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H.R. 4118 (rh) To prohibit the rescheduling or forgiveness of any outstanding [Reported in House] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 4118


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 20, 2000

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
    To prohibit the rescheduling or forgiveness of any outstanding 
   bilateral debt owed to the United States by the Government of the 
 Russian Federation until the President certifies to the Congress that 
the Government of the Russian Federation has ceased all its operations 
at, removed all personnel from, and permanently closed the intelligence 
                       facility at Lourdes, Cuba.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Russian-American Trust and 
Cooperation Act of 2000''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Government of the Russian Federation maintains an 
        agreement with the Government of Cuba which allows Russia to 
        operate an intelligence facility at Lourdes, Cuba.
            (2) The Secretary of Defense has formally expressed 
        concerns to the Congress regarding the espionage complex at 
        Lourdes, Cuba, and its use as a base for intelligence 
        activities directed against the United States.
            (3) The Secretary of Defense, referring to a 1998 Defense 
        Intelligence Agency assessment, has reported that the Russian 
        Federation leases the Lourdes facility for an estimated 
        $100,000,000 to $300,000,000 a year.
            (4) It has been reported that the Lourdes facility is the 
        largest such complex operated by the Russian Federation and its 
        intelligence service outside the region of the former Soviet 
        Union.
            (5) The Lourdes facility is reported to cover a 28 square-
        mile area with over 1,500 Russian engineers, technicians, and 
        military personnel working at the base.
            (6) Experts familiar with the Lourdes facility have 
        reportedly confirmed that the base has multiple groups of 
        tracking dishes and its own satellite system, with some groups 
        used to intercept telephone calls, faxes, and computer 
        communications, in general, and with other groups used to cover 
        targeted telephones and devices.
            (7) News sources have reported that the predecessor regime 
        to the Government of the Russian Federation had obtained 
        sensitive information about United States military operations 
        during Operation Desert Storm through the Lourdes facility.
            (8) Academic studies assessing the threat the Lourdes 
        espionage station poses to the United States cite official 
        United States sources affirming that the Lourdes facility is 
        being used to collect personal information about United States 
        citizens in the private and government sectors, and offers the 
        means to engage in cyberwarfare against the United States.
            (9) It has been reported that the operational significance 
        of the Lourdes facility has grown dramatically since February 
        7, 1996, when then Russian President, Boris Yeltsin, issued an 
        order demanding that the Russian intelligence community 
        increase its gathering of United States and other Western 
        economic and trade secrets.
            (10) It has been reported that the Government of the 
        Russian Federation is estimated to have spent in excess of 
        $3,000,000,000 in the operation and modernization of the 
        Lourdes facility.
            (11) Former United States Government officials have been 
        quoted confirming reports about the Russian Federation's 
        expansion and upgrade of the Lourdes facility.
            (12) It was reported in December 1999 that a high-ranking 
        Russian military delegation headed by Deputy Chief of the 
        General Staff Colonel-General Valentin Korabelnikov visited 
        Cuba to discuss the continuing Russian operation of the Lourdes 
        facility.

SEC. 3. PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL DEBT RESCHEDULING AND FORGIVENESS FOR 
              THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Prohibition.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
President--
            (1) shall not reschedule or forgive any outstanding 
        bilateral debt owed to the United States by the Government of 
        the Russian Federation; and
            (2) shall instruct the United States representative to the 
        Paris Club of official creditors to use the voice and vote of 
        the United States to oppose rescheduling or forgiveness of any 
        outstanding bilateral debt owed by the Government of the 
        Russian Federation,
until the President certifies to the Congress that the Government of 
the Russian Federation has ceased all its operations at, removed all 
personnel from, and permanently closed the intelligence facility at 
Lourdes, Cuba.
    (b) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The President may waive the application of 
        subsection (a)(1) with respect to rescheduling of outstanding 
        bilateral debt if, not less than 10 days before the waiver is 
        to take effect, the President determines and certifies in 
        writing to the Committee on International Relations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
        of the Senate that--
                    (A) such waiver is necessary to the national 
                interests of the United States; and
                    (B) the Government of the Russian Federation is 
                substantially in compliance with multilateral and 
                bilateral nonproliferation and arms limitation 
                agreements.
            (2) Additional requirement.--If the President waives the 
        application of subsection (a)(1) pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
        President shall include in the written certification under 
        paragraph (1) a detailed description of the facts that support 
        the determination to waive the application of subsection 
        (a)(1).
            (3) Submission in Classified Form.--If the President 
        considers it appropriate, the written certification under 
        paragraph (1), or ap

Pages: 1

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