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H.R. 5418 (ih) To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 431 North George Street in Millersville, Pennsylvania, as the ``Robert S. Walker Post Office''. [Introduced in House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 5417

   To amend title 23, United States Code, relating to high occupancy 
                             vehicle lanes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                           November 19, 2004

 Mr. Sherman introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
             Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
   To amend title 23, United States Code, relating to high occupancy 
                             vehicle lanes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. HOV FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 1 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 167. HOV facilities
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Authority of state agencies.--A State agency that has 
        jurisdiction over the operation of a HOV facility shall 
        establish the occupancy requirements of vehicles operating on 
        the facility.
            ``(2) Occupancy requirement.--Except as otherwise provided 
        by this section, no fewer than 2 occupants per vehicle may be 
        required for use of a HOV facility.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding the occupancy requirements of 
subsection (a)(2), the following exceptions shall apply with respect to 
a State agency operating a HOV facility:
            ``(1) Motorcycles and bicycles.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                State agency shall allow motorcycles and bicycles to 
                use the HOV facility.
                    ``(B) Safety exception.--A State agency may 
                restrict use of the HOV facility by motorcycles or 
                bicycles (or both) if the agency certifies to the 
                Secretary that such use would create a safety hazard 
                and the Secretary accepts the certification. The 
                Secretary may accept a certification under this 
                subparagraph only after the Secretary publishes notice 
                of the certification in the Federal Register and 
                provides an opportunity for public comment.
            ``(2) Public transportation vehicles.--The State agency may 
        allow public transportation vehicles to use the HOV facility if 
        the agency--
                    ``(A) establishes requirements for clearly 
                identifying the vehicles; and
                    ``(B) establishes procedures for enforcing the 
                restrictions on the use of the facility by such 
                vehicles.
            ``(3) High occupancy toll vehicles.--The State agency may 
        allow vehicles not otherwise exempt pursuant to this subsection 
        to use the HOV facility if the operators of such vehicles pay a 
        toll charged by the agency for use of the facility and the 
        agency--
                    ``(A) establishes a program that addresses how 
                motorists can enroll and participate in the toll 
                program;
                    ``(B) develops, manages, and maintains a system 
                that will automatically collect the toll; and
                    ``(C) establishes policies and procedures to--
                            ``(i) manage the demand to use the facility 
                        by varying the toll amount that is charged;
                            ``(ii) enforce violations of use of the 
                        facility; and
                            ``(iii) permit low-income individuals to 
                        pay reduced tolls.
            ``(4) Low emission and energy-efficient vehicles.--
                    ``(A) Inherently low-emission vehicle.--Before 
                September 30, 2009, the State agency may allow vehicles 
                that are certified as inherently low-emission vehicles 
                pursuant to section 88.311-93 of title 40, Code of 
                Federal Regulations, and are labeled in accordance with 
                section 88.312-93 of such title, to use the HOV 
                facility if the agency establishes procedures for 
                enforcing the restrictions on the use of the facility 
                by such vehicles.
                    ``(B) Other low emission and energy-efficient 
                vehicles.--Before September 30, 2009, the State agency 
                may allow vehicles certified as low emission and 
                energy-efficient vehicles under subsection (e), and 
                labeled in accordance with subsection (e), to use the 
                HOV facility if the agency--
                            ``(i) establishes a program that addresses 
                        how those qualifying low emission and energy-
                        efficient vehicles are selected and certified;
                            ``(ii) establishes requirements for 
                        labeling qualifying low emission and energy-
                        efficient vehicles (including procedures for 
                        enforcing those requirements);
                            ``(iii) continuously monitors, evaluates, 
                        and reports to the Secretary on performance; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) imposes such restrictions on the use 
                        on high occupancy vehicle lanes by vehicles 
                        that do not satisfy established occupancy 
                        requirements as are necessary to ensure that 
                        the performance of individual high occupancy 
                        vehicle lanes, and the entire high occupancy 
                        vehicle lane system, will not become seriously 
                        degraded.
    ``(c) Requirements Applicable to Tolls.--
            ``(1) In general.--Tolls may be charged under subsections 
        (b)(3) and (b)(4) notwithstanding section 301 and, except as 
        provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), subject to the requirements 
of section 129.
            ``(2) HOV facilities on the interstate system.--
        Notwithstanding section 129, tolls may be charged under 
        subsections (b)(3) and (b)(4) on a HOV facility on the 
        Interstate System.
            ``(3) Excess toll revenues.--If a State agency makes a 
        certification under the last sentence of section 129(a)(3) with 
