| Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 3623 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to simplify the individual capital gains tax for all individuals and to provide modest reductions in the capital gains tax for most individuals. ...
H.R. 3623 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to simplify the individual capital gains tax for all individuals and to provide modest reductions in the capital gains tax for most individuals. ...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 3622 To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and the Water Resources Development Act of 1992 to provide for the restoration, protection, and enhancement of the environmental integrity and social and economic benefits of the Anacostia Watershed in the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES November 21, 2003 Ms. Norton (for herself, Mr. Hoyer, Mr. Wynn, Mr. Moran of Virginia, and Mr. Van Hollen) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and the Water Resources Development Act of 1992 to provide for the restoration, protection, and enhancement of the environmental integrity and social and economic benefits of the Anacostia Watershed in the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Anacostia Watershed Initiative Act of 2003''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress finds that-- (1) the Anacostia Watershed encompasses 176 square miles in the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia; (2) the Anacostia Watershed-- (A) features the Anacostia River and its tributaries; and (B) has the potential to provide great ecological, biodiversity, recreational, social, and economic benefits to-- (i) the District of Columbia; (ii) the State of Maryland; (iii) the State of Virginia; and (iv) the United States as a whole; (3) the Anacostia Watershed provides habitat for the bald eagle, a species that-- (A) is a symbol of the United States; and (B) is listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); (4) the Anacostia Watershed is 1 of the most densely populated watersheds within the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin; (5) because of its location in the Nation's Capital, the Anacostia River-- (A) has special significance; and (B) should be a national model of urban river restoration and stewardship; (6) the Federal Government owns and manages approximately 70 percent of the Anacostia River waterfront land in the District of Columbia; (7) the Anacostia Watershed is-- (A) a degraded urban ecosystem; and (B) 1 of 3 toxic regions of concern in the Chesapeake Bay region; (8) the natural ecology and nationally significant biodiversity of the Anacostia Watershed are under stress because-- (A) more than 300 years of farming, mining, industrial development, and urban sprawl have damaged the ecological health and hydrological function of the Anacostia Watershed; and (B) the Anacostia River and its tributaries have been, and continue to be, adversely impacted by-- (i) discharges of combined sewer overflows; (ii) channelization; (iii) toxic pollution; (iv) forest and wetland habitat loss; (v) erosion; (vi) sedimentation; (vii) flooding; and (viii) uncontrolled stormwater run-off that comprises 75 to 90 percent of total pollutant loads; (C) water quality has been severely and chronically degraded as a result of activities described in subparagraph (B); (D) populations of anadromous fish species have been dramatically reduced by man-made barriers that interfere with spawning activities; (E) invasive species are adversely altering the ecological balance in the Anacostia Watershed; and (F) bacteria and other pathogens from combined sewer systems and urban runoff (including the combined sewer system of the District, which was constructed by the Federal Government more than 100 years ago) and toxics-laden stormwater discharges from the State of Maryland and the District, have precluded safe swimming, fish consumption, and numerous other types of recreation in the Anacostia River for decades; (9) the deteriorated Anacostia River diminishes the quality of life for all residents in the Anacostia Watershed, especially those individuals who reside east of the river in the economically distressed neighborhoods of the District; (10) Federal, State, District, and regional agencies, local governments, nonprofit organizations, and dedicated private citizens have been working for many years to restore and protect the Anacostia Watershed; (11) in 2001, the Mayor of the District, the Governor of the State, and the county executives of Prince George's County and Montgomery County, Maryland, entered into the Anacostia Watershed Restoration Agreement, which established goals and timeframes for restoring the ecological integrity of the Anacostia Watershed; (12) despite progress in restoration efforts and growing interest in the environmental condition of the Anacostia Watershed, research, restoration, and protection activities relating to the Anacostia Watershed remain under funded and in some cases uncoordinated; (13) restoration and protection of the Anacostia Watershed are central to the ecological, recreational, social, and economic sustainability of the Anacostia Region; (14) the environmental and recreational attributes of the Anacostia Watershed could attract visitors to the Anacostia Region; (15) in recognition of local efforts and to secure the Anacostia Watershed as an ecological, economic, and recreational resource for the Washington metropolitan area and the United States, a comprehensive environmental protection, restoration, and resource management plan for the Anacostia Watershed should be developed and implemented; (16) a comprehensive action plan should be developed and implemented with the input, participation, and cooperation of interested stakeholders, with special consideration given to the input and undertakings of the Anacostia Watershed Restoration Committee; (17) the comprehensive action plan referred to in paragraph (16) should not be inconsistent with and promote implementation of a federally-approved combined sewer long-term control plan; and (18) the Water and Sewer Authority of the District has developed a long term control plan for combined sewer overflows designed to significantly reduce discharges from the combined sewer system into the Anacostia River through the construction of an Anacostia storage tunnel and other sewer system improvements. SEC. 3. ANACOSTIA WATERSHED RESTORATION INITIATIVE. Title I of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) is amended-- (1) by redesignating section 121 the second place it appears, as section 122; and (2) by adding after section 122 (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following: ``SEC. 123. ANACOSTIA WATERSHED RESTORATION INITIATIVE. ``(a) Definitions.--In this section: ``(1) Anacostia watershed.-- ``(A) In general.--The term `Anacostia Watershed' means the 176 square miles (456 square kilometers) of land and water in the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia that-- ``(i) approximately mirrors the boundary between Montgomery County and Prince George's County, Maryland; and ``(ii) converges with the Potomac River near the southern tip of the District. ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `Anacostia Watershed' includes-- ``(i) the tidal Anacostia River; ``(ii) the northwest branch, northeast branch, contributing tributaries, and tidal drainage areas of the Anacostia River; and ``(iii) the Anacostia Park managed by the National Park Service. ``(2) Anacostia watershed agreement.--The term `Anacostia Watershed Agreement' means the agreement entered into by the Mayor of the District, the Governor of the State, and the county executives in 2001. ``(3) Anacostia watershed restoration committee.--The term `Anacostia Watershed Restoration Committee' means the organization that-- ``(A) was established in 1987 to oversee and coordinate the regional restoration effort for, to enhance awareness of, and to expand communication regarding the Anacostia Watershed; and ``(B) is comprised of representatives of-- ``(i) the District; ``(ii) the State; ``(iii) Montgomery County, Maryland; ``(iv) Prince George's County, Maryland; ``(v) the United States Army Corps of Engineers; ``(vi) the Environmental Protection Agency; and ``(vii) the National Park Service. ``(4) Combined sewer overflow.--The term `combined sewer overflow' means the mixture of stormwater and sanitary waste that is discharged directly into the Anacostia River during periods of significant rainfall once the capacity of the Combined Sewer System is exceeded. ``(5) Combined sewer system.--The term `combined sewer system' means the wastewater collection system serving approximately 12,955 acres of the Anacostia River, Rock Creek, and Potomac River drainage areas within the District that conveys sanitary sewage and stormwater into a single piping system. ``(6) Comprehensive action plan.--The term `Comprehensive Action Plan' means the Comprehensive Action Plan required to be developed and implemented under subsection (d). ``(7) Council.--The term `Council' means the Anacostia Watershed Council established by subsection (c)(1). ``(8) County executive.--The term `County Executive' means the county executive of Prince George's County or Montgomery County, Maryland, whichever is applicable. ``(9) District.--The term `District' means the District of Columbia. ``(10) Initiative.--The term `Initiative' means the Anacostia Watershed Initiative established by subsection (b)(1). ``(11) State.--The term `State' means the State of Maryland. ``(12) Washington metropolitan area.-- ``(A) In general.--The term `Washington metropolitan area' means the area in the region of the capital of the United States surrounding the Anacostia Watershed. ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `Washington metropolitan area' includes-- ``(i) the District of Columbia; and ``(ii) portions of the States of Maryland and Virginia surrounding the Anacostia Watershed. ``(b) Anacostia Watershed Restoration Initiative.-- ``(1) Establishment.--There is established a program within the Environmental Protection Agency to be known as the `Anacostia Watershed Restoration Initiative'. ``(2) Purposes.--The purposes of the Initiative are-- ``(A) to restore the environmental integrity of the Anacostia Watershed; ``(B) to plan and fund related restoration improvements in the Anacostia Watershed; and ``(C) to assist the Council in achieving its goals through the development and implementation of the Comprehensive Action Plan. ``(c) Anacostia Watershed Council.-- ``(1) Establishment.--There is established a council, to be known as the `Anacostia Watershed Council', to develop, carry out, and provide assistance and recommendations with respect to the Initiative. ``(2) Membership.--The Council shall be composed of-- ``(A) the Administrator; ``(B) the Mayor of the District; ``(C) the Governor of the State; ``(D) the Secretary of the Interior; ``(E) the Secretary of the Army; and ``(F) the county executives. ``(3) Duties.--The duties of the Council shall be-- ``(A) to develop, in accordance with subsection (d), a comprehensive action plan for the Anacostia Watershed; ``(B) to provide financial and technical assistance in accordance with subsection (f); and ``(C) to carry out this subsection. ``(4) Initial meeting.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Administrator shall convene the initial meeting of the Council. ``(5) Meetings.--The Council shall convene-- ``(A) as frequently as the Council determines to be necessary during the 1-year period after the date of the initial meeting of the Council to develop the comprehensive action plan; and ``(B) biannually thereafter-- ``(i) to assess the status of the comprehensive action plan; and ``(ii) to determine the courses of action for implementing the comprehensive action plan. ``(d) Comprehensive Action Plan.-- ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of
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