Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2513 (rfs) To direct the Administrator of General Services to acquire a building located in Terre Haute, Indiana, and for other purposes. [Referred in Senate] ...

H.R. 2513 (rfs) To direct the Administrator of General Services to acquire a building located in Terre Haute, Indiana, and for other purposes. [Referred in Senate] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2513

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for the immediate 
 and permanent repeal of the estate tax on family-owned businesses and 
                     farms, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             June 18, 2003

 Mr. Thompson of California (for himself, Mrs. Tauscher, Mr. Sandlin, 
Ms. Woolsey, Mr. Israel, Mr. Boswell, Mr. Berry, Mr. Case, Mr. Matsui, 
    Mr. Bishop of Georgia, Mr. Farr, and Mrs. Capps) introduced the 
 following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for the immediate 
 and permanent repeal of the estate tax on family-owned businesses and 
                     farms, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Estate Tax Repeal for Family-Owned 
Farms and Businesses Act of 2003''.

SEC. 2. REPEAL OF ESTATE TAX ON FAMILY-OWNED FARMS AND BUSINESSES.

    (a) Repeal of Qualified Family-Owned Business Interest.--Part IV of 
subchapter A of chapter 11 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
(relating to taxable estate) is amended by striking section 2057.
    (b) Exclusion for Qualified Family-Owned Business Interests.--Part 
IV of subchapter A of chapter 11 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
(relating to taxable estate) is amended by inserting after section 2058 
the following new section:

``SEC. 2059. EXCLUSION FOR QUALIFIED FAMILY-OWNED BUSINESS INTERESTS.

    ``(a) General Rules.--
            ``(1) Allowance of deduction.--For purposes of the tax 
        imposed by section 2001, in the case of an estate of a decedent 
        to which this section applies, the value of the taxable estate 
        shall be determined by deducting from the value of the gross 
        estate the adjusted value of the qualified family-owned 
        business interests of the decedent which are described in 
        subsection (b)(2).
            ``(2) Application of carryover basis rules.--With respect 
        to the adjusted value of the qualified family-owned business 
        interests of the decedent which are described in subsection 
        (b)(2), the rules of section 1023 shall apply.
    ``(b) Estates to Which Section Applies.--
            ``(1) In general.--This section shall apply to an estate 
        if--
                    ``(A) the decedent was (at the date of the 
                decedent's death) a citizen or resident of the United 
                States,
                    ``(B) the executor elects the application of this 
                section under rules similar to the rules of paragraphs 
                (1) and (3) of section 2032A(d) and files the agreement 
                referred to in subsection (e), and
                    ``(C) during the 8-year period ending on the date 
                of the decedent's death there have been periods 
                aggregating 5 years or more during which--
                            ``(i) the qualified family-owned business 
                        interests described in paragraph (2) were owned 
                        by the decedent or a member of the decedent's 
                        family, and
                            ``(ii) there was material participation 
                        (within the meaning of section 2032A(e)(6)) by 
                        the decedent, a member of the decedent's 
                        family, or a qualified heir in the operation of 
                        the business to which such interests relate.
            ``(2) Includible qualified family-owned business 
        interests.--The qualified family-owned business interests 
        described in this paragraph are the interests which--
                    ``(A) are included in determining the value of the 
                gross estate (other than qualified spousal property 
                with respect to which an aggregate spousal property 
                basis increase is allocated under section 1023(c)),
                    ``(B) are acquired by any qualified heir from, or 
                passed to any qualified heir from, the decedent (within 
                the meaning of section 2032A(e)(9)), and
                    ``(C) are subject to the election under paragraph 
                (1)(B).
            ``(3) Rules regarding material participation.--For purposes 
        of paragraph (1)(C)(ii)--
                    ``(A) in the case a surviving spouse, material 
                participation by such spouse may be satisfied under 
                rules similar to the rules under section 2032A(b)(5),
                    ``(B) in the case of a qualified family-owned 
                business interest in an entity carrying on multiple 
                trades or businesses, material participation in each 
                trade or business is satisfied by material 
                participation in the entity or in 1 or more of the 
                multiple trades or businesses, and
                    ``(C) in the case of a lending and finance business 
                (as defined in section 6166(b)(10)(B)(ii)), material 
                participation is satisfied under the rules under 
                subclause (I) or (II) of section 6166(b)(10)(B)(i).
    ``(c) Adjusted Value of the Qualified Family-Owned Business 
Interests.--For purposes of this section--
            ``(1) In general.--The adjusted value of any qualified 
        family-owned business interest is the value of such interest 
        for purposes of this chapter (determined without regard to this 
        section), as adjusted under paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Adjustment for previous transfers.--The Secretary may 
        increase the value of any qualified family-owned business 
        interest by that portion of those assets transferred from such 
        qualified family-owned business interest to the decedent's 
        taxable estate within 3 years before the date of the decedent's 
        death.
    ``(d) Qualified Family-Owned Business Interest.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of this section, the term 
        `qualified family-owned business interest' means--
                    ``(A) an interest as a proprietor in a trade or 
                business carried on as a proprietorship, or
                    ``(B) an interest in an entity carrying on a trade 
                or business, if--
                            ``(i) at least--
                                    ``(I) 50 percent of such entity is 
                                owned (directly or indirectly) by the 
                                decedent and members of the decedent's 
                                family,
                                    ``(II) 70 percent of such entity is 
                                so owned by members of 2 families, or
                                    ``(III) 90 percent of such entity 
                                is so owned by members of 3 families, 
                                and
                            ``(ii) for purposes of subclause (II) or 
                        (III) of clause (i), at least 30 percent of 
                        such entity is so owned by the decedent and 
                        members of the decedent's family.
        For purposes of the preceding sentence, a decedent shall be 
        treated as engaged in a trade or business if any member of the 
        decedent's family is engaged in such trade or business.
            ``(2) Lending and finance business.--For purposes of this 
        section, any asset used in a lending and finance business (as 
        defined in section 6166(b)(10)(B)(ii)) shall be treated as an 
        asset which is used in carrying on a trade or business.
            ``(3) Limitation.--Such term shall not include--
                    ``(A) any interest in a trade or business the 
                principal place of business of which is not located in 
                the United States,
                    ``(B) any interest in an entity, if the stock or 
                debt of such entity or a controlled group (as defined 
                in section 267(f)(1)) of which such entity was a member 
                was readily tradable on an established securities 
                market or secondary market (as defined by the 
                Secretary) at any time,
                    ``(C) that portion of an interest in an entity 
                transferred by gift to such entity within 3 years 
                before the date of the decedent's death, and
                    ``(D) that portion of an interest in an entity 
                which is attributable to cash or marketable securities, 
                or both, in any amount in excess of the reasonably 
                anticipated business needs of such entity.
        In any proceeding before the United States Tax Court involving 
        a notice of deficiency based in whole or in part on the 
        allegation that cash or marketable securities, or both, are 
        accumulated in an amount in excess of the reasonably 
        anticipated business needs of such entity, the burden of proof 
        with respect to such allegation shall be on the Secretary to 
        the extent such cash or marketable securities are less than 35 
        percent of the value of the interest in such entity.
            ``(4) Rules regarding ownership.--
                    ``(A) Ownership of entities.--For purposes of 
                paragraph (1)(B)--
                            ``(i) Corporations.--Ownership of a 
                        corporation shall be determined by the holding 
                        of stock possessing the appropriate percentage 
                        of the total combined voting power of all 
                        classes of stock entitled to vote and the 
                        appropriate percentage of the total value of 
                        shares of all classes of stock.
                            ``(ii) Partnerships.--Ownership of a 
                        partnership shall be determined by the owning 
                        of the appropriate percentage of the capital 
                        interest in such partnership.
                    ``(B) Ownership of tiered entities.--For purposes 
                of this section, if by reason of holding an interest in 
                a trade or business, a decedent, any member of the 
                decedent's family, any qualified heir, or any member of 
                any qualified heir's family is treated as holding an 
                interest in any other trade or business--
                            ``(i) such ownership interest in the other 
                        trade or business shall be disregarded in 
                        determining if the ownership interest in the 
                        first trade or business is a qualified family-
                        owned business interest, and
                            ``(ii) this section shall be applied 
                        separately in determining if such interest in 
                        any other trade or business is a qualified 
                        family-owned business interest.
                    ``(C) Individual ownership rules.--For purposes of 
                this section, an interest owned, directly or 
                indirectly, by or for an entity described in paragraph 
                (1)(B) shall be considered as being owned 
                proportionately by or for the entity's shareholders, 
                partners, or beneficiaries. A person shall be treated 
                as a beneficiary of any trust only if such person has a 
                present interest in such trust.
    ``(e) Agreement.--The agreement referred to in this subsection is a 
written agreement signed by each person in being who has an interest 
(whether or not in possession) in any property designated in such 
agreement consenting to the application of this section with respect to 
such property.
    ``(f) Other Definitions and Applicable Rules.--For purposes of this 
section--
            ``(1) Qualified heir.--The term `qualified heir' means a 
        United States citizen who is--
                    ``(A) described in section 2032A(e)(1), or
                    ``(B) an active employee of the trade or business 
                to which the qualified family-owned business interest 
                relates if such employee has been employed by such 
                trade or business for a period of at least 10 years 
                before the date of the decedent's death.
            ``(2) Member of the family.--The term `member of the 
        family' has the meaning given to such term by section 
        2032A(e)(2).
            ``(3) Applicable rules.--Rules similar to the following 
        rules shall apply:
                    ``(A) Section 2032A(b)(4) (relating to decedents 
                who are retired or disabled).
                    ``(B) Section 2032A(e)(10) (relating to community 
                property).
                    ``(C) Section 2032A(e)(14) (relating to treatment 
                of replacement property acquired in section 1031 or 
                1033 transactions).
                    ``(D) Section 2032A(g) (relating to application to 
                interests in partnerships, corporations, and trusts).
            ``(4) Safe harbor for active entities held by entity 
        carrying on a trade or business.--For purposes of this section, 
        if--
                    ``(A) an entity carrying on a trade or business 
                owns 20 percent or more in value of the voting 
                interests of another entity, or such other entity has 
                15 or fewer owners, and
                    ``(B) 80 percent or more of the value of the assets 
                of each such entity is attributable to assets used in 
                an active business operation,
        then the requirements under subsections (b)(1)(C)(ii) and 
        (d)(3)(D) shall be met with respect to an interest in such an 
        entity.''.
    (c) Modification of Treatment of Marital Deduction; Limitation on 
Step-Up in Basis.--Section 2056 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
(relating to bequests, etc., to surviving spouses) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Application of Carryover Basis Rules.--With respect to the 
value of the interests of the decedent which are described in 
subsection (a), the rules of section 1023 shall apply.''.
    (d) Carryover Basis Rules for Qualified Family-Owned Business 
Interests and Spousal Property.--Part II of subchapter O of chapter 1 
of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to basis rules of 
general application) is amended by redesignating section 1023 as 
section 1024 and inserting after section 1022 the following new 
section:

``SEC. 1023. TREATMENT OF QUALIFIED FAMILY-OWNED BUSINESS INTERESTS AND 
              SPOUSAL PROPERTY.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as otherwise provided in this section--
            ``(1) qualified property acquired from a decedent shall be 
        treated for purposes of this subtitle as transferred by gift, 
        and
            ``(2) the basis of the person acquiring qualified property 
        from such a decedent shall be the lesser of--
                    ``(A) the adjusted basis of the decedent, or
                    ``(B) the fair market value of the property at the 
                date of the decedent's death.
    ``(b) Qualified Property.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`qualified property' means--
            ``(1) the qualified family-owned business interests of the 
        decedent with respect to which an election is made under 
        section 2059(b)(1)(B), and
            ``(2) the qualified spousal property.
    ``(c) Additional Basis Increase for Property Acquired by Surviving 
Spouse.--
            ``(1) In general.--In the case of property to which this 
        subsection applies and which is qualified spousal property, the 
        basis of such property under subsection (a) shall be increased 

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