Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 4138 (ih) To amend section 249 of the Immigration and Nationality Act to permit the Attorney General to create a record of lawful admission for permanent residence for certain aliens who entered the United States prior to 1986. [Introduced in House]...

H.R. 4138 (ih) To amend section 249 of the Immigration and Nationality Act to permit the Attorney General to create a record of lawful admission for permanent residence for certain aliens who entered the United States prior to 1986. [Introduced in House]...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org







108th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 4137

   To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for unified 
          income taxation with respect to pass-thru entities.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             April 2, 2004

 Mr. Houghton introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
                      Committee on Ways and Means

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
   To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for unified 
          income taxation with respect to pass-thru entities.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as ``Small Business Tax Modernization Act of 
2004''.

SEC. 2. UNIFIED PASS-THRU ENTITY REGIME.

    (a) Termination of S Corporation Status.--
            (1) No new s corporation elections.--Subsection (a) of 
        section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Termination of authority to make election.--No 
        election may be made under paragraph (1) for any taxable year 
        beginning after December 31, 2004.''.
            (2) Termination of status.--Subsection (d) of section 1362 
        of such Code (relating to termination) is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Treatment as partnership after 2014.--An election 
        under subsection (a)--
                    ``(A) shall not be effective for any taxable year 
                beginning after December 31, 2014, and
                    ``(B) shall be treated as an election under section 
                7701(a)(2)(B) for taxable years beginning after such 
                date.''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004.
    (b) Election by Certain Corporations to Be Taxed as Partnership.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (2) of section 7701(a) of such 
        Code (defining partnership and partner) is amended to read as 
        follows:
            ``(2) Partnership and partner.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `partnership' includes 
                a syndicate, group, pool, joint venture, or other 
                unincorporated organization, through or by means of 
                which any business, financial operation, or venture is 
                carried on, and which is not, within the meaning of 
                this title, a trust or estate or a corporation; and the 
                term `partner' includes a member in such a syndicate, 
                group, pool, joint venture, or organization.
                    ``(B) Election by corporation to be taxed as 
                partnership.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An eligible corporation 
                        may elect to be treated as a partnership for 
                        purposes of this title.
                            ``(ii) Tax treatment.--Except as provided 
                        in section 1379A--
                                    ``(I) no gain or loss shall be 
                                recognized to the corporation or the 
                                shareholders by reason of an election 
                                under clause (i), and
                                    ``(II) except in the case of an 
                                election made by a S corporation after 
                                the end of the recognition period (as 
                                defined in section 1374(d)(7) without 
                                regard to subparagraph (B) thereof), 
                                section 1374 shall apply to the entity 
                                after such election.
                            ``(iii) Eligible corporation.--For purposes 
                        of clause (i), the term `eligible corporation' 
                        means an entity--
                                    ``(I) which, without regard to this 
                                subparagraph, is a domestic corporation 
                                no stock of which is readily tradable 
                                on an established securities market or 
                                otherwise, and
                                    ``(II) which is not an ineligible 
                                corporation (as defined by section 
                                1361(b)(2)).
                            ``(iv) Election and termination.--For 
                        purposes of this subparagraph, rules similar to 
                        the rules of section 1362 (other than 
                        subsections (a)(3), (d)(3) and (4), and (e) 
                        thereof) shall apply.
                            ``(v) Distributions, etc.--Each partner 
                        shall include in gross income as a dividend, 
                        any amount that would have been so includible 
                        had the entity been an S corporation during the 
                        period the entity was treated as a partnership. 
                        Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, the 
                        provisions of subchapter K of chapter 1 shall 
                        apply to determine the basis of any property 
                        distributed and the basis of any interest in 
                        the partnership.
                            ``(vi) Cross reference.--For tax treatment 
                        of S corporation electing unified pass-thru 
                        regime, see section 1379A.''.
            (2) Tax treatment of s corporation electing unified pass-
        thru regime.--
                    (A) In general.--Part IV of subchapter S of chapter 
                1 of such Code is amended by inserting after section 
                1379 the following new section:

``SEC. 1379A. TAX TREATMENT OF S CORPORATION ELECTING UNIFIED PASS-THRU 
              REGIME.

