Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 5534 (ih) Providing that State and local laws prohibiting or otherwise restricting economic activity with foreign countries are null and void. [Introduced in House] ...

H.R. 5534 (ih) Providing that State and local laws prohibiting or otherwise restricting economic activity with foreign countries are null and void. [Introduced in House] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 5533

To increase the United States financial and programmatic contributions 
  to advancing the status of women and girls in low-income countries 
               around the world, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            October 24, 2000

   Mrs. Morella (for herself, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Porter, Ms. Millender-
McDonald, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. Brown of Ohio, Ms. Kilpatrick, Mrs. Maloney 
 of New York, Ms. Norton, Mr. Pomeroy, and Ms. Woolsey) introduced the 
 following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International 
 Relations, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a 
 period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for 
consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the 
                          committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To increase the United States financial and programmatic contributions 
  to advancing the status of women and girls in low-income countries 
               around the world, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Global Action and 
Investments for New Success for Women and Girls Act of 2000'' or 
``GAINS Act of 2000''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings.
  TITLE I--INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES OF DEVELOPING 
                               COUNTRIES

Sec. 101. Findings.
Sec. 102. Requirement to integrate women into national economies of 
                            developing countries.
Sec. 103. Annual report.
Sec. 104. Authorization of appropriations for Office of Women in 
                            Development (WID).
Sec. 105. United States contribution to the United Nations Development 
                            Fund for Women (UNIFEM).
             TITLE II--IMPACT OF TRADE AGREEMENTS ON WOMEN

Sec. 201. Findings.
Sec. 202. Advisory Committee for Trade, Gender, and Development Policy.
Sec. 203. Advisory Committee on Trade Policy.
Sec. 204. Review of United States trade agreements.
Sec. 205. Assessment of unremunerated work.
  TITLE III--ENSURING OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Sec. 301. Investing in women's skills and knowledge.
Sec. 302. Microenterprise development grant assistance.
Sec. 303. Microfinance loan facility.
Sec. 304. Report relating to future development of microfinance 
                            institutions.
    TITLE IV--PROMOTION OF HEALTH OF WOMEN AND GIRLS IN DEVELOPING 
                               COUNTRIES

Sec. 401. Family planning and reproductive health and rights.
Sec. 402. Maternal health programs.
Sec. 403. Prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.
Sec. 404. Prevention and treatment of tuberculosis.
Sec. 405. Health of children.
                     TITLE V--HUMAN RIGHTS OF WOMEN

Sec. 501. Assistance to eliminate discrimination against women.
Sec. 502. Prevention of trafficking in women and children.
Sec. 503. Ratification of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of 
                            Discrimination Against Women.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:
            (1) Economic globalization is leaving the world's poorest 
        women, girls, and communities behind. Women and their children 
        make up more than 70 percent of the 1,300,000,000 poorest 
        people today. United States international economic policies, 
        particularly in the areas of trade liberalization and debt 
        relief for developing countries, should help create a positive 
        environment for women's economic empowerment and gender 
        equality.
            (2) As the complexity of the global economy increases, so 
        too does the important role of women. Women comprise 
        approximately 75 percent of workers in the ``shadow'', or 
        informal economy, and constitute an ever-greater share of the 
        workforce in developing countries. Many studies have proven 
        that women's earnings are directly invested in the education, 
        health, and welfare of their children.
            (3) The United States has not taken adequate steps to 
        implement its commitments made at the United Nations Fourth 
        World Conference on Women in its foreign policy and 
        international assistance programs. For example, the United 
        States has not implemented Strategic Objective A1 of the 
        Platform for Action, ``[to] [r]eview, adopt, and maintain 
        macroeconomic policies and development strategies that address 
        the needs and efforts of women in poverty'', nor has it 
        implemented strategic objective K2 of the Platform for Action, 
        ``[to] [i]ntegrate gender concerns and perspectives in policies 
        and programmes for sustainable development''.
            (4) No one sectoral intervention is sufficient to create 
        the environment in which women and girls can thrive 
        economically and socially. Investments are necessary in 
        multiple areas, including education and training, health care 
        (including access to safe and effective family planning and 
        reproductive health services, maternal health care, and 
        children's health), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, 
        tuberculosis treatment, microcredit, human rights, violence 
        prevention, and anti-trafficking.

  TITLE I--INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES OF DEVELOPING 
                               COUNTRIES

SEC. 101. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:
            (1) For nearly three decades, the United States has been a 
        leader in creating and supporting bilateral and multilateral 
        women in development policies and programs. In 1974, the United 
        States Agency for International Development (USAID) established 
        the Office of Women in Development (WID). This Office has 
        served as a focal point for increasing the effectiveness of 
        United States development efforts by taking gender issues into 
        account throughout all phases of development-planning, 
        implementation, and evaluation.
            (2) Gender equality is a core development issue that 
        enhances United States global interests. Comprehensive policies 
        and programs of the Office of Women in Development reflect the 
        reality that women around the world play critical roles in 
        economic growth and development, and their contributions 
        reverberate from the global economy all the way down to the 
        poorest households. Investments in women's education, economic 
        opportunities, political participation, and health care yield 
        high returns for women, their families, and their communities.

