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H.R. 5568 (ih) To encourage employer selection of freedom-of-choice health coverage. [Introduced in House] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 5567

    An act to authorize funding for successful reentry of criminal 
                    offenders into local communities


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                            October 26, 2000

 Mr. Conyers introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
    Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on 
 Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the 
  Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall 
           within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________


 
    An act to authorize funding for successful reentry of criminal 
                    offenders into local communities

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Offender Reentry and Community 
Safety Act of 2000.''

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:
            (a) There are now nearly 1.9 million individuals in our 
        country's prisons and jails, including over 140,000 individuals 
        under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
            (b) Enforcement of offender violations of conditions of 
        releases has sharply increased the number of offenders who 
        return to prison--while revocations comprised 17 percent of 
        State prison admissions in 1980, they rose to 36 percent in 
        1998.
            (c) Although prisoners generally are serving longer 
        sentences than they did a decade ago, most eventually reenter 
        communities; for example, in 1999, approximately 538,000 State 
        prisoners and over 50,000 Federal prisoners--a record number--
        were returned to American communities. Approximately 100,000 
        State offenders return to communities and received no 
        supervision whatsoever.
            (d) Historically, two-thirds of returning State prisoners 
        have been rearrested for new crimes within three years, so 
        these individuals pose a significant public safety risk and a 
        continuing financial burden to society.
            (e) A key element to effective post-incarceration 
        supervision in an immediate, predetermined, and appropriate 
        response to violations of the conditions of supervision.
            (f) An estimated 187,000 State and federal prison inmates 
        have been diagnosed with mental health problems; about 70 
        percent of State prisoners and 57 percent of federal prisoners 
        have a history of drug abuse; and nearly 75 percent of released 
        offenders with heroin or cocaine problems return to using drugs 
        within three months if untreated; however, few States link 
        prison mental health treatment programs with those in the 
        return community.
            (g) Between 1987 and 1997, the volume of juvenile 
        adjudicated cases resulting in court-ordered residential 
        placements rose 56 percent. In 1997 alone, there were a total 
        of 163,200 juvenile court-ordered residential placements. The 
        steady increase of youth exiting residential placement has 
        strained the juvenile justice aftercare system, however, 
        without adequate supervision and services, youth are likely to 
        relapse, recidivate, and return to confinement at the public's 
        expense.
            (h) Emerging technologies and multidisciplinary community-
        based strategies present new opportunities to alleviate the 
        public safety risk posed by released prisoners while helping 
        offenders to reenter their communities successfully.

SEC. 3. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this Act are to--
            (a) establish demonstration projects in several federal 
        judicial districts, the District of Columbia, and in the 
        Federal Bureau of Prisons, using new strategies and emerging 
        technologies that alleviate the public safety risk posed by 
        released prisoners by promoting their successful reintegration 
        into the community;
            (b) establish court-based programs to monitor the return of 
        offenders into communities, using court sanctions to promote 
        positive behavior;
            (c) establish offender reentry demonstration projects in 
        the states using government and community partnerships to 
        coordinate cost efficient strategies that ensure public safety 
        and enhance the successful reentry into communities of 
        offenders who have completed their prison sentences;
            (d) establish intensive aftercare demonstration projects 
        that address public safety and ensure the special reentry needs 
        of juvenile offenders by coordinating the resources of juvenile 
        correctional agencies, juvenile courts, juvenile parole 
        agencies, law enforcement agencies, social service providers, 
        and local Workforce Investment Boards; and
            (e) rigorously evaluate these reentry programs to determine 
        their effectiveness in reducing recidivism and promoting 
        successful offender reintegration.

            TITLE I--FEDERAL REENTRY DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS

SEC. 101. FEDERAL REENTRY CENTER DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this Act, the Attorney General, in 
consultation with the Director of the Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts, shall establish the Federal Reentry Center 
Demonstration project. The project shall involve appropriate prisoners 
from the Federal prison population and shall utilize community 
corrections facilities, home confinement, and a coordinated response by 
federal agencies to assist participating prisoners, under close 
monitoring and more seamless supervision, in preparing for and 
adjusting to reentry into the community.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include the following core elements--
            (1) a Reentry Review Team for each prisoner, consisting of 
        representative from the Bureau of Prisons, the United States 
        Probation System, the United States Parole Commission, and the 
        relevant community corrections facility, who shall initially 
        meet with the prisoner to develop a reentry plan tailored to 
        the needs of the prisoner and incorporating victim impact 
        information, and will thereafter meet regularly to monitor the 
        prisoner's progress toward reentry and coordinate access to 
        appropriate reentry measures and resources;
            (2) regular drug testing, as appropriate;
            (3) a system of graduated levels of supervision within the 
        community corrections facility to promote community safety, 
        provide incentives for prisoners to complete the reentry plan, 
        including victim restitution, and provide a reasonable method 
        for imposing immediate sanctions for a prisoner's minor or 
        technical violation of the conditions of participation in the 
        project;
            (4) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, 
        assistance obtaining suitable affordable housing, and other 
        programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as needed;
            (5) to the extent practicable, the recruitment and 
        utilization of local citizen volunteers, including volunteers 
        from the faith-based and business communities, to serve as 
        advisors and mentors to prisoners being released into the 
        community;
            (6) a description of the methodology and outcome measures 
        that will be used to evaluate the program; and
            (7) notification to victims on the status and nature of a 
        prisoner's reentry plan.
    (c) Probation Officers.--From funds made available to carry out 
this Act, the Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts shall assign one or more probation officers from each 
participating judicial district to the Reentry Demonstration project. 
Such officers shall be assigned to and stationed at the community 
corrections facility and shall serve on the Reentry Review Teams.
    (d) Project Duration.--The Reentry Center Demonstration project 
shall begin not later than six months following the availability of 
funds to carry out this section, and shall last three years. The 
Attorney General may extend the project for a period of up to six 
months to enable participant prisoners to complete their involvement in 
the project.
    (e) Selection of Districts.--The Attorney General, in consultation 
with the Judicial Conference of the United States, shall select an 
appropriate number of federal judicial districts in which to carry out 
the Reentry Center Demonstration project.
    (f) Coordination of Projects.--The Attorney General, may, if 
appropriate, include in the Reentry Center Demonstration project 
offenders who participated in the Enhanced In-Prison Vocational 
Assessment and Training Demonstration project established by section 
105 of this Act.

SEC. 102. FEDERAL REMOTE SATELLITE TRACKING AND RETRAINING (RESTART) 
              DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this Act, the Director of the 
Administrative Office of the United States Courts, in consultation with 
the Attorney General, shall establish the Federal Remote Satellite 
Tracking and Reentry Training (ReSTART) Demonstration project. The 
project shall involve federal offenders under supervised released who 
have previously violated the terms of their release following a term of 
imprisonment and shall utilize, as appropriate and indicated, emerging 
satellite tracking and global positioning technologies, other 
monitoring technologies, community corrections facilities, home 
confinement, and treatment and programming to promote more effective 
reentry into the community.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include the following core elements--
            (1) participation by federal prisoners who have previously 
        violated the terms of their release following a term of 
        imprisonment;
            (2) the use of global positioning, remote satellite, and 
        other monitoring technologies, as appropriate and indicated, to 
        monitor and supervise participating offenders in the community;
            (3) use of community corrections facilities and home 
        confinement that, together with the technology referenced in 
        paragraph (b), will be part of a system of graduated levels of 
        supervision;
            (4) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, and 
        other programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as appropriate;
            (5) involvement of a victim advocate and the family of the 
        prisoner, if it is safe for the victim(s), especially in 
        domestic violence cases, to be involved;
            (6) a description of the methodology and outcome measures 
        that will be used to evaluate the program; and
            (7) notification to victims on the status and nature of 
        prisoner's reentry plan.
    (c) Mandatory Condition of Supervised Release.--In each of the 
judicial districts in which the demonstration project is in effect, 
appropriate offenders who are found to have violated a previously 
imposed term of supervised release and who will be subject to some 
additional term of supervised release, shall be designated to 
participate in the demonstration project. With respect to these 
offenders, the court shall impose additional mandatory conditions of 
supervised release that each offender shall, as directed by the 
probation officer, reside at a community corrections facility or 
participate in a program of home confinement, or both, and submit to 
electronic and other remote monitoring, and otherwise participate in 
the project.
    (d) Project Duration.--The Remote Satellite Tracking and Reentry 
Training Demonstration shall begin not later than six months following 
the availability of funds to carry out this section, and shall last 
three years. The Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts may extend the project for a period of up to six months 
to enable participating prisoners to complete their involvement in the 
project.
    (e) Selection of Districts.--The Judicial Conference of the United 
States, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall select an 
appropriate number of federal judicial districts in which to carry out 
the Remote Satellite Tracking and Reentry Training Demonstration 
project.

SEC. 103. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA INTENSIVE SUPERVISION, TRACKING, AND 
              REENTRY TRAINING (DC ISTART) DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) Authority and Establishment of Demonstration Project.--From 
funds made available to carry out this Act, the Trustee of the Court 
Services and Offender Supervision Agency of the District of Columbia, 
as authorized by the National Capital Revitalization and Self-
Government Improvement Act of 1997 (Pub. Law 105-33, 111 Stat. 712) 
shall establish the District of Columbia Intensive Supervision, 
Tracking and Reentry Training Demonstration (DC iSTART) project. The 
project shall involve high risk District of Columbia parolees who would 
otherwise be released into the community without a period of 
confinement in a community corrections facility and shall utilize 
intensive supervision, monitoring, and programming to promote such 
parolees' successful entry into the community.
    (b) Project Elements.--The project authorized by subsection (a) 
shall include the following core elements--
            (1) participation by appropriate high risk parolees;
            (2) use of community corrections facilities and home 
        confinement;
            (3) a Reentry Review Team that includes a victim witness 
        professional for each parolee which shall meet with the 
        parolee--by video conference or other means as appropriate--
        before the parolee's release from the custody of the Federal 
        Bureau of Prisons to develop a reentry plan that incorporates 
        victim impact information and is tailored to the needs of the 
        parolee and which will thereafter meet regularly to monitor the 
        parolee's progress toward reentry and coordinate access to 
        appropriate reentry measures and resources;
            (4) regular drug testing, as appropriate;
            (5) a system of graduated levels of supervision within the 
        community corrections facility to promote community safety, 
        encourage victim restitution, provide incentives for prisoners 
        to complete the reentry plan, and provide a reasonable method 
        for immediately sanctioning a prisoner's minor or technical 
        violation of the conditions of participation in the project;
            (6) substance abuse treatment and aftercare, mental and 
        medical health treatment and aftercare, vocational and 
        educational training, life skills instruction, conflict 
        resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, 
        assistance obtaining suitable affordable housing, and other 
        programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
        community as needed and indicated;
            (7) the use of monitoring technologies, as appropriate;
            (8) to the extent practicable, the recruitment and 
        utilization of local citizen volunteers, including volunteers 
        from the faith-based communities, to serve as advisors and 
        mentors to prisoners being released into the community; and
            (9) notification to victims on the status and nature of a 
        prisoner's reentry plan.

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