    ``In the case of an election under section 7701(a)(2)(B) by an S 
corporation before January 1, 2015, with respect to the corporation--
            ``(1) the shareholders shall be treated as if the assets 
        were distributed, on the date of such election, to the 
        shareholders in exchange for their stock,
            ``(2) any gain or loss recognized to the shareholders by 
        reason of paragraph (1) shall be taken into account by the 
        shareholders ratably over the taxable year in which the 
        distribution is deemed to be made under paragraph (1) and the 
        succeeding 4 taxable years, and
            ``(3) proper adjustments to the basis of interests in the 
        entity shall be made.''.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections for 
                part IV of subchapter S of chapter 1 of such Code is 
                amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
                1379 the following new item:

``Sec. 1379A. Tax treatment of S corporation electing unified pass-thru 
                            regime.''.
            (3) Modification to treatment of section 1374 tax for 
        earnings and profits purposes.--Paragraph (2) of section 
        1366(f) of such Code is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Treatment of tax imposed on built-in gains.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amount of the items of the 
                net recognized built-in gain taken into account under 
                section 1374(b)(1) (reduced by any deduction allowed 
                under section 1374(b)(2)) shall not be taken into 
                account under this section.
                    ``(B) Earnings and profits.--The accumulated 
                earnings and profits of the corporation shall be 
                increased at the beginning of the taxable year by the 
                amount not taken into account under this section by 
                reason of subparagraph (A) (determined without regard 
                to section 1374(b)(2)) reduced by the tax imposed by 
                section 1374 (net of credits allowed).''.
            (4) Effect of election on recognition period for purposes 
        of tax imposed on built-in gains.--Paragraph (7) of section 
        1374(d) of such Code is amended to read as follows:
            ``(7) Recognition period.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `recognition period' 
                means the 10-year period beginning with the 1st day of 
                the 1st taxable year for which the corporation was an S 
                corporation. For purposes of applying this section to 
                any amount includible in income by reason of section 
                593(e), the preceding sentence shall be applied without 
                regard to the phrase `10-year'.
                    ``(B) Special rule relating to election of 
                corporation to be taxed as partnership.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of an 
                        election under section 7701(a)(2)(B), 
                        subparagraph (A) shall be applied by 
                        substituting `25-year' for `10-year' both 
                        places it appears.
                            ``(ii) Exception where 10-year period 
                        expired.--If, on the date of an election 
                        referred to in clause (i) by a corporation, the 
                        10-year period specified in subparagraph (A) 
                        with respect to such corporation has expired, 
                        clause (i) shall not apply to such 
                        corporation.''.
            (5) Effective dates.--The amendments made by this 
        subsection shall apply to taxable years beginning after 
        December 31, 2004.
    (c) Step Transaction Doctrine not to Apply to Partnership 
Incorporation Followed by Corporate Reorganization.--
            (1) In general.--Section 351 of such Code is amended by 
        redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i) and by inserting 
        after subsection (g) the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Special Rule for Partnerships Which Incorporate and 
Subsequently Reorganize.--The step transaction doctrine and any similar 
doctrine shall not apply for purposes of determining whether the 
control requirement of subsection (a) is met in any case in which--
            ``(1) a partnership engaged in an active trade or business 
        transfers substantially all of the property used in carrying on 
        such trade or business to a corporation which is not publicly 
        traded, and
            ``(2) such corporation subsequently enters into a 
        reorganization under this chapter.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by this subsection 
        shall apply to transactions after December 31, 2004.

SEC. 3. PARTNERSHIP INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CAPITAL EXCLUDED FROM NET 
              EARNINGS FROM SELF-EMPLOYMENT.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (13) of section 1402(a) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 is amended to read as follows:
            ``(13) there shall be excluded the distributive share of 
        net income of a partner attributable to capital;''.
    (b) Partnership Income Attributable to Capital.--Section 1402 of 
such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Partnership Income Attributable to Capital.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of subsection (a)(13), the 
        following amounts shall be treated as income attributable to 
        capital--
                    ``(A) the amount, if any, in excess of what would 
                constitute reasonable compensation for services 
                rendered by such partner to the partnership, and
                    ``(B) an amount equal to a reasonable rate of 
                return on unreturned capital of the partner determined 
                as of the beginning of the taxable year.
            ``(2) Definitions.--For purposes of paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) Unreturned capital.--The term `unreturned 
                capital' means the excess of the aggregate amount of 
                money and the fair market value as of the date of 
                contribution of other consideration (net of 
                liabilities) contributed by the partner over the 
                aggregate amount of money and the fair market value as 
                of the date of distribution of other consideration (net 
                of liabilities) distributed by the partnership to the 
                partner, increased or decreased for the partner's 
                distributive share of all reportable items as 
                determined in section 702. If the partner acquires a 
                partnership interest and the partnership makes an 
                election under section 754, the partner's unreturned 
                capital shall take into account appropriate adjustments 
                under section 743.
                    ``(B) Reasonable rate of return.--A reasonable rate 
                of return on unreturned capital shall equal 150 percent 
                (or such higher rate as is established in regulations) 
                of the highest applicable Federal rate, as determined 
                under section 1274(d)(1), at the beginning of the 
                partnership's taxable year.
            ``(3) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe such 
        regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of 
        this subsection.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to services performed in taxable years beginning 
after December 31, 2004.
                                 <all>

