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H.R. 982 (ih) To prohibit assistance for Kosovo unless the President determines and [Introduced in House] ...


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107th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 981

     To provide a biennial budget for the United State Government.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 13, 2001

    Mr. Bass (for himself, Mr. Barton of Texas, Mr. Bilirakis, Mr. 
 Boehlert, Mr. Brady of Texas, Mr. Burr of North Carolina, Mr. Castle, 
 Mr. Tom Davis of Virginia, Mr. Diaz-Balart, Mr. Dreier, Ms. Dunn, Mr. 
    Ehlers, Mr. English, Mr. Gilchrest, Mr. Gilman, Mr. Goode, Mr. 
Goodlatte, Mr. Goss, Mr. Green of Wisconsin, Ms. Hart, Mr. Hastings of 
   Washington, Mr. Herger, Mr. Hoekstra, Mr. Houghton, Mr. Issa, Mr. 
Jenkins, Mr. Jones of North Carolina, Mr. Largent, Mr. LaTourette, Mr. 
 Linder, Ms. McCarthy of Missouri, Mrs. Morella, Mrs. Myrick, Mr. Ney, 
Mr. Norwood, Mr. Ose, Mr. Oxley, Ms. Pryce of Ohio, Mr. Radanovich, Mr. 
  Regula, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Riley, Mr. Rohrabacher, Mrs. Roukema, Mr. 
    Royce, Mr. Ryun of Kansas, Mr. Schaffer, Mr. Sensenbrenner, Mr. 
Sessions, Mr. Shimkus, Mr. Smith of Washington, Mr. Smith of Texas, Mr. 
    Sununu, Mr. Tancredo, Mr. Terry, Mr. Thornberry, Mr. Thune, Mr. 
   Traficant, Mr. Upton, Mr. Wamp, and Mr. Whitfield) introduced the 
following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Budget for a 
  period ending not later than April 13, 2001, and in addition to the 
Committee on Rules and the Committee on Government Reform, for a period 
    to be determined subsequently by the Speaker, in each case for 
consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the 
                          committee concerned.

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
     To provide a biennial budget for the United State Government.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; FINDINGS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Budget 
Responsibility and Efficiency Act of 2001''.
    (b) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
            (1) the annual appropriations and budget process 
        increasingly dominates the congressional agenda and Congress 
        regularly fails to meet the deadlines of the Congressional 
        Budget Act of 1974;
            (2) the design of the budget process has led to repetitive 
        and time-consuming budget votes, decreasing the time available 
        for the systematic and programmatic oversight of Federal 
        programs and delaying the enactment of legislation necessary to 
        fund the Government;
            (3) Congress' responsibility to improve the efficiency, 
        economy, and effectiveness of governmental operations, evaluate 
        programs and performance, detect and prevent poor 
        administration, waste, or abuse in Government programs, ensure 
        that executive policies reflect the public interest, ensure 
        administrative compliance with legislative intent, and prevent 
        executive encroachment on legislative authority and 
        prerogatives is undermined by the current time-consuming and 
        repetitive budget process;
            (4) an annual budget process encourages inefficiency in the 
        management, stability, and predictability of Federal funding, 
        particularly for States and localities;
            (5) a biennial budget process will reduce the number of 
        budget-related votes during each Congress, enhance 
        congressional oversight of Government operations, encourage 
        longer time horizons in policy planning and greater stability 
        in fiscal policy;
            (6) a biennial budget process was a principal 
        recommendation of the 1993 Joint Committee on the Organization 
        of Congress and the Vice President's National Performance 
        Review;
            (7) since the enactment of the Congressional Budget Act of 
        1974, more than 50 bills addressing a two-year budget cycle 
        have been introduced, 10 biennial budget related provisions 
        were reported by congressional committees, 7 passed either 
        chamber and 4 were enacted; more than 40 congressional or 
        special committee hearings addressed the issue of biennial 
        budgeting; and the Congressional Budget Office, the Office of 
        Management and Budget, and 5 different special task forces or 
        joint committees of Congress have either recommended biennial 
        budgeting or further studies of it;
            (8) the adoption of a biennial budget process was 
        recommended by President Reagan in the fiscal year 1989 budget 
        submission, by President Bush in the fiscal year 1990 and 1991 
        budget submissions, by President Clinton in the fiscal year 
        1995, 2000, and 2001 budget submissions, and by President Bush 
        in the fiscal year 2002 budget submission; and
            (9) a bipartisan majority of Members of the House of 
        Representatives support a biennial budget process.

SEC. 2. REVISION OF TIMETABLE.

    Section 300 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 631) 
is amended to read as follows:

                              ``timetable

    ``Sec. 300. (a) In General.--Except as provided by subsection (b), 
the timetable with respect to the congressional budget process for any 
Congress (beginning with the One Hundred Ninth Congress) is as follows:
      

                                       ``First Session
 
``On or before:                        Action to be completed:
 
First Monday in February.............  President submits budget recommendations.
February 15..........................  Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget Committees.
Not later than 6 weeks after budget    Committees submit views and estimates to Budget Committees.
 submission.
April 1..............................  Budget Committees report concurrent resolution on the biennial budget.
May 15...............................  Congress completes action on concurrent resolution on the biennial
                                        budget.
May 15...............................  Biennial appropriation bills may be considered in the House.
June 10..............................  House Appropriations Committee reports last biennial appropriation bill.
June 30..............................  House completes action on biennial appropriation bills.
October 1............................  Biennium begins.
 
                                       ``Second Session
 
``On or before:                        Action to be completed:
 
February 15..........................  President submits budget review.
Not later than 6 weeks after           Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget Committees.
 President submits budget review.
The last day of the session..........  Congress completes action on bills and resolutions authorizing new budget
                                        authority for the succeeding biennium.
 

    ``(b) Special Rule.--In the case of any first session of Congress 
that begins in any year during which the term of a President (except a 
President who succeeds himself) begins, the following dates shall 
supersede those set forth in subsection (a):


                                       ``First Session
 
``On or before:                        Action to be completed:
 
First Monday in April................  President submits budget recommendations.
April 20.............................  Committees submit views and estimates to Budget Committees.
May 15...............................  Budget Committees report concurrent resolution on the biennial budget.
June 1...............................  Congress completes action on concurrent resolution on the biennial
                                        budget.
June 1...............................  Biennial appropriation bills may be considered in the House.
July 1...............................  House Appropriations Committee reports last biennial appropriation bill.
July 20..............................  House completes action on biennial appropriation bills.
October 1............................  Biennium begins.''.
 

SEC. 3. AMENDMENTS TO THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET AND IMPOUNDMENT CONTROL 
              ACT OF 1974.

    (a) Declaration of Purpose.--Section 2(2) of the Congressional 
Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 621(2)) is amended 
by striking ``each year'' and inserting ``biennially''.
    (b) Definitions.--
            (1) Budget resolution.--Section 3(4) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 
        622(4)) is amended by striking ``fiscal year'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``biennium''.
            (2) Biennium.--Section 3 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 622) (as 
        amended by section 3) is further amended by adding at the end 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(13) The term `biennium' means the period of 2 
        consecutive fiscal years beginning on October 1 of any odd-
        numbered year.''.
    (c) Biennial Concurrent Resolution on the Budget.--
            (1) Contents of resolution.--Section 301(a) of such Act (2 
        U.S.C. 632(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by--
                            (i) striking ``April 15 of each year'' and 
                        inserting ``May 15 of each odd-numbered year'';
                            (ii) striking ``the fiscal year beginning 
                        on October 1 of such year'' the first place it 
                        appears and inserting ``the biennium beginning 
                        on October 1 of such year''; and
                            (iii) striking ``the fiscal year beginning 
                        on October 1 of such year'' the second place it 
                        appears and inserting ``each fiscal year in 
                        such period'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``for the fiscal 
                year'' and inserting ``for each fiscal year in the 
                biennium''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by striking ``for the fiscal 
                year'' and inserting ``for each fiscal year in the 
                biennium''.
            (2) Additional matters.--Section 301(b) of such Act (2 
        U.S.C. 632(b)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``for such fiscal 
                year'' and inserting ``for either fiscal year in such 
                biennium''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``for the first 
                fiscal year'' and inserting ``for each fiscal year in 
                the biennium''.
            (3) Views of other committees.--Section 301(d) of such Act 
        (2 U.S.C. 632(d)) is amended by inserting ``(or, if applicable, 
        as provided by section 300(b))'' after ``United States Code''.
            (4) Hearings.--Section 301(e)(1) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 
        632(e)) is amended by--
                    (A) striking ``fiscal year'' and inserting 
                ``biennium''; and
                    (B) inserting after the second sentence the 
                following: ``On or before April 1 of each odd-numbered 
                year (or, if applicable, as provided by section 
                300(b)), the Committee on the Budget of each House 
                shall report to its House the concurrent resolution on 
                the budget referred to in subsection (a) for the 
                biennium beginning on October 1 of that year.''.
            (5) Goals for reducing unemployment.--Section 301(f) of 
        such Act (2 U.S.C. 632(f)) is amended by striking ``fiscal 
        year'' each place it appears and inserting ``biennium''.
            (6) Economic assumptions.--Section 301(g)(1) of such Act (2 
        U.S.C. 632(g)(1)) is amended by striking ``for a fiscal year'' 
        and inserting ``for a biennium''.
            (7) Section heading.--The section heading of section 301 of 
        such Act is amended by striking ``annual'' and inserting 
        ``biennial''.
            (8) Table of contents.--The item relating to section 301 in 
        the table of contents set forth in section 1(b) of such Act is 
        amended by striking ``Annual'' and inserting ``Biennial''.
    (d) Committee Allocations.--Section 302 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 633) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1) by--
                    (A) striking ``for the first fiscal year of the 
                resolution,'' and inserting ``for each fiscal year in 
                the biennium,'';
                    (B) striking ``for that period of fiscal years'' 
                and inserting ``for all fiscal years covered by the 
                resolution''; and
                    (C) striking ``for the fiscal year of that 
                resolution'' and inserting ``for each fiscal year in 
                the biennium'';
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``for a fiscal year'' 
        and inserting ``for a biennium'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``first fiscal year'' 
        and inserting ``either fiscal year of the biennium'';
            (4) in subsection (f)(2)(A), by--
                    (A) striking ``first fiscal year'' and inserting 
                ``each fiscal year of the biennium''; and
                    (B) striking ``the total of fiscal years'' and 
                inserting ``the total of all fiscal years covered by 
                the resolution''; and
            (5) in subsection (g)(1)(A), by striking ``April'' and 
        inserting ``May''.
    (e) Section 303 Point of Order.--
            (1) In general.--Section 303(a) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 
        634(a)) is amended by striking ``for a fiscal year'' and 
        inserting ``for a biennium'' and by striking ``the first fiscal 
        year'' and inserting ``each fiscal year of the biennium''.
            (2) Exceptions in the house.--Section 303(b) of such Act (2 
        U.S.C. 634(b)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``the budget 
                year'' and inserting ``the biennium'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the fiscal 
                year'' and inserting ``the biennium''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``(or June 1 
                whenever section 300(b) is applicable)''.
            (3) Application to the senate.--Section 303(c)(1) of such 
        Act (2 U.S.C. 634(c)) is amended by--
                    (A) striking ``fiscal year'' and inserting 
                ``biennium''; and
                    (B) striking ``that year'' and inserting ``each 
                fiscal year of that biennium''.
    (f) Permissible Revisions of Concurrent Resolutions on the 
Budget.--Section 304 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 635) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal year'' the first two places it 
        appears and inserting ``biennium'';
            (2) by striking ``for such fiscal year''; and
            (3) by inserting before the period ``for such biennium''.
    (g) Procedures for Consideration of Budget Resolutions.--Section 
305(a)(3) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 636(b)(3)) is amended by striking 
``fiscal year'' and inserting ``biennium''.
    (h) Completion of House Committee Action on Appropriation Bills.--
Section 307 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``each year'' and inserting ``each odd-
        numbered year (or, if applicable, as provided by section 
        300(b), July 1)'';
            (2) by striking ``annual'' and inserting ``biennial'';
            (3) by striking ``fiscal year'' and inserting ``biennium''; 
        and
            (4) by striking ``that year'' and inserting ``each odd-
        numbered year''.
    (i) Quarterly Budget Reports.--Section 308 of such Act (2 U.S.C. 

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