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H.R. 2364 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to repeal the alternative minimum tax. [Introduced in House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2363

  To improve early learning opportunities and promote preparedness by 
  increasing the availability of Head Start programs, to increase the 
 availability and affordability of quality child care, to reduce child 
  hunger and encourage healthy eating habits, to facilitate parental 
                  involvement, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              June 5, 2003

    Ms. DeLauro (for herself, Mr. Cummings, Mrs. Jones of Ohio, Ms. 
 Woolsey, Mr. McNulty, Mr. Owens, Mr. Sanders, Ms. Solis, Ms. Kaptur, 
  Mr. Pallone, Mr. Serrano, Mr. Waxman, Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas, Mr. 
  Rodriguez, Mr. Frost, Ms. Lofgren, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Allen, and Mr. 
Brown of Ohio) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
   Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the 
       Committees on Energy and Commerce, Ways and Means, House 
Administration, Government Reform, and Agriculture, for a period to be 
subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration 
  of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee 
                               concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To improve early learning opportunities and promote preparedness by 
  increasing the availability of Head Start programs, to increase the 
 availability and affordability of quality child care, to reduce child 
  hunger and encourage healthy eating habits, to facilitate parental 
                  involvement, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Right Start Act of 
2003''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings.
                    TITLE I--INVESTING IN HEAD START

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
  TITLE II--IMPROVING THE AFFORDABILITY AND QUALITY OF CHILD CARE FOR 
                            WORKING FAMILIES

Sec. 201. Increase in funding for child care.
Sec. 202. Clarification of authority of States to use TANF funds 
                            carried over from prior years to provide 
                            TANF benefits and services.
   TITLE III--FIGHTING CHILDHOOD HUNGER AND PROMOTING HEALTHY EATING 
                                 HABITS

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Findings.
Sec. 303. Definitions.
                      Subtitle A--Training Grants

Sec. 311. Grants to provide training for health profession students.
Sec. 312. Grants to provide training for health professionals.
                        Subtitle B--Local Grants

Sec. 321. Grants to increase physical activity and improve nutrition.
                   Subtitle C--School Health Program

Sec. 331. Establishment of a coordinated school health program.
Sec. 332. National Center for Health Statistics.
                Subtitle D--Institute of Medicine Study

Sec. 341. Study of the food supplement and nutrition programs of the 
                            Department of Agriculture.
     Subtitle E--Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Studies

Sec. 351. Evidence report on weight reduction programs.
Sec. 352. Health disparities report.
     Subtitle F--Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant

Sec. 361. Use of allotments.
      Subtitle G--Medicare Nutrition Therapy Demonstration Project

Sec. 371. Demonstration project to reduce obesity and other chronic 
                            disease risks.
      Subtitle H--Overweight and Obesity Treatment and Prevention 
                         Demonstration Projects

Sec. 381. Grants to local healthcare delivery systems.
                    Subtitle I--Research on Obesity

Sec. 391. Report on obesity research.
                    Subtitle J--Youth Media Campaign

Sec. 395. Grants and contracts for a national campaign to change 
                            children's health behaviors.
                    Subtitle K--Sense of the Senate

Sec. 399. Sense of the Senate concerning nutrition.
TITLE IV--SUPPORTING SERVICES TO LOW-INCOME FAMILIES THROUGH THE SOCIAL 
                          SERVICES BLOCK GRANT

Sec. 401. Increase in funding.
          TITLE V--EXPANDING THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT

Sec. 501. Short title.
Sec. 502. Findings.
    Subtitle A--Family Income To Respond to Significant Transitions

Sec. 511. Short title.
Sec. 512. Purposes. 
Sec. 513. Definitions.
Sec. 514. Demonstration projects.
Sec. 515. Notification.
Sec. 516. Evaluations and reports.
Sec. 517. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 518. Technical and conforming amendments.
                 Subtitle B--Family Friendly Workplaces

Sec. 521. Short title.
Sec. 522. Coverage of employees.
          Subtitle C--Employment Protection for Battered Women

Sec. 531. Entitlement to leave for addressing domestic violence for 
                            non-Federal employees.
Sec. 532. Entitlement to leave for addressing domestic violence for 
                            Federal employees.
Sec. 533. Existing leave usable for domestic violence.
           Subtitle D--Federal Employees Paid Parental Leave

Sec. 541. Short title.
Sec. 542. Demonstration project.
Sec. 543. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 544. Effective date.
                      Subtitle E--Time for Schools

Sec. 551. Short title.
Sec. 552. General requirements for leave.
Sec. 553. School involvement leave for civil service employees.
Sec. 554. Effective date.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Learning is an active process that begins at birth, is 
        dependent on the existence of strong and stable relationships, 
        is influenced by a child's physical, emotional, social, and 
        cognitive capacities, and is shaped by a combination of biology 
        and experience.
            (2) Before children reach the age of 2 years, measurable 
        differentiation in their development and skills begins to 
        appear. In the absence of intervention, that differentiation 
        may increase over the preschool years.
            (3) Early childhood, which is the period in a child's life 
        from birth through the age of 6 years, is a critical time for 
        children to develop the physical, emotional, social, and 
        cognitive skills they will need for the rest of their lives. 
        Good nutrition and health care are essential to maximize the 
        development process.
            (4) Young children receive care in a wide variety of 
        settings. While 38 percent of young children receive care 
        solely from their parents, the remaining 62 percent receive 
        care through a variety of full-time and part-time arrangements, 
        including by relatives, by nonrelatives (in a variety of home-
        based settings), and through center-based programs.
            (5) The cognitive, social, and emotional development of 
        young children can be enhanced through parental involvement and 
        high-quality early care, and developmentally appropriate early 
        education activities.
            (6) Research indicates that successful academic achievement 
        in education programs for children in kindergarten and grades 1 
        through 12 is linked to participation in high quality early 
        care, including access to health care and nutrition, and early 
        education activities.
            (7) The United States will be stronger now and in the 
        future if the Nation invests in its children today.

                    TITLE I--INVESTING IN HEAD START

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 639(a) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
9834(a)) is amended by striking ``such sums'' and all that follows and 
inserting the following: ``$7,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2004, 
$8,290,000,000 for fiscal year 2005, $9,040,000,000 for fiscal year 
2006, $9,890,000,000 for fiscal year 2007, and $10,890,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2008.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Reservations.--Paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 639(b) 
        of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9834(b)) are amended by 
        striking ``2003'' and inserting ``2008''.
            (2) Distribution.--Paragraphs (3)(A)(i)(I) and (6)(A) of 
        section 640(a) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9835(a)) are 
        amended by striking ``fiscal year 2003'' and inserting ``each 
        of fiscal years 2004 through 2008''.

  TITLE II--IMPROVING THE AFFORDABILITY AND QUALITY OF CHILD CARE FOR 
                            WORKING FAMILIES

SEC. 201. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CHILD CARE.

    (a) Increase in Funding.--Section 418(a)(3) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 618(a)(3)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (E);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (F) 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) $3,717,000,000 for fiscal year 2004;
                    ``(H) $4,217,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;
                    ``(I) $4,917,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
                    ``(J) $5,617,000,000 for fiscal year 2007; and
                    ``(K) $6,367,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.''.
    (b) Increase in Set Aside for Child Care Quality.--Section 658G of 
the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
9858e) is amended by striking ``4 percent'' and inserting ``10 
percent''.
    (c) Indian Tribes and Puerto Rico.--
            (1) In general.--Section 418(a) of the Social Security Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 618(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(4) Amounts reserved.--
                    ``(A) Indian tribes.--The Secretary shall reserve 2 
                percent of the aggregate amount appropriated to carry 
                out this section under paragraphs (3) and (5) for each 
                fiscal year for payments to Indian tribes and tribal 
                organizations for each such fiscal year for the purpose 
                of providing child care assistance.
                    ``(B) Puerto rico.--The Secretary shall reserve 
                $10,000,000 of the amount appropriated under paragraph 
                (3) for each fiscal year for payments to the 
                Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for each such fiscal year 
                for the purpose of providing child care assistance.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1108(a)(2) of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1308(a)(2)) is amended by striking ``or 
        413(f)'' and inserting ``413(f), or 418(a)(4)(B)''.

SEC. 202. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF STATES TO USE TANF FUNDS 
              CARRIED OVER FROM PRIOR YEARS TO PROVIDE TANF BENEFITS 
              AND SERVICES.

    Section 404(e) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 604(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Assistance'' 
        and inserting ``benefits or services''; and
            (2) after the heading, by striking ``assistance'' and 
        inserting ``any benefit or service that may be provided''.

   TITLE III--FIGHTING CHILDHOOD HUNGER AND PROMOTING HEALTHY EATING 
                                 HABITS

SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Improved Nutrition and Physical 
Activity Act'' or the ``IMPACT Act''.

SEC. 302. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) An estimated 61 percent of United States adults and 13 
        percent of children and adolescents are overweight or obese.
            (2) The prevalence of obesity and being overweight is 
        increasing among all age groups. There are twice the number of 
        overweight children and 3 times the number of overweight 
        adolescents as there were 29 years ago.
            (3) An estimated 300,000 deaths a year are associated with 
        being overweight or obese.
            (4) Obesity and being overweight are associated with 
        increased risk for heart disease (the leading cause of death), 
        cancer (the second leading cause of death), diabetes (the 6th 
        leading cause of death), and musculoskeletal disorders.
            (5) Individuals who are obese have a 50 to 100 percent 
        increased risk of premature death.
            (6) The Healthy People 2010 goals identify obesity and 
        being overweight as one of the Nation's leading health problems 
        and include objectives of increasing the proportion of adults 
        who are at a healthy weight, reducing the proportion of adults 
        who are obese, and reducing the proportion of children and 
        adolescents who are overweight or obese.
            (7) Another goal of Healthy People 2010 is to eliminate 
        health disparities among different segments of the population. 
        Obesity is a health problem that disproportionally impacts 
medically underserved populations.

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