Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 4320 (rs) To assist in the conservation of great apes by supporting and providing financial resources for the conservation programs of countries within the range of great apes and projects of persons with demonstrated expertise in the conservation of...

H.R. 4320 (rs) To assist in the conservation of great apes by supporting and providing financial resources for the conservation programs of countries within the range of great apes and projects of persons with demonstrated expertise in the conservation of...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org







                                                 Union Calendar No. 458
106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 4320

                          [Report No. 106-792]

To assist in the conservation of great apes by supporting and providing 
 financial resources for the conservation programs of countries within 
   the range of great apes and projects of persons with demonstrated 
              expertise in the conservation of great apes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             April 13, 2000

 Mr. George Miller of California (for himself, Mr. Holt, Mr. Udall of 
    Colorado, Mr. Farr of California, Mr. Vento, and Mrs. Morella) 
 introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
                               Resources

                             July 25, 2000

 Additional sponsors: Mr. Tierney, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. McGovern, Mrs. Meek 
    of Florida, Mr. Faleomavaega, Mr. Kennedy of Rhode Island, Mr. 
 Gejdenson, Mr. Lantos, Mr. Hinchey, Mr. Evans, Mr. Moran of Virginia, 
 Mr. Dicks, Mr. Abercrombie, Mr. Delahunt, Mr. Doyle, Mr. Nadler, Ms. 
 Lee, Mr. Conyers, Ms. Eshoo, Mr. Shaw, Mr. Pascrell, Mr. Pallone, Mr. 
                 Saxton, Mr. Cunningham, and Ms. Rivers

                             July 25, 2000

  Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole 
       House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]
 [For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on April 
                               13, 2000]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To assist in the conservation of great apes by supporting and providing 
 financial resources for the conservation programs of countries within 
   the range of great apes and projects of persons with demonstrated 
              expertise in the conservation of great apes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Great Ape Conservation Act of 
2000''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) great ape populations have declined to the point that 
        the long-term survival of the species in the wild is in serious 
        jeopardy;
            (2) the chimpanzee, gorilla, bonobo, orangutan, and gibbon 
        are listed as endangered species under section 4 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533) and under 
        Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in 
        Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (27 UST 1087; TIAS 
        8249);
            (3) because the challenges facing the conservation of great 
        apes are so immense, the resources available to date have not 
        been sufficient to cope with the continued loss of habitat due 
        to human encroachment and logging and the consequent diminution 
        of great ape populations;
            (4) because great apes are flagship species for the 
        conservation of the tropical forest habitats in which they are 
        found, conservation of great apes provides benefits to numerous 
        other species of wildlife, including many other endangered 
        species;
            (5) among the threats to great apes, in addition to habitat 
        loss, are population fragmentation, hunting for the bushmeat 
        trade, live capture, and exposure to emerging or introduced 
        diseases;
            (6) great apes are important components of the ecosystems 
        they inhabit, and studies of their wild populations have 
        provided important biological insights;
            (7) although subsistence hunting of tropical forest animals 
        has occurred for hundreds of years at a sustainable level, the 
        tremendous increase in the commercial trade of tropical forest 
        species is detrimental to the future of these species; and
            (8) the reduction, removal, or other effective addressing 
        of the threats to the long-term viability of populations of 
        great apes in the wild will require the joint commitment and 
        effort of countries that have within their boundaries any part 
        of the range of great apes, the United States and other 
        countries, and the private sector.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to sustain viable populations of great apes in the 
        wild; and
            (2) to assist in the conservation and protection of great 
        apes by supporting conservation programs of countries in which 
        populations of great apes are located and by supporting the 
        CITES Secretariat.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) CITES.--The term ``CITES'' means the Convention on 
        International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and 
        Flora, done at Washington March 3, 1973 (27 UST 1087; TIAS 
        8249), including its appendices.
            (2) Conservation.--The term ``conservation''--
                    (A) means the use of methods and procedures 
                necessary to prevent the diminution of, and to sustain 
                viable populations of, a species; and
                    (B) includes all activities associated with 
                wildlife management, such as--
                            (i) conservation, protection, restoration, 
                        acquisition, and management of habitat;
                            (ii) in-situ research and monitoring of 
                        populations and habitats;
                            (iii) assistance in the development, 
                        implementation, and improvement of management 
                        plans for managed habitat ranges;
                            (iv) enforcement and implementation of 
                        CITES;
                            (v) enforcement and implementation of 
                        domestic laws relating to resource management;
                            (vi) development and operation of 
                        sanctuaries for members of a species rescued 
                        from the illegal trade in live animals;
                            (vii) training of local law enforcement 
                        officials in the interdiction and prevention of 
                        the illegal killing of great apes;
                            (viii) programs for the rehabilitation of 
                        members of a species in the wild and release of 
                        the members into the wild in ways which do not 
                        threaten existing wildlife populations by 
                        causing displacement or the introduction of 
                        disease;
                            (ix) conflict resolution initiatives;
                            (x) community outreach and education; and
                            (xi) strengthening the capacity of local 
                        communities to implement conservation programs.
            (3) Fund.--The term ``Fund'' means the Great Ape 
        Conservation Fund established by section 5.
            (4) Great ape.--The term ``great ape'' means a chimpanzee, 
        gorilla, bonobo, orangutan, or gibbon.
            (5) Multinational species conservation fund.--The term 
        ``Multinational Species Conservation Fund'' means such fund as 
        established in title I of the Department of the Interior and 
        Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999, under the heading 
        ``multinational species conservation fund''.
            (6) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the Interior.

SEC. 4. GREAT APE CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of funds and in 
consultation with other appropriate Federal officials, the Secretary 
shall use amounts in the Fund to provide financial assistance for 
projects for the conservation of great apes for which project proposals 
are approved by the Secretary in accordance with this section.
    (b) Project Proposals.--
            (1) Eligible applicants.--A proposal for a project for the 
        conservation of great apes may be submitted to the Secretary 
        by--
                    (A) any wildlife management authority of a country 
                that has within its boundaries any part of the range of 
                a great ape if the activities of the authority directly 
                or indirectly affect a great ape population;
                    (B) the CITES Secretariat; or
                    (C) any person or group with the demonstrated 
                expertise required for the conservation of great apes.
            (2) Required elements.--A project proposal shall include--
                    (A) a concise statement of the purposes of the 
                project;
                    (B) the name of the individual responsible for 
                conducting the project;
                    (C) a description of the qualifications of the 
                individuals who will conduct the project;
                    (D) a concise description of--
                            (i) methods for project implementation and 
                        outcome assessment;
                            (ii) staff and community management for the 
                        project; and
                            (iii) the logistics of the project;
                    (E) an estimate of the funds and time required to 
                complete the project;
                    (F) evidence of support for the project by 
                appropriate governmental entities of the countries in 
                which the project will be conducted, if the Secretary 
                determines that such support is required for the 
                success of the project;
                    (G) information regarding the source and amount of 
                matching funding available for the project; and
                    (H) any other information that the Secretary 
                considers to be necessary for evaluating the 
                eligibility of the project for funding under this Act.
    (c) Project Review and Approval.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) not later than 30 days after receiving a 
                project proposal, provide a copy of the proposal to 
                other appropriate Federal officials; and
                    (B) review each project proposal in a timely manner 
                to determine if the proposal meets the criteria 
                specified in subsection (d).
            (2) Consultation; approval or disapproval.--Not later than 
        180 days after receiving a project proposal, and subject to the 
        availability of funds, the Secretary, after consulting with 
        other appropriate Federal officials, shall--
                    (A) consult on the proposal with the government of 
                each country in which the project is to be conducted;
                    (B) after taking into consideration any comments 
                resulting from the consultation, approve or disapprove 
                the proposal; and
                    (C) provide written notification of the approval or 
                disapproval to the person who submitted the proposal, 
                other appropriate Federal officials, and each country 
                described in subparagraph (A).
    (d) Criteria for Approval.--The Secretary may approve a project 
proposal under this section if the project will enhance programs for 
conservation of great apes by assisting efforts to--
            (1) implement conservation programs;
            (2) address the conflicts between humans and great apes 
        that arise from competition for the same habitat;
            (3) enhance compliance with CITES and other applicable laws 
        that prohibit or regulate the taking or trade of great apes or 
regulate the use and management of great ape habitat;
            (4) develop sound scientific information on, or methods for 
        monitoring--
                    (A) the condition and health of great ape habitat;
                    (B) great ape population numbers and trends; or
                    (C) the current and projected threats to the 
                habitat, current and projected numbers, or current and 
                projected trends; or
            (5) promote cooperative projects on the issues described in 
        paragraph (4) among government entities, affected local 
        communities, nongovernmental organizations, or other persons in 
        the private sector.
    (e) Project Sustainability.--To the maximum extent practicable, in 
determining whether to approve project proposals under this section, 
the Secretary shall give preference to conservation projects that are 
designed to ensure effective, long-term conservation of great apes and 
their habitats.
    (f) Matching Funds.--In determining whether to approve project 
proposals under this section, the Secretary shall give preference to 
projects for which matching funds are available.
    (g) Project Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Each person that receives assistance under 
        this section for a project shall submit to the Secretary 
        periodic reports (at such intervals as the Secretary considers 
        necessary) that include all information that the Secretary, 
        after consultation with other appropriate government officials, 
        determines is necessary to evaluate the progress and success of 
        the project for the purposes of ensuring positive results, 
        assessing problems, and fostering improvements.
            (2) Availability to the public.--Reports under paragraph 
        (1), and any other documents relating to projects for which 
        financial assistance is provided under this Act, shall be made 
        available to the public.
    (h) Limitations on Use for Captive Breeding.--Amounts provided as a 
grant under this Act--
            (1) may not be used for captive breeding of great apes 
        other than for captive breeding for release into the wild; and
            (2) may be used for captive breeding of a species for 
        release into the wild only if no other conservation method for 
        the species is biologically feasible.
    (i) Panel.--Every 2 years, the Secretary shall convene a panel of 
experts to identify the greatest needs for the conservation of great 
apes.

