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H.R. 5505 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to exclude from gross income the value of diplomas, medals, and amounts received as part of international awards recognizing individual achievement for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, eco...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 5504

 To improve the quality and scope of science and mathematics education.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            October 19, 2000

Mr. Holt (for himself and Mrs. Morella) introduced the following bill; 
which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and 
  in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be 
subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration 
  of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee 
                               concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To improve the quality and scope of science and mathematics education.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Improvement in Mathematics 
and Science Teaching Act of 2000''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) The impact of mathematics, science, and technology on 
        our lives is greater than ever before. We have seen an 
        explosion in the use of computer technologies; scientists are 
        manipulating basic biological processes, and our economy is 
        swelling with the birth of thousands of new dot-com companies.
            (2) In the next 5 years, high-tech employment will grow 
        more than twice as fast as employment as a whole. Yet, many 
        companies are unable to find skilled American workers. It is 
        estimated that the shortage of high-tech professionals 
        currently costs the United States economy $105,000,000,000 a 
        year.
            (3) As a nation, the students of the United States are not 
        performing as well as we would like. According to tests by the 
        National Assessment of Educational Progress, nearly 36 percent 
        of 4th graders, 38 percent of 8th graders, and 31 percent of 
        12th graders perform below the basic level in mathematics. 
        Moreover, approximately 30 percent of 4th graders and nearly 40 
        percent of 8th and 12th graders failed to reach the basic level 
        in science.
            (4) Students in many other countries significantly 
        outperform United States students in science and mathematics. 
        In fact, our high school students performed among the lowest of 
        the 21 countries participating in the Third International 
        Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). In mathematics, our 
        students were outperformed by 14 of the countries in the study 
        and outperformed only 2 countries. In science, our students 
        tested lower than 11 of the countries and once again 
        outperformed only 2 of the countries in the study.
            (5) The Federal Coordinating Council for Science, 
        Engineering, and Technology estimated that the Federal 
        Government spent $2,200,000,000 in 1993 on education programs 
        specifically targeted for science, mathematics, engineering, 
        and technology while total Federal education spending was 
        $24,000,000,000--only 9 percent of the total Federal spending 
        on education.
            (6) According to statistics by the National Center for 
        Education Statistics, 11 percent of teachers have no license to 
        teach, 16 percent have emergency licenses, and 10 percent have 
        probationary licenses. Nearly 21 percent of high school 
        teachers teach out of field (have neither a major nor minor in 
        their main teaching subject). For mathematics, nearly 28 
        percent of high school mathematics teachers do not have a major 
        or minor in mathematics. For science, 18 percent of the 
        teachers do not have a major or minor in science.
            (7) A significant achievement gap exists with minorities. 
        Indeed, the gap that separates minority students from white 
        students is larger today than it was in 1990. By the conclusion 
        of 8th grade nearly half of African American and Latino 
        students score below the basic level in mathematics.
            (8) Science and mathematics education can provide humanity 
        with the knowledge to develop effective solutions to its global 
        and local problems.

SEC. 3. IMPROVEMENT OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION.

    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ``TITLE XV--IMPROVEMENT OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

 ``PART A--RECRUITMENT OF QUALITY TEACHERS IN SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS 
                               EDUCATION

``SEC. 15101. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to assist States in recruiting 
quality mathematics and science public education teachers.

``SEC. 15102. STATE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall award grants, subject to the 
availability of appropriations, to States to improve the quality of our 
science and mathematics teachers in public schools and to recruit new, 
qualified public school teachers into those fields.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--In order to receive funding, under this part, a 
State shall submit an application in accordance with section 15103.

``SEC. 15103. APPLICATION.

    ``The State shall submit the application to the Secretary at such 
time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary 
may reasonably require. Each application under this section shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            ``(1) A description of how the State will comply with the 
        requirements of this part.
            ``(2) A description of the plan to be used by the State to 
        improve the quality of science, technology, and mathematics 
        teachers and to recruit new, qualified teachers in science, 
        technology, and mathematics education.
            ``(3) A description of how the State will partner with 
        industry or with institutions of higher education to achieve 
        the goals of its plan to improve the quality of science, 
        technology, and mathematics teachers and to recruit new, 
qualified teachers in mathematics, science, and technology, education.

``SEC. 15104. APPLICATION SUBMISSION.

    ``A State application submitted to the Secretary under this section 
shall be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written 
determination, within 90 days after receiving the application, that the 
application violates provisions of this part.

``SEC. 15105. ALLOCATION.

    From the funds made available under section 15108, the Secretary 
shall allot to each State an amount which bears the same ratio to the 
amount of such made available as the school-age population of the State 
bears to the school-age population of all States.

``SEC. 15106. MATCHING FUND BY STATE.

