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pd01mr99 Proclamation 7168--American Red Cross Month, 1999...
<DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page i-iii] Monday, March 1, 1999 Volume 35--Number 8 Pages 261-328 Contents [[Page i]] Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents [[Page ii]] Addresses and Remarks Arizona, community in Tucson--302 California Democratic Senatorial and Congressional Campaign Committees dinner in San Francisco--311 U.S. foreign policy in San Francisco--317 Democratic Governors' Association dinner--278 Ghana, state visit of President Rawlings State dinner--300 Welcoming ceremony--288 ``Insure Kids Now'' initiative--284, 287 Kennedy-Murray amendment to proposed education flexibility partnership legislation, radio remarks--309 Kosovo peace talks--283 Labor unification legislative conference--268 Medicare program, radio remarks on fighting fraud--299 NAACP, 90th anniversary dinner--262 National Governors' Association Dinner--275 Meeting--275 Pardon of Lt. Henry O. Flipper, posthumous--261 Radio address--267 Communications to Congress Coastal Zone Management Act, message transmitting report on administration--302 Cuba, message transmitting notice on continuation of the national emergency--302 Kenya and Tanzania, letter reporting on deployment of military personnel to--311 Western Hemisphere Drug Alliance, message transmitting report--288 Communications to Federal Agencies Certification for Major Illicit Drug Producing and Drug Transit Countries, memorandum--327 Executive Orders Further Amendment to Executive Order 12852, as Amended, Extending the President's Council on Sustainable Development--310 Interviews With the News Media Exchange with reporters in the Oval Office--283 News conference with President Rawlings of Ghana, February 24 (No. 169)--289 (Continued on inside of back cover.) Editor's Note: The President was in Los Angeles, CA, on February 26, the closing date of this issue. Releases and announcements issued by the Office of the Press Secretary but not received in time for inclusion in this issue will be printed next week. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF ------------------------------ PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and other Presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to the authority contained in the Federal Register Act (49 Stat. 500, as amended; 44 U.S.C. Ch. 15), under regulations prescribed by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register, approved by the President (37 FR 23607; 1 CFR Part 10). Distribution is made only by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents will be furnished by mail to domestic subscribers for $80.00 per year ($137.00 for mailing first class) and to foreign subscribers for $93.75 per year, payable to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The charge for a single copy is $3.00 ($3.75 for foreign mailing). There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. [[Page iii]] Contents--Continued Meetings With Foreign Leaders Ghana, President Rawlings--288, 289, 300 Notices Continuation of the National Emergency Relating to Cuba and of the Emergency Authority Relating to the Regulation of the Anchorage and Movement of Vessels--301 Proclamations American Red Cross Month--309 Resignations and Retirements White House Office, Counselor to the President, statement--299 Statements by the President See also Resignations and Retirements Death of Virginia Foster Durr--309 Farmers and ranchers, emergency supplemental appropriation--326 India and Pakistan, Prime Ministers' meeting--278 James Byrd, Jr., murder trial verdict--287 Kosovo peace talks--287 Technology in the classroom--278 ``Who Pays? You Pay'' initiative--300 Supplementary Materials Acts approved by the President--328 Checklist of White House press releases--328 Digest of other White House announcements--327 Nominations submitted to the Senate--328 [[Page 261]] <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page 261-262] Monday, March 1, 1999 Volume 35--Number 8 Pages 261-328 Week Ending Friday, February 26, 1999 Remarks on the Posthumous Pardon of Lieutenant Henry O. Flipper February 19, 1999 Thank you. First of all, I'd like to welcome this distinguished assemblage here: Dr. King and the members of the Flipper family and your friends, Secretary West, Congressman Clyburn, General Powell, Deputy Secretary Hamre, Under Secretary de Leon, General Ralston, General Reimer, Secretary Caldera. I understand we're joined by Clarence Davenport, the sixth African-American graduate of West Point, other distinguished West Point graduates who are here. Welcome to all of you. There's one person who could not be here today--Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder, I'm glad to see you--the one person who could not be here today I want to acknowledge, and that is Senator Max Cleland from Georgia, who has done a lot to make this day possible. We thank him in his absence. I welcome you all to an event that is 117 years overdue. Here in America's house of liberty, we celebrate ideas like freedom, equality, our indivisibility as one people. Great leaders lived here, people like Mr. Jefferson, Mr. Lincoln, the Roosevelts, after whom this room is named. All of them deepened the meaning of those words while they lived here. But we must be candid and say that the special quality of American freedom is not always extended to all Americans. A word like ``freedom,'' to be more than a slogan, requires us to acknowledge that our ``more perfect Union'' was created by imperfect human beings, people who did not always define freedom in the ways that we would, and in ways that they knew they should. For this word to live for ourselves and our children, we must recognize it represents a difficult goal that must be struggled with every day in order to be realized. Today's ceremony is about a moment in 1882, when our Government did not do all it could do to protect an individual American's freedom. It is about a moment in 1999 when we correct the error and resolve to do even better in the future. The man we honor today was an extraordinary American. Henry Flipper did all his country asked him to do. Though born a slave in Georgia, he was proud to serve America: the first African-American graduate of West Point; the first African-American commissioned officer in the regular United States Army. He showed brilliant promise and joined the 10th Cavalry. While stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, he perfected a drainage system that eliminated the stagnant water, and malaria, plaguing the fort. Still known as ``Flipper's Ditch,'' it became a national landmark in 1977. He distinguished himself in combat on the frontier and then was transferred to run a commissary at Fort Davis in Texas. In 1881 Lieutenant Flipper was accused by his commanding officer of improperly accounting for the funds entrusted to him. A later Army review suggested he had been singled out for his race, but at the time there wasn't much justice available for a young African-American soldier. In December a court-martial acquitted him of embezzlement, but convicted him of conduct unbecoming an officer. President Chester A. Arthur declined to overturn the sentence, and in June of 1882 Lieutenant Flipper was dishonorably discharged. His life continued. He became a civil and mining engineer out West. He worked in many capacities for the Government, as special agent for the Department of Justice, as an expert on Mexico for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, as a special assistant to the Secretary of the Interior. He died in 1940 at the age of 84. But even after his death, this stain of dishonor remained. One hundred and seventeen years have now elapsed since his discharge. That's a long time, even more than the span of his long life, more than half the [[Page 262]] history of the White House, indeed, of the Untied States itself--and too long to let an injustice lie uncorrected. The Army exonerated him in 1976, changed his discharge to honorable, and reburied him with full honors. But one thing remained to be done, and now it will be. With great pleasure and humility, I now offer a full pardon to Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper of the United States Army. This good man now has completely recovered his good name. It has been a trying thing for the family to fight this long battle, to confront delays and bureaucratic indifference, but this is a day of affirmation. It teaches us that, although the wheels of justice turn slowly at times, still they turn. It teaches that time can heal old wounds and redemption comes to those who persist in a righteous cause. Most of all, it teaches us--Lieutenant Flipper's family teaches us--that we must never give up the fight to make our country live up to its highest ideals. Outside of this room, Henry Flipper is not known to most Americans. All the more reason to remember him today. His remarkable life story is important to us, terribly important, as we continue to work--on the edge of a new century and a new millennium--on deepening the meaning of freedom at home, and working to expand democracy and freedom around the world, to give new life to the great experiment begun in 1776. This is work Henry Flipper would have been proud of. Each of you who worked so hard for this day is a living chapter in the story of Lieutenant Flipper. I thank you for your devotion, your courage, your persistence, your unshakable commitment. I thank you for believing and proving that challenges never disappear, but in the long run, freedom comes to those who persevere. Thank you very, very much. Note: The President spoke at 6:33 p.m. in the Roosevelt Room at the White House. In his remarks, he referred to William C. King, Lieutenant Flipper's great-grandnephew; and former Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Colin Powell, USA (Ret.). This item was not received in time for publication in the appropriate issue. <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page 262-266] Monday, March 1, 1999 Volume 35--Number 8 Pages 261-328 Week Ending Friday, February 26, 1999
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