their families of health, educational, nutritional, social and other 
services that are determined, based on family needs assessments, to be 
necessary.''.

SEC. 102. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 637 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9832) is amended as 
follows:
            (1) In paragraph (17) by striking ``, but for fiscal year'' 
        and all that follows down to the period.
            (2) By adding the following at the end thereof:
            ``(18) The term `eligible entities' means an institution of 
        higher education or other agency with expertise in delivering 
        training in early childhood development, family support, and 
        other assistance designed to improve the delivery of Head Start 
        services.''.

SEC. 103. AUTHORIZATION.

    Section 639 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9834) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 639. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for 
carrying out the provisions of this subchapter $6,870,000,000 for the 
fiscal year 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 
2005 through 2008.
    ``(b) Specific Programs.--From the amount appropriated under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make available--
            ``(1) not more than $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2004 through 2008 to carry out impact studies under section 
        649(g); and
            ``(2) not more than $13,000,000 for fiscal year 2004, and 
        such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2005 
        through 2008, to carry out other research, demonstration, and 
        evaluation activities, including longitudinal studies, under 
        section 649.
    ``(c) Administrative Expenses.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2004 through 2008 to 
assist participating States with the administrative expenses associated 
with implementing a program under section 643A.''.

SEC. 104. ALLOTMENT OF FUNDS; LIMITATIONS ON ASSISTANCE.

    Section 640 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9835) is amended as 
follows:
            (1) By striking clauses (ii) and (iii) of subsection 
        (a)(2)(B).
            (2) By striking the last sentence of paragraph (2).
            (3) By amending subsection (a)(2)(C) to read as follows:
                    ``(C) training and technical assistance activities 
                that are sufficient to meet the needs associated with 
                program expansion and to foster program and management 
                improvement activities as described in section 648 of 
                this title, in an amount for each fiscal year which is 
                not less than one percent, and shall not exceed 2 
                percent, of the amount appropriated for such fiscal 
                year, of which--
                            ``(i) not less than 50 percent shall be 
                        made available to local Head Start agencies to 
                        comply with the performance standards described 
                        in section 641A(a)(1), of which not less than 
                        50 percent shall be used to comply with the 
                        performance standards described in section 
                        641A(a)(1)(B) and for the uses described in 
                        subparagraph (a)(3)(B)(iii), (a)(3)(B)(iv), and 
                        (a)(3)(B)(vii);
                            ``(ii) not less than 30 percent shall be 
                        made available to support a State system of 
                        early childhood education training and 
                        technical assistance;
                            ``(iii) not less than 20 percent shall be 
                        made available to the Secretary to assist local 
                        programs to meet the performance standards 
                        described in 641A(a)(1); and
                            ``(iv) not less than $3,000,000 of the 
                        amount in clause (iii) appropriated for such 
                        fiscal year shall be made available to carry 
                        out activities described in section 
                        648(d)(4);''.
            (4) In subsection (a)(3)(A)(i)(I) by striking ``1999'' and 
        all that follows down to the semicolon and inserting ``2004 
        through 2008''.
            (5) In subsection (a)(3)(B)(i) by striking ``(a)(1)(A)'' 
        and inserting ``(a)(1)''.
            (6) In subsection (a)(3)(B)(ii) by striking ``staff are'' 
        and inserting ``staff is''.
            (7) In subsection (a)(3)(C) by redesignating clause (vi) as 
        clause (vii) and inserting the following new clause after 
        clause (v):
            ``(vi) To conduct outreach to homeless families in an 
        effort to increase the program participation of eligible 
        homeless children.''.
            (8) In subsection (a)(5)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting ``early childhood education'' 
                after ``regarding''.
            (9) In subsection (a)(5)(C)--
                    (A) by striking ``A State'' and inserting ``In 
                order to improve results for children, a State'';
                    (B) by striking clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) and 
                inserting:
                            ``(i) appoint an individual to serve as the 
                        State collaborator between--
                                    ``(I) the appropriate regional 
                                office of the Administration for 
                                Children and Families;
                                    ``(II) the State educational 
                                agency;
                                    ``(III) the State Department of 
                                Health and Human Services;
                                    ``(IV) the State agency that 
                                oversees child care;
                                    ``(V) the State agency that 
                                oversees children with developmental 
                                disabilities;
                                    ``(VI) the State Head Start 
                                Association;
                                    ``(VII) the State network of child 
                                care resource and referral agencies;
                                    ``(VIII) local educational 
                                agencies;
                                    ``(IX) community-based and faith-
                                based organizations;
                                    ``(X) State migrant and seasonal 
                                Head Start associations;
                                    ``(XI) State Indian Head Start 
                                associations;
                                    ``(XII) State and local providers 
                                of early childhood education and child 
                                care; and
                                    ``(XIII) other entities carrying 
                                out programs serving low-income 
                                children and families in the State.''.
                            ``(ii) ensure that the State collaborator 
                        holds a position with sufficient authority and 
                        access to ensure that the collaboration 
                        described in subparagraph (B) is effective and 
                        involves a range of State agencies;
                            ``(iii) involve the entities described in 
                        section 640(a)(5)(C)(i) to develop a strategic 
                        plan for the coordinated outreach to identify 
                        eligible children and implementation strategies 
                        based on a needs assessment conducted by the 
                        Office of the State Collaborator;'';
                    (C) by amending clause (v) to read as follows:
                            ``(v) consult with the chief State school 
                        officer, local educational agencies, and 
                        representatives of local Head Start agencies in 
                        unified planning regarding early care and 
                        education services at both the State and local 
                        levels, including collaborative efforts to 
                        develop school readiness standards;''; and
                    (D) by inserting the following new clause after 
                clause (v) and redesignating clause (vi) as (vii):
                            ``(vi) consult with the chief State school 
                        officer, local educational agencies, State 
                        child care administrators, State human services 
                        administrators, representatives of local 
                        resource and referral agencies, local early 
                        childhood councils, and other relevant state 
                        and local agencies, and representatives of the 
                        State Head Start Associations to plan for the 
                        provision of full-working-day, full calendar 
                        year early care and education services for 
                        children; and''.
            (10) By amending clause (i) of subsection (a)(5)(D) by 
        inserting ``and providers of services supporting early 
        childhood education and child care'' after ``Associations''.
            (11) By striking subsection (a)(6)(B).
            (12) By inserting the following before the period at the 
        end of section 640(f): ``including models that leverage the 
        existing capacity and capabilities of the delivery system of 
        early childhood education and child care''.
            (13) By inserting the following after ``manner that will'' 
        in section 640(g)(2)(G): ``leverage the existing delivery 
        systems of such services and''.

SEC. 105. DESIGNATION OF AGENCIES.

    Section 641 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836) is amended as 
follows:
            (1) In subsection (a) by inserting after ``community'' in 
        the first place it appears ``any community-based or faith-based 
        organization'' and by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)'' and by 
        adding the following at the end thereof:
    ``(2) In order to be designated as a Head Start agency and to 
receive a grant under this subchapter, a grantee shall establish 
grantee-determined goals for improving the school readiness of children 
participating in a program under this subchapter, which shall include 
goals for--
                    ``(A) educational instruction in prereading, 
                premathematical, and language skills; and
                    ``(B) the provision of health, educational, 
                nutritional, social, and other services.
    ``(3) In order to receive a grant subsequent to the initial grant 
provided following the date of enactment of this subchapter, the 
grantee shall demonstrate that it has met the goals described in (2).''
            (2) In subsection (c)(1) by striking ``unless'' through 
        ``fails to meet'' and inserting ``that fulfills the''.
            (3) By striking paragraph (2) of subsection (c).
            (4) In subsection (d):
                    (A) By inserting the following new paragraphs after 
                paragraph (1):
            ``(2) the capacity of such applicant to serve eligible 
        children with scientifically-based programs that promote school 
        readiness of children participating in the program;
            ``(3) the plan of such applicant to meet standards set 
        forth in section 641A(a)(1), with particular attention to the 
        standards set forth in section 641A(a)(1)(B)(ii);''.
                    (B) By striking paragraph (3) and redesignating 
                paragraph (2) as paragraph (4) and in such paragraph 
                (4), by striking ``to aid participating children in 
                attaining their full potential'' and inserting 
                ``prepare children to succeed in school''.
                    (C) By inserting the following after paragraph (4) 
                and redesignating existing paragraphs (4) through (10) 
                as paragraphs (7) through (13):
            ``(5) the plan of such applicant to coordinate the Head 
        Start program it proposes to carry out with other preschool 
        programs, including Early Reading First and Even Start programs 
        under title I, part B, subparts 1 and 2 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965; other preschool programs 
        carried out under title I of the Act; programs under part C and 
        section 619 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; 
        State prekindergarten programs; and with the educational 
        programs such children will enter at the age of compulsory 
        school attendance;
            ``(6) the plan of such applicant to coordinate the Head 
        Start program it proposes to carry out with private entities 
        with resources available to assist the Head Start Program meet 
        its program needs;''.

SEC. 106. QUALITY STANDARDS; MONITORING OF HEAD START AGENCIES AND 
              PROGRAMS.

    Section 641A of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836a)) is amended as 
follows:
            (1) In subsection (a)(1)(B) by amending clause (ii) to read 
        as follows:
                            ``(ii) additional education standards to 
                        ensure that the children participating in the 

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