Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2898 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to reduce to age 21 the minimum age for an individual without children to be eligible for the earned income credit. [Introduced in House] ...

H.R. 2898 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to reduce to age 21 the minimum age for an individual without children to be eligible for the earned income credit. [Introduced in House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2897

               To end homelessness in the United States.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             July 25, 2003

Ms. Carson of Indiana (for herself, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Kucinich, Ms. Lee, 
Mr. Gutierrez, Ms. Corrine Brown of Florida, Mr. Cummings, Ms. Jackson-
  Lee of Texas, Mr. Owens, Ms. Millender-McDonald, Mr. McGovern, Mr. 
    Sanders, Mr. Wexler, Mr. Grijalva, Ms. Woolsey, Mr. Reyes, Ms. 
  Schakowsky, Mr. Rangel, Ms. Majette, Ms. Slaughter, Mr. Thompson of 
  Mississippi, Mr. Evans, Mr. Payne, Mr. McDermott, Mr. Capuano, Mr. 
 Weiner, Ms. McCollum, and Mr. Emanuel) introduced the following bill; 
   which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services, and in 
    addition to the Committees on Agriculture, Energy and Commerce, 
Education and the Workforce, Government Reform, Veterans' Affairs, and 
   Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the 
  Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall 
           within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
               To end homelessness in the United States.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Bringing America 
Home Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purpose.
         TITLE I--RECOGNITION OF HOUSING AS A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT

Sec. 101. Recognition by societies, faiths, and organizations.
Sec. 102. Establishment of goal to end homelessness.
                       TITLE II--HOUSING SECURITY

Sec. 201. Congressional findings.
   Subtitle A--Authorizations of Appropriations for Housing Programs

Sec. 221. National Affordable Housing Trust Fund.
Sec. 222. Incremental rental assistance for 1,500,000 families.
Sec. 223. Funding for HUD housing programs.
Sec. 224. HUD rural housing and economic development program.
Sec. 225. Rural housing programs.
Sec. 226. Department of Veterans Affairs homeless comprehensive 
                            services programs.
Sec. 227. Sense of Congress regarding appropriations for transitional 
                            housing assistance under Violence Against 
                            Women Act of 2000.
Subtitle B--Federal Homelessness to Housing Mutual Mortgage Association

Sec. 231. Short title and statement of purpose.
Sec. 232. Establishment.
Sec. 233. Powers and authorities.
Sec. 234. Mutual housing operations.
Sec. 235. Financing.
Sec. 236. Relationship with other programs.
Sec. 237. Oversight.
Sec. 238. Protection of name.
Sec. 239. Definitions.
Sec. 240. Territorial applicability.
   Subtitle C--Use of Federal Surplus Property to Assist the Homeless

Sec. 271. Use of Federal surplus property to assist the homeless.
            TITLE III--HOMELESS INTERVENTION AND PREVENTION

Sec. 301. Preservation of public housing dwelling units under HOPE VI.
Sec. 302. Right to new units of individuals and families displaced by 
                            HOPE VI projects.
Sec. 303. Policies regarding homeless individuals and families in 
                            federally funded facilities.
Sec. 304. Establishment of Emergency Rent Relief Fund.
Sec. 305. Income exemptions.
Sec. 306. Post office box and general delivery service for persons with 
                            no fixed address.
Sec. 307. Grants to public housing police forces.
Sec. 308. Temporary ex-offender low-income housing credit.
Sec. 309. Escrow of tenant rent in cases of owner failure to maintain 
                            units assisted under section 8 rental 
                            assistance program.
Sec. 310. Sense of Congress regarding local ordinances that 
                            disadvantage homeless persons.
   TITLE IV--ASSISTANCE UNDER MCKINNEY-VENTO HOMELESS ASSISTANCE ACT

Sec. 401. Congressional purposes.
Sec. 402. Definition of homeless individual.
           Subtitle A--Housing Assistance General Provisions

Sec. 411. Definitions.
Sec. 412. Community homeless assistance planning boards.
Sec. 413. Technical assistance and performance reports.
Sec. 414. Authorization of appropriations.
              Subtitle B--Emergency Shelter Grants Program

Sec. 421. Grant assistance.
Sec. 422. Amount and allocation of assistance.
Sec. 423. Eligible activities.
Sec. 424. Repeals.
                 Subtitle C--Continuum of Care Program

Sec. 431. Continuum of care.
Sec. 432. Eligible activities.
Sec. 433. Program requirements.
Sec. 434. Allocation amounts and funding.
             Subtitle D--Repeals and Conforming Amendments

Sec. 441. Repeals.
Sec. 442. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 443. Amendment to table of contents.
                   TITLE V--PRESERVATION OF RESOURCES

Sec. 501. Governors, mayors, cities, and counties housing advisory 
                            committees.
Sec. 502. Mortgage interest deduction limited to $300,000 of debt on 1 
                            home; repeal of deduction for home equity 
                            indebtedness; repeal of exclusion of gain 
                            on sale of principal residence.
                       TITLE VI--HEALTH SECURITY

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 601. Findings; sense of Congress.
Sec. 602. Sense of Congress regarding Medicaid expansion.
Sec. 603. Authorizations of appropriations for certain programs.
 Subtitle B--Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

    Part 1--Mainstreasubpart a--discharge planning Services Programs
Sec. 611. Aversubpart b--provision of appropriate services
Sec. 616. Application of knowledge development findings to service 
     subpart c--grantee planning, reporting, and capacity-building
Sec. 621. Expansion of participation in grantee planning.
Sec. 622. Documentation of needs of and establishing priorities for 
subpart d--designation of persons experiencing homelessness as priority 
                               population
Sec. 626. Requiring grantees to direct funds to persons experiencing 
                            homelessness.
Sec. 627. Prioritization of services for runaway, homeless, and street 
                            youth.
Sec. 628. Definition of runaway, homeless, and street youth as high 
                 subpart e--federal program management
Sec. 631. Establishment of Federal plan on addiction, mental illness, 
                            and homelessness.
Parsubpart a--reauthorize, rename, and strengthen the grants for the ms
                benefit of homeless individuals program
Sec. 641. Treatment and recovery initiative for persons experiencing 
 subpart b--reauthorize and strengthen the projects for assistance in 
              transition from homelessness (path) program
Sec. 651. Expansion of required scope of services of PATH providers.
Sec. 652. Encouragement of States to utilize health care for the 
                            homeless projects as PATH providers.
Sec. 653. State descriptions of resource allocation process.
Sec. 654. Federal report on PATH and homeless grant programs.
Sec. 655. Clarification of target populations provision of PATH 
                            statute.
    Subtitle C--Amendments Regarding Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS 
                    Resources Emergency Act of 1990

                       Part 1--Discharge Planning

Sec. 661. Averting RWCA patient discharge into homelessness.
               Part 2--Provision of Appropriate Services

Sec. 666. Amplification of scope of RWCA services.
Sec. 667. Application of knowledge development findings to service 
                            delivery.
       Part 3--Grantee Planning, Reporting, and Capacity Building

Sec. 671. Expansion of participation in grantee and contractor 
                            planning.
Sec. 672. Development of knowledge to strengthen providers' capacity to 
                            offer homeless-competent services.
     Part 4--Designation of Homeless Persons As Priority Population

Sec. 676. Priority for persons experiencing homelessness.
           Part 5--Federal Plan on HIV/AIDS and Homelessness

Sec. 681. Federal plan on HIV/AIDS and homelessness.
                      TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY

Sec. 701. Sense of Congress regarding right to a living income.
Sec. 702. Authorization of appropriations for homeless veterans 
                            reintegration program.
Sec. 703. Availability of food stamp benefits to individuals who are 
                            homeless.
Sec. 704. Amendments to Workforce Investment Act.
Sec. 705. Homebuild program for affordable housing construction and 
                            apprenticeship.
Sec. 706. Department of Labor apprenticeship program for working people 
                            experiencing homelessness.
Sec. 707. Day laborer fairness and protection.
Sec. 708. Social Security Administration outreach to homeless persons.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
            (1) lack of affordable housing results in homelessness;
            (2) lack of consumer protections result in homelessness;
            (3) lack of access to health care results in homelessness;
            (4) lack of employment and wages commensurate with those in 
        the local market results in homelessness;
            (5) lack of education results in homelessness;
            (6) homelessness offends the conscience of our Nation;
            (7) according to the United States Department of Housing 
        and Urban Development, 4,900,000 households experience ``worst-
        case'' housing needs;
            (8) as of the date of the introduction of this bill, in no 
        town, city, or State in our Nation can an individual or family 
        working full time at minimum wage, or receiving assistance 
        under the Supplemental Security Income program or under the 
        program for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, afford a 
        one- or two-bedroom apartment at the fair market rental rate 
        established by the Department of Housing and Urban Development;
            (9) the Millennial Housing Commission reported that 
        28,000,000 households in the United States spent more than 30 
        percent their income on housing, and one in eight low-income 
        working families earning minimum wage have to spend more than 
        half their income on housing;
            (10) 42 percent of adults residing in homeless shelters 
        across the United States are working;
            (11) 24 percent of clients of homeless shelters report they 
        have needed medical attention in the past year but were unable 
        to get it and 46 percent of such clients could not get access 
        to a dentist when one was needed;
            (12) 55 percent of people experiencing homelessness in the 
        United States have neither public nor private health insurance;
            (13) of the homeless individuals who suffer mental illness, 
        it is estimated that only 5 to 7 percent require some form of 
        institutionalization and the rest could live productively with 
        proper assistance;
            (14) millions of Americans can not find work that pays a 
        livable wage or can not find work at all and, therefore, cannot 
        afford housing at market rent levels;
            (15) lack of affordable housing near job opportunities 
        makes it difficult for poor parents to find and retain 
        employment;
            (16) families without stable housing typically have to move 
        often, making job retention difficult and forcing their 
        children to change schools frequently;
            (17) at least 3,500,000 persons are likely to experience 
        homelessness during a year in the United States, 39 percent of 
        which are children; and
            (18) in its ``Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in 
        America's Cities'', the United States Conference of Mayors 
        reports that requests for shelter by families with children 
        went unmet 38 percent of the time in 2002.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this Act is to end homelessness in the 
United States.

         TITLE I--RECOGNITION OF HOUSING AS A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT

SEC. 101. RECOGNITION BY SOCIETIES, FAITHS, AND ORGANIZATIONS.

    The Congress hereby acknowledges that the housing has been 
recognized as a basic human right by many and varied--
            (1) religious and faith organizations;
            (2) States, cities, and counties;
            (3) national and local organizations;
            (4) international organizations, including the United 
        Nations through its Declaration of Human Rights.

SEC. 102. ESTABLISHMENT OF GOAL TO END HOMELESSNESS.

    The Congress hereby declares that--
            (1) the Constitution of the United States of America 
        guarantees every American the right to life, liberty, and the 
        pursuit of Happiness;
            (2) the exercise of such rights is contingent upon the 
        fulfillment of basic needs crucial for the proper development 
        of human life: food, clothing, shelter, medical care, work, and 
        rest; and
            (3) it is a National goal to act in concord with the 
        aforementioned rights and fulfill the basic human need of 
        shelter by ending homelessness in the United States and to 
        provide the security of a home to people in cases of sickness, 
        inability to work, old age, unemployment, and in any other case 

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