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H.R. 5564 (ih) To prohibit the importation of diamonds unless the countries exporting the diamonds to the United States have in place certain controls to verify the source of the diamonds, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 5563

 To authorize funding for programs that reduce recidivism and promote 
         successful offender reintegration into the community.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            October 26, 2000

   Mr. Hyde introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
    Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on 
 Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the 
  Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall 
           within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To authorize funding for programs that reduce recidivism and promote 
         successful offender reintegration into the community.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Offender Reentry and Community 
Safety Act of 2000''.

 SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this Act are to--
            (1) establish demonstration projects in several Federal 
        judicial districts, the District of Columbia, and in the 
        Federal Bureau of Prisons, using new strategies and emerging 
        technologies that alleviate the public safety risk posed by 
        released prisoners by promoting their successful reintegration 
        into the community;
            (2) establish court-based programs to monitor the return of 
        offenders into communities, using court sanctions to promote 
        positive behavior;
            (3) establish offender reentry demonstration projects in 
        the states using government and community partnerships to 
        coordinate cost efficient strategies that ensure public safety 
        and enhance the successful reentry into communities of 
        offenders who have completed their prison sentences;
            (4) establish intensive aftercare demonstration projects 
        that address public safety and ensure the special reentry needs 
        of juvenile offenders by coordinating the resources of juvenile 
        correctional agencies, juvenile courts, juvenile parole 
        agencies, law enforcement agencies, social service providers, 
        and local Workforce Investment Boards; and
            (5) rigorously evaluate these reentry programs to determine 
        their effectiveness in reducing recidivism and promoting 
        successful offender reintegration.

            TITLE I--FEDERAL REENTRY DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS

SEC. 101. FEDERAL REENTRY CENTER DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this Act, the Attorney General, in 
consultation with the Director of the Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts, shall establish the Federal Reentry Center 
Demonstration project. The project shall involve appropriate prisoners 
from the Federal prison population and shall utilize community 
corrections facilities, home confinement, and a coordinated response by 
Federal agencies to assist participating prisoners, under close 
monitoring and more seamless supervision, in preparing for and 
adjusting to reentry into the community.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) a Reentry Review Team for each prisoner, consisting of 
        representatives from the Bureau of Prisons, the United States 
        Probation System, and the relevant community corrections 
        facility, who shall initially meet with the prisoner to develop 
        a reentry plan tailored to the needs of the prisoner and 
        incorporating victim impact information, and will thereafter 
        meet regularly to monitor the prisoner's progress toward 
        reentry and coordinate access to appropriate reentry measures 
        and resources;
            (2) regular drug testing, as appropriate;
            (3) a system of graduated levels of supervision within the 
        community corrections facility to promote community safety, 
        provide incentives for prisoners to complete the reentry plan, 
        including victim restitution, and provide a reasonable method 
        for imposing immediate sanctions for a prisoner's minor or 
        technical violation of the conditions of participation in the 
        project;
            (4) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, 
        assistance obtaining suitable affordable housing, and other 
        programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as needed;
            (5) to the extent practicable, the recruitment and 
        utilization of local citizen volunteers, including volunteers 
        from the faith-based and business communities, to serve as 
        advisers and mentors to prisoners being released into the 
        community;
            (6) a description of the methodology and outcome measures 
        that will be used to evaluate the program; and
            (7) notification to victims on the status and nature of 
        offenders' reentry plan.
    (c) Probation Officers.--From funds made available to carry out 
this Act, the Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts shall assign one or more probation officers from each 
participating judicial district to the Reentry Demonstration project. 
Such officers shall be assigned to and stationed at the community 
corrections facility and shall serve on the Reentry Review Teams.
    (d) Project Duration.--The Reentry Center Demonstration project 
shall begin not later than 6 months following the availability of funds 
to carry out this section, and shall last 3 years. The Attorney General 
may extend the project for a period of up to 6 months to enable 
participant prisoners to complete their involvement in the project.
    (e) Selection of Districts.--The Attorney General, in consultation 
with the Judicial Conference of the  United States, shall select an 
appropriate number of Federal judicial districts in which to carry out 
the Reentry Center Demonstration project.
    (f) Coordination of Projects.--The Attorney General, may, if 
appropriate, include in the Reentry Center Demonstration project 
offenders who participated in the Enhanced In-Prison Vocational 
Assessment and Training Demonstration project established by section 
105 of this Act.

SEC. 102. FEDERAL HIGH-RISK OFFENDER REENTRY DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this Act, the Director of the 
Administrative Office of the United States Courts, in consultation with 
the Attorney General, shall establish the Federal High-Risk Offender 
Reentry Demonstration project. The project shall involve Federal 
offenders under supervised release who have previously violated the 
terms of their release following a term of imprisonment and shall 
utilize, as appropriate and indicated, community corrections 
facilities, home confinement, appropriate monitoring technologies, and 
treatment and programming to promote more effective reentry into the 
community.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) participation by Federal prisoners who have previously 
        violated the terms of their release following a term of 
        imprisonment;
            (2) use of community corrections facilities and home 
        confinement that, together with the technology referenced in 
        paragraph (5), will be part of a system of graduated levels of 
        supervision;
            (3) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, and 
        other programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as appropriate;
            (4) involvement of a victim advocate and the family of the 
        prisoner, if it is safe for the victim(s), especially in 
        domestic violence cases, to be involved;
            (5) the use of monitoring technologies, as appropriate and 
        indicated, to monitor and supervise participating offenders in 
        the community;
            (6) a description of the methodology and outcome measures 
        that will be used to evaluate the program; and
            (7) notification to victims on the status and nature of a 
        prisoner's reentry plan.
    (c) Mandatory Condition of Supervised Release.--In each of the 
judicial districts in which the demonstration project is in effect, 
appropriate offenders who are found to have violated a previously 
imposed term of supervised release and who will be subject to some 
additional term of supervised release, shall be designated to 
participate in the demonstration project. With respect to these 
offenders, the court shall impose additional mandatory conditions of 
supervised release that each offender shall, as directed by the 
probation officer, reside at a community corrections facility or 
participate in a program of home confinement, or both, and submit to 
appropriate monitoring, and otherwise participate in the project.
    (d) Project Duration.--The Federal High-Risk Offender Reentry 
Demonstration shall begin not later than six months following the 
availability of funds to carry out this section, and shall last 3 
years. The Director of the Administrative Office of the United States 
Courts may extend the project for a period of up to six months to 
enable participating prisoners to complete their involvement in the 
project.
    (e) Selection of Districts.--The Judicial Conference of the United 
States, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall select an 
appropriate number of Federal judicial districts in which to carry out 
the Federal High-Risk Offender Reentry Demonstration project.

SEC. 103. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA INTENSIVE SUPERVISION, TRACKING, AND 
              REENTRY TRAINING (DC ISTART) DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this Act, the Trustee of the Court 
Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia, 
as authorized by the National Capital Revitalization and Self 
Government Improvement Act of 1997 (Public Law 105-33; 111 Stat. 712) 
shall establish the District of Columbia Intensive Supervision, 
Tracking and Reentry Training Demonstration (DC ISTART) project. The 
project shall involve high risk District of Columbia parolees who would 
otherwise be released into the community without a period of 
confinement in a community corrections facility and shall utilize 
intensive supervision, monitoring, and programming to promote such 
parolees' successful reentry into the community.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) participation by appropriate high risk parolees;
            (2) use of community corrections facilities and home 
        confinement;
            (3) a Reentry Review Team that includes a victim witness 
        professional for each parolee which shall meet with the 
        parolee--by video conference or other means as appropriate--
        before the parolee's release from the custody of the Federal 
        Bureau of Prisons to develop a reentry plan that incorporates 
        victim impact information and is tailored to the needs of the 
        parolee and which will thereafter meet regularly to monitor the 
        parolee's progress toward reentry and coordinate access to 
        appropriate reentry measures and resources;
            (4) regular drug testing, as appropriate;
            (5) a system of graduated levels of supervision within the 
        community corrections facility to promote community safety, 
        encourage victim restitution, provide incentives for prisoners 
        to complete the reentry plan, and provide a reasonable method 
        for immediately sanctioning a prisoner's minor or technical 
        violation of the conditions of participation in the project;
            (6) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, 
        assistance obtaining suitable affordable housing, and other 
        programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as needed and indicated;
            (7) the use of monitoring technologies, as appropriate;
            (8) to the extent practicable, the recruitment and 
        utilization of local citizen volunteers, including volunteers 
        from the faith-based communities, to serve as advisers and 
        mentors to prisoners being released into the community; and
            (9) notification to victims on the status and nature of a 
        prisoner's reentry plan.
    (c) Mandatory Condition of Parole.--For those offenders eligible to 
participate in the demonstration project, the United States Parole 
Commission shall impose additional mandatory conditions of parole such 
that the offender when on parole shall, as directed by the community 
supervision officer, reside at a community corrections facility or 
participate in a program of home confinement, or both, submit to 
electronic and other remote monitoring, and otherwise participate in 
the project.
    (d) Program Duration.--The District of Columbia Intensive 
Supervision, Tracking and Reentry Training Demonstration shall begin 
not later than 6 months following the availability of funds to carry 
out this section, and shall last 3 years. The Trustee of the Court 
Services and Offender Supervision Agency of the District of Columbia 
may extend the project for a period of up to 6 months to enable 
participating prisoners to complete their involvement in the project.

SEC. 104. FEDERAL INTENSIVE SUPERVISION, TRACKING, AND REENTRY TRAINING 
              (FED ISTART) DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this section, the Director of the 
Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall establish the 
Federal Intensive Supervision, Tracking and Reentry Training 
Demonstration (FED ISTART) project. The project shall involve 
appropriate high risk Federal offenders who are being released into the 
community without a period of confinement in a community corrections 
facility.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) participation by appropriate high risk Federal 
        offenders;
            (2) significantly smaller caseloads for probation officers 
        participating in the demonstration project;
            (3) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, 
        assistance obtaining suitable affordable housing, and other 
        programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as needed; and
            (4) notification to victims on the status and nature of a 
        prisoner's reentry plan.
    (c) Program Duration.--The Federal Intensive Supervision, Tracking 
and Reentry Training Demonstration shall begin not later than 6 months 
following the availability of funds to carry out this section, and 
shall last 3 years. The Director of the Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts may extend the project for a period of up to six 

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