| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 472 (rh) To amend title 13, United States Code, to require the use of postcensus local review as part of each decennial census. [Reported in House] ...
H.R. 472 (rh) To amend title 13, United States Code, to require the use of postcensus local review as part of each decennial census. [Reported in House] ...
H. R. 472
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
April 15, 1999
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Governmental
To amend title 13, United States Code, to require the use of postcensus
local review as part of each decennial census.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Local Census Quality Check Act''.
SEC 2. POSTCENSUS LOCAL REVIEW.
(a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 13, United
States Code, is amended by adding after section 141 the following:
``Sec. 142. Postcensus local review
``(a) Each decennial census taken after the date of enactment of
this section shall include an opportunity for postcensus local review,
similar to that afforded as part of the 1990 decennial census, so that
local governmental units may review household counts, jurisdictional
boundaries, and such other data as the Secretary considers appropriate
for the purpose of identifying discrepancies or other potential
problems before the tabulation of total population by States (as
required for the apportionment of Representatives in Congress among the
several States) is completed.
``(b) Any postcensus local review afforded under this section in
connection with a decennial census shall be conducted in conformance
with the following:
``(1) Not later than February 1st of the year in which such
census is taken, the Secretary shall notify local governmental
units as to the guidelines for, and shall furnish them with any
other information pertinent to, their participating in the
upcoming postcensus local review.
``(2)(A) Not later than 30 days before submitting to a
local governmental unit the data subject to its review under
this section, the Secretary shall furnish to such unit the
appropriate block level maps and lists of housing units.
``(B) Not later than August 1st of the year in which such
census is taken or, if earlier, the 30th day after the date on
which the nonresponse followup process for such census is
completed, the Secretary shall submit to each local
governmental unit the data which is subject to review by such
governmental unit under this section.
``(C) For purposes of subparagraph (B), the date on which
the nonresponse followup process for a census is completed
shall be as determined by the Secretary.
``(3) A local governmental unit shall have 45 days
(excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal public holidays) to
review the data submitted to it under paragraph (2)(B), and to
submit any challenges relating to such data.
``(4) The Secretary shall investigate all challenges timely
submitted under paragraph (3), recanvass such blocks or other
units as the Secretary considers appropriate in connection with
any such challenge, and correct any miscounts identified
pursuant to any such challenge.
``(5) Not later than November 1st of the year in which such
census is taken, the Secretary shall, with respect to each
challenge timely submitted under paragraph (3)--
``(A) complete the measures required under
paragraph (4) with respect to such challenge; and
``(B) notify the local governmental unit that
submitted such challenge as to the measures taken in
``(c) As used in this section--
``(1) the term `decennial census' means a decennial census
of population conducted under section 141(a); and
``(2) the term `local governmental unit' means a local unit
of general purpose government as defined by section 184, or its
(b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 5 of
title 13, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item
relating to section 141 the following:
``142. Postcensus local review.''.
Passed the House of Representatives April 14, 1999.
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