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H.R. 2442 (eas) [Engrossed Amendment Senate] ...
Union Calendar No. 112 108th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2441 [Report No. 108-205] To establish the Millennium Challenge Account to provide increased support for developing countries that have fostered democracy and the rule of law, invested in their citizens, and promoted economic freedom; to assess the impact and effectiveness of United States economic assistance; to authorize the expansion of the Peace Corps, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES June 12, 2003 Mr. Hyde (for himself, Mr. Lantos, Mr. Green of Wisconsin, Ms. Harris, Ms. Lee, Mr. Crowley, Mr. LaHood, and Mr. Janklow) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations July 14, 2003 Additional sponsors: Mr. Bereuter, Mrs. McCarthy of New York, Mrs. Napolitano, Mr. Shimkus, Ms. McCollum, Mr. Calvert, Mr. Platts, Mr. Larson of Connecticut, Mr. Schiff, Mr. Bachus, Mr. Leach, Mr. McCotter, Mr. English, Mr. Oxley, Mr. Whitfield, Mr. Simmons, Mr. Pickering, Mr. Terry, Mrs. Miller of Michigan, Mr. Smith of New Jersey, Mr. Upton, Mr. King of New York, Mr. Ballenger, Mr. Thornberry, Mr. Nethercutt, Mrs. Wilson of New Mexico, Mr. Johnson of Illinois, Mr. Issa, Mrs. Northrup, Mr. Rohrabacher, Mr. Houghton, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Ackerman, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Boucher, Mr. Payne, Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas, Mr. Wynn, Mr. Tierney, Mr. Case, Mr. Farr, Mr. Moran of Virginia, Mr. Berman, Mr. Udall of Colorado, Mr. Frost, Ms. Woolsey, Mr. Weller, Mr. LaTourette, Mr. Faleomavaega, Mr. Blumenauer, Mr. Bell, Mr. Engel, Mr. Snyder, Mr. Smith of Washington, Mr. Ballance, Ms. Ros-Lehtinen, Mr. Rogers of Michigan, Mr. Dingell, Mr. Frank of Massachusetts, Mr. Price of North Carolina, Mrs. Bono, and Mr. Royce July 14, 2003 Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic] [For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on June 12, 2003] _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To establish the Millennium Challenge Account to provide increased support for developing countries that have fostered democracy and the rule of law, invested in their citizens, and promoted economic freedom; to assess the impact and effectiveness of United States economic assistance; to authorize the expansion of the Peace Corps, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Millennium Challenge Account Authorization and Peace Corps Expansion Act of 2003''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. DIVISION A--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ACCOUNT TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 101. Definitions. Sec. 102. Sunset. TITLE II--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ASSISTANCE Sec. 201. Findings; statement of policy. Sec. 202. Authorization of assistance. Sec. 203. Eligibility and related requirements. Sec. 204. Millennium Challenge Compact. Sec. 205. Suspension and termination of assistance. Sec. 206. Annual report. Sec. 207. Participation of certain United States businesses. Sec. 208. Authorization of appropriations; related authorities. TITLE III--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION Sec. 301. Millennium Challenge Corporation. Sec. 302. Chief Executive Officer. Sec. 303. Board of Directors. Sec. 304. Interagency coordination. Sec. 305. Powers of the Corporation; related provisions. Sec. 306. Transparency and accountability of the Corporation. Sec. 307. Detail of personnel to the Corporation; other authorities and limitations. Sec. 308. Millennium Challenge Advisory Council. Sec. 309. Millennium Challenge seed grants. TITLE IV--PROVISIONS RELATING TO UNITED STATES ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE Sec. 401. Definition. Sec. 402. Framework for assistance. Sec. 403. Report relating to impact and effectiveness of assistance. DIVISION B--REAUTHORIZATION AND EXPANSION OF THE PEACE CORPS TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 1001. Definitions. Sec. 1002. Findings. TITLE XI--AMENDMENTS TO PEACE CORPS ACT; RELATED PROVISIONS Sec. 1101. Advancing the goals of the Peace Corps. Sec. 1102. Reports and consultations. Sec. 1103. Special volunteer recruitment and placement for certain countries. Sec. 1104. Global Infectious Diseases Initiative; coordination of HIV/ AIDS activities. Sec. 1105. Peace Corps National Advisory Council. Sec. 1106. Readjustment allowances. Sec. 1107. Programs and projects of returned Peace Corps volunteers and former staff. Sec. 1108. Declaration of policy. Sec. 1109. Peace Corps in Sierra Leone. Sec. 1110. Authorization of appropriations. DIVISION A--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ACCOUNT TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS. In this division: (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means-- (A) the Committee on International Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives; and (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate. (2) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the Board of Directors of the Corporation established pursuant to section 303 of this Act. (3) Compact.--The term ``Compact'' means the Millennium Challenge Compact described in section 204 of this Act. (4) Corporation.--The term ``Corporation'' means the Millennium Challenge Corporation established under section 301 of this Act. (5) Council.--The term ``Council'' means the Millennium Challenge Advisory Council established under section 308 of this Act. (6) Millennium development goals.--The term ``Millennium Development Goals'' means the key objectives described in the United Nations Millennium Declaration, as contained in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/2 (September 2000), which aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other infectious diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, and develop a global partnership for development. SEC. 102. SUNSET. All authorities under this division (other than title IV) shall terminate on October 1, 2007. TITLE II--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ASSISTANCE SEC. 201. FINDINGS; STATEMENT OF POLICY. (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following: (1) A principal objective of United States foreign assistance programs, as stated in section 101 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, is the ``encouragement and sustained support of the people of developing countries in their efforts to acquire the knowledge and resources essential to development and to build the economic, political, and social institutions which will improve the quality of their lives''. (2) The expanding acceptance of free trade and open markets and the spread of democracy and the rule of law have brought a better way of life to an increasing number of people in the world. (3) Inequalities between men and women undermine development and poverty-reduction efforts in fundamental ways. A woman's limited access to resources and restrictions on the exercise of her rights, including the right to participate in social and political processes, disables her from maximizing her contribution to her family's health, education, and general well-being. (4) On March 14, 2002, the President noted the successes of development assistance programs: ``The advances of free markets and trade and democracy and rule of law have brought prosperity to an ever-widening circle of people in this world. During our lifetime, per capita income in the poorest countries has nearly doubled. Illiteracy has been cut by one-third, giving more children a chance to learn. Infant mortality has been almost halved, giving more children a chance to live.''. (5) Development is neither an easy process nor a linear one. There are successes and there are failures. Today, too many people are still living in poverty, disease has eroded many of the economic and social gains of previous decades, and many countries have not adopted policies, for a variety of reasons, that would enable them to compete in an open and equitable international economic system. (6) More countries and more people will be able to participate in and benefit from the opportunities afforded by the global economy if the following conditions for sound and sustainable economic development are met: (A) Security.--Security is necessary for economic development. Persistent poverty and oppression can lead to hopelessness, despair, and to failed states that become havens for terrorists. (B) Policies that support broad-based economic growth.--Successful long-term development can only occur through broad-based economic growth that enables the poor to increase their incomes and have access to productive resources and services so that they can lead lives of decency, dignity, and hope. (C) Democracy and the rule of law.--Democratic development, political pluralism, and respect for internationally recognized human rights are intrinsically linked to economic and social progress. The ability of people to participate in the economic and political processes affecting their lives is essential to sustained growth. The rule of law and a commitment to fight corruption is also critical to the development of a prosperous society. (D) Investments in people.--Economic growth and democracy can be sustained only if both men and women have the basic tools and capabilities that foster the opportunity for participation in the economic, social, and political life of their countries. Successful development of countries requires citizens who are literate, healthy, and prepared and able to work. (7) Economic assistance programs authorized under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as administered by the United States Agency for International Development and other Federal agencies, are of critical importance in assisting countries to be in a position to maximize the effectiveness of assistance authorized by this title. (8) It is in the national interest of the United States to help those countries that are implementing the economic and political reforms necessary for development to occur. (9) On March 14, 2002, the President stated that the ``growing divide between wealth and poverty, between opportunity and misery, is both a challenge to our compassion and a source of instability . . . [w]e must confront it . . . [w]e must include every African, every Asian, every Latin American, every Muslim, in an expanding circle of development.''. (10) The President has pledged that funds requested for the Millennium Challenge Account shall be in addition to, and not a substitute for, existing development and humanitarian programs. (11) Development assistance alone is not sufficient to stimulate economic growth and development. Assistance has been shown to have a positive impact on growth and development in developing countries with sound policies and institutions. If countries have poor policies and institutions, however, it is highly unlikely that assistance will have a net positive effect. (12) Economic development, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, must be a shared responsibility between donor and recipient countries. (b) Statement of Policy Regarding a New Compact for Global Development.--It is, therefore, the policy of the United States to support a new compact for global development that-- (1) increases support by donor countries to those developing countries that are fostering democracy and the rule of law, investing in their people, and promoting economic freedom for all their people; (2) recognizes, however, that it is the developing countries themselves that are primarily responsible for the achievement of those goals; (3) seeks to coordinate the disparate development assistance policies of donor countries, and to harmonize the trade and finance policies of donor countries with their respective development assistance programs; and (4) aims to reduce poverty by significantly increasing the economic growth trajectory of beneficiary countries through
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