Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 2909 (rh) To provide for implementation by the United States of the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, and for other purposes. [Reported in House] ...

H.R. 2909 (rh) To provide for implementation by the United States of the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, and for other purposes. [Reported in House] ...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org







                                                       Calendar No. 692
106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 2909


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 19, 2000

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
    To provide for implementation by the United States of the Hague 
  Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of 
             Intercountry Adoption, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Intercountry 
Adoption Act of 2000''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.
                TITLE I--UNITED STATES CENTRAL AUTHORITY

Sec. 101. Designation of central authority.
Sec. 102. Responsibilities of the Secretary of State.
Sec. 103. Responsibilities of the Attorney General.
Sec. 104. Annual report on intercountry adoptions.
      TITLE II--PROVISIONS RELATING TO ACCREDITATION AND APPROVAL

Sec. 201. Accreditation or approval required in order to provide 
                            adoption services in cases subject to the 
                            Convention.
Sec. 202. Process for accreditation and approval; role of accrediting 
                            entities.
Sec. 203. Standards and procedures for providing accreditation or 
                            approval.
Sec. 204. Secretarial oversight of accreditation and approval.
Sec. 205. State plan requirement.
  TITLE III--RECOGNITION OF CONVENTION ADOPTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES

Sec. 301. Adoptions of children immigrating to the United States.
Sec. 302. Immigration and Nationality Act amendments relating to 
                            children adopted from Convention countries.
Sec. 303. Adoptions of children emigrating from the United States.
                TITLE IV--ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 401. Access to Convention records.
Sec. 402. Documents of other Convention countries.
Sec. 403. Authorization of appropriations; collection of fees.
Sec. 404. Enforcement.
                      TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 501. Recognition of Convention adoptions.
Sec. 502. Special rules for certain cases.
Sec. 503. Relationship to other laws.
Sec. 504. No private right of action.
Sec. 505. Effective dates; transition rule.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress recognizes--
            (1) the international character of the Convention on 
        Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of 
        Intercountry Adoption (done at The Hague on May 29, 1993); and
            (2) the need for uniform interpretation and implementation 
        of the Convention in the United States and abroad,
and therefore finds that enactment of a Federal law governing adoptions 
and prospective adoptions subject to the Convention involving United 
States residents is essential.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to provide for implementation by the United States of 
        the Convention;
            (2) to protect the rights of, and prevent abuses against, 
        children, birth families, and adoptive parents involved in 
        adoptions (or prospective adoptions) subject to the Convention, 
        and to ensure that such adoptions are in the children's best 
        interests; and
            (3) to improve the ability of the Federal Government to 
        assist United States citizens seeking to adopt children from 
        abroad and residents of other countries party to the Convention 
        seeking to adopt children from the United States.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this Act:
            (1) Accredited agency.--The term ``accredited agency'' 
        means an agency accredited under title II to provide adoption 
        services in the United States in cases subject to the 
        Convention.
            (2) Accrediting entity.--The term ``accrediting entity'' 
        means an entity designated under section 202(a) to accredit 
        agencies and approve persons under title II.
            (3) Adoption service.--The term ``adoption service'' 
        means--
                    (A) identifying a child for adoption and arranging 
                an adoption;
                    (B) securing necessary consent to termination of 
                parental rights and to adoption;
                    (C) performing a background study on a child or a 
                home study on a prospective adoptive parent, and 
                reporting on such a study;
                    (D) making determinations of the best interests of 
                a child and the appropriateness of adoptive placement 
                for the child;
                    (E) post-placement monitoring of a case until final 
                adoption; and
                    (F) where made necessary by disruption before final 
                adoption, assuming custody and providing child care or 
                any other social service pending an alternative 
                placement.
        The term ``providing'', with respect to an adoption service, 
        includes facilitating the provision of the service.
            (4) Agency.--The term ``agency'' means any person other 
        than an individual.
            (5) Approved person.--The term ``approved person'' means a 
        person approved under title II to provide adoption services in 
        the United States in cases subject to the Convention.
            (6) Attorney general.--Except as used in section 404, the 
        term ``Attorney General'' means the Attorney General, acting 
        through the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization.
            (7) Central authority.--The term ``central authority'' 
        means the entity designated as such by any Convention country 
        under Article 6(1) of the Convention.
            (8) Central authority function.--The term ``central 
        authority function'' means any duty required to be carried out 
        by a central authority under the Convention.
            (9) Convention.--The term ``Convention'' means the 
        Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in 
        Respect of Intercountry Adoption, done at The Hague on May 29, 
        1993.
            (10) Convention adoption.--The term ``Convention adoption'' 
        means an adoption of a child resident in a foreign country 
        party to the Convention by a United States citizen, or an 
        adoption of a child resident in the United States by an 
        individual residing in another Convention country.
            (11) Convention record.--The term ``Convention record'' 
        means any item, collection, or grouping of information 
        contained in an electronic or physical document, an electronic 
        collection of data, a photograph, an audio or video tape, or 
        any other information storage medium of any type whatever that 
        contains information about a specific past, current, or 
        prospective Convention adoption (regardless of whether the 
        adoption was made final) that has been preserved in accordance 
        with section 401(a) by the Secretary of State or the Attorney 
        General.
            (12) Convention country.--The term ``Convention country'' 
        means a country party to the Convention.
            (13) Other convention country.--The term ``other Convention 
        country'' means a Convention country other than the United 
        States.
            (14) Person.--The term ``person'' shall have the meaning 
        provided in section 1 of title 1, United States Code, and shall 
        not include any agency of government or tribal government 
        entity.
            (15) Person with an ownership or control interest.--The 
        term ``person with an ownership or control interest'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 1124(a)(3) of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320a-3).
            (16) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of State.
            (17) State.--The term ``State'' means the 50 States, the 
        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the 
        Virgin Islands.

                TITLE I--UNITED STATES CENTRAL AUTHORITY

SEC. 101. DESIGNATION OF CENTRAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of the Convention and this Act--
            (1) the Department of State shall serve as the central 
        authority of the United States; and
            (2) the Secretary shall serve as the head of the central 
        authority of the United States.
    (b) Performance of Central Authority Functions.--
            (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the Secretary 
        shall be responsible for the performance of all central 
        authority functions for the United States under the Convention 
        and this Act.
            (2) All personnel of the Department of State performing 
        core central authority functions in a professional capacity in 
        the Office of Children's Issues shall have a strong background 
        in consular affairs, personal experience in international 
        adoptions, or professional experience in international 
        adoptions or child services.
    (c) Authority To Issue Regulations.--Except as otherwise provided 
in this Act, the Secretary may prescribe such regulations as may be 
necessary to carry out central authority functions on behalf of the 
United States.

SEC. 102. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE.

    (a) Liaison Responsibilities.--The Secretary shall have 
responsibility for--
            (1) liaison with the central authorities of other 
        Convention countries; and
            (2) the coordination of activities under the Convention by 
        persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
    (b) Information Exchange.--The Secretary shall be responsible for--
            (1) providing the central authorities of other Convention 
        countries with information concerning--
                    (A) accredited agencies and approved persons, 
                agencies and persons whose accreditation or approval 
                has been suspended or canceled, and agencies and 
                persons who have been temporarily or permanently 
                debarred from accreditation or approval;
                    (B) Federal and State laws relevant to implementing 
                the Convention; and
                    (C) any other matters necessary and appropriate for 
                implementation of the Convention;
            (2) not later than the date of the entry into force of the 
        Convention for the United States (pursuant to Article 46(2)(a) 
        of the Convention) and at least once during each subsequent 
        calendar year, providing to the central authority of all other 
        Convention countries a notice requesting the central authority 
        of each such country to specify any requirements of such 
        country regarding adoption, including restrictions on the 
        eligibility of persons to adopt, with respect to which 
        information on the prospective adoptive parent or parents in 
        the United States would be relevant;
            (3) making responses to notices under paragraph (2) 
        available to--
                    (A) accredited agencies and approved persons; and
                    (B) other persons or entities performing home 
                studies under section 201(b)(1);
            (4) ensuring the provision of a background report (home 
        study) on the prospective adoptive parent or parents (pursuant 
        to the requirements of section 203(b)(1)(A)(ii)), through the 
        central authority of each child's country of origin, to the 
        court having jurisdiction over the adoption (or in the case of 
        a child emigrating to the United States for the purpose of 
        adoption to the competent authority in the child's country of 
        origin with responsibility for approving the child's 
        emigration) in adequate time to be considered prior to the 
        granting of such adoption or approval;
            (5) providing Federal agencies, State courts, and 
        accredited agencies and approved persons with an identification 
        of Convention countries and persons authorized to perform 
        functions under the Convention in each such country; and
            (6) facilitating the transmittal of other appropriate 
        information to, and among, central authorities, Federal and 
        State agencies (including State courts), and accredited 
        agencies and approved persons.
    (c) Accreditation and Approval Responsibilities.--The Secretary 
shall carry out the functions prescribed by the Convention with respect 
to the accreditation of agencies and the approval of persons to provide 
adoption services in the United States in cases subject to the 
Convention as provided in title II. Such functions may not be delegated 
to any other Federal agency.
    (d) Additional Responsibilities.--The Secretary--
            (1) shall monitor individual Convention adoption cases 
        involving United States citizens; and
            (2) may facilitate interactions between such citizens and 
        officials of other Convention countries on matters relating to 
        the Convention in any case in which an accredited agency or 
        approved person is unwilling or unable to provide such 
        facilitation.
    (e) Establishment of Registry.--The Secretary and the Attorney 
General shall jointly establish a case registry of all adoptions 
involving immigration of children into the United States and emigration 
of children from the United States, regardless of whether the adoption 
occurs under the Convention. Such registry shall permit tracking of 
pending cases and retrieval of information on both pending and closed 
cases.
    (f) Methods of Performing Responsibilities.--The Secretary may--
            (1) authorize public or private entities to perform 
        appropriate central authority functions for which the Secretary 
        is responsible, pursuant to regulations or under agreements 
        published in the Federal Register; and
            (2) carry out central authority functions through grants 
        to, or contracts with, any individual or public or private 
        entity, except as may be otherwise specifically provided in 
        this Act.

SEC. 103. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL.

    In addition to such other responsibilities as are specifically 

Pages: 1 2 3 4 Next >>

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 S. 1425 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide a 10 percent biotechnology investment tax credit and to reauthorize the Research and Development tax credit for ten years. [Introduced in Senate] ...
2 H.R. 99 (eh) To amend title 49, United States Code, to extend Federal Aviation Administration programs through September 30, 1999, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in House] ...
3 H.R. 3189 (rs) To designate the United States post office located at 14071 Peyton Drive in Chino Hills, California, as the ``Joseph Ileto Post Office''. [Reported in Senate] ...
4 H.R. 3048 (ih) To amend section 879 of title 18, United States Code, to provide clearer coverage over threats against former Presidents and members of their families, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
5 S. 2796 (rs) To provide for the conservation and development of water and related resources, to authorize the Secretary of the Army to construct various projects for improvements to rivers and harbors of the United States, and for other purposes. [Reporte...
6 H.R. 4690 (rs) Making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2001, and for other purposes. [Reported in Senate] ...
7 H.R. 3063 (ih) To amend the Mineral Leasing Act to increase the maximum acreage of Federal leases for sodium that may be held by an entity in any one State, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
8 H.R. 1665 (rh) To allow the National Park Service to acquire certain land for addition to the Wilderness Battlefield in Virginia, as previously authorized by law, by purchase or exchange as well as by donation. [Reported in House] ...
9 H.R. 2970 (ih) To prescribe certain terms for the resettlement of the people of Rongelap Atoll due to conditions created at Rongelap during United States administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and for other purposes. [Introduced in...
10 S. 602 (is) To amend chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, to provide for congressional review of any rule promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service that increases Federal revenue, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
11 S.Con.Res. 67 (ats) To authorize the printing of ``The United States Capitol: A Chronicle of Construction, Design, and Politics''. [Agreed to Senate] ...
12 H.Res. 94 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
13 S. 2530 (is) To suspend temporarily the duty on Pigment Yellow 184. [Introduced in Senate] ...
14 S. 262 (is) To make miscellaneous and technical changes to various trade laws, and for other purposes. Entry number Date of entry Port [Introduced in Senate] ...
15 S.Res. 199 (is) Designating the week of October 24, 1999, through October 30, 1999, and the week of October 22, 2000, through October 28, 2000, as ``National Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Week''. [Introduced in Senate] ...
16 H.J.Res. 57 (rh) Disapproving the extension of nondiscriminatory treatment (normal trade relations treatment) to the products of the People's Republic of China. [Reported in House] ...
17 S. 1600 (is) To amend the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 to prevent the wearing away of an employee's accrued benefit under a defined benefit plan by the adoption of a plan amendment reducing future accruals under the plan. [Introduced in...
18 H.Con.Res. 204 (ih) Voicing concern about serious violations of human rights and [Introduced in House] ...
19 S. 204 (is) To amend chapter 5 of title 13, United States Code, to require that any data relating to the incidence of poverty produced or published by the Secretary of Commerce for subnational areas is corrected for differences in the cost of living in th...
20 H.R. 1959 (rh) To designate the Federal building located at 743 East Durango Boulevard in San Antonio, Texas, as the ``Adrian A. Spears Judicial Training Center''. [Reported in House] ...
21 H.R. 3414 (enr) For the relief of Luis A. Leon-Molina, Ligia Padron, Juan Leon Padron, Rendy Leon Padron, Manuel Leon Padron, and Luis Leon Padron. [Enrolled bill] ...
22 H.R. 3122 (enr) To permit the enrollment in the House of Representatives Child Care Center of children of Federal employees who are not employees of the legislative branch. [Enrolled bill] ...
23 H.R. 2302 (enr) To designate the building of the United States Postal Service located at 307 Main Street in Johnson City, New York, as the ``James W. McCabe, Sr. Post Office Building''. [Enrolled bill] ...
24 H.R. 1874 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the maximum [Introduced in House] ...
25 H.R. 460 (ih) To amend title 5, United States Code, to provide that the mandatory separation age for Federal firefighters be made the same as the age that applies with respect to Federal law enforcement officers. [Introduced in House] ...
26 H.R. 990 (ih) To provide for investment in private sector securities markets of amounts held in the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund for payment of benefits under title II of the Social Security Act. [Introduced in House] ...
27 S. 1937 (is) To amend the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act to provide for sales of electricity by the Bonneville Power Administration to joint operating entities. [Introduced in Senate] ...
28 H.R. 3101 (ih) To respond to drought conditions in various States by authorizing farmers and ranchers in drought areas to use certain conservation reserve lands for haying and grazing during the remainder of 1999. [Introduced in House] ...
29 H.R. 4945 (rh) To amend the Small Business Act to strengthen existing protections for small business participation in the Federal procurement contracting process, and for other purposes. [Reported in House] ...
30 H.R. 3222 (ih) To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to improve literacy through family literacy projects. [Introduced in House] ...


Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy