Home > 105th Congressional Bills > H.R. 500 (ih) To reprogram certain funds for fiscal year 1997 to provide additional agricultural assistance to Armenia. ...

H.R. 500 (ih) To reprogram certain funds for fiscal year 1997 to provide additional agricultural assistance to Armenia. ...

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  1st Session
                                 H. R. 4

 To reauthorize and improve the program of block grants to States for 
  temporary assistance for needy families, improve access to quality 
                  child care, and for other purposes.



                            February 4, 2003

 Ms. Pryce of Ohio (for herself, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Boehner, Mr. Tauzin, 
Mr. Oxley, Mr. Young of Florida, Mr. Herger, Mr. McKeon, Mr. Upton, Mr. 
    Bilirakis, Mr. Goodlatte, Mr. Ney, and Mr. Shaw) introduced the 
following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, 
and in addition to the Committees on Energy and Commerce, Education and 
the Workforce, Agriculture, and Financial Services, for a period to be 
subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration 
  of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee 


                                 A BILL

 To reauthorize and improve the program of block grants to States for 
  temporary assistance for needy families, improve access to quality 
                  child care, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ``Personal Responsibility, Work, and 
Family Promotion Act of 2003''.


    The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. References.
Sec. 4. Findings.
                             TITLE I--TANF

Sec. 101. Purposes.
Sec. 102. Family assistance grants.
Sec. 103. Promotion of family formation and healthy marriage.
Sec. 104. Supplemental grant for population increases in certain 
Sec. 105. Bonus to reward employment achievement.
Sec. 106. Contingency fund.
Sec. 107. Use of funds.
Sec. 108. Repeal of Federal loan for State welfare programs.
Sec. 109. Universal engagement and family self-sufficiency plan 
Sec. 110. Work participation requirements.
Sec. 111. Maintenance of effort.
Sec. 112. Performance improvement.
Sec. 113. Data collection and reporting.
Sec. 114. Direct funding and administration by Indian tribes.
Sec. 115. Research, evaluations, and national studies.
Sec. 116. Studies by the Census Bureau and the General Accounting 
Sec. 117. Definition of assistance.
Sec. 118. Technical corrections.
Sec. 119. Fatherhood program.
Sec. 120. State option to make TANF programs mandatory partners with 
                            one-stop employment training centers.
Sec. 121. Sense of the Congress.
Sec. 122. Extension through fiscal year 2003.
                          TITLE II--CHILD CARE

Sec. 201. Short title.
Sec. 202. Goals.
Sec. 203. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 204. Application and plan.
Sec. 205. Activities to improve the quality of child care.
Sec. 206. Report by secretary.
Sec. 207. Definitions.
Sec. 208. Entitlement funding.
                        TITLE III--CHILD SUPPORT

Sec. 301. Federal matching funds for limited pass through of child 
                            support payments to families receiving 
Sec. 302. State option to pass through all child support payments to 
                            families that formerly received TANF.
Sec. 303. Mandatory review and adjustment of child support orders for 
                            families receiving TANF.
Sec. 304. Mandatory fee for successful child support collection for 
                            family that has never received TANF.
Sec. 305. Report on undistributed child support payments.
Sec. 306. Use of new hire information to assist in administration of 
                            unemployment compensation programs.
Sec. 307. Decrease in amount of child support arrearage triggering 
                            passport denial.
Sec. 308. Use of tax refund intercept program to collect past-due child 
                            support on behalf of children who are not 
Sec. 309. Garnishment of compensation paid to veterans for service-
                            connected disabilities in order to enforce 
                            child support obligations.
Sec. 310. Improving Federal debt collection practices.
Sec. 311. Maintenance of technical assistance funding.
Sec. 312. Maintenance of Federal Parent Locator Service funding.
                        TITLE IV--CHILD WELFARE

Sec. 401. Extension of authority to approve demonstration projects.
Sec. 402. Elimination of limitation on number of waivers.
Sec. 403. Elimination of limitation on number of States that may be 
                            granted waivers to conduct demonstration 
                            projects on same topic.
Sec. 404. Elimination of limitation on number of waivers that may be 
                            granted to a single State for demonstration 
Sec. 405. Streamlined process for consideration of amendments to and 
                            extensions of demonstration projects 
                            requiring waivers.
Sec. 406. Availability of reports.
Sec. 407. Technical correction.

Sec. 501. Review of State agency blindness and disability 

Sec. 601. Program coordination demonstration projects.
Sec. 602. State food assistance block grant demonstration project.

Sec. 701. Extension of abstinence education program.

Sec. 801. Extension of medicaid transitional medical assistance program 
                            through fiscal year 2004.
Sec. 802. Adjustment to payments for medicaid administrative costs to 
                            prevent duplicative payments and to fund 
                            extension of transitional medical 
                        TITLE IX--EFFECTIVE DATE

Sec. 901. Effective date.


    Except as otherwise expressly provided, wherever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the amendment or repeal shall be 
considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Social 
Security Act.