        respect to toll revenues collected under subsections (b)(3) and 
        (b)(4), the State, in the use of tolls revenues under that 
        sentence, shall give priority consideration to projects for 
        developing alternatives to single occupancy vehicle travel and 
        projects for improving highway safety.
    ``(d) HOV Facility Management, Operation, Monitoring, and 
Enforcement.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State agency that allows vehicles to 
        use a HOV facility under subsection (b)(3) or (b)(4) in a 
        fiscal year shall certify to the Secretary that the agency will 
        carry out the following responsibilities with respect to the 
        facility in the fiscal year:
                    ``(A) Establishing, managing, and supporting a 
                performance monitoring, evaluation, and reporting 
                program for the facility that provides for continuous 
                monitoring, assessment, and reporting on the impacts 
                that such vehicles may have on the operation of the 
                facility and adjacent highways.
                    ``(B) Establishing, managing, and supporting an 
                enforcement program that ensures that the facility is 
                being operated in accordance with the requirements of 
                this section.
                    ``(C) Limiting or discontinuing the use of the 
                facility by such vehicles if the presence of such 
                vehicles has degraded the operation of the facility.
            ``(2) Degraded facility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
                the operation of a HOV facility shall be considered to 
                be degraded if vehicles operating on the facility are 
                failing to maintain a minimum average operating speed 
                90 percent of the time over a consecutive 6-month 
                period during morning or evening weekday peak hour 
                periods (or both).
                    ``(B) Minimum average operating speed defined.--In 
                subparagraph (A), the term `minimum average operating 
                speed' means--
                            ``(i) 45 miles per hour, in the case of a 
                        HOV facility with a speed limit of 50 miles per 
                        hour or greater; and
                            ``(ii) not more than 10 miles per hour 
                        below the speed limit, in the case of a HOV 
                        facility with a speed limit of less than 50 
                        miles per hour.
    ``(e) Certification of Low Emission and Energy-Efficient 
Vehicles.--Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this 
section, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall 
issue a final rule establishing requirements for certification of 
vehicles as low emission and energy-efficient vehicles for purposes of 
this section and requirements for the labeling of such vehicles.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Alternative fuel vehicle.--The term `alternative fuel 
        vehicle' means a vehicle that operates on--
                    ``(A) methanol, denatured ethanol, or other 
                alcohols;
                    ``(B) a mixture containing at least 85 percent of 
                methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols by 
                volume with gasoline or other fuels;
                    ``(C) natural gas;
                    ``(D) liquefied petroleum gas;
                    ``(E) hydrogen;
                    ``(F) coal derived liquid fuels;
                    ``(G) fuels (except alcohol) derived from 
                biological materials;
                    ``(H) electricity (including electricity from solar 
                energy); or
                    ``(I) any other fuel that the Secretary prescribes 
                by regulation that is not substantially petroleum and 
                that would yield substantial energy security and 
                environmental benefits.
            ``(2) HOV facility.--The term `HOV facility' means a high 
        occupancy vehicle facility.
            ``(3) Low emission and energy efficient vehicle.--The term 
        `low emission and energy-efficient vehicle' means a vehicle 
        that--
                    ``(A) has been certified by the Administrator of 
                the Environmental Protection Agency as meeting the Tier 
                II emission level established in regulations prescribed 
                by the Administrator under section 202(i) of the Clean 
                Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7521(i)) or as meeting a California 
                Air Resources Board emission standard that is at least 
                as stringent for that make and model year vehicle and 
                meets any additional Environmental Protection Agency or 
                California Air Resources Board emissions category or 
                other requirements identified by the Agency or the 
                Board, as the case may be; and
                    ``(B)(i) has been certified by the Administrator to 
                have a 45-mile-per-gallon or greater fuel economy 
                highway rating; or
                    ``(ii) is an alternative fuel vehicle.
            ``(4) Public transportation vehicle.--The term `public 
        transportation vehicle' means a vehicle that provides public 
        transportation (as defined in section 5302(a) of title 49).
            ``(5) State agency.--The term `State agency', as used with 
        respect to a HOV facility, means an agency of a State or local 
        government having jurisdiction over the operation of the 
        facility and includes a State transportation department.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Program efficiencies.--Section 102 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking subsection (a) and 
        redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections (a) and 
        (b), respectively.
            (2) Chapter analysis.--The analysis for subchapter I of 
        chapter 1 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:

``167. HOV facilities.''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 102(c) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``10 years'' and all that follows through 
``after'' and inserting ``10 years (or such longer period as the State 
requests and the Secretary determines to be reasonable) after''.
                                 <all>

Pages: 1

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