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pd05my03 The President's Radio Address...
<DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page i] Monday, May 5, 2003 [[Page i]] Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page i-iii] Pages 491-529 Contents [[Page ii]] Addresses to the Nation Iraq--516 Addresses and Remarks See also Bill Signings; Meetings With Foreign Leaders California, remarks to employees of United Defense Industries in Santa Clara--518 Global HIV/AIDS Initiative--497 Michigan, Operation Iraqi Freedom in Dearborn--493 National Day of Prayer--513 National Teacher of the Year--500 Radio address--493 Bill Signings Clean Diamond Trade Act, statement--491 Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to end the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003 Remarks--502 Statement--504 Communications to Congress Budget amendments, letter transmitting--516 Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union, message transmitting amendments--509 International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures, message transmitting Protocol of Amendment-- 510 Communications to Federal Agencies Wire Hanger Imports From the People's Republic of China, memorandum--492 Interviews With the News Media Exchanges with reporters Oval Office--504 U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln--514 Meetings With Foreign Leaders Colombia, President Uribe--504 (Continued on the inside of the back cover.) Editor's Note: The President was at the Bush Ranch in Crawford, TX, on May 2, the closing date of this issue. Releases and announcements issued by the Office of the Press Secretary but not received in time for inclusion in this issue will be printed next week. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF ------------------------------ PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and other Presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to the authority contained in the Federal Register Act (49 Stat. 500, as amended; 44 U.S.C. Ch. 15), under regulations prescribed by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register, approved by the President (37 FR 23607; 1 CFR Part 10). Distribution is made only by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents will be furnished by mail to domestic subscribers for $80.00 per year ($137.00 for mailing first class) and to foreign subscribers for $93.75 per year, payable to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The charge for a single copy is $3.00 ($3.75 for foreign mailing). The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is also available on the Internet on the GPO Access service at http://www.gpo.gov/nara/nara003.html. There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. [[Page iii]] Contents--Continued Proclamations Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month--510 Law Day, U.S.A.--512 Loyalty Day--507 National Day of Prayer--508 Older Americans Month--511 Statements by the President See also Bill Signings AIDS relief legislation--515 Death of Edward Gaylord--497 Roadmap for peace in the Middle East--506 Statements by the President--Continued Senate action on judicial nominations Confirmation of Jeffrey S. Sutton as a Judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit--499 Filibuster on the nomination of Priscilla Owen to be a Judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit--515 Supplementary Materials Acts approved by the President--529 Checklist of White House press releases--528 Digest of other White House announcements--524 Nominations submitted to the Senate--526 [[Page 491]] <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page 491] Pages 491-529 Week Ending Friday, May 2, 2003 Statement on Signing the Clean Diamond Trade Act April 25, 2003 I have today signed into law H.R. 1584, the ``Clean Diamond Trade Act.'' The Act enables this Nation to implement procedures developed by more than 50 countries to exclude rough ``conflict diamonds'' from international trade, while promoting legitimate trade. Conflict diamonds have been used by rebel groups in Africa to finance their atrocities committed on civilian populations and their insurrections against internationally recognized governments. The United States has played a key role over the past 2 years in forging an international consensus to curb such damaging trade and has therefore strongly supported the ``Kimberley Process.'' Diamonds also are critical to the economic growth and development of African and other countries, so preserving their legitimate trade is an important foreign policy objective. This Act directs the President to implement regulations to carry out the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). Although under this Act I have discretion to issue regulations consistent with future changes to the KPCS, under the Constitution, the President cannot be bound to accept or follow changes that might be made to the KPCS at some future date absent subsequent legislation. I will construe this Act accordingly. Section 15 of the Act provides that the legislation takes effect on the date the President certifies to the Congress that either of two specified events has occurred. The first event is that ``an applicable waiver that has been granted by the World Trade Organization is in effect.'' The second event is that ``an applicable decision in a resolution adopted by the United Nations Security Council pursuant to Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations is in effect.'' Once the Act takes effect, it ``shall thereafter remain in effect during those periods in which, as certified by the President to the Congress, an applicable waiver or decision'' by the World Trade Organization or the United Nations Security Council, respectively, ``is in effect.'' If section 15 imposed a mandatory duty on the President to certify to the Congress whether either of the two specified events has occurred and whether either remains in effect, a serious question would exist as to whether section 15 unconstitutionally delegated legislative power to international bodies. In order to avoid this constitutional question, I will construe the certification process set forth in section 15 as conferring broad discretion on the President. Specifically, I will construe section 15 as giving the President broad discretion whether to certify to the Congress that an applicable waiver or decision is in effect. Similarly, I will construe section 15 as imposing no obligation on the President to withdraw an existing certification in response to any particular event. Rather, I will construe section 15 as giving the President the discretion to determine when a certification that an applicable waiver or decision is no longer in effect is warranted. George W. Bush The White House, April 25, 2003. Note: H.R. 1584, approved April 25, was assigned Public Law No. 108-19. This item was not received in time for publication in the appropriate issue. [[Page 492]] <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page 492-493] Pages 491-529 Week Ending Friday, May 2, 2003 Memorandum on Wire Hanger Imports From the People's Republic of China April 25, 2003 Memorandum for the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, the United States Trade Representative Subject: Presidential Determination on Wire Hanger Imports from the People's Republic of China Pursuant to section 421 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2451), I have determined the action I will take with respect to the affirmative determination of the United States International Trade Commission (USITC Investigation TA-421-2) regarding imports of certain steel wire garment hangers from China. After considering all relevant aspects of the investigation, I have determined that providing import relief for the U.S. wire hanger industry is not in the national economic interest of the United States. In particular, I find that import relief would have an adverse impact on the United States economy clearly greater than the benefits of such action. The facts of this case indicate that imposing additional tariffs on Chinese imports would affect domestic producers unevenly, favoring one business strategy over another. While most of the producers would likely realize some income benefits, additional tariffs would disrupt the long- term adjustment strategy of one major producer, which is based in part on distribution of imported hangers, and cause that producer to incur substantial costs. In addition, most domestic producers, including the petitioners, have begun to pursue adjustment strategies. While these strategies have included consolidation, modernization of production facilities, and expansion into complementary products and services, domestic producers are also expanding their use of imports. Indeed, a substantial part of the surge in imports during the most recent period measured was brought in by domestic producers themselves, including the petitioners. Moreover, after 6 years of competing with Chinese imports, domestic producers still account for over 85 percent of the U.S. wire hanger market. With this dominant share of the market, domestic producers have the opportunity to adjust to competition from Chinese imports even without import relief. Furthermore, there is a strong possibility that if additional tariffs on Chinese wire hangers were imposed, production would simply shift to third countries, which could not be subject to section 421's China-specific restrictions. In that event, import relief would have little or no benefit for any domestic producer. Additional tariffs would have an uneven impact on domestic distributors of wire hangers. For some distributors, the tariffs would likely lead to some income benefits. However, the tariffs would likely harm other distributors in light of their business models. Additional tariffs would also likely have a negative effect on the thousands of small, family-owned dry-cleaning businesses across the
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