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H.R. 2455 (ih) To establish Federal penalties for prohibited uses and disclosures of individually identifiable health information, to establish a right in an individual to inspect and copy their own health information, and for other purposes. [Introduced...
Calendar No. 322 106th CONGRESS 1st Session H.R. 2454 [Report No. 106-188] _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To assure the long-term conservation of mid-continent light geese and the biological diversity of the ecosystem upon which many North American migratory birds depend, by directing the Secretary of the Interior to implement rules to reduce the overabundant population of mid-continent light geese. _______________________________________________________________________ October 14, 1999 Reported with amendments and an amendment to the title Calendar No. 322 106th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2454 [Report No. 106-188] To assure the long-term conservation of mid-continent light geese and the biological diversity of the ecosystem upon which many North American migratory birds depend, by directing the Secretary of the Interior to implement rules to reduce the overabundant population of mid-continent light geese. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES August 3, 1999 Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works October 14, 1999 Reported by Mr. Chafee, with amendments and an amendment to the title [Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic] _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To assure the long-term conservation of mid-continent light geese and the biological diversity of the ecosystem upon which many North American migratory birds depend, by directing the Secretary of the Interior to implement rules to reduce the overabundant population of mid-continent light geese. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I--ARCTIC TUNDRA HABITAT EMERGENCY CONSERVATION <DELETED>SECTION 1.</DELETED> SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE. This <DELETED>Act</DELETED> title may be cited as the ``Arctic Tundra Habitat Emergency Conservation Act''. <DELETED>SEC. 2.</DELETED> SEC. 102. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following: (1) The winter index population of mid-continent light geese was 800,000 birds in 1969, while the total population of such geese is more than 5,200,000 birds today. (2) The population of mid-continent light geese is expanding by over 5 percent each year, and in the absence of new wildlife management actions it could grow to more than 6,800,000 breeding light geese in 3 years. (3) The primary reasons for this unprecedented population growth are-- (A) the expansion of agricultural areas and the resulting abundance of cereal grain crops in the United States; (B) the establishment of sanctuaries along the United States flyways of migrating light geese; and (C) a decline in light geese harvest rates. (4) As a direct result of this population explosion, the Hudson Bay Lowlands Salt-Marsh ecosystem in Canada is being systematically destroyed. This ecosystem contains approximately 135,000 acres of essential habitat for migrating light geese and many other avian species. Biologists have testified that one-third of this habitat has been destroyed, one-third is on the brink of devastation, and the remaining one-third is overgrazed. (5) The destruction of the Arctic tundra is having a severe negative impact on many avian species that breed or migrate through this habitat, including the following: (A) Canada Goose. (B) American Wigeon. (C) Dowitcher. (D) Hudsonian Godwit. (E) Stilt Sandpiper. (F) Northern Shoveler. (G) Red-Breasted Merganser. (H) Oldsquaw. (I) Parasitic Jaeger. (J) Whimbrel. (K) Yellow Rail. (6) It is essential that the current population of mid- continent light geese be reduced by 50 percent by the year 2005 to ensure that the fragile Arctic tundra is not irreversibly damaged. (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this <DELETED>Act</DELETED> title are the following: (1) To reduce the population of mid-continent light geese. (2) To assure the long-term conservation of mid-continent light geese and the biological diversity of the ecosystem upon which many North American migratory birds depend. <DELETED>SEC. 3.</DELETED> SEC. 103. FORCE AND EFFECT OF RULES TO CONTROL OVERABUNDANT MID-CONTINENT LIGHT GEESE POPULATIONS. (a) Force and Effect.-- (1) In general.--The rules published by the Service on February 16, 1999, relating to use of additional hunting methods to increase the harvest of mid-continent light geese (64 Fed. Reg. 7507-7517) and the establishment of a conservation order for the reduction of mid-continent light goose populations (64 Fed. Reg. 7517-7528), shall have the force and effect of law. (2) Public notice.--The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Service, shall take such action as is necessary to appropriately notify the public of the force and effect of the rules referred to in paragraph (1). (b) Application.--Subsection (a) shall apply only during the period that-- (1) begins on the date of the enactment of this Act; and (2) ends on the latest of-- (A) the effective date of rules issued by the Service after such date of enactment to control overabundant mid-continent light geese populations; (B) the date of the publication of a final environmental impact statement for such rules under section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)); and (C) May 15, 2001. (c) Rule of Construction.