SEC. 5. GREAT APE CONSERVATION FUND.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the Multinational 
Species Conservation Fund a separate account to be known as the ``Great 
Ape Conservation Fund'', consisting of--
            (1) amounts transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury 
        for deposit into the Fund under subsection (e);
            (2) amounts appropriated to the Fund under section 6; and
            (3) any interest earned on investment of amounts in the 
        Fund under subsection (c).
    (b) Expenditures From Fund.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), upon request by 
        the Secretary, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer 
        from the Fund to the Secretary, without further appropriation, 
        such amounts as the Secretary determines are necessary to 
        provide assistance under section 4.
            (2) Administrative expenses.--Of the amounts in the account 

Pages: 1 2 Next >>

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 H.R. 3137 (eh) To amend the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 to provide for training of individuals a President-elect intends to nominate as department heads or appoint to key positions in the Executive Office of the President. [Engrossed in House] %%F...
2 S. 2696 (is) To prevent evasion of United States excise taxes on cigarettes and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
3 H.R. 1679 (ih) To amend title 49, United States Code, to provide assistance and slots [Introduced in House] ...
4 H.R. 2164 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to made the dependent care credit refundable and to provide for advance payments of such credit. [Introduced in House] ...
5 H.Res. 617 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
6 H.Res. 592 (rh) Waiving a requirement of clause 6(a) or rule XIII with respect to consideration of certain resolutions reported from the Committee on Rules. [Reported in House] ...
7 S. 29 (is) To amend section 1086 of title 10, United States Code, to provide for [Introduced in Senate] ...
8 S. 388 (is) To authorize the establishment of a disaster mitigation pilot program in the Small Business Administration. [Introduced in Senate] ...
9 S. 361 (rh) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to transfer to John R. and Margaret J. Lowe of Big Horn County, Wyoming, certain land so as to correct an error in the patent issued to their predecessors in interest. [Reported in House] ...
10 H.R. 4819 (ih) To amend the Wildlife Services Program of the Department of Agriculture [Introduced in House] ...
11 H.Con.Res. 380 (ih) Expressing the sense of the Congress with respect to the relationship between eating disorders in adolescents and young adults and certain practices of the advertising industry. [Introduced in House] ...
12 H.R. 800 (rh) To provide for education flexibility partnerships. [Reported in House] ...
13 H.R. 1235 (rs) To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to enter into contracts with the Solano County Water Agency, California, to use Solano Project facilities for impounding, storage, and carriage of nonproject water for domestic, municipal, industri...
14 H.R. 820 (ih) To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 2000 and 2001 for the Coast Guard, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
15 H.R. 4318 (ih) To establish the Red River National Wildlife Refuge. [Introduced in House] ...
16 H.R. 3657 (ih) To provide for the conveyance of a small parcel of public domain land in the San Bernardino National Forest in the State of California, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
17 H.Con.Res. 27 (ath) Providing for an adjournment or recess of the two Houses. [Agreed to House] ...
18 S. 1073 (is) To amend the Trade Act of 1974 to ensure that United States industry is consulted with respect to all aspects of the WTO dispute settlement process. [Introduced in Senate] ...
19 H.R. 2879 (rs) To provide for the placement at the Lincoln Memorial of a plaque commemorating the speech of Martin Luther King, Jr., known as the ``I Have A Dream'' speech. [Reported in Senate] ...
20 H.R. 568 (ih) To amend title II of the Social Security Act to allow workers who [Introduced in House] ...
21 S. 2703 (is) To amend the provisions of title 39, United States Code, relating to the manner in which pay policies and schedules and fringe benefit programs for postmasters are established. [Introduced in Senate] ...
22 S. 1670 (is) To revise the boundary of Fort Matanzas National Monument, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
23 H.R. 4082 (ih) To amend the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the Federal Home Loan [Introduced in House] ...
24 S. 776 (rs) To authorize the National Park Service to conduct a feasibility study for the preservation of the Loess Hills in western Iowa. [Reported in Senate] ...
25 S. 860 (is) To require country of origin labeling of perishable agricultural commodities imported into the United States and to establish penalties for violations of the labeling requirements. [Introduced in Senate] ...
26 H.R. 283 (ih) To direct the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to report to Congress on methods and procedures to accelerate the provision of Federal disaster assistance to agricultural communities. [Introduced in House] ...
27 H.R. 2498 (ih) To amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for recommendations [Introduced in House] ...
28 S.J.Res. 33 (es) Deploring the actions of President Clinton regarding granting clemency to FALN terrorists. [Engrossed in Senate] ...
29 S. 2580 (is) To provide for the issuance of bonds to provide funding for the construction of schools of the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
30 S. 1947 (is) To provide for an assessment of the abuse of and trafficking in gamma hydroxybutyric acid and other controlled substances and drugs, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...


Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy