Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 3574 (ih) To provide for the improvement of the processing of claims for veterans compensation and pension, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...

H.R. 3574 (ih) To provide for the improvement of the processing of claims for veterans compensation and pension, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...


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pursuant to this subsection shall submit a report to the Director not 
later than March 1 of each year regarding the activities of, and use of 
funds awarded through such grant by, such person or entity during the 
previous year.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Director of the United States Agency for 
International Development $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003 
through 2006 to carry out this section.

SEC. 305. FUNDING FOR ENTITIES THAT PROMOTE MARKET ECONOMIES.

    (a) Grants Authorized.--The Director of the United States Agency 
for International Development may make grants to nongovernmental, non-
profit human rights organizations or persons, or foreign governmental 
organizations that promote market economies modeled after programs in 
Vietnam.
    (b) Time of Grants.--The grants provided under this subsection may 
not exceed 2 years in duration.
    (c) Reporting Requirements.--Each nongovernmental organization 
awarded a grant pursuant to this subsection shall submit an annual 
report to the Director not later than March 1 of each year regarding 
the activities of, and use of funds awarded through such grant by, such 
organization during the previous year.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Director of the United States Agency for 
International Development $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003 
through 2006 to carry out this section.

                TITLE IV--NEGOTIATIONS WITH NORTH KOREA

SEC. 401. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING NEGOTIATIONS WITH NORTH KOREA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) it is necessary and proper for the United States to 
        engage in negotiations with the Government of North Korea and 
        other concerned parties in Northeast Asia to address issues of 
        common concern both regionally and to the broader world 
        community;
            (2) every government in Northeast Asia, including China and 
        Russia, should support the principle of peaceful reunification 
        on the Korean peninsula;
            (3) as close allies with shared democratic values, the 
        political leadership in South Korea and the United States 
        should work together to develop a strategy for increasing 
        public awareness in both countries that our common goal is to 
        achieve a peaceful reunification of the Korean peninsula based 
        on democratic principles;
            (4) any negotiations between the United States, North 
        Korea, and other concerned parties in Northeast Asia should 
        include discussions directed toward ensuring the complete, 
        verifiable, and irreversible dismantlement of the North Korean 
        nuclear arms program, the elimination of Pyongyang's other 
        illegal weapons of mass destruction programs, ending its 
        proliferation of missiles and missile-related technologies, the 
        adoption by North Korea of a less provocative conventional 
        force posture, addressing the issues underlying its appearance 
        on the State Department list of states sponsoring terrorism, 
        and the establishment of a lasting peace on the Korean 
        peninsula;
            (5) any diplomatic solution to the problems posed by the 
        development of weapons of mass destruction, the proliferation 
        of ballistic missiles, and the potential destabilization of 
        Northeast Asia by North Korea should be comprehensive and also 
        seek to change North Korea's horrendous behavior on human 
        rights; and
            (6) any negotiations between the United States, North 
        Korea, and other concerned parties in Northeast Asia should 
        include the human rights of North Korean citizens, including 
        dialogue on religious and political freedoms and the North 
        Korean prison system, as a key concern.

SEC. 402. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING TRADE SANCTIONS AND ECONOMIC 
              ASSISTANCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) in the context of North Korean steps to respond 
        affirmatively and take appropriate action to address the 
        concerns of the United States, other parties in Northeast Asia, 
        and the world community, the United States and North Korea 
        should engage in trade that will mutually benefit the people of 
        both nations;
            (2) the mere lifting of United States sanctions against 
        North Korea, without fundamental changes in the North Korean 
        economy, will not lead to mutually beneficial economic 
        relationships between the United States and North Korea;
            (3) the United States should provide economic assistance to 
        North Korea that will benefit the people of North Korea, and 
        should avoid merely establishing North Korea as a permanent 
        recipient of foreign assistance;
            (4) the Government of North Korea should recognize that the 
        path to economic renewal and growth lies in international 
        markets in goods, services, and capital, which offer 
        opportunities for reducing costs, improving productivity, and 
        promoting dynamism;
            (5) the participation in the North Korean economy of small- 
        and medium-sized businesses from South Korea represents an 
        opportunity for North Korea to integrate its economy with the 
        world market, expand trade, and attract foreign investment and 
        other economic benefits; and
            (6) trade sanctions related to North Korea should not be 
        lifted, and economic assistance should not be provided to North 
        Korea, unless such lifting of sanctions or provision of 
        economic assistance is also accompanied by significant and 
        transparent market oriented economic reforms in that country, 
        including the aggressive prosecution of any North Koreans 
        engaged in international criminal activities such as drug 
        trafficking and counterfeiting.

SEC. 403. CONDITIONS ON DIRECT UNITED STATES AID AND OTHER ASSISTANCE 
              TO THE GOVERNMENT OF NORTH KOREA.

    (a) Humanitarian Aid.--No department, agency, or entity of the 
United States Government may provide humanitarian aid to any 
department, agency, or entity of the Government of North Korea unless 
such United States Government department, agency, or entity can 
demonstrate that the Government of North Korea has taken steps to 
ensure that--
            (1) such aid is delivered, distributed, and monitored 
        according to internationally recognized humanitarian standards;
            (2) such aid is provided on a needs basis, and is not used 
        as a political reward or tool of coercion;
            (3) such aid reaches the intended beneficiaries, who are 
        informed of the source of the aid; and
            (4) humanitarian access to all vulnerable groups in North 
        Korea is allowed, no matter where in the country they may be 
        located.
    (b) Nonhumanitarian Aid.--No department, agency, or entity of the 
United States Government may provide nonhumanitarian aid to any 
department, agency, or entity of the Government of North Korea unless 
such United States Government department, agency, or entity can 
demonstrate that the Government of North Korea has made substantial 
progress toward--
            (1) respecting and protecting basic human rights, including 
        freedom of religion, of the people of North Korea;
            (2) providing for significant family reunification between 
        North Koreans and their descendants and relatives in the United 
        States;
            (3) fully disclosing all information regarding citizens of 
        Japan and the Republic of Korea kidnapped by the Government of 
        North Korea;
            (4) allowing such abductees, along with their families, 
        complete and genuine freedom to leave North Korea and return to 
        the abductees original home countries;
            (5) significantly reforming its prison and labor camp 
        system, and subjecting such reforms to independent 
        international monitoring; and
            (6) decriminalizing political expression and activity.
    (c) Other Assistance.--It is the sense of Congress that significant 
North Korean progress on the areas of concern described in subsections 
(a) and (b) may, in the context of more comprehensive negotiations, 
serve as a basis for the United States to--
            (1) support the opening of an embassy in Pyongyang, North 
        Korea; and
            (2) support the membership of North Korea in multilateral 
        development institutions.

                   TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 501. ANNUAL REPORT.

    (a) Annual Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State 
and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a joint report to 
the appropriate congressional committees on the operation of this Act 
during the previous year.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted in accordance with subsection 
(a) shall include--
            (1) the number of aliens who are natives or citizens of 
        North Korea and have been granted humanitarian parole under 
        section 203, and the immigration status of such aliens before 
        being granted humanitarian parole;
            (2) the number of aliens who are natives or citizens of 
        North Korea and have been granted an adjustment of status under 
        section 204, and the immigration status of such aliens before 
        being granted adjustment of status;
            (3) the number of aliens who are natives or citizens of 
        North Korea who were granted political asylum;
            (4) the number of aliens who are natives or citizens of 
        North Korea who were granted temporary protected status under 
        section 205;
            (5) the number of aliens who are natives or citizens of 
        North Korea who applied for refugee status and the number who 
        were granted refugee status;
            (6) the number of orphans who are natives or citizens of 
        North Korea who have been identified for adoption by, or are in 
        the process of being adopted by, United States citizens;
            (7) a description of the activities of the Weapons of Mass 
        Destruction Informant Center established under section 207 of 
        this Act; and
            (8) the activities of the United Nations High Commission 
        for Refugees with respect to section 210.

SEC. 502. TASK FORCE ON NORTH KOREAN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The President should establish an Interagency 
Task Force to Monitor and Combat North Korean Criminal Activities 
(referred to in this section as the ``Task Force'').
    (b) Membership.--The Task Force shall be composed of--
            (1) 2 senior staff members of the Department of Homeland 
        Security appointed by the Secretary;
            (2) 2 senior staff members of the Department of State 
        appointed by the Secretary of State;
            (3) 2 senior staff members of the Department of Justice 
        appointed by the Attorney General;
            (4) 2 senior staff members of the Department of Defense 
        appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
            (5) 2 senior staff members of the Department of Treasury 
        appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury; and
            (6) 2 senior staff members of the Central Intelligence 
        Agency appointed by the Director of Central Intelligence.
    (c) Duties.--The Task Force shall coordinate the monitoring and 
prosecution of criminal activities in North Korea, including 
trafficking in narcotics, weapons, and persons. The Task Force shall--
            (1) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, deliver to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a plan for denying to the North Korean regime and 
        North Korean Government officials financial benefits from the 
        activities of Division 39 and any similar or successor 
        entities;
            (2) coordinate United States agency activities regarding 
        crimes committed by North Koreans, including by officials and 
        entities of the Government of North Korea; and
            (3) coordinate United States agency cooperation with law 
        enforcement, intelligence, and military services of foreign 
        countries with respect to crimes committed by North Koreans.
    (d) Report.--The Task Force shall issue an annual report to the 
appropriate congressional committees describing criminal activities 
conducted by North Koreans in the previous year and the response by 
United States Government agencies.
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