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[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page i]
Monday, May 5, 2003

[[Page i]]

Weekly Compilation of



[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page i-iii]
Pages 491-529

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Addresses to the Nation


Addresses and Remarks

    See also Bill Signings; Meetings With Foreign Leaders
    California, remarks to employees of United Defense Industries in 
        Santa Clara--518
    Global HIV/AIDS Initiative--497
    Michigan, Operation Iraqi Freedom in Dearborn--493
    National Day of Prayer--513
    National Teacher of the Year--500
    Radio address--493

Bill Signings

    Clean Diamond Trade Act, statement--491
    Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to
          end the Exploitation of Children Today
          Act of 2003

Communications to Congress

    Budget amendments, letter transmitting--516
    Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication 
        Union, message transmitting amendments--509
    International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of 
        Customs Procedures, message transmitting Protocol of Amendment--

Communications to Federal Agencies

    Wire Hanger Imports From the People's Republic of China, 

Interviews With the News Media

    Exchanges with reporters
        Oval Office--504
        U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln--514

Meetings With Foreign Leaders

    Colombia, President Uribe--504
  (Continued on the inside of the back cover.)

Editor's Note: The President was at the Bush Ranch in Crawford, TX, on 
May 2, the closing date of this issue. Releases and announcements issued 
by the Office of the Press Secretary but not received in time for 
inclusion in this issue will be printed next week.


Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly 
Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and
other Presidential materials released by the White House during the 
preceding week.

The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to
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[[Page iii]]



    Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month--510
    Law Day, U.S.A.--512
    Loyalty Day--507
    National Day of Prayer--508
    Older Americans Month--511

Statements by the President

    See also Bill Signings
    AIDS relief legislation--515
    Death of Edward Gaylord--497
    Roadmap for peace in the Middle East--506

Statements by the President--Continued

    Senate action on judicial nominations
        Confirmation of Jeffrey S. Sutton as a Judge on the U.S. Court 
            of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit--499
        Filibuster on the nomination of Priscilla Owen to be a Judge on 
            the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit--515

Supplementary Materials

    Acts approved by the President--529
    Checklist of White House press releases--528
    Digest of other White House announcements--524
    Nominations submitted to the Senate--526

[[Page 491]]

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 491]
Pages 491-529
Week Ending Friday, May 2, 2003
Statement on Signing the Clean Diamond Trade Act

April 25, 2003

    I have today signed into law H.R. 1584, the ``Clean Diamond Trade 
Act.'' The Act enables this Nation to implement procedures developed by 
more than 50 countries to exclude rough ``conflict diamonds'' from 
international trade, while promoting legitimate trade. Conflict diamonds 
have been used by rebel groups in Africa to finance their atrocities 
committed on civilian populations and their insurrections against 
internationally recognized governments. The United States has played a 
key role over the past 2 years in forging an international consensus to 
curb such damaging trade and has therefore strongly supported the 
``Kimberley Process.'' Diamonds also are critical to the economic growth 
and development of African and other countries, so preserving their 
legitimate trade is an important foreign policy objective.
    This Act directs the President to implement regulations to carry out 
the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). Although under this 
Act I have discretion to issue regulations consistent with future 
changes to the KPCS, under the Constitution, the President cannot be 
bound to accept or follow changes that might be made to the KPCS at some 
future date absent subsequent legislation. I will construe this Act 
    Section 15 of the Act provides that the legislation takes effect on 
the date the President certifies to the Congress that either of two 
specified events has occurred. The first event is that ``an applicable 
waiver that has been granted by the World Trade Organization is in 
effect.'' The second event is that ``an applicable decision in a 
resolution adopted by the United Nations Security Council pursuant to 
Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations is in effect.'' Once 
the Act takes effect, it ``shall thereafter remain in effect during 
those periods in which, as certified by the President to the Congress, 
an applicable waiver or decision'' by the World Trade Organization or 
the United Nations Security Council, respectively, ``is in effect.''
    If section 15 imposed a mandatory duty on the President to certify 
to the Congress whether either of the two specified events has occurred 
and whether either remains in effect, a serious question would exist as 
to whether section 15 unconstitutionally delegated legislative power to 
international bodies. In order to avoid this constitutional question, I 
will construe the certification process set forth in section 15 as 
conferring broad discretion on the President. Specifically, I will 
construe section 15 as giving the President broad discretion whether to 
certify to the Congress that an applicable waiver or decision is in 
effect. Similarly, I will construe section 15 as imposing no obligation 
on the President to withdraw an existing certification in response to 
any particular event. Rather, I will construe section 15 as giving the 
President the discretion to determine when a certification that an 
applicable waiver or decision is no longer in effect is warranted.
                                                George W. Bush
 The White House,
 April 25, 2003.

Note: H.R. 1584, approved April 25, was assigned Public Law No. 108-19. 
This item was not received in time for publication in the appropriate 

[[Page 492]]

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 492-493]
Pages 491-529
Week Ending Friday, May 2, 2003
Memorandum on Wire Hanger Imports From the People's Republic of China

April 25, 2003

Memorandum for the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, the 
United States Trade Representative

Subject: Presidential Determination on Wire Hanger Imports from the 
People's Republic of China

    Pursuant to section 421 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 
U.S.C. 2451), I have determined the action I will take with respect to 
the affirmative determination of the United States International Trade 
Commission (USITC Investigation TA-421-2) regarding imports of certain 
steel wire garment hangers from China. After considering all relevant 
aspects of the investigation, I have determined that providing import 
relief for the U.S. wire hanger industry is not in the national economic 
interest of the United States. In particular, I find that import relief 
would have an adverse impact on the United States economy clearly 
greater than the benefits of such action.
    The facts of this case indicate that imposing additional tariffs on 
Chinese imports would affect domestic producers unevenly, favoring one 
business strategy over another. While most of the producers would likely 
realize some income benefits, additional tariffs would disrupt the long-
term adjustment strategy of one major producer, which is based in part 
on distribution of imported hangers, and cause that producer to incur 
substantial costs.
    In addition, most domestic producers, including the petitioners, 
have begun to pursue adjustment strategies. While these strategies have 
included consolidation, modernization of production facilities, and 
expansion into complementary products and services, domestic producers 
are also expanding their use of imports. Indeed, a substantial part of 
the surge in imports during the most recent period measured was brought 
in by domestic producers themselves, including the petitioners.
    Moreover, after 6 years of competing with Chinese imports, domestic 
producers still account for over 85 percent of the U.S. wire hanger 
market. With this dominant share of the market, domestic producers have 
the opportunity to adjust to competition from Chinese imports even 
without import relief.
    Furthermore, there is a strong possibility that if additional 
tariffs on Chinese wire hangers were imposed, production would simply 
shift to third countries, which could not be subject to section 421's 
China-specific restrictions. In that event, import relief would have 
little or no benefit for any domestic producer.
    Additional tariffs would have an uneven impact on domestic 
distributors of wire hangers. For some distributors, the tariffs would 
likely lead to some income benefits. However, the tariffs would likely 
harm other distributors in light of their business models.
    Additional tariffs would also likely have a negative effect on the 
thousands of small, family-owned dry-cleaning businesses across the 

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