Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 4002 (eh) To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to revise and improve provisions relating to famine prevention and freedom from hunger. [Engrossed in House] ...

H.R. 4002 (eh) To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to revise and improve provisions relating to famine prevention and freedom from hunger. [Engrossed in House] ...


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                  In the Senate of the United States,

                       October 4 (legislative day, September 22), 2000.
    Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representatives (H.R. 
4002) entitled ``An Act to amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to 
revise and improve provisions relating to famine prevention and freedom 
from hunger.'', do pass with the following

                               AMENDMENT:

            Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Famine Prevention and Freedom From 
Hunger Improvement Act of 2000''.

SEC. 2. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Declarations of Policy.--(1) The first sentence of section 
296(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a(a)) is 
amended to read as follows: ``The Congress declares that, in order to 
achieve the mutual goals among nations of ensuring food security, human 
health, agricultural growth, trade expansion, and the wise and 
sustainable use of natural resources, the United States should mobilize 
the capacities of the United States land-grant universities, other 
eligible universities, and public and private partners of universities 
in the United States and other countries, consistent with sections 103 
and 103A of this Act, for: (1) global research on problems affecting 
food, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries; (2) improved human capacity 
and institutional resource development for the global application of 
agricultural and related environmental sciences; (3) agricultural 
development and trade research and extension services in the United 
States and other countries to support the entry of rural industries 
into world markets; and (4) providing for the application of 
agricultural sciences to solving food, health, nutrition, rural income, 
and environmental problems, especially such problems in low-income, 
food deficit countries.''.
    (2) The second sentence of section 296(a) of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a(a)) is amended--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (7) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (G), respectively;
            (B) in subparagraph (A) (as redesignated), by striking ``in 
        this country'' and inserting ``with and through the private 
        sector in this country and to understanding processes of 
        economic development'';
            (C) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated), to read as 
        follows:
            ``(B) that land-grant and other universities in the United 
        States have demonstrated over many years their ability to 
        cooperate with international agencies, educational and research 
        institutions in other countries, the private sector, and 
        nongovernmental organizations worldwide, in expanding global 
        agricultural production, processing, business and trade, to the 
        benefit of aid recipient countries and of the United States;'';
            (D) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated), to read as 
        follows:
            ``(C) that, in a world of growing populations with rising 
        expectations, increased food production and improved 
        distribution, storage, and marketing in the developing 
        countries is necessary not only to prevent hunger and ensure 
        human health and child survival, but to build the basis for 
        economic growth and trade, and the social security in which 
        democracy and a market economy can thrive, and moreover, that 
        the greatest potential for increasing world food supplies and 
        incomes to purchase food is in the developing countries where 
        the gap between food need and food supply is the greatest and 
        current incomes are lowest;'';
            (E) by striking subparagraphs (E) and (G) (as 
        redesignated);
            (F) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (F) (as 
        redesignated);
            (G) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G); 
        and
            (H) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) that, with expanding global markets and increasing 
        imports into many countries, including the United States, food 
        safety and quality, as well as secure supply, have emerged as 
        mutual concerns of all countries;
            ``(F) that research, teaching, and extension activities, 
        and appropriate institutional and policy development therefore 
        are prime factors in improving agricultural production, food 
        distribution, processing, storage, and marketing abroad (as 
        well as in the United States);'';
            (I) in subparagraph (G) (as redesignated), by striking ``in 
        the United States'' and inserting ``and the broader economy of 
        the United States''; and
            (J) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(H) that there is a need to responsibly manage the 
        world's agricultural and natural resources for sustained 
        productivity, health and resilience to climate variability; and
            ``(I) that universities and public and private partners of 
        universities need a dependable source of funding in order to 
        increase the impact of their own investments and those of their 
        State governments and constituencies, in order to continue and 
        expand their efforts to advance agricultural development in 
        cooperating countries, to translate development into economic 
        growth and trade for the United States and cooperating 
        countries, and to prepare future teachers, researchers, 
        extension specialists, entrepreneurs, managers, and 
        decisionmakers for the world economy.''.
    (b) Additional Declarations of Policy.--Section 296(b) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a(b)) is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(b) Accordingly, the Congress declares that, in order to prevent 
famine and establish freedom from hunger, the following components must 
be brought together in a coordinated program to increase world food and 
fiber production, agricultural trade, and responsible management of 
natural resources, including--
            ``(1) continued efforts by the international agricultural 
        research centers and other international research entities to 
        provide a global network, including United States universities, 
        for international scientific collaboration on crops, livestock, 
        forests, fisheries, farming resources, and food systems of 
        worldwide importance;
            ``(2) contract research and the implementation of 
        collaborative research support programs and other research 
        collaboration led by United States universities, and involving 
        research systems in other countries focused on crops, 
        livestock, forests, fisheries, farming resources, and food 
        systems, with benefits to the United States and partner 
        countries;
            ``(3) broadly disseminating the benefits of global 
        agricultural research and development including increased 
        benefits for United States agriculturally related industries 
        through establishment of development and trade information and 
        service centers, for rural as well as urban communities, 
        through extension, cooperatively with, and supportive of, 
        existing public and private trade and development related 
        organizations;
            ``(4) facilitation of participation by universities and 
        public and private partners of universities in programs of 
        multilateral banks and agencies which receive United States 
        funds;
            ``(5) expanding learning opportunities about global 
        agriculture for students, teachers, community leaders, 
        entrepreneurs, and the general public through international 
        internships and exchanges, graduate assistantships, faculty 
        positions, and other means of education and extension through 
        long-term recurring Federal funds matched by State funds; and
            ``(6) competitive grants through universities to United 
        States agriculturalists and public and private partners of 
        universities from other countries for research, institution and 
        policy development, extension, training, and other programs for 
        global agricultural development, trade, and responsible 
        management of natural resources.''.
    (c) Sense of the Congress.--Section 296(c) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``each component'' and 
        inserting ``each of the program components described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (b)'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and public and private partners 
                of universities'' after ``for the universities''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and public and private partners 
                of universities'' after ``such universities'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``, and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the comma at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon;
                    (D) by striking the matter following subparagraph 
                (B); and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) multilateral banks and agencies receiving 
                United States funds;
                    ``(D) development agencies of other countries; and
                    ``(E) United States Government foreign assistance 
                and economic cooperation programs;''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) generally engage the United States university 
        community more extensively in the agricultural research, trade, 
        and development initiatives undertaken outside the United 
        States, with the objectives of strengthening its capacity to 
        carry out research, teaching, and extension activities for 
        solving problems in food production, processing, marketing, and 
        consumption in agriculturally developing nations, and for 
        transforming progress in global agricultural research and 
        development into economic growth, trade, and trade benefits for 
        aid recipient countries and United States communities and 
        industries, and for the wise use of natural resources; and
            ``(5) ensure that all federally funded support to 
        universities and public and private partners of universities 
        relating to the goals of this title is periodically reviewed 
        for its performance.''.
    (d) Definition of Universities.--Section 296(d) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a(d)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting after ``sea-grant colleges;'' the 
        following: ``Native American land-grant colleges as authorized 
        under the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 
        (7 U.S.C. 301 note);''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``extension'' and 
        inserting ``extension (including outreach)''.
    (e) Definition of Administrator.--Section 296(e) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a(e)) is amended by inserting 
``United States'' before ``Agency''.
    (f) Definition of Public and Private Partners of Universities.--
Section 296 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) As used in this title, the term `public and private partners 
of universities' includes entities that have cooperative or contractual 
agreements with universities, which may include formal or informal 
associations of universities, other education institutions, United 
States Government and State agencies, private voluntary organizations, 
nongovernmental organizations, firms operated for profit, nonprofit 
organizations, multinational banks, and, as designated by the 
Administrator, any organization, institution, or agency incorporated in 
other countries.''.
    (g) Definition of Agriculture.--Section 296 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(g) As used in this title, the term `agriculture' includes the 
science and practice of activity related to food, feed, and fiber 
production, processing, marketing, distribution, utilization, and 
trade, and also includes family and consumer sciences, nutrition, food 
science and engineering, agricultural economics and other social 
sciences, forestry, wildlife, fisheries, aquaculture, floraculture, 
veterinary medicine, and other environmental and natural resources 
sciences.''.
    (h) Definition of Agriculturists.--Section 296 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(h) As used in this title, the term `agriculturists' includes 
farmers, herders, and livestock producers, individuals who fish and 
others employed in cultivating and harvesting food resources from salt 
and fresh waters, individuals who cultivate trees and shrubs and 
harvest nontimber forest products, as well as the processors, managers, 
teachers, extension specialists, researchers, policymakers, and others 
who are engaged in the food, feed, and fiber system and its 
relationships to natural resources.''.

SEC. 3. GENERAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization of Assistance.--Section 297(a) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220b(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), to read as follows:
            ``(1) to implement program components through United States 
        universities as authorized by paragraphs (2) through (5) of 
        this subsection;'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), to read as follows:
            ``(3) to provide long-term program support for United 
        States university global agricultural and related environmental 
        collaborative research and learning opportunities for students, 
        teachers, extension specialists, researchers, and the general 
        public;''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``United States'' before 
                ``universities'';
                    (B) by inserting ``agricultural'' before ``research 
                centers''; and
                    (C) by striking ``and the institutions of 
                agriculturally developing nations'' and inserting 
                ``multilateral banks, the institutions of 
                agriculturally developing nations, and United States 
                and foreign nongovernmental organizations supporting 
                extension and other productivity-enhancing programs''.
    (b) Requirements.--Section 297(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220b(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``universities'' and inserting ``United States 
                universities with public and private partners of 
                universities''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, environment,'' before 
                        ``and related''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``farmers and farm 
                        families'' and inserting ``agriculturalists'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, including resources 
        of the private sector,'' after ``Federal or State resources''; 
        and

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