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H.R. 5178 (eh) To require changes in the bloodborne pathogens standard in effect under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. [Engrossed in House] ...
108th CONGRESS 2d Session H. R. 5177 To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to provide assistance for developing countries to promote quality basic education and to establish the achievement of universal basic education in all developing countries as an objective of United States foreign assistance policy, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES September 29, 2004 Mrs. Lowey introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to provide assistance for developing countries to promote quality basic education and to establish the achievement of universal basic education in all developing countries as an objective of United States foreign assistance policy, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Education for All Act of 2004''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress finds the following: (1) Throughout the world, an alarming number of children are not receiving primary education. At least 104,000,000 children ages 6 through 11 are not in school, and 57 percent of such children are girls. Another 150,000,000 children are at risk of dropping out before completing primary school, and at least 66 percent of such children are girls. At least 86 countries are unlikely to achieve the goal of 100 percent of children completing primary school by 2015. (2) The final report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (hereafter in this section referred to as the ``Report'') concluded that education that teaches tolerance, the dignity and value of each individual, and respect for different beliefs must be a key element in any global strategy to eliminate terrorism. (3) Extending the vision of educational opportunity described in the Report to all developing countries is critical to achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and prevent the rise of violent extremism worldwide. (4) The Report concluded that the United States Government must offer an example of moral leadership in the world and offer parents and their children a vision of the future that emphasizes individual educational and economic opportunity. (5) At the World Education Forum held in Dakar, Senegal in 2000, the United States joined more than 180 other nations in committing to the goal of universal basic education by 2015. Universal completion of primary school and eliminating gender disparity in all levels of education not later than 2015 are part of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. (6) According to the 2002 United Nations Development Programme Arab Human Development Report, 10,000,000 children between the ages of 6 through 15 in the Arab world do not attend school, and \2/3\ of the 65,000,000 illiterate adults in the Arab world are women. At all educational stages, the most important challenge facing education in the Arab world is the declining quality of such education. (7) The Report noted that the United Nations has rightly equated ``literacy as freedom'' and that the international community is moving toward setting a goal of reducing by half the illiteracy rate in the Middle East by 2010, through the implementation of education programs targeting women and girls and supporting programs for adult literacy. (8) Basic education has been demonstrated to be fundamental to development. No country has reached sustained economic growth without achieving near universal primary education. Education reduces poverty and inequality, and lays the foundation for sound governance, civic participation, and strong institutions. (9) Investing in girls' education delivers substantial returns not only in educational attainment but also in increasing women's incomes, delaying the start of sexual activity, reducing infant mortality, increasing women's political participation, and spurring economic growth. (10) The Report concluded that ensuring educational opportunity is essential to the efforts of the United States to defeat global terrorism and recommended that the United States Government ``should offer to join with other nations in generously supporting [spending funds] . . . directly on building and operating primary and secondary schools in those Muslim states that commit to sensibly investing financial resources in public education.''. (11) Credible estimates indicate that at least an additional $7,000,000,000 to $10,000,000,000 per year of external development assistance is necessary for developing countries to achieve universal basic education by 2015. SEC. 3. ASSISTANCE TO ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 105 the following new section: ``SEC. 105A. UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION. ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to ensure that the United States provides the resources and leadership to ensure a successful international effort to provide all children with a quality basic education in order to achieve the goal of universal basic education by 2015 agreed to at the World Education Forum held in Dakar, Senegal in 2000. ``(b) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to work with foreign countries and international organizations to increase the global commitment to achieving universal basic education to-- ``(1) assist developing countries committed to serious reforms to provide all children with a quality elementary education and secondary education; and ``(2) provide incentives to encourage reform of the education system and improve educational services in countries that lack such commitment. ``(c) Principles.--In developing the global commitment referred to in subsection (b), the policy of the United States shall be guided by the following principles: ``(1) United states resources.--To lead a global commitment to achieving universal basic education, the United States shall commit substantial new resources for education in developing countries to inspire confidence in such countries that efforts to reform education in such countries will receive adequate resources. ``(2) Other major donors.--The United States Government shall encourage other donors to contribute commensurate amounts to support such a global commitment. ``(3) Private sector and nongovernmental participation and contributions.--United States efforts in leading such a global commitment shall include explicit strategies to encourage and integrate contributions of strategic direction and financial resources from indigenous and international private sector and civil society organizations interested in supporting quality universal basic education efforts. ``(4) School access, quality, and completion.--United States assistance for basic education in developing countries shall seek to expand access to school for all children and to improve the quality of education in order to increase the number of children completing a basic education. ``(5) Coordination within the united states government.--A comprehensive strategy shall improve coordination and collaboration among all departments and agencies of the United States Government involved in education assistance to ensure efficient and effective use of the resources of the United States. ``(6) Coordination between education and aids prevention efforts.--United States assistance shall support efforts to improve coordination between global health and education initiatives in United States Government programs and internationally to reduce the adverse impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems, teaching forces, and vulnerable children in developing countries. ``(7) Integration of education plans within overall national economic strategies.--United States policies and programs shall encourage poor countries to ensure that efforts are developed within an overall strategy of economic and market reforms to reduce poverty and spur sustained economic growth. ``(8) High standards of accountability and transparency in budgeting.--The United States shall develop procedures to monitor the expenditure of funds allocated for the purposes described in this section, and shall only provide funds to the government of a foreign country only if such government has developed high standards of budget transparency, independent monitoring, and accountability. ``(d) Definitions.--In this section: ``(1) AIDS.--The term `AIDS' has the meaning given that term in section 104A(g). ``(2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term `appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives. ``(3) Basic education.--The term `basic education' means an education, generally consisting of completion of 9-10 years of schooling, including early childhood development, primary education, some secondary education, teacher training, literacy training, and life skills training. ``(4) HIV/AIDS.--The term `HIV/AIDS' has the meaning given that term in section 104A(g). ``(5) Education for all fast track initiative.--The term `Education for All Fast Track Initiative' means the Fast Track Initiative launched in 2002 to mobilize donor resources to support Education for All, an international commitment launched in 1990 to bring the benefits of education to every individual. ``(6) Member states of the group of eight.--The term `member states of the Group of Eight' means the countries of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. ``(e) Development and Implementation of a Comprehensive United States Strategy on Education for All.-- ``(1) Education for all task force.--The President shall establish an Education for All Task Force as described in this subsection. ``(2) Purposes.--The purposes of the Task Force are-- ``(A) to carry out the policy set out in subsection (b); and ``(B) to develop a unified strategy of the United States to promote universal basic education. ``(3) Membership.--The Task Force shall include the following members: ``(A) The Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development. ``(B) The Secretary of the Treasury. ``(C) The Secretary of Labor. ``(D) The Secretary of Education. ``(E) The Secretary of Health and Human Services. ``(F) The Secretary of Agriculture. ``(G) The Secretary of State. ``(H) The Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation. ``(I) The Coordinator of United States Government Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS Globally. ``(J) The National Security Advisor. ``(K) The National Economic Advisor. ``(4) Co-chairs and headquarters.--The Task Force shall be co-chaired by the National Security Advisor and the National Economic Advisor, and the headquarters of the Task Force shall be located at both the National Security Council and the National Economic Council. ``(f) Unified Strategy.-- ``(1) Content.--The unified strategy developed by the Task Force should include a detailed description of the United States plan to promote universal basic education, including a description of the following elements: ``(A) The manner in which the resources of the United States shall be used to achieve universal basic education, including-- ``(i) the efforts of the United States to coordinate an international effort to achieve universal basic education by 2015; ``(ii) the activities of the United States to leverage contributions from member states of the Group of Eight and other donors to provide universal basic education by 2015; and ``(iii) the assistance provided by the United States to leverage contributions from the private sector and civil society organizations to achieve universal basic education. ``(B) The efforts of the United States to coordinate with other donors to reduce duplication and waste at the global and country levels and ensure efficient coordination among all relevant departments and agencies of the United States Government. ``(C) The strategy of the United States to support efforts to overcome challenges to achieving universal basic education, including strategies to target hard- to-reach populations to promote education as a fundamental means to preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS, and to support efforts to reduce the adverse impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems. ``(2) Requirement to consult.--The Task Force shall consult with nongovernmental organizations and individuals involved in the promotion and implementation of education assistance programs in developing countries to give such organizations and individuals an opportunity to contribute to, and comment on, the unified strategy to promote universal basic education developed by the Task Force. ``(3) Schedule for completion of strategy.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Education for All Act of 2004, the Task Force shall submit the unified strategy to the President and to appropriate congressional committees. ``(g) National Education Plans.-- ``(1) Authority.--The President is authorized to provide funds and other assistance to an eligible entity to assist a foreign country to create the policies, processes, or infrastructure to develop and implement a comprehensive national education plan as described in this subsection to allow all citizens of such country to access and complete basic education. ``(2) Eligible entity.--In this subsection, the term `eligible entity' means-- ``(A) the government of a foreign country; or ``(B) a person that the President determines is appropriate to receive assistance under this subsection. ``(3) Criteria for national education plans.--Assistance may be provided under this subsection to an eligible entity to assist a foreign country that is developing a comprehensive,
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