| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 5534 (ih) Providing that State and local laws prohibiting or otherwise restricting economic activity with foreign countries are null and void. [Introduced in House] ...
H.R. 5534 (ih) Providing that State and local laws prohibiting or otherwise restricting economic activity with foreign countries are null and void. [Introduced in House] ...
106th CONGRESS 2d Session H. R. 5533 To increase the United States financial and programmatic contributions to advancing the status of women and girls in low-income countries around the world, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES October 24, 2000 Mrs. Morella (for herself, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Porter, Ms. Millender- McDonald, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. Brown of Ohio, Ms. Kilpatrick, Mrs. Maloney of New York, Ms. Norton, Mr. Pomeroy, and Ms. Woolsey) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To increase the United States financial and programmatic contributions to advancing the status of women and girls in low-income countries around the world, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Global Action and Investments for New Success for Women and Girls Act of 2000'' or ``GAINS Act of 2000''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Findings. TITLE I--INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Sec. 101. Findings. Sec. 102. Requirement to integrate women into national economies of developing countries. Sec. 103. Annual report. Sec. 104. Authorization of appropriations for Office of Women in Development (WID). Sec. 105. United States contribution to the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). TITLE II--IMPACT OF TRADE AGREEMENTS ON WOMEN Sec. 201. Findings. Sec. 202. Advisory Committee for Trade, Gender, and Development Policy. Sec. 203. Advisory Committee on Trade Policy. Sec. 204. Review of United States trade agreements. Sec. 205. Assessment of unremunerated work. TITLE III--ENSURING OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Sec. 301. Investing in women's skills and knowledge. Sec. 302. Microenterprise development grant assistance. Sec. 303. Microfinance loan facility. Sec. 304. Report relating to future development of microfinance institutions. TITLE IV--PROMOTION OF HEALTH OF WOMEN AND GIRLS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Sec. 401. Family planning and reproductive health and rights. Sec. 402. Maternal health programs. Sec. 403. Prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. Sec. 404. Prevention and treatment of tuberculosis. Sec. 405. Health of children. TITLE V--HUMAN RIGHTS OF WOMEN Sec. 501. Assistance to eliminate discrimination against women. Sec. 502. Prevention of trafficking in women and children. Sec. 503. Ratification of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress finds the following: (1) Economic globalization is leaving the world's poorest women, girls, and communities behind. Women and their children make up more than 70 percent of the 1,300,000,000 poorest people today. United States international economic policies, particularly in the areas of trade liberalization and debt relief for developing countries, should help create a positive environment for women's economic empowerment and gender equality. (2) As the complexity of the global economy increases, so too does the important role of women. Women comprise approximately 75 percent of workers in the ``shadow'', or informal economy, and constitute an ever-greater share of the workforce in developing countries. Many studies have proven that women's earnings are directly invested in the education, health, and welfare of their children. (3) The United States has not taken adequate steps to implement its commitments made at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in its foreign policy and international assistance programs. For example, the United States has not implemented Strategic Objective A1 of the Platform for Action, ``[to] [r]eview, adopt, and maintain macroeconomic policies and development strategies that address the needs and efforts of women in poverty'', nor has it implemented strategic objective K2 of the Platform for Action, ``[to] [i]ntegrate gender concerns and perspectives in policies and programmes for sustainable development''. (4) No one sectoral intervention is sufficient to create the environment in which women and girls can thrive economically and socially. Investments are necessary in multiple areas, including education and training, health care (including access to safe and effective family planning and reproductive health services, maternal health care, and children's health), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, tuberculosis treatment, microcredit, human rights, violence prevention, and anti-trafficking. TITLE I--INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SEC. 101. FINDINGS. The Congress finds the following: (1) For nearly three decades, the United States has been a leader in creating and supporting bilateral and multilateral women in development policies and programs. In 1974, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) established the Office of Women in Development (WID). This Office has served as a focal point for increasing the effectiveness of United States development efforts by taking gender issues into account throughout all phases of development-planning, implementation, and evaluation. (2) Gender equality is a core development issue that enhances United States global interests. Comprehensive policies and programs of the Office of Women in Development reflect the reality that women around the world play critical roles in economic growth and development, and their contributions reverberate from the global economy all the way down to the poorest households. Investments in women's education, economic opportunities, political participation, and health care yield high returns for women, their families, and their communities. SEC. 102. REQUIREMENT TO INTEGRATE WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. (a) Part II of Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.--Section 113(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151k(a)) is amended by inserting after ``this part'' the following: `` and part II of this Act (including chapter 4 of such part)''. (b) Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989.-- (1) In general.--The Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5401 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 3 the following: ``SEC. 4. INTEGRATING WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES. ``In recognition of the fact that women in developing countries play a significant role in economic production, family support, and the overall development process of the national economies of such countries, this Act shall be administered so as to give particular attention to those programs, projects, and activities which tend to integrate women into the national economies of developing countries, thus improving their status and assisting the total development effort.''. (2) Conforming amendment.--The table of contents of such Act (22 U.S.C. 5401(a) note) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 3 the following: Sec. 4. Integrating women into national economies. (c) Public Law 480.--The Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 3 the following: ``SEC. 4. INTEGRATING WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES. ``In recognition of the fact that women in developing countries play a significant role in economic production, family support, and the overall development process of the national economies of such countries, this Act shall be administered so as to give particular attention to those programs, projects, and activities which tend to integrate women into the national economies of developing countries, thus improving their status and assisting the total development effort.''. SEC. 103. ANNUAL REPORT. The Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development shall prepare and submit to the Congress an annual report on the extent to which the requirements contained in section 113(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, section 4 of the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989, and section 4 of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (each as added by section 102 of this Act) are being carried out. SEC. 104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR OFFICE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT (WID). There are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and each subsequent fiscal year for programs, projects, and activities of the Office of Women in Development of such Agency. SEC. 105. UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTION TO THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR WOMEN (UNIFEM). (a) In General.--The President is authorized to make a voluntary contribution on a grant basis to the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be appropriated to the President $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 to carry out subsection (a). TITLE II--IMPACT OF TRADE AGREEMENTS ON WOMEN SEC. 201. FINDINGS. The Congress finds the following: (1) At a time of unparalleled global economic growth, the majority of women are being left behind. According to the United Nations Development Program, globalization has brought enormous wealth to some, but has also increased economic inequality within and between nations. (2)(A) Women contribute to and are affected by trade as workers, businesswomen, farmers, producers, and consumers. (B) As workers, women comprise between 70-90 percent of the labor force in the Export-Processing Zones (EPZs) assembling garments, textiles, or electronics for export abroad. (C) Women own between one-fourth and one-third of all businesses worldwide and 39 percent of such businesses are involved in international trade. (D) Women farmers accounted for 62 percent of total female employment in low-income countries in 1990. (E) Women handicraft producers who make and sell their textiles, jewelry, and ceramics locally and globally comprise 70 percent of craft-workers in Latin America. (F) As consumers, women decide what to buy (or obtain) to provide their family with food, water, clothes, and shelter. (3)(A) United States trade policy and development policy should be linked with the goal of improving women's social and economic status. (B) Enhancing women's status not only improves individual lives, but also eliminates market inefficiencies and leads to greater economic growth and trade. (C) The United States should ensure that its development policies and trade policies contribute to widespread, equitable, and sustainable economic growth for all and incorporate a sensitivity to the needs of women around the world. SEC. 202. ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR TRADE, GENDER, AND DEVELOPMENT POLICY. (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the United States Trade Representative shall establish within the Office of the United States Trade Representative an Advisory Committee for Trade, Gender, and Development Policy (hereafter in this section referred to as the ``Advisory Committee''). (b) Membership.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed of members, appointed by the Trade Representative, who shall be representatives from women's organizations, private and voluntary organizations, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the Department of Labor, and the United States Agency for International Development. (c) Duties.--The Advisory Committee, in conjunction with the entities described in section 204-- (1) shall assess the impact of all current and future United States bilateral and multilateral trade agreements on women in accordance with such section; and (2) shall make recommendations to the Trade Representative based upon assessments made pursuant to paragraph (1). SEC. 203. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TRADE POLICY. (a) Appointment of 2 Additional Members.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the United States Trade Representative shall appoint 2 additional members to the Advisory Committee on Trade Policy of the Office of the United States Trade Representative (hereafter in this section referred to as the ``Advisory Committee''). (b) Qualifications.--Of the members of the Advisory Committee appointed pursuant to subsection (a)-- (1) 1 shall have expertise in gender issues; and (2) 1 shall have expertise in international development
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