SEC. 102. REQUIREMENT TO INTEGRATE WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES OF 
              DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

    (a) Part II of Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.--Section 113(a) of 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151k(a)) is amended by 
inserting after ``this part'' the following: `` and part II of this Act 
(including chapter 4 of such part)''.
    (b) Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989.--
            (1) In general.--The Support for East European Democracy 
        (SEED) Act of 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5401 et seq.) is amended by 
        inserting after section 3 the following:

``SEC. 4. INTEGRATING WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES.

    ``In recognition of the fact that women in developing countries 
play a significant role in economic production, family support, and the 
overall development process of the national economies of such 
countries, this Act shall be administered so as to give particular 
attention to those programs, projects, and activities which tend to 
integrate women into the national economies of developing countries, 
thus improving their status and assisting the total development 
effort.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The table of contents of such 
        Act (22 U.S.C. 5401(a) note) is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 3 the following:

Sec. 4. Integrating women into national economies.
    (c) Public Law 480.--The Agricultural Trade Development and 
Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.) is amended by inserting 
after section 3 the following:

``SEC. 4. INTEGRATING WOMEN INTO NATIONAL ECONOMIES.

    ``In recognition of the fact that women in developing countries 
play a significant role in economic production, family support, and the 
overall development process of the national economies of such 
countries, this Act shall be administered so as to give particular 
attention to those programs, projects, and activities which tend to 
integrate women into the national economies of developing countries, 
thus improving their status and assisting the total development 
effort.''.

SEC. 103. ANNUAL REPORT.

    The Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development shall prepare and submit to the Congress an annual report 
on the extent to which the requirements contained in section 113(a) of 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, section 4 of the Support for East 
European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989, and section 4 of the 
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (each as 
added by section 102 of this Act) are being carried out.

SEC. 104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR OFFICE OF WOMEN IN 
              DEVELOPMENT (WID).

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator of the 
United States Agency for International Development $15,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2001 and each subsequent fiscal year for programs, 
projects, and activities of the Office of Women in Development of such 
Agency.

SEC. 105. UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTION TO THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT 
              FUND FOR WOMEN (UNIFEM).

    (a) In General.--The President is authorized to make a voluntary 
contribution on a grant basis to the United Nations Development Fund 
for Women (UNIFEM).
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the President $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 to carry 
out subsection (a).

             TITLE II--IMPACT OF TRADE AGREEMENTS ON WOMEN

SEC. 201. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:
            (1) At a time of unparalleled global economic growth, the 
        majority of women are being left behind. According to the 
        United Nations Development Program, globalization has brought 
        enormous wealth to some, but has also increased economic 
        inequality within and between nations.
            (2)(A) Women contribute to and are affected by trade as 
        workers, businesswomen, farmers, producers, and consumers.
            (B) As workers, women comprise between 70-90 percent of the 
        labor force in the Export-Processing Zones (EPZs) assembling 
        garments, textiles, or electronics for export abroad.
            (C) Women own between one-fourth and one-third of all 
        businesses worldwide and 39 percent of such businesses are 
        involved in international trade.
            (D) Women farmers accounted for 62 percent of total female 
        employment in low-income countries in 1990.
            (E) Women handicraft producers who make and sell their 
        textiles, jewelry, and ceramics locally and globally comprise 
        70 percent of craft-workers in Latin America.
            (F) As consumers, women decide what to buy (or obtain) to 
        provide their family with food, water, clothes, and shelter.
            (3)(A) United States trade policy and development policy 
        should be linked with the goal of improving women's social and 
        economic status.
            (B) Enhancing women's status not only improves individual 
        lives, but also eliminates market inefficiencies and leads to 
        greater economic growth and trade.
            (C) The United States should ensure that its development 
        policies and trade policies contribute to widespread, 
        equitable, and sustainable economic growth for all and 
        incorporate a sensitivity to the needs of women around the 
        world.

SEC. 202. ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR TRADE, GENDER, AND DEVELOPMENT POLICY.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the United States Trade Representative shall 
establish within the Office of the United States Trade Representative 
an Advisory Committee for Trade, Gender, and Development Policy 
(hereafter in this section referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 
members, appointed by the Trade Representative, who shall be 
representatives from women's organizations, private and voluntary 
organizations, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, 
the Department of Labor, and the United States Agency for International 
Development.
    (c) Duties.--The Advisory Committee, in conjunction with the 
entities described in section 204--
            (1) shall assess the impact of all current and future 
        United States bilateral and multilateral trade agreements on 
        women in accordance with such section; and
            (2) shall make recommendations to the Trade Representative 
        based upon assessments made pursuant to paragraph (1).

SEC. 203. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TRADE POLICY.

    (a) Appointment of 2 Additional Members.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the United States Trade 
Representative shall appoint 2 additional members to the Advisory 
Committee on Trade Policy of the Office of the United States Trade 
Representative (hereafter in this section referred to as the ``Advisory 
Committee'').
    (b) Qualifications.--Of the members of the Advisory Committee 
appointed pursuant to subsection (a)--
            (1) 1 shall have expertise in gender issues; and
            (2) 1 shall have expertise in international development 

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