--This section shall not be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary or the Service to issue rules, under another law, to regulate the taking of mid-continent light geese. <DELETED>SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS. </DELETED>SEC. 104. COMPREHENSIVE MANAGEMENT PLAN. (a) In General.--Not later than the end of the period described in section 103(b), the Secretary shall prepare, and as appropriate implement, a comprehensive, long-term plan for the management of mid- continent light geese and the conservation of their habitat. (b) Required Elements.--The plan shall apply principles of adaptive resource management and shall include-- (1) a description of methods for monitoring the levels of populations and the levels of harvest of mid-continent light geese, and recommendations concerning long-term harvest levels; (2) recommendations concerning other means for the management of mid-continent light goose populations, taking into account the reasons for the population growth specified in section 102(a)(3); (3) an assessment of, and recommendations relating to, conservation of the breeding habitat of mid-continent light geese; (4) an assessment of, and recommendations relating to, conservation of native species of wildlife adversely affected by the overabundance of mid-continent light geese, including the species specified in section 102(a)(5); and (5) an identification of methods for promoting collaboration with the government of Canada, States, and other interested persons. (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2002. SEC. 105. DEFINITIONS. In this <DELETED>Act</DELETED> title: (1) Mid-continent light geese.--The term ``mid-continent light geese'' means Lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens caerulescens) and Ross' geese (Anser rossii) that primarily migrate between Canada and the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Interior. (3) Service.--The term ``Service'' means the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. TITLE II--NEOTROPICAL MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the ``Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act''. SEC. 202. FINDINGS. Congress finds that-- (1) of the nearly 800 bird species known to occur in the United States, approximately 500 migrate among countries, and the large majority of those species, the neotropical migrants, winter in Latin America and the Caribbean; (2) neotropical migratory bird species provide invaluable environmental, economic, recreational, and aesthetic benefits to the United States, as well as to the Western Hemisphere; (3)(A) many neotropical migratory bird populations, once considered common, are in decline, and some have declined to the point that their long-term survival in the wild is in jeopardy; and (B) the primary reason for the decline in the populations of those species is habitat loss and degradation (including pollution and contamination) across the species' range; and (4)(A) because neotropical migratory birds range across numerous international borders each year, their conservation requires the commitment and effort of all countries along their migration routes; and (B) although numerous initiatives exist to conserve migratory birds and their habitat, those initiatives can be significantly strengthened and enhanced by increased coordination. SEC. 203. PURPOSES. The purposes of this title are-- (1) to perpetuate healthy populations of neotropical migratory birds; (2) to assist in the conservation of neotropical migratory birds by supporting conservation initiatives in the United States, Latin America, and the Caribbean; and (3) to provide financial resources and to foster international cooperation for those initiatives. SEC. 204. DEFINITIONS. In this title: (1) Account.--The term ``Account'' means the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Account established by section 209(a). (2) Conservation.--The term ``conservation'' means the use of methods and procedures necessary to bring a species of neotropical migratory bird to the point at which there are sufficient populations in the wild to ensure the long-term viability of the species, including-- (A) protection and management of neotropical migratory bird populations; (B) maintenance, management, protection, and restoration of neotropical migratory bird habitat; (C) research and monitoring; (D) law enforcement; and (E) community outreach and education. (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Interior. SEC. 205. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE. (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to provide financial assistance for projects to promote the conservation of neotropical migratory birds. (b) Project Applicants.--A project proposal may be submitted by-- (1) an individual, corporation, partnership, trust, association, or other private entity; (2) an officer, employee, agent, department, or instrumentality of the Federal Government, of any State, municipality, or political subdivision of a State, or of any foreign government; (3) a State, municipality, or political subdivision of a State; (4) any other entity subject to the jurisdiction of the United States or of any foreign country; and (5) an international organization (as defined in section 1 of the International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288)). (c) Project Proposals.--To be considered for financial assistance for a project under this title, an applicant shall submit a project proposal that-- (1) includes--
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