    ``In order to receive funding under this part, a State shall 
provide assurances that it will provide non-Federal funds of not less 
than 50 percent of the cost of providing a program under this part.

``SEC. 15107. AUTHORIZED USES OF FUNDS.

    ``Grant funds made available under this part may be used by the 
State for--
            ``(1) establishing a loan forgiveness program for teachers 
        who major in mathematics or science and commit to teach the 
        subject for at least 5 consecutive years in a public school 
        within the State;
            ``(2) establishing a program to provide a salary increase 
        for mathematics and science teachers who pass an advanced 
        competency test as determined by the State;
            ``(3) providing signing bonuses or other financial 
        incentives, for mathematics and science teachers who are fully 
        qualified to teach in these academic subject areas in locations 
        in which there is a shortage of such fully qualified teachers 
        within a school or the local educational agency;
            ``(4) establishing a high standards program to recruit 
        professionals from mathematics, science, or technology fields 
        and provide such professionals with alternative routes to 
        teacher certification;
            ``(5) establishing a program to provide increased 
        opportunities for minorities, individuals with disabilities, 
        and other individuals underrepresented in the mathematics and 
        science teaching profession; and
            ``(6) programs and activities that are designed to improve 
        the quality of teaching in mathematics and science, such as--
                    ``(A) testing of elementary and secondary school 
                mathematics and science teachers in the subject areas 
                taught by such teachers;
                    ``(B) creating a career ladder, with appropriate 
                financial incentives, and intellectual advancement for 
                mathematics and science teachers; and
                    ``(C) strengthening the clinical experience for 
                students preparing to be mathematics and science 
                teachers.

``SEC. 15108. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 
succeeding fiscal years to carry out the provisions of this part.

 ``PART B--PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE TEACHERS

``SEC. 15201. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to assist the States in improving the 
professional development opportunities for mathematics and science 
teachers in public schools.

``SEC. 15202. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall award grants, subject to the 
availability of appropriations, to States to improve the quality of our 
mathematics and science teachers in public schools by expanding and 
developing professional development opportunities in mathematics and 
science.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--In order to receive funding under this part, a 
State shall submit an application in accordance with section 15203.

``SEC. 15203. APPLICATION.

    ``The State shall submit the application to the Secretary at such 
time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary 
may reasonably require. Each application under this section shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            ``(1) A description of how the State will comply with the 
        requirements of this part.
            ``(2) A description of the plan to be used by the State to 
        improve the quality of mathematics and science teaching.
            ``(3) A description of how the State will partner with 
        industry or with institutions of higher education to achieve 
        the goals of its plan to improve the quality of science, 
        technology, and mathematics teaching and to recruit new, 
        qualified teachers in mathematics, science, and technology 
        education.

``SEC. 15204. APPLICATION SUBMISSION.

    ``A State application submitted to the Secretary under this section 
shall be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written 
determination, within 90 days after receiving the application, that the 
application violates provisions of this part.

``SEC. 15205. ALLOCATION.

    From the funds made available under section 15208, the Secretary 
shall allot to each State an amount which bears the same ratio to the 
amount of such made available as the school-age population of the State 
bears to the school-age population of all States.

``SEC. 15206. MATCHING FUND BY STATE.

    ``In order to receive funding under this part, a State shall 
provide assurances that it will provide non-Federal funds of not less 
than 50 percent of the cost of providing a program under this part.

``SEC. 15207. AUTHORIZED USES OF FUNDS.

    ``Grant funds made available under this part may be used by the 
State for--
            ``(1) establishing innovative professional development 
        programs (which may be through partnerships, including 
        partnerships with institutions of higher education), including 
        programs that train mathematics and science teachers to use 
        technology to improve teaching and learning;
            ``(2) developing and using proven, cost-effective 
        strategies for the implementation of professional development 
        activities for mathematics and science teachers, such as 
        through the use of technology and distance learning;
            ``(3) professional development programs that provide 
        instruction for mathematics and science teachers in teaching 
        children with different learning styles, particularly children 
        with disabilities and children with special learning needs 
        (including those who are gifted and talented);
            ``(4) establishing partnerships with industry to create 
        summer fellowships for mathematics and science teachers to work 
        in these fields during the summer months;
            ``(5) establishing partnerships with institutions of higher 
        learning to develop summer programs for mathematics and science 
        teachers to expand and improve upon their knowledge of these 
        subjects; and
            ``(6) establishing master teacher initiatives in 
        mathematics and science education.

``SEC. 15208. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 
succeeding fiscal years to carry out the provisions of this part.

                     ``PART C--JOHN GLENN ACADEMIES

``SEC. 15301. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to establish 15 John Glenn Academies, 
1 in each of the 10 Federal regions designated by the Department of 
Education, with 5 more strategically located, as determined by the 

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