| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 3997 (ih) To improve systems for the delivery of dividends, interest, and other valuable property rights to lost security holders. [Introduced in House] ...
H.R. 3997 (ih) To improve systems for the delivery of dividends, interest, and other valuable property rights to lost security holders. [Introduced in House] ...
108th CONGRESS 2d Session H. R. 3996 To build operational readiness in civilian agencies, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES March 18, 2004 Mr. Schiff (for himself, Mr. Shays, Mr. Frost, Mr. Blumenauer, Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas, Mr. Case, and Ms. McCarthy of Missouri) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To build operational readiness in civilian agencies, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Stabilization and Reconstruction Civilian Management Act of 2004''. SEC. 2. FINDING; PURPOSE. (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the resources of the United States Armed Forces have been burdened by having to undertake stabilization and reconstruction tasks in the Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq, and other countries of the world that could have been performed by civilians, which has resulted in lengthy deployments for Armed Forces personnel. (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this Act is to provide for the development, as a core mission of the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development, of an effective expert civilian response capability to carry out stabilization and reconstruction activities in a country or region that is in, or is in transition from, conflict or civil strife. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. In this Act: (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development. (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives. (3) Department.--Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the term ``Department'' means the Department of State. (4) Executive agency.--The term ``Executive agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 105 of title 5, United States Code. (5) Secretary.--Except as otherwise specifically provided in this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of State. SEC. 4. SENSE OF CONGRESS. It is the sense of Congress that-- (1) the civilian element of United States joint civilian- military operations should be strengthened in order to enhance the execution of current and future stabilization and reconstruction activities in foreign countries or regions that are in, or are in transition from, conflict or civil strife; (2) the capability of civilian agencies of the United States Government to carry out stabilization and reconstruction activities in such countries or regions should also be enhanced through a new rapid response corps of civilian experts supported by the establishment of a new system of planning, organization, personnel policies, and education and training, and the provision of adequate resources; (3) the international community, including nongovernmental organizations, and the United Nations and its specialized agencies, should be further encouraged to participate in planning and organizing stabilization and reconstruction activities in such countries or regions; (4) the President should establish a new directorate of stabilization and reconstruction activities within the National Security Council to oversee the development of interagency contingency plans and procedures, including plans and procedures for joint civilian-military operations, to address stabilization and reconstruction requirements in such countries or regions; (5) the President should establish a standing committee to exercise responsibility for overseeing the formulation and execution of stabilization and reconstruction policy in order to ensure appropriate interagency coordination in the planning and execution of stabilization and reconstruction activities, including joint civilian-military operations, of the United States Government, and should provide for the committee-- (A) to be chaired by the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; and (B) to include the heads of-- (i) the Department; (ii) the United States Agency for International Development; (iii) the Department of Labor; (iv) the Department of Commerce; (v) the Department of Justice; (vi) the Department of the Treasury; (vii) the Department of Agriculture; (viii) the Department of Defense; and (ix) other Executive agencies as appropriate; (6) the Secretary and the Administrator should work with the Secretary of Defense to establish a personnel exchange program among the Department, the United States Agency for International Development, and the Department of Defense, including the regional commands and the Joint Staff, to enhance the stabilization and reconstruction skills of military and civilian personnel and their ability to undertake joint operations; and (7) the heads of other Executive agencies should establish personnel exchange programs that are designed to enhance the stabilization and reconstruction skills of military and civilian personnel. SEC. 5. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION CRISES. Chapter 1 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2351 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 617 the following new section: ``SEC. 618. ASSISTANCE FOR A STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION CRISIS. ``(a) Authority.--If the President determines that it is important to the national interests of the United States for United States civilian agencies or non-Federal employees to assist in stabilizing and reconstructing a country or region that is in, or is in transition from, conflict or civil strife, the President may, in accordance with the provisions set forth in section 614(a)(3), notwithstanding any other provision of law, and on such terms and conditions as the President may determine, furnish assistance to respond to the crisis and authorize the export of goods and services needed to respond to the crisis. ``(b) Special Authorities.--To provide assistance authorized in subsection (a), the President may exercise the authorities contained in sections 552(c)(2), 610, and 614 of this Act without regard to the percentage and aggregate dollar limitations contained in such sections. ``(c) Authorization of Funding.-- ``(1) Initial authorization.--There is authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $100,000,000 in funds that may be used to provide assistance authorized in subsection (a). ``(2) Replenishment.--There is authorized to be appropriated each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to replenish funds expended as provided under paragraph (1). Funds authorized to be appropriated under this paragraph shall be available without fiscal year limitation for the same purpose and under the same conditions as are provided under paragraph (1).''. SEC. 6. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION. Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is amended by adding after section 58 (22 U.S.C. 2730) the following new section: ``SEC. 59. INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION. ``(a) Office of International Stabilization and Reconstruction.-- ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish within the Department of State an Office of International Stabilization and Reconstruction. ``(2) Coordinator for international stabilization and reconstruction.--The head of the Office shall be the Coordinator for International Stabilization and Reconstruction, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Coordinator shall report directly to the Secretary and shall have the rank and status of Ambassador-at-Large. ``(3) Functions.--The functions of the Office of International Stabilization and Reconstruction include the following: ``(A) Monitoring, in coordination with relevant bureaus within the Department of State, political and economic instability worldwide to anticipate the need for mobilizing United States and international assistance for the stabilization and reconstruction of countries or regions that are in, or are in transition from, conflict or civil strife. ``(B) Assessing the various types of stabilization and reconstruction crises that could occur and cataloging and monitoring the non-military resources and capabilities of Executive agencies that are available to address such crises. ``(C) Planning to address requirements, such as demobilization, policing, human rights monitoring, and public information, that commonly arise in stabilization and reconstruction crises. ``(D) Coordinating with relevant Executive agencies (as that term is defined in section 105 of title 5, United States Code) to develop interagency contingency plans to mobilize and deploy civilian personnel to address the various types of such crises. ``(E) Entering into appropriate arrangements with other Executive agencies to carry out activities under this section and the Stabilization and Reconstruction Civilian Management Act of 2004. ``(F) Identifying personnel in State and local governments and in the private sector who are available to participate in the Response Readiness Corps or the Response Readiness Reserve established under subsection (b) or to otherwise participate in or contribute to stabilization and reconstruction activities. ``(G) Ensuring that training of civilian personnel to perform such stabilization and reconstruction activities is adequate and, as appropriate, includes security training that involves exercises and simulations with the Armed Forces, including the regional commands. ``(H) Sharing information and coordinating plans for stabilization and reconstruction activities with rapid response elements of the United Nations and its specialized agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and other foreign national and international organizations. ``(I) Coordinating plans and procedures for joint civilian-military operations with respect to stabilization and reconstruction activities. ``(J) Maintaining the capacity to field on short notice an evaluation team to undertake on-site needs assessment. ``(b) Response to Stabilization and Reconstruction Crisis.--If the President makes a determination regarding a stabilization and reconstruction crisis under section 618 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the President may designate the Coordinator, or such other individual as the President may determine appropriate, as the coordinator of the United States response. The individual so designated, or, in the event the President does not make such a designation, the Coordinator for International Stabilization and Reconstruction, shall-- ``(1) assess the immediate and long-term need for resources and civilian personnel; ``(2) identify and mobilize non-military resources to respond to the crisis; and ``(3) coordinate the activities of the other individuals or management team, if any, designated by the President to manage the United States response.''. SEC. 7. RESPONSE READINESS CORPS. (a) In General.--Section 59 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (as added by section 6) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: ``(c) Response Readiness Force.-- ``(1) Response readiness corps.-- ``(A) Establishment and purpose.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, is authorized to establish a Response Readiness Corps (hereafter referred to in this section as the `Corps') to provide assistance in support of stabilization and reconstruction activities in foreign countries or regions that are in, or are in transition from, conflict or civil strife. ``(B) Composition.--The Secretary and Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development should coordinate in the recruitment, hiring, and training of-- ``(i) up to 250 personnel to serve in the Corps; and ``(ii) such other personnel as the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, may designate as members of the Corps from among employees of the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development. ``(C) Training.--The Secretary shall train the members of the Corps to perform services necessary to carry out the purpose of the Corps under subparagraph (A). ``(D) Compensation.--Members of the Corps hired under subparagraph (B)(i) shall be compensated in accordance with the appropriate salary class for the Foreign Service, as set forth in sections 402 and 403 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3962 and 22 U.S.C. 3963), or in accordance with the relevant
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