    The Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) 
        Program established by the Personal Responsibility and Work 
        Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-193) has 
        succeeded in moving families from welfare to work and reducing 
        child poverty.
                    (A) There has been a dramatic increase in the 
                employment of current and former welfare recipients. 
                The percentage of working recipients reached an all-
                time high in fiscal year 1999 and continued steady in 
                fiscal years 2000 and 2001. In fiscal year 2001, 33 
                percent of adult recipients were working, compared to 
                less than 7 percent in fiscal year 1992, and 11 percent 
                in fiscal year 1996. All States met the overall 
                participation rate standard in fiscal year 2001, as did 
                the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
                    (B) Earnings for welfare recipients remaining on 
                the rolls have also increased significantly, as have 
                earnings for female-headed households. The increases 
                have been particularly large for the bottom 2 income 
                quintiles, that is, those women who are most likely to 
                be former or present welfare recipients.
                    (C) Welfare dependency has plummeted. As of June 
                2002, 2,025,000 families and 5,008,000 individuals were 
                receiving assistance. Accordingly, the number of 
                families in the welfare caseload and the number of 
                individuals receiving cash assistance declined 54 
                percent and 58 percent, respectively, since the 
                enactment of TANF. These declines have persisted even 
                as unemployment rates have increased: unemployment 
                rates nationwide rose 50 percent, from 3.9 percent in 
                September 2000 to 6 percent in November 2002, while 
                welfare caseloads continued to decline.
                    (D) The child poverty rate continued to decline 
                between 1996 and 2001, falling 20 percent from 20.5 to 
                16.3 percent. The 2001 child poverty rate remains at 
                the lowest level since 1979. Child poverty rates for 
                African-American and Hispanic children have also fallen 
                dramatically during the past 6 years. African-American 
                child poverty is at the lowest rate on record and 
                Hispanic child poverty is at the lowest level reported 
                in over 20 years.
                    (E) Despite these gains, States have had mixed 
                success in fully engaging welfare recipients in work 
                activities. While all States have met the overall work 
                participation rates required by law, in 2001, in an 
                average month, only just over \1/3\ of all families 
                with an adult participated in work activities that were 
                countable toward the State's participation rate. Five 
                jurisdictions failed to meet the more rigorous 2-parent 
                work requirements, and 19 jurisdictions (States and 
                territories) are not subject to the 2-parent 
                requirements, most because they moved their 2-parent 
                cases to separate State programs where they are not 
                subject to a penalty for failing the 2-parent rates.
            (2) As a Nation, we have made substantial progress in 
        reducing teen pregnancies and births, slowing increases in 
        nonmarital childbearing, and improving child support 
        collections and paternity establishment.
                    (A) The teen birth rate has fallen continuously 
                since 1991, down a dramatic 22 percent by 2000. During 
                the period of 1991-2000, teenage birth rates fell in 
                all States and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, 
                and the Virgin Islands. Declines also have spanned age, 
                racial, and ethnic groups. There has been success in 
                lowering the birth rate for both younger and older 
                teens. The birth rate for those 15-17 years of age is 
                down 29 percent since 1991, and the rate for those 18 
                and 19 is down 16 percent. Between 1991 and 2000, teen 
                birth rates declined for all women ages 15-19--white, 
                African American, American Indian, Asian or Pacific 
                Islander, and Hispanic women ages 15-19. The rate for 
                African American teens--until recently the highest--
                experienced the largest decline, down 31 percent from 
                1991 to 2000, to reach the lowest rate ever reported 
                for this group. Most births to teens are nonmarital; in 
                2000, about 73 percent of the births to teens aged 15-
                19 occurred outside of marriage.
                    (B) Nonmarital childbearing continued to increase 
                slightly in 2001, however not at the sharp rates of 
                increase seen in recent decades. The birth rate among 
                unmarried women in 2001 was 4 percent lower than its 
                peak reached in 1994, while the proportion of births 
                occurring outside of marriage has remained at 
                approximately 33 percent since 1998.
                    (C) The negative consequences of out-of-wedlock 
                birth on the mother, the child, the family, and society 
                are well documented. These include increased likelihood 
                of welfare dependency, increased risks of low birth 
                weight, poor cognitive development, child abuse and 
                neglect, and teen parenthood, and decreased likelihood 
                of having an intact marriage during adulthood.
                    (D) An estimated 24,500,000 children do not live 
                with their biological fathers, and 7,100,000 children 
                do not live with their biological mothers. These facts 
                are attributable largely to declining marriage rates, 
                increasing divorce rates, and increasing rates of 
                nonmarital births during the latter part of the 20th 
                    (E) There has been a dramatic rise in cohabitation 
                as marriages have declined. Only 40 percent of children 
                of cohabiting couples will see their parents marry. 
                Those who do marry experience a 50 percent higher 
divorce rate. Children in single-parent households and cohabiting 
households are at much higher risk of child abuse than children in 
intact married and stepparent families.
                    (F) Children who live apart from their biological 
                fathers, on average, are more likely to be poor, 
                experience educational, health, emotional, and 
                psychological problems, be victims of child abuse, 
                engage in criminal behavior, and become involved with 
                the juvenile justice system than their peers who live 
                with their married, biological mother and father. A 
                child living in a single-parent family is nearly 5 
                times as likely to be poor as a child living in a 
                married-couple family. In 2001, in married-couple 
                families, the child poverty rate was 8 percent, and in 
                households headed by a single mother, the poverty rate 
                was 39.3 percent.
                    (G) Since the enactment of the Personal 
                Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act 
                of 1996, child support collections within the child 
                support enforcement system have grown every year, 
                increasing from $12,000,000,000 in fiscal year 1996 to 
                nearly $19,000,000,000 in fiscal year 2001. The number 
                of paternities established or acknowledged in fiscal 
                year 2002 reached an historic high of over 1,500,000--
                which includes more than a 100 percent increase through 
                in-hospital acknowledgement programs to 790,595 in 2001 
                from 324,652 in 1996. Child support collections were 

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