Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.R. 851 (ih) To require the Federal Communications Commission to establish improved predictive models for determining the availability of television broadcast signals. [Introduced in House] ...

H.R. 851 (ih) To require the Federal Communications Commission to establish improved predictive models for determining the availability of television broadcast signals. [Introduced in House] ...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org






                                                 Union Calendar No. 149

106th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 850

             [Report No. 106-117, Parts I, II, III, IV, V]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

 To amend title 18, United States Code, to affirm the rights of United 
States persons to use and sell encryption and to relax export controls 
                             on encryption.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             July 23, 1999

     Reported from the Committee on Armed Services with amendments

                             July 23, 1999

 Reported from the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence with an 
 amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State 
                of the Union, and ordered to be printed
                                                 Union Calendar No. 149
106th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 850

             [Report No. 106-117, Parts I, II, III, IV, V]

 To amend title 18, United States Code, to affirm the rights of United 
States persons to use and sell encryption and to relax export controls 
                             on encryption.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                           February 25, 1999

  Mr. Goodlatte (for himself, Ms. Lofgren, Mr. Armey, Mr. DeLay, Mr. 
 Watts of Oklahoma, Mr. Davis of Virginia, Mr. Cox, Ms. Pryce of Ohio, 
Mr. Blunt, Mr. Gephardt, Mr. Bonior, Mr. Frost, Ms. DeLauro, Mr. Lewis 
of Georgia, Mr. Gejdenson, Mr. Sensenbrenner, Mr. Gekas, Mr. Coble, Mr. 
   Smith of Texas, Mr. Gallegly, Mr. Bryant, Mr. Chabot, Mr. Barr of 
 Georgia, Mr. Hutchinson, Mr. Pease, Mr. Cannon, Mr. Rogan, Mrs. Bono, 
 Mr. Bachus, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Frank of Massachusetts, Mr. Boucher, Mr. 
Nadler, Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas, Ms. Waters, Mr. Meehan, Mr. Delahunt, 
 Mr. Wexler, Mr. Ackerman, Mr. Andrews, Mr. Archer, Mr. Ballenger, Mr. 
 Barcia, Mr. Barrett of Nebraska, Mr. Barrett of Wisconsin, Mr. Barton 
of Texas, Mr. Bilbray, Mr. Blumenauer, Mr. Boehner, Mr. Brady of Texas, 
     Mr. Brady of Pennsylvania, Ms. Brown of Florida, Mr. Brown of 
  California, Mr. Burr of North Carolina, Mr. Burton of Indiana, Mr. 
  Camp, Mr. Campbell, Mrs. Capps, Mr. Chambliss, Mrs. Chenoweth, Mrs. 
  Christian-Christensen, Mrs. Clayton, Mr. Clement, Mr. Clyburn, Mr. 
     Collins, Mr. Cook, Mr. Cooksey, Mrs. Cubin, Mr. Cummings, Mr. 
 Cunningham, Mr. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Deal of Georgia, Mr. DeFazio, 
 Mr. Deutsch, Mr. Dickey, Mr. Dooley of California, Mr. Doolittle, Mr. 
Doyle, Mr. Dreier, Mr. Duncan, Ms. Dunn, Mr. Ehlers, Mrs. Emerson, Mr. 
English, Ms. Eshoo, Mr. Ewing, Mr. Farr of California, Mr. Filner, Mr. 
 Ford, Mr. Fossella, Mr. Franks of New Jersey, Mr. Gillmor, Mr. Goode, 
 Mr. Goodling, Mr. Gordon, Mr. Green of Texas, Mr. Gutknecht, Mr. Hall 
of Texas, Mr. Hastings of Washington, Mr. Herger, Mr. Hill of Montana, 
 Mr. Hobson, Mr. Hoekstra, Mr. Holden, Ms. Hooley of Oregon, Mr. Horn, 
  Mr. Houghton, Mr. Inslee, Mr. Istook, Mr. Jackson of Illinois, Mr. 
    Jefferson, Ms. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Texas, Mrs. Johnson of 
Connecticut, Mr. Kanjorski, Mr. Kasich, Mrs. Kelly, Ms. Kikpatrick, Mr. 
   Kind, Mr. Kingston, Mr. Knollenberg, Mr. Kolbe, Mr. Lampson, Mr. 
 Largent, Mr. Latham, Ms. Lee, Mr. Lewis of Kentucky, Mr. Linder, Mr. 
Lucas of Oklahoma, Mr. Luther, Ms. McCarthy of Missouri, Mr. McDermott, 
 Mr. McGovern, Mr. McIntosh, Mr. Maloney of Connecticut, Mr. Manzullo, 
    Mr. Markey, Mr. Martinez, Mr. Matsui, Mrs. Meek of Florida, Mr. 
    Metcalf, Mr. Mica, Ms. Millender-McDonald, Mr. George Miller of 
  California, Mr. Moakley, Mr. Moran of Virginia, Mrs. Morella, Mrs. 
Myrick, Mrs. Napolitano, Mr. Neal of Massachusetts, Mr. Nethercutt, Mr. 
 Norwood, Mr. Nussle, Mr. Olver, Mr. Packard, Mr. Pallone, Mr. Pastor, 
 Mr. Peterson of Minnesota, Mr. Pickering, Mr. Pombo, Mr. Pomeroy, Mr. 
  Price of North Carolina, Mr. Quinn, Mr. Radanovich, Mr. Rahall, Mr. 
 Rangel, Mr. Reynolds, Ms. Rivers, Mr. Rohrabacher, Ms. Ros-Lehtinen, 
   Mr. Rush, Mr. Salmon, Ms. Sanchez, Mr. Sanders, Mr. Sanford, Mr. 
 Scarborough, Mr. Schaffer, Mr. Sessions, Mr. Shays, Mr. Sherman, Mr. 
Shimkus, Mr. Smith of Washington, Mr. Smith of New Jersey, Mr. Souder, 
  Ms. Stabenow, Mr. Stark, Mr. Sununu, Mr. Tanner, Mrs. Tauscher, Mr. 
   Tauzin, Mr. Taylor of North Carolina, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Thompson of 
Mississippi, Mr. Thune, Mr. Tiahrt, Mr. Tierney, Mr. Upton, Mr. Vento, 
   Mr. Walsh, Mr. Wamp, Mr. Watkins, Mr. Weller, Mr. Whitfield, Mr. 
 Wicker, Ms. Woolsey, and Mr. Wu) introduced the following bill; which 
was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the 
 Committee on International Relations, for a period to be subsequently 
   determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such 
 provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

                             April 27, 1999

              Reported from the Committee on the Judiciary

                             April 27, 1999

  Referral to the Committee on International Relations extended for a 
               period ending not later than July 2, 1999

                             April 27, 1999

   Referred to the Committees on Armed Services and Commerce and the 
  Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence for a period ending not 
                        later than July 2, 1999

                              July 2, 1999

       Reported from the Committee on Commerce with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

                              July 2, 1999

  Referral to the Committee on International Relations extended for a 
               period ending not later than July 16, 1999

                              July 2, 1999

 Referral to the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Select 
 Committee on Intelligence extended for a period ending not later than 
                             July 23, 1999

                             July 16, 1999

  Referral to the Committee on International Relations extended for a 
               period ending not later than July 19, 1999

                             July 19, 1999

    Reported from the Committee on International Relations with an 
                               amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                           in boldface roman]

                             July 23, 1999

     Reported from the Committee on Armed Services with amendments
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                      in italic and bold brackets]

                             July 23, 1999

   Additional sponsors: Mr. Hall of Ohio, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Holt, Mr. 
Gibbons, Mr. Calvert, Ms. Slaughter, Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Diaz-Balart, Mr. 
Engel, Mr. Hilliard, Mr. King, Mr. LaHood, Ms. McKinney, Mr. Ney, Mrs. 
   Northup, Mr. Riley, Mr. Serrano, Mr. Stenholm, Mr. Tancredo, Mr. 
 Hansen, Mr. Moran of Kansas, Mr. Sam Johnson of Texas, Mr. Hilleary, 
Mr. Gary Miller of California, Ms. Norton, Mr. Sweeney, Mr. Baker, Mr. 
   Crane, Mr. McInnis, Mr. Weldon of Florida, Mr. Wise, Mr. Ose, Mr. 
 Baldacci, Mr. Minge, Mr. Underwood, Mr. DeMint, Mr. Walden of Oregon, 
Mr. Hayes, Mr. Foley, Mr. Terry, Mr. Shows, Mr. Ryan of Wisconsin, Mr. 
   Etheridge, Mr. Watt of North Carolina, Mr. Crowley, Mr. Udall of 
Colorado, Mr. Hoeffel, Mr. Fletcher, Mr. Baird, Mr. Talent, Mr. Kennedy 
of Rhode Island, Mr. Udall of New Mexico, Mr. Sawyer, Mr. Menendez, and 
                              Mr. Hinchey
 Deleted sponsors: Mr. Holden (added February 25, 1999; deleted April 
 21, 1999), and Mr. Hastings of Florida (added March 16, 1999; deleted 
                             June 10, 1999)

                             July 23, 1999

 Reported from the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence with an 
 amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State 
                of the Union, and ordered to be printed
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                          in boldface italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend title 18, United States Code, to affirm the rights of United 
States persons to use and sell encryption and to relax export controls 
                             on encryption.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

<DELETED>SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    This Act may be cited as the ``Security And Freedom 
through Encryption (SAFE) Act''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 2. SALE AND USE OF ENCRYPTION.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Part I of title 18, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after chapter 123 the following new 
chapter:</DELETED>

         <DELETED>``CHAPTER 125--ENCRYPTED WIRE AND ELECTRONIC 
                         INFORMATION</DELETED>

<DELETED>``Sec.
<DELETED>``2801. Definitions.
<DELETED>``2802. Freedom to use encryption.
<DELETED>``2803. Freedom to sell encryption.
<DELETED>``2804. Prohibition on mandatory key escrow.
<DELETED>``2805. Unlawful use of encryption in furtherance of a 
                            criminal act.
<DELETED>``Sec. 2801. Definitions</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``As used in this chapter--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the terms `person', `State', `wire 
        communication', `electronic communication', `investigative or 
        law enforcement officer', and `judge of competent jurisdiction' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 2510 of this 
        title;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the term `decrypt' means to retransform or 
        unscramble encrypted data, including communications, to its 
        readable form;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) the terms `encrypt', `encrypted', and 
        `encryption' mean the scrambling of wire communications, 
        electronic communications, or electronically stored 
        information, using mathematical formulas or algorithms in order 
        to preserve the confidentiality, integrity, or authenticity of, 
        and prevent unauthorized recipients from accessing or altering, 
        such communications or information;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) the term `key' means the variable 
        information used in a mathematical formula, code, or algorithm, 
        or any component thereof, used to decrypt wire communications, 
        electronic communications, or electronically stored 
        information, that has been encrypted; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) the term `key recovery information' means 
        information that would enable obtaining the key of a user of 
        encryption;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) the term `plaintext access capability' means 
        any method or mechanism which would provide information in 
        readable form prior to its being encrypted or after it has been 
        decrypted;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) the term `United States person' means--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) any United States citizen;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) any other person organized under the 
                laws of any State, the District of Columbia, or any 
                commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United 
                States; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) any person organized under the laws 
                of any foreign country who is owned or controlled by 
                individuals or persons described in subparagraphs (A) 
                and (B).</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 2802. Freedom to use encryption</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``Subject to section 2805, it shall be lawful for any 
person within any State, and for any United States person in a foreign 
country, to use any encryption, regardless of the encryption algorithm 
selected, encryption key length chosen, or implementation technique or 
medium used.</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 2803. Freedom to sell encryption</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``Subject to section 2805, it shall be lawful for any 
person within any State to sell in interstate commerce any encryption, 
regardless of the encryption algorithm selected, encryption key length 
chosen, or implementation technique or medium used.</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 2804. Prohibition on mandatory key escrow</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) General Prohibition.--Neither the Federal Government 
nor a State may require that, or condition any approval on a 
requirement that, a key, access to a key, key recovery information, or 
any other plaintext access capability be--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) built into computer hardware or software for 
        any purpose;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) given to any other person, including a 
        Federal Government agency or an entity in the private sector 
        that may be certified or approved by the Federal Government or 
        a State to receive it; or</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) retained by the owner or user of an 
        encryption key or any other person, other than for encryption 
        products for use by the Federal Government or a 
        State.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Prohibition on Linkage of Different Uses of 
Encryption.--Neither the Federal Government nor a State may--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) require the use of encryption products, 
        standards, or services used for confidentiality purposes, as a 
        condition of the use of such products, standards, or services 
        for authenticity or integrity purposes; or</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) require the use of encryption products, 
        standards, or services used for authenticity or integrity 
        purposes, as a condition of the use of such products, 
        standards, or services for confidentiality purposes.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Exception for Access for Law Enforcement Purposes.--
Subsection (a) shall not affect the authority of any investigative or 
law enforcement officer, or any member of the intelligence community as 
defined in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
401a), acting under any law in effect on the effective date of this 
chapter, to gain access to encrypted communications or 
information.</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 2805. Unlawful use of encryption in furtherance of a 

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next >>

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 H.R. 3757 (ih) To temporarily suspend the duty on Solvent Blue 124. [Introduced in House] ...
2 H.R. 1080 (ih) To provide penalties for terrorist attacks against mass transportation. [Introduced in House] ...
3 H.R. 4871 (eh) Making appropriations for the Treasury Department, the United States Postal Service, the Executive Office of the President, and certain Independent Agencies, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2001, and for other purposes. [Engrossed...
4 H.R. 4681 (ih) To provide for the adjustment of status of certain Syrian nationals. [Introduced in House] ...
5 H.R. 1888 (ih) To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a mandatory minimum prison sentence for certain wiretapping or electronic surveillance offenses by Federal officers or employees. [Introduced in House] ...
6 S. 2017 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to exclude from gross income payments made to tobacco quota and allotment holders and tobacco growers pursuant to Phase I or II of the Master Settlement Agreement between a State and tobacco product...
7 H.R. 4171 (ih) To amend title 49, United States Code, relating to the transportation of hazardous materials. [Introduced in House] ...
8 H.R. 3821 (ih) To provide for the liquidation or reliquidation of certain color television receiver entries to correct an error that was made in connection with the original liquidation. [Introduced in House] ...
9 H.R. 1377 (ih) To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service at 13234 South Baltimore Avenue in Chicago, Illinois, as the ``John J. Buchanan Post Office Building''. [Introduced in House] ...
10 S. 2345 (rfh) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a special resource study concerning the preservation and public use of sites associated with Harriet Tubman located in Auburn, New York, and for other purposes. [Referred in House] %%Filenam...
11 H.R. 5459 (ih) To direct the Secretary of the Army to recommend a water resources development and conservation project for authorization by Congress only if the project has projected benefits that are at least 1.5 times as great as the project's estimated...
12 H.R. 1000 (eh) To amend title 49, United States Code, to reauthorize programs of the Federal Aviation Administration, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in House] ...
13 S. 441 (rs) To amend the National Trails System Act to designate the route of the War of 1812 British invasion of Maryland and Washington, District of Columbia, and the route of the American defense, for study for potential addition to the national trails...
14 S. 1763 (is) To amend the Solid Waste Disposal Act to reauthorize the Office of Ombudsman of the Environmental Protection Agency, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
15 H.Con.Res. 61 (ih) Expressing the sense of the Congress that all Chinese people, including the people of Taiwan, deserve to be represented in international institutions. [Introduced in House] ...
16 H.Res. 228 (ih) Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding the [Introduced in House] ...
17 H.R. 5461 (eh) To amend the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act to eliminate the wasteful and unsportsmanlike practice of shark finning. [Engrossed in House] ...
18 H.R. 2427 (ih) To amend the Clean Air Act to remove a provision limiting States to proportionately less assistance than their respective populations and tax payments to the Federal Government. [Introduced in House] ...
19 H.R. 5360 (ih) To direct the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of, and make necessary recommendations to Congress regarding, Federal and State laws that regulate private ownership of exotic wild animals. [Introduced in House]...
20 S.J.Res. 11 (pcs) Prohibiting the use of funds for military operations in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) unless Congress enacts specific authorization in law for the conduct of those operations. [Placed on Calendar Senate] %%Fi...
21 S.Con.Res. 155 (rfh) Expressing the sense of Congress that the Government of the United States should actively support the aspirations of the democratic political forces in Peru toward an immediate and full restoration of democracy in that country. [Refer...
22 S. 2438 (is) To provide for enhanced safety, public awareness, and environmental protection in pipeline transportation, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
23 H.Res. 552 (ih) Urging the House to support mentoring programs such as Saturday Academy at the Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology. [Introduced in House] ...
24 H.R. 1104 (rh) To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to transfer administrative jurisdiction over land within the boundaries of the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site to the Archivist of the United States for the construction of a v...
25 S. 3067 (is) To require changes in the bloodborne pathogens standard in effect under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 [Introduced in Senate] ...
26 H.R. 291 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide that tax-exempt interest shall not be taken into account in determining the amount of Social Security benefits included in gross income. [Introduced in House] ...
27 S. 2677 (rfh) To restrict assistance until certain conditions are satisfied and to support democratic and economic transition in Zimbabwe. [Referred in House] ...
28 H.R. 802 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the annual limitation on deductible contributions to individual retirement accounts to $5,000. [Introduced in House] ...
29 H.Res. 562 (ath) Providing for the concurrence by the House, with amendments, in the Senate amendment to H.R. 1167. [Agreed to House] ...
30 H.R. 4324 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the estate and gift tax unified credit to an exclusion equivalent of $2,500,000 and to reduce the rate of the estate and gifts taxes to the generally applicable capital gains income tax...


Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy