Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2709 (enr) To impose certain sanctions on foreign persons who transfer items contributing to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce ballistic missiles, and to implement the obligations of the United States under the Chemical Weapons Conventio...

H.R. 2709 (enr) To impose certain sanctions on foreign persons who transfer items contributing to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce ballistic missiles, and to implement the obligations of the United States under the Chemical Weapons Conventio...


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105th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 2709

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

   To impose certain sanctions on foreign persons who transfer items 
    contributing to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce 
  ballistic missiles, and to implement the obligations of the United 
             States under the Chemical Weapons Convention.
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
105th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2709

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
   To impose certain sanctions on foreign persons who transfer items 
    contributing to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce 
  ballistic missiles, and to implement the obligations of the United 
             States under the Chemical Weapons Convention.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

             TITLE I--IRAN MISSILE PROLIFERATION SANCTIONS

SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Iran Missile Proliferation 
Sanctions Act of 1997''.

SEC. 102. REPORTS ON MISSILE PROLIFERATION TO IRAN.

    (a) Reports.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the President 
shall, at the times specified in subsection (b), submit to the 
Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report 
identifying every foreign person with respect to whom there is credible 
information indicating that that person, on or after August 8, 1995--
            (1)(A) transferred items on the MTCR Annex, or items that 
        the United States proposes for addition to the MTCR Annex, that 
        contributed to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce 
        ballistic missiles, or
            (B) provided technical assistance or facilities which the 
        President deems to be of concern because of their direct 
        contribution to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce 
        ballistic missiles; or
            (2)(A) attempted to transfer items on the MTCR Annex, or 
        items that the United States proposes for addition to the MTCR 
        Annex, that would have contributed to Iran's efforts to 
        acquire, develop, or produce ballistic missiles, or
            (B) attempted to provide technical assistance or facilities 
        which the President deems to be of concern because of their 
        direct contribution to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or 
        produce ballistic missiles.
    (b) Timing of Reports.--The reports under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, not later than 180 days after such date of enactment, not 
later than 1 year after such date of enactment, and not later than the 
end of each 1-year period thereafter.
    (c) Exceptions.--Any foreign person who--
            (1) was identified in a previous report submitted under 
        subsection (a) on account of a particular transfer, 
        transaction, or attempt,
            (2) has engaged in a transfer or transaction that was the 
        basis for the imposition of sanctions with respect to that 
        person under section 73 of the Arms Export Control Act or 
        section 1604 of the Iran-Iraq Arms Non-Proliferation Act of 
        1992,
            (3) may have engaged in a transfer or transaction, or made 
        an attempt, that was the subject of a waiver under section 104, 
        or
            (4) has engaged in a transfer or transaction, or made an 
        attempt, on behalf of, or in concert with, the Government of 
        the United States,
is not required to be identified on account of that same transfer, 
transaction, or attempt in any report submitted thereafter under this 
section.
    (d) Submission in Classified Form.--When the President considers it 
appropriate, reports submitted under subsection (a), or appropriate 
parts thereof, may be submitted in classified form.

SEC. 103. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS.

    (a) Requirement To Impose Sanctions.--
            (1) Requirement to impose sanctions.--The sanctions 
        described in subsection (b) shall be imposed on--
                    (A) any foreign person identified under subsection 
                (a)(1) of section 102 in a report submitted under that 
                section, and
                    (B) any foreign person identified under subsection 
                (a)(2) of section 102 in a report submitted under that 
                section, if that person has been identified in that 
                report or a previous report as having made at least 1 
                other attempt described in subsection (a)(2) of that 
                section.
            (2) Effective date of sanctions.--The sanctions shall be 
        effective--
                    (A) 30 days after the report triggering the 
                sanction is submitted, if the report is submitted on or 
                before the date required by section 102(b);
                    (B) 30 days after the date required by section 
                102(b) for submitting the report, if the report 
                triggering the sanction is submitted within 30 days 
                after that date; and
                    (C) on the date that the report triggering the 
                sanction is submitted, if that report is submitted more 
                than 30 days after the date required by section 102(b).
    (b) Description of Sanctions.--The sanctions referred to in 
subsection (a) that are to be imposed on a foreign person described in 
that subsection are the following:
            (1) Arms export sanction.--For a period of not less than 2 
        years, the United States Government shall not sell to that 
        person any item on the United States Munitions List as in 
        effect on August 8, 1995, and shall terminate sales to that 
        person of any defense articles, defense services, or design and 
        construction services under the Arms Export Control Act.
            (2) Dual use sanction.--For a period of not less than 2 
        years, the authorities of section 6 of the Export 
        Administration Act of 1979 shall be used to prohibit the export 
        to that person of any goods or technology on the control list 
        established under section 5(c)(1) of that Act.
            (3) United states assistance.--For a period of not less 
        than 2 years, the United States Government shall not provide 
        any assistance in the form of grants, loans, credits, 
        guarantees, or otherwise, to that person.

SEC. 104. WAIVER ON BASIS OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--The President may waive the imposition of any 
sanction that would otherwise be required under section 103 on any 
foreign person 15 days after the President determines and reports to 
the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
that, on the basis of information provided by that person, or otherwise 
obtained by the President, the President is persuaded that the person 
did not, on or after August 8, 1995--
            (1)(A) transfer items on the MTCR Annex, or items that the 
        United States proposes for addition to the MTCR Annex, that 
        contributed to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce 
        ballistic missiles, or
            (B) provide technical assistance or facilities which the 
        President deems to be of concern because of their direct 
        contribution to Iran's efforts to acquire, develop, or produce 
        ballistic missiles; or
            (2) attempt on more than one occasion--
                    (A) to transfer items on the MTCR Annex, or items 
                that the United States proposes for addition to the 
                MTCR Annex, that would have contributed to Iran's 
                efforts to acquire, develop, or produce ballistic 
                missiles, or
                    (B) to provide technical assistance or facilities 
                described in paragraph (1)(B).
    (b) Written Justification.--The determination and report of the 
President under subsection (a) shall include a written justification 
describing in detail--
            (1) the credible information indicating that the person--
                    (A) transferred items described in section 
                102(a)(1)(A), or provided technical assistance or 
                facilities described in section 102(a)(1)(B); or
                    (B) attempted to transfer items described in 
                section 102(a)(1)(A), or attempted to provide technical 
                assistance or facilities described in section 
                102(a)(1)(B);
            (2) the additional information which persuaded the 
        President that the person did not--
                    (A) transfer items described in section 
                102(a)(1)(A), or provide technical assistance or 
                facilities described in section 102(a)(1)(B); or
                    (B) attempt to transfer items described in section 
                102(a)(1)(A), or attempt to provide technical 
                assistance or facilities described in section 
                102(a)(1)(B); and
            (3) the analysis of the information supporting the 
        President's conclusion.
    (c) Submission in Classified Form.--When the President considers it 
appropriate, the determination and report of the President under 
subsection (a) and the written justification under subsection (b), or 
appropriate parts thereof, may be submitted in classified form.

SEC. 105. WAIVER ON BASIS OF NATIONAL SECURITY.

    (a) In General.--The President may waive the imposition of any 
sanction that would otherwise be required under section 103 on any 
foreign person 15 days after the President determines and reports to 
the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
that such waiver is essential to the national security of the United 
States.
    (b) Written Justification.--The determination and report of the 
President under subsection (a) shall include a written justification 
describing in detail the facts and circumstances supporting the 
President's conclusion.
    (c) Submission in Classified Form.--When the President considers it 
appropriate, the determination and report of the President under 
subsection (a) and the written justification under subsection (b), or 
appropriate parts thereof, may be submitted in classified form.

SEC. 106. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING ACTIONS BY GOVERNMENT OF 
              PRIMARY JURISDICTION.

    As part of each report submitted under section 102, the President 
shall include the following information with respect to each foreign 
person identified in that report:
            (1) A statement regarding whether the government of primary 
        jurisdiction over that person was aware of the activities that 
        were the basis for the identification of that person in the 
        report.
            (2) If the government of primary jurisdiction was not aware 
        of the activities that were the basis for the identification of 
        that person in the report, an explanation of the reasons why 
        the United States Government did not inform that government of 
        those activities.
            (3) If the government of primary jurisdiction was aware of 
        the activities that were the basis for the identification of 
        that person in the report, a description of the efforts, if 
        any, undertaken by that government to prevent those activities, 
        and an assessment of the effectiveness of those efforts, 
        including an explanation of why those efforts failed.
            (4) If the government of primary jurisdiction was aware of 
        the activities that were the basis for the identification of 
        that person in the report and failed to undertake effective 
        efforts to prevent those activities, a description of any 
        sanctions that have been imposed on that government by the 
        United States Government because of such failure.

SEC. 107. PURCHASE OF WEAPONS TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Sense of the Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that 
the President should exercise the authority granted to him under 
section 504 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies 
and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5854)--
            (1) to prevent the transfer of weapons-related material and 
        delivery systems to Iran through the purchase, barter, or other 
        acquisition of such material and delivery systems; and
            (2) to prevent the transfer to Iran of scientific and 
        technical expertise with respect to such weapons-related 
        material and delivery systems.
    (b) Availability of Amounts.--Amounts hereafter made available, 
subject to the availability of appropriations, to carry out chapter 11 
of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2295 et 
seq.; relating to assistance for the independent states of the former 
Soviet Union) may be used to carry out subsection (a).

SEC. 108. DEFINITIONS.

    For the purposes of this title--
            (1) the terms ``foreign person'' and ``person'' mean--
                    (A) a natural person that is an alien;
                    (B) a corporation, business association, 
                partnership, society, trust, or any other 
                nongovernmental entity, organization, or group, that is 
                organized under the laws of a foreign country or has 
                its principal place of business in a foreign country;
                    (C) any foreign governmental entity operating as a 
                business enterprise; and
                    (D) any successor or subsidiary of any entity 
                described in subparagraph (B) or (C);
            (2) the term ``government of primary jurisdiction'' means--
                    (A) in the case of a natural person, the foreign 
                government of the country of which the person is a 
                citizen or national;
                    (B) in the case of an entity described in 

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