| Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2359 (ih) To require the Secretary of the Treasury, acting through the Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, to issue minimum safety and security standards for dealers of firearms. ...
H.R. 2359 (ih) To require the Secretary of the Treasury, acting through the Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, to issue minimum safety and security standards for dealers of firearms. ...
Union Calendar No. 176 105th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2358 [Report No. 105-305] _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To provide for improved monitoring of human rights violations in the People's Republic of China. _______________________________________________________________________ October 6, 1997 Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed Union Calendar No. 176 105th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2358 [Report No. 105-305] To provide for improved monitoring of human rights violations in the People's Republic of China. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES July 31, 1997 Ms. Ros-Lehtinen (for herself, Mr. King, Mr. Royce, Mr. Cox of California, Mr. Gibbons, Mr. Gilman, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Sam Johnson of Texas, Mr. McIntosh, Mr. Rohrabacher, Mr. Shadegg, Mr. Smith of New Jersey, Mr. Solomon, and Mr. Spence) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations October 6, 1997 Additional sponsor: Ms. Pelosi October 6, 1997 Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed [Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic] _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To provide for improved monitoring of human rights violations in the People's Republic of China. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Political Freedom in China Act of 1997''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress makes the following findings: (1) The Congress concurs in the following conclusions of the United States State Department on human rights in the People's Republic of China in 1996: (A) The People's Republic of China is ``an authoritarian state'' in which ``citizens lack the freedom to peacefully express opposition to the party- led political system and the right to change their national leaders or form of government''. (B) The Government of the People's Republic of China has ``continued to commit widespread and well documented human rights abuses, in violation of internationally accepted norms, stemming from the authorities' intolerance of dissent, fear of unrest, and the absence or inadequacy of laws protecting basic freedoms''. (C) ``[a]buses include torture and mistreatment of prisoners, forced confessions, and arbitrary and incommunicado detention''. (D) ``[p]rison conditions remained harsh [and] [t]he Government continued severe restrictions on freedom of speech, the press, assembly, association, religion, privacy, and worker rights''. (E) ``[a]lthough the Government denies that it holds political prisoners, the number of persons detained or serving sentences for `counterrevolutionary crimes' or `crimes against the <DELETED>state' and</DELETED> state', or for peaceful political or religious activities are believed to number in the thousands''. (F) ``<DELETED>[n]on-approved</DELETED> [n]onapproved religious groups, including Protestant and Catholic groups . . . experienced intensified repression''. (G) ``[s]erious human rights abuses persist in minority areas, including Tibet, <DELETED>Zinjiang,</DELETED> Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia[, and] [c]ontrols on religion and on other fundamental freedoms in these areas have also intensified''. (H) ``[o]verall in 1996, the authorities stepped up efforts to cut off expressions of protest or criticism. All public dissent against the party and government was effectively silenced by intimidation, exile, the imposition of prison terms, administrative detention, or house arrest. No <DELETED>residents</DELETED> dissidents were known to be active at year's end.''. (2) In addition to the State Department, credible independent human rights organizations have documented an increase in repression in China during <DELETED>1996,</DELETED> 1995, and effective destruction of the dissident movement through the arrest and sentencing of the few remaining pro- democracy and human rights activists not already in prison or exile. (3) Among those were Wang Dan, a student leader of the 1989 pro-democracy protests, sentenced on October 30, 1996, to 11 years in prison on charges of conspiring to subvert the Government; Li Hai, sentenced to 9 years in prison on December 18, 1996, for gathering information on the victims of the 1989 crackdown, which according to the court's verdict constituted ``state secrets''; and Liu Nianchun, an independent labor organizer, sentenced to 3 years of ``re-education through labor'' on July 4, 1996, due to his activities in connection with a petition campaign calling for human rights reforms. (4) Many political prisoners are suffering from poor conditions and ill-treatment leading to serious medical and health problems, including-- (A) Wei Jingsheng, sentenced to 14 years in prison on December 13, 1996, for conspiring to subvert the government and for ``communication with hostile foreign organizations and individuals, amassing funds in preparation for overthrowing the government and publishing anti-government articles abroad,'' is currently held in Jile No. 1 Prison (formerly the Nanpu New Life Salt Farm) in Hebei province, where he reportedly suffers from severe high blood pressure and a heart condition, worsened by poor conditions of confinement; (B) Gao Yu, a journalist sentenced to 6 years in prison on November 1994 and honored by UNESCO in May 1997, has a heart condition; and (C) Chen Longde, a leading human rights advocate now serving a 3-year reeducation through labor sentence imposed without trial in August 1995, has reportedly been subject to repeated beatings and electric shocks at a labor camp for refusing to confess his guilt. <DELETED> (5) In 1997, only 1 official in the United States Embassy in Beijing is assigned to human monitoring human rights in the People's Republic of China, and no officials are assigned to monitor human rights in United States consulates in the People's Republic of China.</DELETED> SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL AT DIPLOMATIC POSTS TO MONITOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. There are authorized to be appropriated to support personnel to monitor political repression in the People's Republic of China in the United States Embassy in Beijing, as well as the American consulates in Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang, Chengdu, and Hong Kong, $2,200,000 for fiscal year 1998 and $2,200,000 for fiscal year 1999.
Other Popular 105th Congressional Bills Documents:
|GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.|
Supreme Court Decisions
104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents
1994 Presidential Documents