Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2359 (ih) To require the Secretary of the Treasury, acting through the Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, to issue minimum safety and security standards for dealers of firearms. ...

H.R. 2359 (ih) To require the Secretary of the Treasury, acting through the Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, to issue minimum safety and security standards for dealers of firearms. ...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org






                                                 Union Calendar No. 176

105th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 2358

                          [Report No. 105-305]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

 To provide for improved monitoring of human rights violations in the 
                      People's Republic of China.

_______________________________________________________________________

                            October 6, 1997

Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
          on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed





                                                 Union Calendar No. 176
105th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2358

                          [Report No. 105-305]

 To provide for improved monitoring of human rights violations in the 
                      People's Republic of China.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             July 31, 1997

    Ms. Ros-Lehtinen (for herself, Mr. King, Mr. Royce, Mr. Cox of 
  California, Mr. Gibbons, Mr. Gilman, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Sam Johnson of 
  Texas, Mr. McIntosh, Mr. Rohrabacher, Mr. Shadegg, Mr. Smith of New 
  Jersey, Mr. Solomon, and Mr. Spence) introduced the following bill; 
     which was referred to the Committee on International Relations

                            October 6, 1997

                     Additional sponsor: Ms. Pelosi

                            October 6, 1997

Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
          on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
  [Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To provide for improved monitoring of human rights violations in the 
                      People's Republic of China.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Political Freedom in China Act of 
1997''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Congress concurs in the following conclusions of 
        the United States State Department on human rights in the 
        People's Republic of China in 1996:
                    (A) The People's Republic of China is ``an 
                authoritarian state'' in which ``citizens lack the 
                freedom to peacefully express opposition to the party-
                led political system and the right to change their 
                national leaders or form of government''.
                    (B) The Government of the People's Republic of 
                China has ``continued to commit widespread and well 
                documented human rights abuses, in violation of 
                internationally accepted norms, stemming from the 
                authorities' intolerance of dissent, fear of unrest, 
                and the absence or inadequacy of laws protecting basic 
                freedoms''.
                    (C) ``[a]buses include torture and mistreatment of 
                prisoners, forced confessions, and arbitrary and 
                incommunicado detention''.
                    (D) ``[p]rison conditions remained harsh [and] 
                [t]he Government continued severe restrictions on 
                freedom of speech, the press, assembly, association, 
                religion, privacy, and worker rights''.
                    (E) ``[a]lthough the Government denies that it 
                holds political prisoners, the number of persons 
                detained or serving sentences for `counterrevolutionary 
                crimes' or `crimes against the <DELETED>state' and</DELETED> 
                state', or for peaceful political or religious 
                activities are believed to number in the thousands''.
                    (F) ``<DELETED>[n]on-approved</DELETED> 
                [n]onapproved religious groups, including Protestant 
                and Catholic groups . . . experienced intensified 
                repression''.
                    (G) ``[s]erious human rights abuses persist in 
                minority areas, including Tibet, <DELETED>Zinjiang,</DELETED> 
                Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia[, and] [c]ontrols on 
                religion and on other fundamental freedoms in these 
                areas have also intensified''.
                    (H) ``[o]verall in 1996, the authorities stepped up 
                efforts to cut off expressions of protest or criticism. 
                All public dissent against the party and government was 
                effectively silenced by intimidation, exile, the 
                imposition of prison terms, administrative detention, 
                or house arrest. No <DELETED>residents</DELETED> 
                dissidents were known to be active at year's end.''.
            (2) In addition to the State Department, credible 
        independent human rights organizations have documented an 
        increase in repression in China during <DELETED>1996,</DELETED> 
        1995, and effective destruction of the dissident movement 
        through the arrest and sentencing of the few remaining pro-
        democracy and human rights activists not already in prison or 
        exile.
            (3) Among those were Wang Dan, a student leader of the 1989 
        pro-democracy protests, sentenced on October 30, 1996, to 11 
        years in prison on charges of conspiring to subvert the 
        Government; Li Hai, sentenced to 9 years in prison on December 
        18, 1996, for gathering information on the victims of the 1989 
        crackdown, which according to the court's verdict constituted 
        ``state secrets''; and Liu Nianchun, an independent labor 
        organizer, sentenced to 3 years of ``re-education through 
        labor'' on July 4, 1996, due to his activities in connection 
        with a petition campaign calling for human rights reforms.
            (4) Many political prisoners are suffering from poor 
        conditions and ill-treatment leading to serious medical and 
        health problems, including--
                    (A) Wei Jingsheng, sentenced to 14 years in prison 
                on December 13, 1996, for conspiring to subvert the 
                government and for ``communication with hostile foreign 
                organizations and individuals, amassing funds in 
                preparation for overthrowing the government and 
                publishing anti-government articles abroad,'' is 
                currently held in Jile No. 1 Prison (formerly the Nanpu 
                New Life Salt Farm) in Hebei province, where he 
                reportedly suffers from severe high blood pressure and 
                a heart condition, worsened by poor conditions of 
                confinement;
                    (B) Gao Yu, a journalist sentenced to 6 years in 
                prison on November 1994 and honored by UNESCO in May 
                1997, has a heart condition; and
                    (C) Chen Longde, a leading human rights advocate 
                now serving a 3-year reeducation through labor sentence 
                imposed without trial in August 1995, has reportedly 
                been subject to repeated beatings and electric shocks 
                at a labor camp for refusing to confess his guilt.
        <DELETED>    (5) In 1997, only 1 official in the United States 
        Embassy in Beijing is assigned to human monitoring human rights 
        in the People's Republic of China, and no officials are 
        assigned to monitor human rights in United States consulates in 
        the People's Republic of China.</DELETED>

SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL AT 
              DIPLOMATIC POSTS TO MONITOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE PEOPLE'S 
              REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to support personnel to 
monitor political repression in the People's Republic of China in the 
United States Embassy in Beijing, as well as the American consulates in 
Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang, Chengdu, and Hong Kong, $2,200,000 for 
fiscal year 1998 and $2,200,000 for fiscal year 1999.

Pages: 1

Other Popular 105th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 S. 1883 (enr) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to convey the Marion National Fish Hatchery and the Claude Harris National Aquacultural Research Center to the State of Alabama, and for other purposes. ...
2 H.R. 952 (ih) To clarify the mission, purposes, and authorized uses of the National Wildlife Refuge System, and to establish requirements for administration and conservation planning for that system. ...
3 S. 872 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for the nonrecognition of gain for sale of stock to certain farmers' cooperatives, and for other purposes. ...
4 H.R. 2796 (enr) To authorize the reimbursement of members of the Army deployed to Europe in support of operations in Bosnia for certain out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the members during the period beginning on October 1, 1996, and ending on May 31, 19...
5 H.R. 79 (rh) To provide for the conveyance of certain land in the Six Rivers National Forest in the State of California for the benefit of the Hoopa Valley Tribe. ...
6 S.Con.Res. 115 (rfh) To authorize the printing of copies of the publication entitled ``The United States Capitol'' as a Senate document. ...
7 H.R. 4484 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow a deduction for expenses paid for attending conferences on treatment and management relating to a dependent child's chronic medical condition. ...
8 H.R. 4354 (eh) To establish the United States Capitol Police Memorial Fund on behalf of the families of Detective John Michael Gibson and Private First Class Jacob Joseph Chestnut of the United States Capitol Police. ...
9 S. 453 (is) To study the high rate of cancer among children in Dover Township, New Jersey, and for other purposes. ...
10 H.R. 2646 (enr) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow tax-free expenditures from education individual retirement accounts for elementary and secondary school expenses, to increase the maximum annual amount of contributions to such accounts,...
11 H.R. 2616 (eh) To amend titles VI and X of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to improve and expand charter schools. ...
12 H.R. 3069 (ih) To extend the Advisory Council on California Indian Policy to allow the Advisory Council to advise Congress on the implementation of the proposals and recommendations of the Advisory Council. ...
13 H.J.Res. 102 (eh) Expressing the sense of the Congress on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the modern State of Israel and reaffirming the bonds of friendship and cooperation between the United States and Israel. ...
14 H.R. 547 (ih) To require the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture to establish grazing fees at fair market value for use of public grazing lands. ...
15 S. 2505 (is) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to convey title to the Tunnison Lab Hagerman Field Station in Gooding County, Idaho, to the University of Idaho. ...
16 H.R. 3476 (ih) To reform the financing of Federal elections. ...
17 S. 924 (pcs) To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1998 for military ...
18 S. 1029 (is) To provide loan forgiveness for individuals who earn a degree in early childhood education, and enter and remain employed in the early child care profession, to provide loan cancellation for certain child care providers, and for other purpose...
19 S. 2168 (pcs) Making appropriations for the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and for sundry independent agencies, commissions, corporations, and offices for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1999, and for other purpose...
20 H.R. 1057 (ih) To designate the building in Indianapolis, Indiana, which houses the operations of the Circle City Station Post Office as the ``Andrew Jacobs, Jr. Post Office Building''. ...
21 H.R. 3511 (ih) To amend title XI of the Social Security Act to authorize the Secretary of Health and Human Services to provide additional exceptions to the imposition of civil money penalties in cases of payments to beneficiaries. ...
22 S. 12 (is) To improve education for the 21st Century. ...
23 S. 2141 (is) To require certain notices in any mailing using a game of chance for the promotion of a product or service, and for other purposes. ...
24 S. 1894 (is) To amend the Alcoholic Beverage Labeling Act of 1988 to improve a warning label requirement. ...
25 S. 1377 (es) To amend the Act incorporating the American Legion to make a technical correction. ...
26 S. 2240 (rs) To establish the Adams National Historical Park in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and for other purposes. ...
27 S.Res. 310 (ats) Authorizing the printing of background information on the Committee on Foreign Relations as a Senate document. ...
28 H.R. 2566 (ih) To amend title 5, United States Code, to expand the class of ...
29 H.R. 2645 (ih) To make technical corrections related to the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 and certain other tax legislation. ...
30 H.R. 3577 (ih) To provide parent-child testimonial privileges in Federal civil and criminal proceedings. ...


Other Documents:

105th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy