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H.R. 3997 (ih) To improve systems for the delivery of dividends, interest, and other valuable property rights to lost security holders. [Introduced in House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 3996

  To build operational readiness in civilian agencies, and for other 
                               purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 18, 2004

  Mr. Schiff (for himself, Mr. Shays, Mr. Frost, Mr. Blumenauer, Ms. 
     Jackson-Lee of Texas, Mr. Case, and Ms. McCarthy of Missouri) 
 introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
                        International Relations

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To build operational readiness in civilian agencies, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Stabilization and Reconstruction 
Civilian Management Act of 2004''.

SEC. 2. FINDING; PURPOSE.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the resources of the United 
States Armed Forces have been burdened by having to undertake 
stabilization and reconstruction tasks in the Balkans, Afghanistan, 
Iraq, and other countries of the world that could have been performed 
by civilians, which has resulted in lengthy deployments for Armed 
Forces personnel.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this Act is to provide for the 
development, as a core mission of the Department of State and the 
United States Agency for International Development, of an effective 
expert civilian response capability to carry out stabilization and 
reconstruction activities in a country or region that is in, or is in 
transition from, conflict or civil strife.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
        Development.
            (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives.
            (3) Department.--Except as otherwise provided in this Act, 
        the term ``Department'' means the Department of State.
            (4) Executive agency.--The term ``Executive agency'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 105 of title 5, United 
        States Code.
            (5) Secretary.--Except as otherwise specifically provided 
        in this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        State.

SEC. 4. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the civilian element of United States joint civilian-
        military operations should be strengthened in order to enhance 
        the execution of current and future stabilization and 
        reconstruction activities in foreign countries or regions that 
        are in, or are in transition from, conflict or civil strife;
            (2) the capability of civilian agencies of the United 
        States Government to carry out stabilization and reconstruction 
        activities in such countries or regions should also be enhanced 
        through a new rapid response corps of civilian experts 
        supported by the establishment of a new system of planning, 
        organization, personnel policies, and education and training, 
        and the provision of adequate resources;
            (3) the international community, including nongovernmental 
        organizations, and the United Nations and its specialized 
        agencies, should be further encouraged to participate in 
        planning and organizing stabilization and reconstruction 
        activities in such countries or regions;
            (4) the President should establish a new directorate of 
        stabilization and reconstruction activities within the National 
        Security Council to oversee the development of interagency 
        contingency plans and procedures, including plans and 
        procedures for joint civilian-military operations, to address 
        stabilization and reconstruction requirements in such countries 
        or regions;
            (5) the President should establish a standing committee to 
        exercise responsibility for overseeing the formulation and 
        execution of stabilization and reconstruction policy in order 
        to ensure appropriate interagency coordination in the planning 
        and execution of stabilization and reconstruction activities, 
        including joint civilian-military operations, of the United 
        States Government, and should provide for the committee--
                    (A) to be chaired by the Assistant to the President 
                for National Security Affairs; and
                    (B) to include the heads of--
                            (i) the Department;
                            (ii) the United States Agency for 
                        International Development;
                            (iii) the Department of Labor;
                            (iv) the Department of Commerce;
                            (v) the Department of Justice;
                            (vi) the Department of the Treasury;
                            (vii) the Department of Agriculture;
                            (viii) the Department of Defense; and
                            (ix) other Executive agencies as 
                        appropriate;
            (6) the Secretary and the Administrator should work with 
        the Secretary of Defense to establish a personnel exchange 
        program among the Department, the United States Agency for 
        International Development, and the Department of Defense, 
        including the regional commands and the Joint Staff, to enhance 
        the stabilization and reconstruction skills of military and 
        civilian personnel and their ability to undertake joint 
        operations; and
            (7) the heads of other Executive agencies should establish 
        personnel exchange programs that are designed to enhance the 
        stabilization and reconstruction skills of military and 
        civilian personnel.

SEC. 5. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR STABILIZATION AND 
              RECONSTRUCTION CRISES.

    Chapter 1 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2351 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 617 the 
following new section:

``SEC. 618. ASSISTANCE FOR A STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION CRISIS.

    ``(a) Authority.--If the President determines that it is important 
to the national interests of the United States for United States 
civilian agencies or non-Federal employees to assist in stabilizing and 
reconstructing a country or region that is in, or is in transition 
from, conflict or civil strife, the President may, in accordance with 
the provisions set forth in section 614(a)(3), notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, and on such terms and conditions as the 
President may determine, furnish assistance to respond to the crisis 
and authorize the export of goods and services needed to respond to the 
crisis.
    ``(b) Special Authorities.--To provide assistance authorized in 
subsection (a), the President may exercise the authorities contained in 
sections 552(c)(2), 610, and 614 of this Act without regard to the 
percentage and aggregate dollar limitations contained in such sections.
    ``(c) Authorization of Funding.--
            ``(1) Initial authorization.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $100,000,000 in 
        funds that may be used to provide assistance authorized in 
        subsection (a).
            ``(2) Replenishment.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to 
        replenish funds expended as provided under paragraph (1). Funds 
        authorized to be appropriated under this paragraph shall be 
        available without fiscal year limitation for the same purpose 
        and under the same conditions as are provided under paragraph 
        (1).''.

SEC. 6. OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION.

    Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is 
amended by adding after section 58 (22 U.S.C. 2730) the following new 
section:

``SEC. 59. INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION.

    ``(a) Office of International Stabilization and Reconstruction.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish within 
        the Department of State an Office of International 
        Stabilization and Reconstruction.
            ``(2) Coordinator for international stabilization and 
        reconstruction.--The head of the Office shall be the 
        Coordinator for International Stabilization and Reconstruction, 
        who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice 
        and consent of the Senate. The Coordinator shall report 
        directly to the Secretary and shall have the rank and status of 
        Ambassador-at-Large.
            ``(3) Functions.--The functions of the Office of 
        International Stabilization and Reconstruction include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Monitoring, in coordination with relevant 
                bureaus within the Department of State, political and 
                economic instability worldwide to anticipate the need 
                for mobilizing United States and international 
                assistance for the stabilization and reconstruction of 
                countries or regions that are in, or are in transition 
                from, conflict or civil strife.
                    ``(B) Assessing the various types of stabilization 
                and reconstruction crises that could occur and 
                cataloging and monitoring the non-military resources 
                and capabilities of Executive agencies that are 
                available to address such crises.
                    ``(C) Planning to address requirements, such as 
                demobilization, policing, human rights monitoring, and 
                public information, that commonly arise in 
                stabilization and reconstruction crises.
                    ``(D) Coordinating with relevant Executive agencies 
                (as that term is defined in section 105 of title 5, 
                United States Code) to develop interagency contingency 
                plans to mobilize and deploy civilian personnel to 
                address the various types of such crises.
                    ``(E) Entering into appropriate arrangements with 
                other Executive agencies to carry out activities under 
                this section and the Stabilization and Reconstruction 
                Civilian Management Act of 2004.
                    ``(F) Identifying personnel in State and local 
                governments and in the private sector who are available 
                to participate in the Response Readiness Corps or the 
                Response Readiness Reserve established under subsection 
                (b) or to otherwise participate in or contribute to 
                stabilization and reconstruction activities.
                    ``(G) Ensuring that training of civilian personnel 
                to perform such stabilization and reconstruction 
                activities is adequate and, as appropriate, includes 
                security training that involves exercises and 
                simulations with the Armed Forces, including the 
                regional commands.
                    ``(H) Sharing information and coordinating plans 
                for stabilization and reconstruction activities with 
                rapid response elements of the United Nations and its 
                specialized agencies, nongovernmental organizations, 
                and other foreign national and international 
                organizations.
                    ``(I) Coordinating plans and procedures for joint 
                civilian-military operations with respect to 
                stabilization and reconstruction activities.
                    ``(J) Maintaining the capacity to field on short 
                notice an evaluation team to undertake on-site needs 
                assessment.
    ``(b) Response to Stabilization and Reconstruction Crisis.--If the 
President makes a determination regarding a stabilization and 
reconstruction crisis under section 618 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961, the President may designate the Coordinator, or such other 
individual as the President may determine appropriate, as the 
coordinator of the United States response. The individual so 
designated, or, in the event the President does not make such a 
designation, the Coordinator for International Stabilization and 
Reconstruction, shall--
            ``(1) assess the immediate and long-term need for resources 
        and civilian personnel;
            ``(2) identify and mobilize non-military resources to 
        respond to the crisis; and
            ``(3) coordinate the activities of the other individuals or 
        management team, if any, designated by the President to manage 
        the United States response.''.

SEC. 7. RESPONSE READINESS CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 59 of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (as added by section 6) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Response Readiness Force.--
            ``(1) Response readiness corps.--
                    ``(A) Establishment and purpose.--The Secretary, in 
                consultation with the Administrator of the United 
                States Agency for International Development, is 
                authorized to establish a Response Readiness Corps 
                (hereafter referred to in this section as the `Corps') 
                to provide assistance in support of stabilization and 
                reconstruction activities in foreign countries or 
                regions that are in, or are in transition from, 
                conflict or civil strife.
                    ``(B) Composition.--The Secretary and Administrator 
                of the United States Agency for International 
                Development should coordinate in the recruitment, 
                hiring, and training of--
                            ``(i) up to 250 personnel to serve in the 
                        Corps; and
                            ``(ii) such other personnel as the 
                        Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        Administrator, may designate as members of the 
                        Corps from among employees of the Department of 
                        State and the United States Agency for 
                        International Development.
                    ``(C) Training.--The Secretary shall train the 
                members of the Corps to perform services necessary to 
                carry out the purpose of the Corps under subparagraph 
                (A).
                    ``(D) Compensation.--Members of the Corps hired 
                under subparagraph (B)(i) shall be compensated in 
                accordance with the appropriate salary class for the 
                Foreign Service, as set forth in sections 402 and 403 
                of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3962 and 
                22 U.S.C. 3963), or in accordance with the relevant 

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