Pages: 1

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 S. 1761 (rfh) To direct the Secretary of the Interior, through the Bureau of Reclamation, to conserve and enhance the water supplies of the Lower Rio Grande Valley. [Referred in House] ...
2 H.R. 3477 (ih) To amend the Truth in Lending Act to require credit card statements to [Introduced in House] ...
3 H.J.Res. 65 (rfs) Commending the World War II veterans who fought in the Battle of the Bulge, and for other purposes. [Referred in Senate] ...
4 H.R. 5632 (ih) To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to permit Pell Grants to incarcerated students under limited conditions. [Introduced in House] ...
5 S. 1913 (is) To amend the Act entitled ``An Act relating to the water rights of the Ak-Chin Indian Community'' to clarify certain provisions concerning the leasing of such water rights, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
6 S. 1052 (rfh) To implement further the Act (Public Law 94-241) approving the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America, and for other purposes. [Referred in House] %%Filename:...
7 S. 2426 (is) To suspend temporarily the duty on n-Heptanoic acid. [Introduced in Senate] ...
8 S. 1998 (is) To establish the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area. [Introduced in Senate] ...
9 H.Res. 203 (ih) Acknowledging the dedication and sacrifice made by the men and women who have lost their lives while serving as firefighters. [Introduced in House] ...
10 S. 2498 (es) To authorize the Smithsonian Institution to plan, design, construct, and equip laboratory, administrative, and support space to house base operations for the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Submillimeter Array located on Mauna Kea at Hi...
11 H.R. 5101 (ih) To require certain actions with respect to the availability of HIV/AIDS pharmaceuticals and medical technologies in developing countries, including sub-Saharan African countries. [Introduced in House] ...
12 S.Res. 146 (rs) Authorizing expenditures by the Committee on Environment and Public Works. [Reported in Senate] ...
13 S. 3201 (enr) To rename the National Museum of American Art. [Enrolled bill] ...
14 S. 1228 (is) To provide for the development, use, and enforcement of a system for labeling violent content in audio and visual media products, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
15 H.R. 1170 (ih) To amend title 5, United States Code, to make available under the health benefits program for Federal employees the option of obtaining coverage for self and children only, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
16 H.R. 1143 (enr) To establish a program to provide assistance for programs of credit and other financial services for microenterprises in developing countries, and for other purposes. [Enrolled bill] ...
17 H.R. 2605 (enr) Making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2000, and for other purposes. [Enrolled bill] ...
18 S.Con.Res. 65 (is) Expressing the sense of Congress regarding the preservation of full and open competition for contracts for the transportation of United States military cargo between the United States and the Republic of Iceland. [Introduced in Senate]...
19 S.Con.Res. 146 (is) Condemning the assassination of Father John Kaiser and others in Kenya, [Introduced in Senate] ...
20 S.Con.Res. 23 (es) [Engrossed in Senate] ...
21 H.R. 926 (ih) To require the Secretary of the Army to issue an environmental impact statement before the International Joint Commission implements any water regulation plan affecting the water levels of Lake Ontario or the St. Lawrence River. [Introduced...
22 H.Res. 630 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
23 H.Con.Res. 261 (ih) Condemning the discriminatory practices prevalent at Bob Jones University. [Introduced in House] ...
24 H.R. 4169 (ih) To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 2000 Vassar Street in Reno, Nevada, as the ``Barbara F. Vucanovich Post Office Building''. [Introduced in House] ...
25 H.R. 2606 (rds) Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2000, and for other purposes. [Received in the Senate] ...
26 H.R. 5246 (ih) To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to require home health agencies participating in the Medicare Program to conduct criminal background checks for all applicants for employment as patient care providers. [Introduced in House] %...
27 S. 3019 (is) To clarify the Federal relationship to the Shawnee Tribe as a distinct Indian tribe, to clarify the status of the members of the Shawnee Tribe, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
28 H.R. 5096 (ih) To amend the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to provide that certain funds treated as local funds under that Act shall be used to provide additional funding for programs under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965....
29 H.R. 5599 (ih) For the relief of Eugene Makuch. [Introduced in House] ...
30 H.R. 1330 (ih) To amend title 18, United States Code, to increase the mandatory minimum penalties provided for possessing, brandishing, or discharging a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence or drug trafficking crime. [Introduced in House]...


Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy