| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > H.Res. 176 (ih) Recognizing the historical significance of the Supreme Court's unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education, repudiating segregation, and reaffirming the fundamental belief that we are all ``one Nation under God, indivisible.'' [Intro...
H.Res. 176 (ih) Recognizing the historical significance of the Supreme Court's unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education, repudiating segregation, and reaffirming the fundamental belief that we are all ``one Nation under God, indivisible.'' [Intro...
H. Res. 176
In the House of Representatives, U.S.,
May 18, 1999.
Whereas in 1951 Linda Brown was a third-grader and an African-American who was
forced to endure hardships such as walking a mile through a railroad
switchyard to get to her black elementary school, even though a white
elementary school was only 7 blocks away;
Whereas the Reverend Oliver Brown, Linda Brown's father, was turned away when he
tried to register his daughter at the nearby white school, simply
because the little girl was black;
Whereas Thurgood Marshall, special counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and
a protege of Howard University Law Professor Charles Houston,
successfully argued that the ``separate but equal'' doctrine,
established by the Supreme Court in its Plessy v. Ferguson decision in
1896, was unconstitutional;
Whereas Chief Justice Earl Warren read aloud, from the Court's unanimous
decision: ``We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of
children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the
physical facilities and other `tangible' factors may be equal, deprive
the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities?
We believe that it does * * *. We conclude that in the field of public
education the doctrine of `separate but equal' has no place. Separate
educational facilities are inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that
the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have
been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived
of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth
Whereas the Brown v. Board of Education decision struck a pivotal blow against
Jim Crow laws, as well as the dark forces of racism and segregation; and
Whereas the interaction of students of all races promotes better understanding
and the acceptance of racial differences: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the House of Representatives--
(1) recognizes the historical significance of the Supreme Court's
unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education;
(2) heralds this watershed in our shared history as a significant
advancement of the most basic American principles of freedom, justice,
and equality under the law; and
(3) repudiates racial segregation as antithetical to the noble
ideals upon which this great Nation was founded, and reaffirms the
fundamental belief that we are all ``one Nation under God,
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